Abstract:The runway safety issue has been on the Most Wanted list of the National Transportation Safety Board since the list's inception in 1990. The FAA has responded by implementing two ground surveillance technologies at major U.S. airports to reduce the risk of runway incursions. However, both… more
Abstract:As coordination and collaboration tools have become more sophisticated to support complex environments, research on tool-based interaction has become more crucial. Nowhere is the research more imperative than in military Special Operations, where effective collaboration in time pressured situations… more
Abstract:The United States provides experienced personnel to advise foreign military and security forces. Success in this critical role requires advisors to be more than just competent warriors. Unfortunately, there is a continuing gap between the degree of training, cultural, and interpersonal expertise… more
Abstract:Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) has been called the signature wound of Operation Iraqi Freedom. The rise in overall survival rates and increase in brain injuries can be attributed to advances in medical technology and Kevlar body armor, which effectively protects soldiers from otherwise fatal blows,… more
Abstract:Effects-based operations and mission-driven network management are becoming increasingly focused on leveraging "Command Intent." Arguably, the workflow of personnel can be linked to command intent, either by deriving command intent from the behaviors of personnel during missions, or evaluating… more
Abstract:There are numerous challenges associated with maintaining high quality performance in complex operational environments. In Stability, Security, Transition, and Reconstruction (SSTR) operations, personnel from different agencies must effectively collaborate despite having different agendas, standard… more
Abstract:Technology continues to advance at faster and faster rates. Often new technology is created with little regard for the impact to the humans who must use this technology. One new technology the Navy is considering using is autostereographic displays, which permit users to see a true 3D image without… more
Abstract:While on deployment, many military surgeons spend the bulk of their time performing trauma surgery. Because combat deployments frequently average one full year, such prolonged lapses in practice can degrade specialized knowledge and skills. This becomes a major problem upon the surgeons' return… more
Abstract:CoVE is a flexible, agile web-based tool, designed to support the collaborative analysis of Intelligence information, and its use by analysts in long-term strategic planning for the MHQ w/ MOC. The vision of CoVE rests upon the fundamental notion that advanced visualization techniques alone are not… more
Abstract:A key challenge for battlefield mission rehearsal and training systems is the estimation of enemy courses of action (COAs). Currently, adversarial COA development is a manual time-consuming process prone to errors due to limited knowledge about the adversary and its ability to adapt. Development of… more
Abstract:Virtual and constructive simulation environments provide powerful practice for warfighters because they offer realistic events to which the warfighters can respond. To use these environments for effective training, they must provide pedagogically sound training experiences which incorporate measures… more
Abstract:Aviation mishaps in the Navy and Marine Corps cost $677 million, and were responsible for 40 fatalities in 2005 despite the significant training resources expended by the Navy (Naval Safety Center Annual Review, 2005). These mishaps are thoroughly investigated, but their findings usually fail to… more
Abstract:Repetitive crimes, such as the production of improvised explosive devices (IEDs) or the supplying of illegal drugs, present a growing challenge to society. Physical structures that can support these crimes provide potentially important invariants. The crimes must be situated somewhere, and the… more
Abstract:In the battle to "win the hearts and minds" of civilians close to conflict, the U.S. armed services have had difficulty operating and interacting with cultures different from our own. This seems largely due to a lack of cultural intelligence. Specifically, the difficulty lies in understanding how… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Carbon dioxide is a near universal attractant for blood feeding arthropods that vector human diseases. It is the primary attractant used in the standard surveillance kit deployed by entomologists for vector detection an
d control. The carbon dioxide needed to… more
Abstract:This sensitive insect sensor will run 24 hours per day, every day that cargo is in transit, attracting insects to a containment surface where they remain for immediate detection and identification when inspectors gain entry to the container. Flying insects will be waiting, ready to be counted on… more
Abstract:This Small Business Technology Transfer Phase I research will deveop and commercialize a robust, continuous culture production system for rotifers (Brachionus rotundiformis; s-type). The inability to supply microalgal, zooplankton and rotifers feeds cost-effectively and consistently continues to be… more
Abstract:The use of nanoparticles has increased in manufacturing, industry, and commercial products over the past two decades. As a result, governmental agencies, industry, and academia worldwide have formed advisory groups to evaluate exposure and toxicity issues surrounding the potential adverse effects of… more
Abstract:Recreational saltwater fishing is a major industry in coastal areas of the United States. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service estimated that saltwater anglers spent $8.4 billion in 2001 on fishing trips and supplies. In many communities this type of "wildlife tourism" is the lifeblood of the… more
Abstract:Aqwest proposes to develop novel, high-performance thermal energy storage (TES) technologies and a TES integration concept for thermal management (TM) of directed energy weapons (DEW). In particular, we will develop a packed bed (PB) and sorption-based (SB) TES concepts, and a TES integration into… more
Abstract:Aqwest proposes to develop a novel edge-pumped composite disk laser amplifier for ultra-short pulse (USP) lasers offering operation at high-average power (HAP) at near-diffraction limited beam quality (BQ). The project will produce an amplifier for USP laser with the following major benefits to the… more
Abstract:High-brightness (HB) light emitting diodes (LEDs) have demonstrated promise for general illumination in commercial and household applications. These systems offer up to 75% savings in electric power consumption over conventional lighting systems. However, realizing the full potential of this new and… more
Abstract:The objective of this work is to develop a low cost 6 DOF body tracking system to monitor the orientations of an occupants and pedestrians as well as vehicle kinematics in vehicular impact tests. This tracker system can be standalone or part of a subsystem that can communicate with other trackers… more
Abstract:For many communication applications the demand for more bandwidth is a never ending problem. Military system applications often can exceed commercial demands by an order of magnitude or more as SIGINT and IMINT data collection and transmission are keys to our National Security. Fiber optic systems… more
Abstract:ArchieMD, Inc. proposes to develop a framework for rapidly creating military-relevant micro-games. The utility of the framework will be validated through the creation of a micro-game targeted at reducing leishmaniasis among military personnel deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan. These games SCORM… more
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