Abstract:Nutrient management is a touchy subject: there has to be a balance between regulatory concerns and adequate crop nutrition. Phosphate is an essential nutrient for plant productivity but also a major pollutant when applied in excess. On-the-spot testing for phosphate as orthophosphate (available,… more
Abstract:The overall objective of this SBIR is to provide the Sea Base, i.e., a flotilla of ships that may be holding station or slowly transiting an area, with a complete systems concept for a quick-to-establish, low-maintenance, durable system of temporary breakwater. Such a floating breakwater is to… more
Abstract:The goal of the project is to develop a rapid in vitro screening assay for detection of cancer biomarkers in urine and blood. The aim is testing and optimization of nanoparticle sensors, based on cyanine dyes that are chemically linked to Fe/Fe3O4 nanoparticles via protease-selective consensus… more
Abstract:Title: Multiplexed Biosensor for Detecting Low Abundance Cancer Description: The proposed automated, miniaturized, highly sensitive, high throughout affinity/protein capture technology could be a powerful tool for the quantitative detection of known cancerprotein markers and the discovery of new… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): During adolescence, youth undergo pivotal biological, emotional, and cognitive shifts. Concomitant with immense internal shifts, adolescent peer relations become increasingly complex (e.g., cliques) and challenging (e.g., peer pressure) and, as teens struggle to… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Schools are the primary setting within which children receive mental health (MH) services. The effectiveness of MH programs has been repeatedly demonstrated for a wide array of MH problems, including behavioral and emotional disorders, substance abuse, ADHD, and… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The need to improve patient adherence to treatment protocol is immense, both for improved individual patient outcomes and advancement of scientific treatment knowledge. Past interventions to improve adherence have had mixed results, with the most success stemming… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project creates a powerful drug discovery technology that uses an innovative fragment-based approach to identify small molecule inhibitors of difficult targets. Though many peptides can disrupt protein-protein interactions, conventional… more
Abstract:There is a growing need for sensors to detect radiological materials either for nuclear inspection or in the event of a nuclear attack. Thus, these sensors should have the capability of rapidly measuring key isotopic contents and ratios of actinides as well as other elemental composition of various… more
Abstract:Researchers are currently hindered from observing dynamic gas-solid interactions in the transmission electron microscope (TEM). Yet, solid-state materials and gases interact in many important ways. The most critical technological application for these observations is catalysis, where one would like… more
Abstract:The primary experimental method used to determine the local internal structure of materials is that of transmission electron microscopy (TEM). If one also subjects the sample to an excursion in temperature during imaging at high resolution, one can watch the material processes involved in structural… more
Abstract:We propose to develop an extended lateral range capability for a dynamic optical profiling system to enable non-contact, surface roughness measurement of large and aspheric astronomical optics in-situ during manufacture. This instrument will be capable of measuring more than three decades of… more
Abstract:Radiofrequency (rf) power couplers are a critical and often troublesome component of superconducting accelerator systems. The couplers primary functions are power transfer and preserving the integrity of the cavitys cleanliness. Additional functions include loading the cavity to decrease the… more
Abstract:The electron-cyclotron resonance (ECR) source is rapidly becoming the de facto standard source for accelerator applications where a reliable, robust, and low maintenance source of positive ions is needed for a particular application. As a result, a wide variety of ECR sources have been developed for… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Airspace congestion with RPAs in close proximity to manned systems poses a serious threat for mishap. At present, RPA pilot training in airspace management is minimal. RPA operator training should consider communications, asset management, deconfliction, and coordination among RPA and… more
Abstract:History is replete with"intelligence failures"that were not intelligence weaknesses at all, but an inability to"put the pieces together"in time. Quintessentially, the 9/11 attack is an example, but it is merely the one most remembered. Pieces of intelligence were collected, like… more
Abstract:Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnissance (ISR) systems are diverse, and each one comes with its own interface to process and present imagery to the warfighter. When coupled with the complexities of processing multiple types of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) full motion video, it creates an… more
Abstract:Critical information can be lost when lossy compression techniques are used in bandwidth limited environments, such as from unmanned systems. More serious, this lost information is unknown to the analyst, which can lead to incorrect analysis and potentially fatal conclusions. 21st Century Systems,… more
Abstract:To improve safety, modern submarine surface imaging systems have multiple camera modes, such as optical, infrared, and more. Current systems display modalities independently, compelling the submariner to switch between sensors manually to glean the relevant information. Following a successful Phase… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Future Department of Defense space missions require precise, fine-positioning capabilities combined with large maneuvrability requirements. The purpose of this STTR is to: a) identify propellants for electrospray propulsion able to cover, at high propulsion efficiency, an unusually wide… more
Abstract:Successful intelligence operations require the ability to anticipate enemy actions in time to prevent or mitigate their impact. These actions are often part of a complex set of events; for example, an assault on a specific place can involve planning and logistics activity as well as the coordinated… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Through constant cyber attacks targeting our information infrastructure, our country faces a growing threat from nefarious groups and individuals intent on disrupting and destroying our infrastructure and way of life and acquiring military intelligence and intellectual property. Current… more
Abstract:The goal of intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) operations is to provide analysts and warfighters with situational awareness information. ISR enterprise systems store data to support these operations, but large volumes make it difficult to locate information of interest, such as key… more
Abstract:Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITSs) functions as virtual tutors that adapt to student responses. Such ITSs, however, do not yield student learning improvements equivalent to students tutored by human instructors. Ascertaining Un-Reported Affect (AURA) is a closed-loop,… more
Abstract:Available features to detect personas vary depending on the type of intelligence one is observing, and only facets of a persona are observable in each medium. New and enabling technology needs to be developed to search, capture, compare and identify disparate behaviors that may represent personas of… more
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