Abstract:Effective evaluation of human-machine systems requires accurate representations of human behavior. Human response to suppression is particularly important because it typically interrupts a mission task which, if continued or completed, would impact the outcome of the engagement. Currently,… more
Abstract:Military operations are transitioning from a platform-centric approach to a network-centric architecture. Coupled with advances in sensor technology, this provides unprecedented amounts of information. At the same time, ops tempo is increasing. This presents challenges in the AOC and to the DTC in… more
Abstract:Future C4ISR capabilities must provide warfighters with the abilities to clearly and comprehensively understand the battlespace and quickly decide on appropriate COA. Future systems must account for cognitive capabilities and limitations of users, giving warfighters the ability to "leverage… more
Abstract:The goal of the PERFORM Phase II effort is to develop a predictive model-based tool, and associated metrics, to assess the impact of simulator fidelity on training effectiveness. To achieve this goal, Aptima will deliver three primary products. First, we will deliver the PERFORM tool with… more
Abstract:A central challenge for the U.S. armed services lies not in fighting nation-state armed forces, but in dealing with more irregular forces. The glue that holds many of these forces together and motivates them to fight is a common belief system, or shared cultural identity. Hence, it is essential to… more
Abstract:The Army has recently become engaged in numerous Support and Stability Operations (SASOs) throughout the world. Compared to combat operations, SASOs are considerably more complex and ill-defined. Success requires that Army leaders view problems from a Joint Forces mindset, recognize the long-term… more
Abstract:Effective task management is a critical component of mission success. As warfighters are given more information to monitor, however, their ability to detect and attend to critical information and tasks is stressed. An automatic task manager is needed to help ensure that responses to events occur in… more
Abstract:A key challenge for future immersive mission rehearsal and training systems is the control of computer-generated opposing and supporting friendly forces. Currently, large numbers of personnel (or "pucksters") are required to control computer-generated forces (CGFs), especially in simulated urban… more
Abstract:Modern information technology enables decision makers to access and filter large volumes of information; however, this technology does not necessarily translate into improved decisions. While much technology has been created to deliver information, relatively little has been developed to help… more
Abstract:Electronic text chat has become a primary medium of communication throughout the military over the past fifteen years. In organizations such as the Air and Space Operations Center's Dynamic Targeting Cell (DTC), it is used extensively among team members as they collaboratively process information… more
Abstract:Static organization charts and standard processes define roles, methods, and authority in useful ways for common missions. But these same, rigid structures force the organization to behave inefficiently, often ineffectively on problems in new domains, problems requiring new coordination methods and… more
Abstract:A new emphasis on increased joint operations requires a transformation in the way we train our troops. Training must teach our forces to both think and act jointly. As part of this initiative, the Joint National Training Capability (JNTC) is being developed in order to enhance training for our… more
Abstract:The shipbuilding industry has a large number of workers that are close to retirement. With their departure a great deal of expertise, wisdom, and institutional knowledge will be leaving the workforce. This loss could lead to inefficiency and higher costs in the shipbuilding process. A method of… more
Abstract:The insertion of new technology in the cockpit, especially "smart" technology designed to become an additional crewmember, will necessarily impact flight-related operations and crew functioning. We propose to develop an observer-based assessment tool, and associated measures, that will allow… more
Abstract:A key challenge for battlefield simulation is the estimation of enemy courses of action (COAs). Current adversarial COA development is a manual time-consuming process prone to errors due to limited knowledge about the adversary and its ability to adapt. Development of decision aids that can predict… more
Abstract:When team members collaborate to solve a problem, each brings his or her own set of experiences, beliefs, assumptions, and cultural tenets. This is especially apparent when members come from diverse cultures, e.g., in Joint or Coalition mission planning. Training, doctrine, and leadership can help… more
Abstract:Intelligence analysts gather and synthesize information from multiple sources in response to both high priority requests and standing topics. Their expertise enables them to evaluate and process information effectively, but they spend too much time searching for relevant information. As ops tempo… more
Abstract:Traditional military training is becoming increasingly constrained by logistical challenges, geographic distribution of personnel, and limited resources, leading to an increased interest in game-based training approaches. However, training developers need to better understand how to develop… more
Abstract:Technology continues to advance at faster and faster rates. Often new technology is created with little regard for the impact to the humans who must use this technology. One new technology the Navy is considering using is autostereographic displays, which permit users to see a true 3D image without… more
Abstract:To support net-centric warfare, the Air Force must automate the generation and maintenance of metadata about both new and legacy information products. Metadata will enable Warfighters to retrieve necessary information quickly enough for accelerated ops tempos from among the rapidly increasing number… more
Abstract:There are numerous challenges associated with maintaining high-quality performance in complex operational environments. For Air Weapons Controllers (AWCs) maintaining high levels of proficiency is a critical and challenging task because of the complexity of the domain. AWCs are primarily responsible… more
Abstract:The environment in which the US military must operate has grown increasingly complex. Successful command hinges on the ability to quickly assemble and assign capable teams to cope with emergent demands, often across barriers of time and space. Thus it is imperative that a commander be able to… more
Abstract:Modern military simulations employ a variety of models to realistically represent warfighting capabilities and the environment in which these capabilities operate. These models and the simulations that use them attempt to capture the aspects of weapons systems that support training, mission… more
Abstract:Although distributed, simulation-based training exercises provide an opportunity for realistic team practice, they often fail to provide the relevant and timely feedback necessary for effective training to take place. In this project the Aptima team will combine its expertise in competency-based… more
Abstract:There is little question that drowsy driving and driver inattention are significant problems leading to large numbers of accident and loss of life. These sentiments are strongly confirmed in two recently published NHTSA reports make clear the relationship between driver inattention and vehicle… more
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