Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): People with intellectual disabilities (ID) have rates of obesity greater than the general population. They often have poor energy dense diets and tend to be inactive. This group also experiences a high prevalence of health related problems: cancer, diabetes,… more
Abstract:Coal-fired electric power generating plants are under increasing pressure to reduce CO2 and other toxic emissions. However, using alternative fuels, such as solid biomass as a greenhouse gas neutral fuel, requires substantial plant modifications. In addition, burning biomass contributes to slagging… more
Abstract:Integrated Development Environments (IDEs) stand to improve and modernize the software development cycle for High Performance Computing (HPC). However, conventional IDEs are focused on relatively homogeneous architectures and software stacks. In many cases IDE based development is simply not an… more
Abstract:The project will develop and evaluate a systematic methodology to evolve legacy CFD wake modeling tools for rotorcraft engineering from sequential to parallel execution on high-performance workstations. The work will focus on sparse-grid elliptic solvers found in packages such as HELIX-IA due to… more
Abstract:This project develops and evaluates HealthChecker, a web-based application. The design employs a cognitively accessible graphic user interface to lead an individual with cognitive disabilities through a daily self-assessment routine, querying the presence or absence of symptoms such as physical pain… more
Abstract:This project develops a prototype of a web-based self-management application for individuals with cognitive disabilities and those who support them. The application uses a database of an individual’s life and needs to provide relevant, actionable, and accessible data to the consumer, family… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Phonemic awareness, defined as ... the ability to notice, think about, and work with the individual sounds in spoken words (National Institute for Literacy, 2000), is considered a necessary skill for literacy. The financial and quality-of-life costs of these… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): According to the MarkeTrak VII survey (Kochkin 2008), there are roughly 35 million individuals in the US with some degree of hearing loss. Of these, almost 10 million have hearing aids and 67,000 have cochlear implants.The goal of auditory (re)habilitation (AR)… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Stuttering is a communication disorder characterized by disfluencies that may be frequent or disruptive to communication. Clinicians make extensive use of disfluency counts, for diagnosis, to assess treatment progress,and to document treatment outcomes. SLPs… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): More than 100,000 synthetic chemicals are used in a variety of domestic, industrial, and agricultural applications, resulting in contamination of precious water with many harmful toxins. Various toxic organic chemicalsamong those have a potential to cause a… more
Abstract:A breakthrough high speed approach to measure velocity, position, pressure and temperature during burn, deflagration and detonation of highly energetic materials has been successfully demonstrated during Phase I using specially designed fiber grating sensor assemblies. Phase II is directed toward… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Professionals in the field of school psychology, child mental Health and special education are well aware of the positive impact that early screening, intervention and prevention efforts can have in reducing later, disruptive behavior disorders among at-risk… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In the past decade, elementary school settings have been overwhelmed by increasing numbers of behaviorally at-risk children who are unresponsive to the minimal but necessary demands of schooling. It is of critical importance to get behaviorally at-risk children… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The worldwide health problem created by malaria has been made more difficult by the spread of drug- resistant parasites. This project initiates preclinical development of one or more candidate(s) from an innovative newclass of potent antimalarials designed to… more
Abstract:We propose an improved cathode based on our novel theory of the role of scandium oxide in enhancing emission in tungsten-impregnated cathodes. Recent results have demonstrated the efficacy of nano-particle scandium oxide, but a detailed theory on the mechanism of operation has been lacking. Our… more
Abstract:We propose a reservoir cathode to improve performance in both ion and Hall-effect thrusters. We propose to adapt our existing reservoir cathode technology to this purpose. Reservoir cathodes are the only emission sources that are capable of providing the necessary current density (>5.0 A/cm2)… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Thrombotic cardiovascular diseases including venous thromboembolism, myocardial infarction, and ischemic stroke, remain leading causes of death and disability in the US. Although effective antithrombotic agents are available, these drugs inadvertently target… more
Abstract:Automated tools are quickly making inroads into casual computing environments, solving progressively more complex tasks. However, these advancements still require trading reliability for convenience. Frequent minor failures are acceptable in casual environments, but critical systems cannot make… more
Abstract:Low-overhead, real-time data acquisition of executing software is the last line of defense against malicious cyber attacks. A monitoring approach cannot depend on access to source code, as the code may be proprietary and recompilation is too time-intensive. Rather, we propose to monitor the binary… more
Abstract:The increasingly common use of mobile software platforms such as Android provides convenience and cost savings by consolidating multiple functions within one device. This consolidation comes at a price, however: the interactions between the various software applications (apps) is hard to predict.… more
Abstract:Ensuring User Interface consistency is extremely difficult - manual review and developer coordination is required to achieve uniform interaction metaphors across operating systems, web browsers, applications, and disparate devices. This is complicated by the capabilities of various UI toolkits and… more
Abstract:Red alder is the predominant commercial hardwood species of the Pacific Northwest. It is an early successional species that rapidly regenerates following fire or clearcutting and normally precedes the establishment of the historically preferred Douglas-fir. As such, past conifer forestry management… more
Abstract:With the Titan Saturn System Mission, NASA is proposing to send a Montgolfiere balloon to probe the atmosphere of Titan. In order to better plan this mission and create a robust optimized balloon design, NASA requires the ability to more accurately evaluate the convective heat transfer… more
Abstract:A new method of transferring epitaxially grown active films onto an inexpensive polymeric flexible carrier. Specifically, for making thin lightweight high efficiency (> 30%) IMM3J solar cells while reusing the GaAs or Ge base wafer. This will reduce the costs of fabricating high efficiency PV… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: A new method for manufacturing thin, flexible, portable high efficiency III-V PV modules that can be folded and rolled. In particular, IMM3J cells are lifted-off their growth substrate and transferred to a polyimide blanket sheet holding up to a few hundred cells. They are fully… more
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