Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project develops a method of lifting-off an epitaxially grown high-efficiency (>30%) triple-junction III-V solar cell from a Ge or GaAs wafer onto a polyimide substrate. A high-coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) polyimide wafer is used to induce… more
Abstract:PROJECT SUMMARY Autism is fast becoming an epidemic among American children. Between 2007 and 2009, the CDC reported an average increase in cases of 57 percent, from 1 in 150 children to 1 in 110 children. While improved awareness and identification accounted for some of this increase, the CDC… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Latino youth currently comprise more than one-fifth of the US youth population (Mather and Foxen, 2010), yet this sizeable group of the nation s future adults lags alarmingly behind non-Latino youth in academic achievement. The proposed program, Padres… more
Abstract:The identification and tracking of objects of interest to the Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS) depends upon detection, measurement/classification, and visualization of the radiation emitted by these objects. Since BMDS operation is strongly tied to imagery, the input of synthetic imagery… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): While foster-adoptive parents receive some rudimentary training just prior to or in the early months following adoption finalization, many stil harbor unrealistic expectations about adoption and are unaware of the severe behavioral problems they may encounter, no… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In this revised Phase II, the project will develop and evaluate a set of five online training workshops designed to help foster-adoptive and kinship parents safely and empathically understand and reduce externalized behavior problems of children ages 3-10 in… more
Abstract:Advanced battery recycling has potential to significantly reduce end-of-life cost for large format batteries. Available technology melts or dissolves batteries to recover cobalt or nickel, destroying advanced materials with potential for manufacturing use. With little elemental value in… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Excessive alcohol consumption is a public health concern that causes approximately 85,000 deaths each year and costs the U.S. economy 185 billion annually. Because the large majority (79%) of adults with alcohol disorders are employed and Employee Assistance… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Physical activity plays a critical role in public health. Unfortunately, the prevalence of sedentary lifestyles is extremely high in the U.S., and there are well-established links between sedentariness and health riskssuch as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This project will deliver an Internet-based modular tool kit designed to support EmployeeAssistance Program (EAP) therapists in the management of adult ADHD (Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder). ADHD is a debilitating condition, which impairs the worksite… more
Abstract:This proposal outlines a project aimed at providing a radical improvement in ion source technology that can be applied to the mass spectrometric analysis of actinides. The state-of-the-art secondary ion mass spectrometers (SIMS), used for actinide analysis, employ the duoplasmatron ion source for… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will develop a high brightness C60 ion source that can be used in TOF SIMS instruments for 2D and 3D chemical analysis and image mapping in nanobiology applications. Energetic cluster ions such as C60+ yield large molecular secondary ion… more
Abstract:Peregrine Power, LLC will develop a wave energy harvesting system for NOAA buoys. It will be entirely self-contained (no protruding elements), modular, scalable, and easily deployed. The system employs a unique, inertial mechanism that responds to acceleration forces created by waves. This… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will develop a dike and levee characterization system. Hurricane Katrina and Rita and the flooding and breaching of levees in the Midwest in 2008 clearly demonstrated the impact of levee failures in the US, and the need for proactive… more
Abstract:We present the evaluation and demonstration of advanced electromagnetic induction (EMI) sensor modalities to enhance US Army capabilities to detect and characterize buried explosive hazards (BEHs). This technology addresses the need within the US Army for improved detection and characterization of… more
Abstract:To support the Navy's requirements for low-noise magnetic sensing from small unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), we present effective methods for suppressing platform and external interferences. We propose to develop a comprehensive magnetic compensation system that heavily leverages a number of… more
Abstract:We propose the development of a compact high-sensitivity Surface Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (SNMR) instrument that is tailored for characterization of the uppermost 2 meters of the subsurface. Through the proposed research and development effort, we will demonstrate an approach that applies new… more
Abstract:The Innovation Laboratory, Inc., proposes to use Automatic Dependent Surveillance?Broadcast (ADS-B) information as the basis of atmospheric wave and turbulence identification. Working in conjunction with the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), we research the feasibility of using the… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project will develop the xylose isomerase (XI) enzyme from a marine bacterium as part of a process to convert biomass to ethanol. Xylose isomerase converts xylose, the second most common sugar in biomass, into xylulose. Xylose is not fermented… more
Abstract:Hydrocarbon chemicals are largely derived from the processing of petroleum, natural gas, or coal. These fossil feedstocks are not renewable and, in the case of petroleum, susceptible to international supply disruptions and severe price fluctuations. In contrast, lignin is a renewable hydrocarbon … more
Abstract:Volume reduction is a critical element of Solid Waste Management for manned spacecraft and planetary habitations. To this end, the proposed fecal waste incinerator may be utilized to completely mineralize feces to harmless inorganic substances such as CO2 and water. These products may then be… more
Abstract:The Advanced Microgravity Compatible, Integrated Laundry (AMCIL) is a microgravity compatible liquid / liquid vapor, two-phase laundry system with water jet agitation and vacuum assisted drying. Umpqua Research Company previously developed a complete microgravity compatible Single Phase Laundry… more
Abstract:An innovative Microchannel Sabatier Reactor System (MSRS) is proposed for 100% recovery of oxygen (as water) and methane from carbon dioxide (CO2), a valuable in situ resource available in the atmosphere or as frozen deposits on Mars and other Near Earth Objects (NEOs), using hydrogen. The Sabatier… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The specific aim of this proposal is to develop and implement a new type of technology for production of braille and tactile graphics that uses a system in which metal punch pins fire into a smooth polymer-coated shaftrather than into a machined metal die as with… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This application is a Phase II STTR to further the study of a novel therapeutic intervention for ischemic stroke. Phase I investigated the mechanism of protection against ischemic stroke provided by the novel designertherapy, recombinant T cell receptor ligand… more
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