Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will demonstrate a vapor compressor driven hybrid two-phase loop technology. The hybrid two-phase loop technology incorporates an advanced evaporator design that is capable of passive separation of liquid and vapor phases at high heat flux… more
Abstract:The Jaws-Of-Life is a hydraulic rescue tool used to rip cars apart. They consist of a pair of metal claws that are used to spread/cut/rip automobiles or other metal constructions apart in order to save persons who may be trapped inside. The Jaws of Life were originally designed for race track use… more
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I project is aimed at developing smooth diamond-coated cutting tools, using a novel deposition technology that provides an ultra-nanocrystalline diamond (UNCD) coating on various substrates. Advanced Diamond Technologies, Inc. (ADT) has developed a new diamond coating technology that… more
Abstract:This Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Phase I project will develop commercially viable atomic force microscope (AFM) cantilevers with ultra-sharp, ultra-robust tips fabricated from ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD). AFM is becoming indispensable in several industries for imaging,… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will determine the feasibility of making foundry-quality MEMS starter wafers composed of ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD) on SiO2 and on Si (diamond-on-insulator, DOI) in a strategy similar to silicon-on-insulator (SOI) wafers. The research… more
Abstract:The proposed research program aims at developing a variable-fidelity software tool set for aeroservothermoelastic-propulsive (ASTE-P) modeling that can be routinely applied to the design of aerospace vehicles. The tool set can be applied to conventional vehicle types as well as hypersonic vehicles.… more
Abstract:The proposed research program aims to develop a physics-based identification, modeling and management infrastructure for aeroelastic limit-cycle oscillations. This infrastructure will be built upon high fidelity state-of-the-art theoretical/computational methods as validated and verified by… more
Abstract:The goal of this SBIR project is to develop next generation inorganic semiconductor based emissive microdisplays with the following merits: Much higher brightness and power efficiency (5 x) than the current filter based LCD and OLED microdisplays. Resolution and pixel density higher than 15 micron… more
Abstract:The Small Business Technology Transfer Research (STTR) Phase I project will develop metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) growth technology for the in-situ Er incorporation into III-nitride epilayers and device structures grown on Si substrates. Through optical characterization of Er3+… more
Abstract:High-repetition-rate (>1 MHz), high-bunch-charge (up to 1 nC) electron sources, possessing the high gradients at the cathode surface that are needed for low emittance electron bunches, are critical components of next generation light sources, such as energy recovery linacs (ERLs) and free electron… more
Abstract:Polarized electron beams are important to high energy physics and nuclear physics experiments. At present, linear colliders and nuclear science machines use DC polarized sources, as these have been proven to provide polarized beams with good cathode lifetimes and acceptable emittances. However,… more
Abstract:Proposed is a robust, non-toxic corrosion inhibitor system consisting of novel, stable colloidal, hybrid polymeric or composite materials that are modified to have functional groups covalently or ionically combined with selected corrosion inhibition groups and are mainly prepared by atom transfer… more
Abstract:The high degree of heat removal from directed energy (DE) weapons requires a next-generation leap in the performance of the heat transfer device/mechanism and also requires a novel thermo-fluid. Neither is available at this time. Nanofluids and Phase Change Materials (PCM) have been developed to… more
Abstract:Modern turbine engines undergo extensive ground testing in test cells during development. These engines are instrumented with numerous strain gages for high-frequency dynamic strain measurements. Currently, analog signals from these gages are routed out of the test cell to remote data acquisition… more
Abstract:Political, economic, and environmental considerations require that the national dependence on petroleum-based transportation fuels, especially imported oil, be reduced by accelerating the development of domestic renewable alternatives. The United States has the potential to generate, sustainably,… more
Abstract:There is a troubling decline in the number of US citizens training to become scientists and engineers. There are insufficient numbers of qualified science teachers in the middle schools, where interest in science must be kindled. Technology enhanced learning environments (TELEs), which could improve… more
Abstract:The release of volatile organic compounds from industrial processes can have negative impacts on the environment while also posing significant health and safety concerns. In the environment, many of these chemical are considered precursors to ground-level ozone, which is the primary component of… more
Abstract:The Air Force is in need of a system to measure stray laser energy during the open-air test-range firing of high-energy laser weapons such as the Airborne Laser. In Phase I, a laboratory-scale system composed of four hemispherical-imaging laser-scattering detectors was constructed to monitor light… more
Abstract:Radiological sources are in everyday use in numerous industries. Illicit removal of this material from storage could result in construction of a Radiological Dispersal Device or Dirty Bomb. A pervasive means of securing radiological materials and identifying breaches in security is required. Ideally… more
Abstract:The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will employ a staged pyrolysis and combustion process as a method to ""recycle"" mixed solid waste materials (paper and plastic packaging, and food scrap) from restaurants. The hydrogen-rich fuel gases generated from these solid waste… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project addresses the development of improved high-performance, low-cost carbon electrodes for ultracapacitors. The proposed innovation is the use of proprietary carbon-preparation techniques to produce high-performance, low-cost carbon… more
Abstract:Homologous recombination (HR) permits the precise insertion, deletion, or substitution of genetic material in the genome of an organism. HR offers numerous opportunities for modifying plant genomes to enhance our understanding of plant gene function and regulation, especially with respect to… more
Abstract:Steel bearings are used on numerous weapon systems (WS) currently employed by many organizations of the Department of Defense (DOD) including the Air Force. Most components are usually protected from corrosion by coatings. Coatings can create a corrosion barrier for the base steel material and the… more
Abstract:Many attempts have been made to replace electro-deposited chromium applied to internal surfaces of gun barrels. The patented EPVDT process has been bench-marked by DOD programs as a fit substitute. EPVDT has already proven its capability by producing a multitude of coatings not unavailable with… more
Abstract:We propose to use physiological sensors to measure the quality of a trainee's interaction with a virtual environment (VE) as a function of VE fidelity to enable design improvements in VEs and to enhance training effectiveness through feedback of physiological-based performance information. Currently… more
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