Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will develop technology to automate the creation of survey instrument documentation, to analyze the complexity of survey instruments, and to automate the testing of survey instruments. Software that enables researchers to better visualize,… more
Abstract:The overall objective of this effort is to address a nagging void in the study of Information Age Warfare: there is no coherent set of tools that military analysts can use to visualize, measure, understand and asses networked military systems. While there has been a great deal of effort expended to… more
Abstract:We propose to develop a new fiber optic switch for IRCM applications. The purpose of the phase I program is to demonstrate the feasibility of a high power 1xN (N=2-6) fiber optic switch operating in the mid IR region. By carefully optimizing each individual optical component, the optical switch will… more
Abstract:Composite avionics enclosures with liquid-cooled card guides are predicted to weigh less than current state-of-the-art aluminum enclosure. While there are many successes in developing composite-based Thermal Planes for advanced avionics applications, limited effort has been spent on the enclosure… more
Abstract:The state-of-the-art clutch plate for the lift systems is made of carbon-carbon composites and is challenged to meet future life and frictional requirements. This clutch is very similar in configuration to an aircraft brake, but operates at significantly higher speeds approximately 8500 rpm.… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) is associated with a number of serious neurological conditions. Its successful management yields improved outcome for patients, yet ICP can only be measured by placing a device within the cranium through a hole in the skull… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The objective of the proposed research is to develop an ultrasensitive photochemical amplification method for improving the performance of polymerase-chain reaction (PCR)-based detection of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). A new technology allows one to… more
Abstract:The technical objectives of this SBIR proposal include the design and verification of a frangible composite ILS Glideslope Tower that does not require guy wires (i.e., will maintain existing tolerances and mission performance capabilities). ATSI's technical approach is based upon the high… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In current medical practice, breast biopsy serves as the gold standard for determining if a breast mass is benign or malignant. Mammography is the main imaging procedure (screening) for detecting suspicious findings with its high sensitivity but its lower… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The goal of this proposal is the discovery and development of novel drugs to be used in a disease intervention strategy for influenza (flu) infection that comprise short interfering RNAs (siRNAs), the molecules that induce RNA interference. To achieve this goal… more
Abstract:Computational structural mechanics (CSM) is used in energy and other key national industries, and the ever-increasing size of the simulations imposes a pressing neeed for commensurate increases in computational speed, in order to keep costs and computation times in check. This project will… more
Abstract:Design of US Army ground vehicles, especially those that operate in combat environments, faces increasingly challenging requirements. The vehicles should be capable of operating in contrasting rough terrains and must support a wide range of optional equipment and payloads. Component and system… more
Abstract:Manufacturing defects in ceramic composite matrix require 3D fiber architectures to reinforce and toughen both in-plane and out-of-plane directions of CMCs. Modeling 3D material properties and evaluating durability of structures made of 3D composites are of great importance in their application in… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The ongoing war on terror has created the necessity of a whole new spectrum of systems that are able to detect and inactivate biothreat agents, systems that are inexpensive to produce, robust and stable to allow their use on a massive scale by first responders or… more
Abstract:Microarray technology offers an opportunity for simultaneous monitoring of the behavior of multiple markers within a mammalian cell and ultimately could be used for detection and elucidation of mechanisms of action of different biologically active agents, including those that are considered a threat… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The overall goal of this project is to design and build cameras that can efficiently detect and image isotopes that have gamma rays with energies that are typically beyond those effectively accessible with conventional cameras. There are no nuclear medicine… more
Abstract:An electronically controlled Variable Transmittance Visor (VTV) will permit a pilot to use a Helmet Mounted Display (HMD) system at maximum effectiveness in all lighting conditions without having to add or remove fixed-tint visors. This project will investigate the material and process advancements… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will establish the feasibility of detecting biological warfare agents (BWAs) using a holographic interferometer. Bio- and Nanotechnologies are enabling this innovation through the preparation of both affinity-based nanoparticles and biosensor… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I research project will demonstrate the feasibility of direct detection and quantification of p53 antibodies as a model for other macromolecules in biological fluids without using any reporter molecules through the use of bio-sensing elements in a… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The presence of toxic chemicals and bioaerosols in households, workplaces and congregate living areas present a threat to human health. The capability of local surveillance of these toxicants can prevent the onset of hazardous conditions. The overall objective of… more
Abstract:Altex Technologies Corporation, a small business, and Pennsylvania State University, a research institution, have teamed up to develop the innovative Person Portable JP-8 Fueled Fuel Cell Power Generator (PJF-Gen). The 500-1000 watts system will be lightweight, the size of a lunch box, will… more
Abstract:Low temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC), operating on JP-8 and other distillate fuels, are the ideal power sources for all applications, especially for portable power applications. By operating at lower temperature (400-600C) these systems have faster response, quicker startup, better… more
Abstract:Animal wastes are a n environmental problem, particularly in fee lot areas were animals are concentrated. If the wastes could be upgraded to a fuel by gasification and then burned inefficient small-scale engines, high value electric power and process heat could be produced, while mitigating… more
Abstract:There are over 480,000 trucks on the US roads, and each vehicle produces up to 20 tons CO2, 420 lbs of CO and 250 lbs of nitrous oxides per year, while idling to produce auxiliary power needed for the driver¿s comfort. A Quiet Reliable and Compact Fuel Cell Base APU (QRCFC-APU) is proposed to… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Proposed here is the development and application of a high-throughput, multiplexed PCR-based approach to gene expression analysis to broadly enable the use of gene expression profiling for drug research, development and high content screening. The proposed… more
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