Abstract:Presently U.S. Army is intersted in developing metal nano-coated graphite (carbon) micro/nanofibers that can be used for infrared threat sensor countermeasures and other military applications, because they are excellent attenuators in the infrared region of the electromagnetic spectrum. The metal… more
Abstract:This project is to develop and demonstrate a novel class of high-temperature high-energy-density nanocomposites permanent magnets with low rare-earth content, whicah can be processed with a low cost method and can be cost-effectively used for high performance permanent magnet alternators
Abstract:There is great interest in development of Li-ion rechargeable batteries with high energy/capacity, high rate capability, long cycle life and low cost. More advanced cathode is one of the essential key technologies to realize these properties. However, state-of-the-art cathodes cannot meet the… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The overall goal of the proposed SBIR program is to implement and evaluate a low cost portable retinal camera, the DLP-Cam, in a community-based system for diabetic retinopathy (DR) screening and treatment. Untreated DRhas reached epidemic levels in underserved… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The traditional approach to establishing test cell correlation factors is expensive and time consuming requiring multiple engine runs to establish a parametric database for comparison. While a complete alternative to this process, is unlikely, it is clear that there are procedures and… more
Abstract:Aerodyne Research, Inc. and the University of Massachusetts at Amherst will collaborate to develop laser desorption ionization (LDI) mass spectrometric analysis of organic analytes of interest in planetary exploration, based on microchip laser illumination. The key advantage of microchip lasers in… more
Abstract:Aerodyne is developing a sulfate detection instrument, based on the Tunable Infrared Laser Differential Absorption Spectrophotometer (TILDAS) technology and therefore termed the "TILDAS-sulfate" instrument, for measurement of the size-resolved sulfate PM emissions of aircraft engine… more
Abstract:Problem Statement: In order to obtain energy independence from conventional sources, there is a significant interest in the production of biogas and“green energy” during wastewater treatment. Due to increased emphasis on sustainability and potential for additional revenue streams, utilities… more
Abstract:The U.S. has a pressing need to develop technologies to convert non-food biomass resources into fuels and chemicals. Current technologies have major disadvantages, including poor product distributions, slow reaction rates, and high costs. We are working on a new pyrolysis technology to convert… more
Abstract:Carbon monoxide (CO) is a key sink for atmospheric OH and thus changes in carbon monoxide concentrations have an impact on the abundance and chemistry of many other atmospheric gases. Monitoring the isotopic composition of atmospheric carbon monoxide (13CO, C18O and CO) is one of the most promising… more
Abstract:Aerosol particles have important impacts on visibility, acid deposition, climate, and human health, although large uncertainties remain in quantifying their chemical composition and atmospheric transformations. A large fraction of the anthropogenic aerosol is generated from energy- related… more
Abstract:Gas phase nitric acid (HNO3) is an important aerosol precursor that is coupled to the removal of natural and anthropogenic NOx from the atmosphere. HNO3 is highly soluble and is extremely effective at increasing the cloud droplet number density, and has been implicated in the reduction of average… more
Abstract:Aerosol particles affect the radiative balance of the earth directly, by scattering and absorbing solar and terrestrial radiation, and indirectly, by acting as cloud condensation nuclei. It is now recognized that the atmospheric loading of aerosols can exert an influence on the … more
Abstract:Measuring the radiative forcing of aerosols is currently the focus of the Department of Energy Atmospheric Sciences Program. Aerosol particles affect the radiative balance of the earth directly, by scattering and absorbing solar and terrestrial radiation, and indirectly, by acting as cloud… more
Abstract:To quantify emissions of greenhouse gases in field settings, high precision and fast response trace gas measurements are needed. High precision and fast response allow measurements of emissions by means of correlation with wind fluctuations (eddy correlation method). While such instruments exist… more
Abstract:A robotic platform, such as the BEAR humanoid robot, offers exceptional capabilities but its mission duration is severely constrained by its batteries energy capacity. For maximum operational flexibility, the power source must be contained within the BEAR outer form and not attached externally to… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Development of a Novel Aerosol Mass Spectrometric Technology for Rapid and Sensitive Biomonitoring of Environmental Toxicants Name, address, and telephone number of the Principal Investigator: Dr. Manjula Canagaratna,Aerodyne Research, Inc., 45 Manning Rd.,… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: There are a number of ongoing initiatives to develop smaller satellites that provide less expensive solutions in a more timely fashion compared to traditional spacecraft development while reducing the barrier-to-entry for participation in the space industry. The Office of Responsive Space… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The LSIS system is a gimbaled MWIR or SWIR sensor designed to operate as an all-sky SSA sensor. The sensor is designed around the AIM-9X imager produced by Raytheon Missile Systems. Phase I research focused on methods of improving the already narrow solar exclusion angle of the LSIS… more
Abstract:Aeroprobe Corporation proposes a highly scalable consolidation process, termed friction-stir fabrication (FSF), for fabricating large-scale, complex structures using Mg alloy powders. FSF is a continuous powder consolidation process that yields thick fully-dense, wrought metal consolidated… more
Abstract:Atmospheric aerosols influence the earths radiation balance through direct scattering and absorption of radiation, and through alteration in the formation, brightness and extent of clouds. The concentrations and size distribution of aerosols aloft is important to these effects. Needed is a method to… more
Abstract:The objective of this SBIR project is to develop a solid state gyroscope for use in Guidance, Navigation, and Control (GNC) hardware for current and next generation interceptor systems. The gyroscope will operate on the principle of inertial sensing by the manipulation of electron trajectory in… more
Abstract:The objective of this program is to develop innovative methodologies that will aid in the long term reliability assessment of missile electronics in support of the Missile Defense Agency"s Stockpile Reliability Program. AET, Inc. will perform a detailed study of existing electrical, physical… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Neuropathic pain is a complex, chronic pain state that is usually initiated by tissue injury and maintained, in part, by subsequent dysfunction of damaged peripheral nerve fibers or fibers that innervate that injured tissue. The impact of nerve fiber damage… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Autologous stem cells and growth factors provide valuable therapies for a variety of indications. When stem cells and growth factors are co-delivered, they produce a greater therapeutic effect than delivery of either stem cells or growth factors alone. However,… more
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