Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will develop a dike and levee characterization system. Hurricane Katrina and Rita and the flooding and breaching of levees in the Midwest in 2008 clearly demonstrated the impact of levee failures in the US, and the need for proactive… more
Abstract:We present the evaluation and demonstration of advanced electromagnetic induction (EMI) sensor modalities to enhance US Army capabilities to detect and characterize buried explosive hazards (BEHs). This technology addresses the need within the US Army for improved detection and characterization of… more
Abstract:To support the Navy's requirements for low-noise magnetic sensing from small unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), we present effective methods for suppressing platform and external interferences. We propose to develop a comprehensive magnetic compensation system that heavily leverages a number of… more
Abstract:We propose the development of a compact high-sensitivity Surface Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (SNMR) instrument that is tailored for characterization of the uppermost 2 meters of the subsurface. Through the proposed research and development effort, we will demonstrate an approach that applies new… more
Abstract:The Innovation Laboratory, Inc., proposes to use Automatic Dependent Surveillance?Broadcast (ADS-B) information as the basis of atmospheric wave and turbulence identification. Working in conjunction with the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), we research the feasibility of using the… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project will develop the xylose isomerase (XI) enzyme from a marine bacterium as part of a process to convert biomass to ethanol. Xylose isomerase converts xylose, the second most common sugar in biomass, into xylulose. Xylose is not fermented… more
Abstract:Hydrocarbon chemicals are largely derived from the processing of petroleum, natural gas, or coal. These fossil feedstocks are not renewable and, in the case of petroleum, susceptible to international supply disruptions and severe price fluctuations. In contrast, lignin is a renewable hydrocarbon … more
Abstract:Volume reduction is a critical element of Solid Waste Management for manned spacecraft and planetary habitations. To this end, the proposed fecal waste incinerator may be utilized to completely mineralize feces to harmless inorganic substances such as CO2 and water. These products may then be… more
Abstract:The Advanced Microgravity Compatible, Integrated Laundry (AMCIL) is a microgravity compatible liquid / liquid vapor, two-phase laundry system with water jet agitation and vacuum assisted drying. Umpqua Research Company previously developed a complete microgravity compatible Single Phase Laundry… more
Abstract:An innovative Microchannel Sabatier Reactor System (MSRS) is proposed for 100% recovery of oxygen (as water) and methane from carbon dioxide (CO2), a valuable in situ resource available in the atmosphere or as frozen deposits on Mars and other Near Earth Objects (NEOs), using hydrogen. The Sabatier… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The specific aim of this proposal is to develop and implement a new type of technology for production of braille and tactile graphics that uses a system in which metal punch pins fire into a smooth polymer-coated shaftrather than into a machined metal die as with… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This application is a Phase II STTR to further the study of a novel therapeutic intervention for ischemic stroke. Phase I investigated the mechanism of protection against ischemic stroke provided by the novel designertherapy, recombinant T cell receptor ligand… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project aims to create better diagnostic testing for drug, food, and environmental allergies. If successful, it would be transformative in the clinical diagnosis of allergy diseases by enabling rapid evaluation at the doctor?s office in a… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Virogenomics is currently developing a portable, electrochemical device for rapid disease diagnosis of multiple indications. The basis of our approach is a patent-pending electrochemical immunoassay performed on patterned electrode arrays, and we take advantage… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: To address the need for covert, transparent optical taggants, which can upconvert and downconvert greater than 100 nm when stimulated by either 830 nm or 1064 nm laser light, a series of wide bandgap doped metal oxide nanoparticles will be developed and demonstrated. In Phase I,… more
Abstract:Large-area (3m2), UV-sensitive focal plane arrays are needed for observation of air showers from ultra-high energy cosmic rays (JEM-EUSO) as well as for visible-wavelength spectrographic and photometric instruments planned for future telescopes (OWL). Existing photocathode-based technologies for… more
Abstract:High-performance HDTV cameras are commercially widespread, but are not presently available in radiation-hard versions. The objective of the proposed SBIR effort is to develop and commercialize a radiation-hard, high-performance HDTV sensor for NASA missions and other space-based and high-energy… more
Abstract:There is a need for developing a high-performance Geiger-mode avalanche photodiode (Gm-APD) array design, which can be fabricated using a domestic, high-volume commercial CMOS process on 200mm or greater wafers. Most of todays silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs) and single photon … more
Abstract:Pumpprobe experiments are a powerful tool for directly studying the molecular dynamics of chemical reactions and energy transfer processes as they unfold on the femtosecond or picosecond time scale. Pumpprobe experiments with xray probes, where a chemical reaction is initiated by a first optical… more
Abstract:Available 2D multiwire proportional counters (MWPC) are limited by their low global countrate capability and are insufficient for imaging XCS (xray crystal spectroscopy) experiments. Solid state xray pixilated array detectors have been shown to overcome this problem. However, large area solid … more
Abstract:The need for domestic sources of improved-performance single photon counting detectors (SPDs) is important for the advancement of science. SPDs are proving invaluable for studying intracellular processes, charged particle physics, adaptive optics for extremely large telescopes, and numerous other… more
Abstract:A full, wafer scale nanocrystal detector technology will be used to fabricate compact, light weight, low power, low cost short-wavelength infrared (SWIR) sensors. This approach is based on integration of inorganic nanocrystal films with large-format, small-pixel-pitch CMOS readout integrated… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: CMOS silicon imagers are the dominant focal plane arrays for visible light imaging. Over several decades, there have been investigations in broad near-infrared (NIR) spectral response using laser doped and structuring silicon (Si) detectors, including so-called"black"silicon… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: There is an increasing awareness of the advantages of solution-processed mesoscopic semiconductor devices. Compared to epitaxially-grown, lattice-matched, crystalline semiconductors, solution-processed optoelectronics offer fabrication without expensive and energy-intensive… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Addressing the demands of high frame-rate, large-format hyperspectral imagers, the design of a custom readout integrated circuit (ROIC) will be developed. The hyperspectral imaging ROIC will feature flexible operating readout modes including row (wavelength) programmable (i) gain, (ii)… more
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