Abstract:Traffic signal controlled intersections currently receive data from various sensors including inductive loops cameras microwave and infrared technologies. These technologies measure presence and passage of vehicles at fixed locations on the intersection approaches. The emergence of… more
Abstract:In 2008 there were 69000 and 52000 injuries reported for pedestrians and bicyclists respectively.A majority of these injuries were a result of impulsive decisions by road users. This proposal aims to make use of proliferation of smartphones and provide a technical solution to mitigate the risks… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The clinical evaluation and management of hemostasis in the 5 million patients affected by chronic liver diseases (CLD) is poorly understood. Data presented at two International Symposia on Coagulation in Liver Diseaseand summarized in a recent edition of Clinics… more
Abstract:Radio Frequency Directed Energy Weapons (RFDEW) are maturing sufficiently to become a threat to sensitive circuits onboard military platforms. With a large number of active elements, Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS) phased array radar units are particularly susceptible and require improvement… more
Abstract:A boat"s coxswain is adept at analyzing the wave environment, adjusting the craft"s propulsion system and control surfaces to mitigate its motions and reduce the chance of capsizing. There is a significant predictive component in the coxswain"s control decisions. Unmanned surface… more
Abstract:Up to 40% of all U.S. and coalition deaths in both Iraq and Afghanistan have been due to improvised explosive devices (IEDs). In addition, the Department of Homeland Security reports that more than 600 IED incidents occur worldwide each month outside of these regions, including within the U.S. While… more
Abstract:We propose to define a dynamically reconfigurable photonics-based system to efficiently collect, down-convert, distribute, and selectively combine the return signals from multiple array elements to a set of digital processors. Electronic signals from the array elements will modulate optical carrier… more
Abstract:Recent study by Candes et al. proves that that matrix completion is able to recover the missing entries from a surprising small fraction of random known entries if the matrix admits certain properties. The theoretical advance of the matrix recovery fosters a number of applications such as… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: We present a novel architecture for on-demand clouds, which means creating a cloud computing environment when needed that opportunistically takes advantage of available processors. The processors are located on mobile computers at the tactical edge of a network and connect via wireless… more
Abstract:The purpose of this Phase II effort is to research and develop an innovative approach to empower people who do not have the skills to write programming code or a scripting language, to create simple user interfaces (UIs) to calculation engines written in various programming languages. The… more
Abstract:Harmonia proposes to create"SPAA: Software Priority Assurance Assessment"which is designed to automate software assurance assessment. The final tool will allow for risk assessment of commercial software through a formal risk acceptance approval process enabling the software to be… more
Abstract:HUMINT includes text based message traffic, other text document sources composed by humans, particularly the free-form prose text of these messages/documents that can be processed to produce information of value, and other human-produced media types (e.g., video, pictures). Harmonia proposes a new… more
Abstract:We present the Assess, Identify, Remediate (AIR) framework to integrate disparate tools and manual non-computer based methods for usability assessment. AIR is integrated into Microsoft Office so that it leverages a familiar user interface, and minimizes the knowledge, skills, and abilities required… more
Abstract:Harmonia proposes to continue development from Phase I of a Large Data Handling Architecture (LDHA). Given sufficient amounts of commodity hardware, its goal is to scale up to ingest a terabyte or more of data per hour from each open source or sensor; store tens of thousands and more of terabyte… more
Abstract:Harmonia proposes a novel approach to automatically generating tactical human/computer interface (HCI) code and object design data from the user interface design developed through usability prototyping. This approach uses the User Interface Markup Language (UIML), an open specification language… more
Abstract:As recognized by the National Nanotechnology Initiative and the Department of Energy, Scanning Probe Microscopes are vital to the advancement of nanoscience and nanotechnology. Although there has been a steady improvement in the capabilities of commercial Scanning Probe Microscopes, instruments… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: This STTR proposal is the natural consequence of our collaboration that makes use of the established know-how under the MURI program, the established track record of RHK in commercialization of critical hardware, software and electronic controllers to implement scanning probe microscopy… more
Abstract:The current practice of training canines for explosives detection utilizing actual explosives requires qualified personnel that are trained to handle
explosive materials making the training both manpower-intensive and costly. The expense is further exacerbated by the need to handle and dispose… more
Abstract:Spire Semiconductor proposes to make an InGaAs-based three-junction (3J) tandem thermophotovoltaic (TPV) cell to utilize more of the blackbody spectrum (from a GPHS) efficiently. Semi-insulating InP wafers will be used for monolithically integrated module (MIM)compatibility and to achieve low… more
Abstract:Matrix completion (MC) concerns the problem of recovering a low rank matrix from a given small fraction of its entries. It is a recurring problem in collaborative filtering, dimensionality reduction, and multi-class learning and has a long history in mathematics. While the general problem of finding… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: We propose to develop and validate (in phase I) detailed designs for highly scaled silicon photonic-electronic chips for applications relevant to the DOD in high-bandwidth data communication. This effort will be closely coordinated with the OPSIS (Optoelectronic Systems Integration in… more
Abstract:National intelligence requirements for Space Situational Awareness (SSA) are hindered by the lack of a reliable capability to image satellites during the daytime hours with optical sensors. Presently, most optical SSA observations are conducted during terminator conditions i.e., morning or evening… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The accurate tracking of resident space objects (RSO)s depends on the rapid estimation of orbits using the knowledge gained from sparsely sampled observations of satellites under the influence of interacting gravitational, solar radiation pressure and atmospheric drag effects. While there… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The simultaneous sensing of light of multiple wavelengths can enhance the survivability, sustainability, and versatility by enabling unmanned reconnaissance and intelligent surveillance for both DoD and homeland security. The objective of this STTR Phase I proposal is to investigate the… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The objective of this STTR Phase II proposal is to continue and complete the development of a commercially practical laser source on silicon (Si), with the demonstration of high performance ultra-compact electrically-pumped infrared laser prototype at 1550 nm band. Currently, silicon… more
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