Abstract:High temperature processes are used by many advanced material industries and are currently needed to manufacture and purify graphite, produce carbon and graphite fibers, grow silicon and sapphire crystals, sinter carbides and other advanced ceramics, and manufacture carbon/carbon composites. Because… more
Abstract:Todays buildings consume more energy than any other sector of the U.S. economy. Improving insulation of building envelopes offers an important means to reduce energy consumption. Advanced
building envelope materials that can dramatically improve energy efficiency are needed including… more
Abstract:Renewed interest in missions to explore other planets has created a need for higher performance thermal protection systems (TPS) capable of shielding spacecraft from the severe heating encountered during hypersonic flight through planetary atmospheres. Additional advances in the robustness,… more
Abstract:Cryogenic fluid management (CFM) is a critical technical area that is needed for the successful development for future space exploration. A key challenge is the storability of LH2, LCH4, and LOX propellants for long durations. The storage tanks must be well insulated to prevent over pressurization… more
Abstract:Thermal Management Technologies proposes to develop concept designs for a scalable two-phase liquid-vapor immersion cooling system and perform a subscale proof of concept demonstration of the technology. Direct immersion cooling is capable of providing thermal management of individual cells whether… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: For navigation of space platforms under GPS denied conditions, there is a need for micro-inertial sensors, with better accuracy and smaller volume and weight than the state of the art. We at Digital Optics Technologies (DOT) have been developing a superluminal ring laser gyroscope (SRLG)… more
Abstract:Under the work proposed here, we will develop a physics based comprehensive software for modeling the behavior of a diode pumped alkali laser: DPAL. The software will be designed primarily for a He-Rb DPAL. However, it could easily be applied to DPALs based on other alkali atoms, such as Cs. … more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: As integrated circuits technologies scale down to deep nanometer regime, conventional transistors and interconnect are approaching their fundamental physical and material limits. One of the potential directions for the next generation nanoelectronic applications is the adoption of… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: A superluminal ring laser gyroscope (SRLG) can improve the accuracy of rotation sensing by nearly five orders of magnitude. The same mechanism can be used to produce a superluminal ring laser accelerometer (SRLA), with a similar improvement in accuracy. Under Phase I, we have… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: For GPS denied navigation, there is a need for developing inertial measurement units (IMU), employing gyroscopes and accelerometers, with better accuracy and/or smaller volume and weight than the state of the art. Under Phase I, we have established the feasibility of realizing a… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Remarkable improvements in throughput, accuracy and cost-effectiveness of next-generation sequencing (next-gen) technologies are ushering in a new era of clinical medicine. Genome wide association studies (GWAS) in particular have begun to leverage these advances… more
Abstract:Energy Research Company (ERCo), Savannah River National Laboratory, and Los Alamos National Laboratory propose the development of a new sensor for tracking radioactive material during nuclear fuel reprocessing. Reprocessing spent nuclear fuel has significant safety and environmental advantages… more
Abstract:Junctional and non-compressible bleeding is a life-threatening injury that requires immediate intervention. Therefore it is best to train even non-medics in the application of the life-saving methods to stop these hemorrhages. The ideal system would enable training on multiple injury types, react… more
Abstract:Mannequins are often used to develop skills and train medical personnel. Existing models fall short of ideal functionality, however. Mannequins that can provide simulated systemic responses are generally not equipped for simulating surgical intervention. Mannequins that can simulate surgical… more
Abstract:Modern advances in 3D printing and related additive manufacturing technologies offer an approach to provide high-fidelity anatomical models that can be used for medical simulation and training. Current 3D printing systems do not provide a method for various materials to be simultaneously deposited… more
Abstract:Balance disorders have a large negative impact on quality of life. Several methods have been developed that can help patients stay balanced, however these systems at present remain tethered to a gait lab or to a balance platform. A real time system that calculates the center of pressure and… more
Abstract:A sensor for rapidly and reliably measuring the blood concentration level of an intravenously administered analgesic/anesthetic medication is proposed, providing a key feedback element for closed loop target controlled infusion analgesia/anesthesia (TCIA) systems. The addition of direct measurement… more
Abstract:Peripheral neuropathy (PN) is condition in which a single nerve, nerve groups, or nerves become damaged. Neuropathic pain can be difficult to manage. Mild pain can be treated with over the counter analgesics. In cases when the pain is persistent and more severe, injections of, or topical patches… more
Abstract:Conventional Li ion batteries have a number of limitations that prevents them from becoming the energy storage media for electric (EV) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEV). Many of these limitations could be ultimately traced to properties and limitations of the liquid organic electrolytes used in the… more
Abstract:Weigh-In-Motion (WIM) has been employed as a major technology to collect heavy vehicles’ data on the freeways. Because WIM is one of the most costly and sophisticated data collection system, how to effectively utilize the valuable WIM data, monitor WIM stations' performance, and identify out of… more
Abstract:With continuing emphasis on transportation sustainability and fiscal stewardship, utilizing existing loop detector infrastructure to obtain more accurate, reliable and comprehensive traffic system performance measures is desired by many transportation agencies. In Phase I study, we found that the… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Conductive Composites has developed lightweight materials that provide high levels of conductivity and electromagnetic (EM) shielding for composite and advanced polymer materials systems. Conductive materials include metal coated carbon fibers and nonwovens, along with nickel nanostrands.… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Traditional shielding enclosures are fabricated from heavy metallic materials. Polymer and composite systems have been used extensively in enclosures for due to their significant weight and manufacturing advantages, but have not been able to provide adequate levels of electromagnetic… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: A method of fabricating highly conductive and shielding electrical conduit and associated fittings is proposed. The technology will be based upon creating conductive composite tubes and fittings. Such composites have proven their ability to shield as well as their aluminum counterparts… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Acute kidney injury (AKI) affects more than 10 million people worldwide each year with reported mortalities from 15 to 60% in different patient populations. However, methods are lacking to support the early diagnosis ofAKI that could lead to early intervention,… more
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