Abstract:ABSTRACT: We present a novel architecture for on-demand clouds, which means creating a cloud computing environment when needed that opportunistically takes advantage of available processors. The processors are located on mobile computers at the tactical edge of a network and connect via wireless… more
Abstract:The purpose of this Phase II effort is to research and develop an innovative approach to empower people who do not have the skills to write programming code or a scripting language, to create simple user interfaces (UIs) to calculation engines written in various programming languages. The… more
Abstract:Harmonia proposes to create"SPAA: Software Priority Assurance Assessment"which is designed to automate software assurance assessment. The final tool will allow for risk assessment of commercial software through a formal risk acceptance approval process enabling the software to be… more
Abstract:HUMINT includes text based message traffic, other text document sources composed by humans, particularly the free-form prose text of these messages/documents that can be processed to produce information of value, and other human-produced media types (e.g., video, pictures). Harmonia proposes a new… more
Abstract:We present the Assess, Identify, Remediate (AIR) framework to integrate disparate tools and manual non-computer based methods for usability assessment. AIR is integrated into Microsoft Office so that it leverages a familiar user interface, and minimizes the knowledge, skills, and abilities required… more
Abstract:Harmonia proposes to continue development from Phase I of a Large Data Handling Architecture (LDHA). Given sufficient amounts of commodity hardware, its goal is to scale up to ingest a terabyte or more of data per hour from each open source or sensor; store tens of thousands and more of terabyte… more
Abstract:Harmonia proposes a novel approach to automatically generating tactical human/computer interface (HCI) code and object design data from the user interface design developed through usability prototyping. This approach uses the User Interface Markup Language (UIML), an open specification language… more
Abstract:An innovative approach is required for making a useful advance in the field of low power tampering detection and reverse engineering technologies. Our team's proposal is to investigate and test such an approach, utilizing near-field transduction and plasmonic components. Advantages of this… more
Abstract:Multimodal Sensory Enrichment Device (SEMD) is a medical device system for the testing and training of static and dynamic postural control of sway in patients with dizziness, balance deficit, and/or movement disorders. SEMD provides vibrotactile, visual, and audio cueing referenced to center of… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project addresses the need for lower cost ceramic materials, specifically for reaction-bonded silicon carbide (RBSC) products. RBSC is used in a multitude of applications ranging from kiln furniture to body armor inserts to ultra-high purity… more
Abstract:NASA has identified polymer matrix composites (PMCs) as a critical need for launch and in-space vehicles, but the significant costs of such materials limits their use. This proposal addresses the need for lower cost PMCs through the development of discontinuous fiber reinforced polymer composites… more
Abstract:Due to their vast diversity and as-yet uncultivated status, detecting, characterizing and quantifying microorganisms in natural settings are of grand challenge, and understanding the mechanistic linkages between microbial diversity and ecosystem functioning and their feedback responses to human… more
Abstract:The interactions among different microbial populations in a community play critical roles in determining ecosystem functioning but very little is known about the network interactions in a microbial community due to the lack of appropriate experimental data and computational analytic tools.… more
Abstract:Many military systems dispense objects such as submunitions or fragments which are designed to destroy targets through explosive munitions or hypervelocity impacts. The dispersion pattern of the dispensed objects is of paramount importance in determining the efficacy of the system as a weapon. The… more
Abstract:The Army has identified the need to enhance existing reconnaissance and surveillance platforms by utilizing emerging sensor technologies to support both domestic and national security operations. Situational awareness imagery has become a vital tool for locating, identifying and helping to… more
Abstract:The Army has identified the need to enhance existing ground-based surveillance platforms by utilizing polarimetric imaging (PI). Situational awareness imagery has become a vital tool for locating and helping to neutralize roadway threats. The urgency of these threats demands quick, cost effective… more
Abstract:Purpose: In prior research, prosocial behaviors in grade school have been correlated with later academic achievement while anti-social behaviors have been associated with later poor academic achievement and deviance. To help teachers monitor students' social behavior, this project will develop a… more
Abstract:Purpose: Prior research indicates that reading difficulties in childhood become more problematic as students move to middle and high school where increasingly challenging material must be learned. Although some older students still struggle with decoding, many more have difficulty constructing… more
Abstract:Thin film solar cells are one of the most promising and cost effective means of generating electricity from sunlight. However, their manufacture requires the use of precision film thickness process control sensors in order to produce high efficiency and economically viable cells. Current film… more
Abstract:Under a Phase 1 effort, IES successfully developed and demonstrated a spark ignition concept where propellant flow drives a very simple fluid mechanical oscillator to excite a piezoelectric crystal. The Phase 1 effort exceeded expectations, with the device demonstrating reliable ignition of both… more
Abstract:While evaluating lunar ascent and descent stage propellant acquisition options in 2008 and 2009 for NASA GRC, IES conceived a novel, flexible screen propellant management device (PMD). The concept provides a highly simplified and easy to build PMD as an alternative to a total communication device… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): During adolescence, youth undergo pivotal biological, emotional, and cognitive shifts. Concomitant with immense internal shifts, adolescent peer relations become increasingly complex (e.g., cliques) and challenging (e.g., peer pressure) and, as teens struggle to… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Schools are the primary setting within which children receive mental health (MH) services. The effectiveness of MH programs has been repeatedly demonstrated for a wide array of MH problems, including behavioral and emotional disorders, substance abuse, ADHD, and… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The need to improve patient adherence to treatment protocol is immense, both for improved individual patient outcomes and advancement of scientific treatment knowledge. Past interventions to improve adherence have had mixed results, with the most success stemming… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This research will develop, implement and evaluate a restaurant-based incentive program that promotes and rewards healthy eating behaviors in restaurants and at the same time, provides funding to schools to support fitness and healthier lunch programs. This… more
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