Abstract:Various planned NASA missions require thermal switches for active thermal control. As an example cryocoolers, including redundant coolers are incorporated on select missions. The redundant coolers operate when deteriorating or defunct coolers are deactivated. However, integration of redundant… more
Abstract:Future NASA missions require thermal control systems that can accommodate large changes in ambient temperature. The two essential aspects of an effective thermal interface material (TIM) are high compliance and high thermal conductivity. Thermal interface materials (TIM) are often used to fill the… more
Abstract:Many critically important biological processes ¿ such as oxygen production during photosynthesis, nitrogen fixation, biogenic hydrogen production, and the evolution of the bioavailability of heavy metal contaminants ¿ are associated with changes in the oxidation state of metal ions. The most… more
Abstract:As the Air Force moves toward the deployment of many smaller satellites, it would be useful to develop smaller versions of SSUSI and GUVI imagers to take advantage of these multiple platforms, so that global measurements could become an operational reality. The goal of Phase II shall be to develop… more
Abstract:Almost all of America¿s energy needs are supplied by the combustion of fossil fuels, and a great amount of anthropogenic CO2 is a byproduct of this process. Instrumentation is needed to (1) better track the CO2 as it is processed by the global carbon cycle and (2) improve the prediction of the… more
Abstract:We propose to build and evaluate NDIR Analyzers that can be used to observe Eddy Covariance Flux and Absolute Dry Mole Fraction of CO2 from stationary and airborne platforms for a great range of environments. Both open- and close-path analyzers are to be evaluated. Phase I succeeded in building a… more
Abstract:Almost all of America¿s energy needs are supplied by the combustion of fossil fuels. Unfortunately, a byproduct of this combustion is CO2, the primary greenhouse gas. In order to track this greenhouse gas as it is processed by the carbon cycle, this project will complete the development of the Eddy… more
Abstract:The US armed forces need an environmentally friendly, quick, effective, and non-destructive method to remove paint from plastic and carbon fiber composite surfaces. An earth friendly paint removal process for painted metal is also desired by many commercial sectors such as aviation, marine, and… more
Abstract:The opportunity for commercialization of an integrated biomass to energy production unit, designed and scaled for on-farm operation, is created by the intersection of two critical drivers - the increasing need for improved, cost effective manure management systems for dairy, livestock and poultry… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The aim of the proposed research is to develop an enabling technology that will allow development of a molecular diagnostic for identification and discrimination among closely related bacterial species that cause signif
icant disease at low microorganism numbers.… more
Abstract:The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project will develop a novel high-speed Atomic Layer Deposition technology comprising an ALD reactor and associated thin film processes for GaN thin films required for fabrication of high-brightness Light Emitting Diode (HBLED). The proposed… more
Abstract:Conventional adaptive optics technologies for compensation of weak to moderate atmospheric turbulence are ineffective in deep atmospheric turbulence. The challenges in this high Rytov regime are segregated into the two problems of developing an adaptive optics beacon and compensation of an optical… more
Abstract:The proposed effort builds upon the results obtained from the successful Phase I effort to develop a design for a quantum communication demonstration experiment to be conducted at an Air Force facility such as SOR or NOP. Because of the low cost and light weight of MEMS adaptive optics, this… more
Abstract:When a patient starts working with a new human caregiver it takes time and talking to develop trust and acceptance, and we should expect the same for electronic cognitive assistants. Human caregivers also function independently from the patient. While existing electronic cognitive aids simply echo… more
Abstract:PEAT is an advanced cognitive aid which uses NASA's autonomous planning and control methods to compensate for cognitive impairments due to brain injury, stroke and other disorders. The system is used by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) to help Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): We propose to evaluate the therapeutic feasibility of a humanized antibody drug DAPI- 01 (anti-FGFR2-IIIc) in prostate cancer model systems. The molecular target of the antibody is fibroblast growth factor receptor-2 (F
GFR2) isoform IIIc, which is involved in… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Currently at 11 million, over the next several decades the proportion of Hispanic women in their childbearing years is projected to increase exponentially. The central role women have in Hispanic culture with respect to
the health of their families, along with… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project addresses the commercialization of a 3D microdevice printer for biosensing applications through the development of highly efficient two-photon initiators of Poly(dimethysiloxane)s (PDMS). The microdevice printer developed by Auma Laboratories,… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): HCV infections are a prevalent and growing health problem. It is estimated that as many as 2% of the US population, and 2.5% of the population world-wide, are infected by HCV. The disease currently causes 15,000 deaths/
year in US alone, a number that is… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The number of patients treated for antibiotics-resistant bacterial infections has increased drastically in recent years. What started as a problem primarily associated with hospital-acquired Enterococcus infections, has
not only moved into the general community,… more
Abstract:This program addresses high power RF switches for the Joint Tactical Radio System (JTRS). The use of traditional pin-diodes possesses significant limitations on the overall system performance due to the high bias current consumption in the forward biased state, relatively slow modulation speeds,… more
Abstract:Inefficiencies in radar transmitters lead to issues with power generation, heat removal, reduced lifetime, and cost of operation. A high power RF amplifier with high efficiency would be very useful in military and commercial applications. Auriga is proposing to investigate two methods for improving… more
Abstract:This program addresses the challenges associated with power amplifiers used under multi-tone drive where high operating efficiency is required without adding false signals or errors (intermodulation distortion, IMD) to the output signal. The goal is to reduce all IMD levels below -30dBc without… more
Abstract:Auriga Measurement Systems and M/A-COM team up in this program to address the issue of mast-mounted shipboard low noise amplifier assemblies, which are required to have not only rigorous electrical performance but also to withstand severe weather and corrosive environments. The assembly being… more
Abstract:There is a current need for small heavy fuel engines that are light and reliable enough to be used in a variety of applications, such as UAV propulsion. The challenges for such an engine are in meeting the often stringent and competing requirements of high thermal efficiency and high power to weight… more
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