Abstract:The proposed SBIR research (Phase I and II) is devoted to developing a laser-based acousto-ultrasonic system for inspection of sealed containers. The system represents a promising technology for improving safety management in anti-terrorism and treaty compliance operations. The system will use a… more
Abstract:To address the issue of heat transfer from the rocket motor nozzle exit cone into the metal support housing MSI proposes to apply a well-developed, highly insulating interlayer material, quartz polysiloxane Qz/Ps, between the exit cone surface and the metal substructure surface to maintain that… more
Abstract:This Statement of Work (SOW) defines the support required for a multi-task effort related to the design and fabrication of a ceramic resin matrix composite nosecone to fulfill Block IIB mission requirements. MSI will develop composite material component designs that fulfill the aerothermal and… more
Abstract:Diode-Pumped Alkali Laser Systems (DPALS) have great potential for missile defense and other applications. These systems require a uniform, steady, flowing mixture of helium and rubidium vapor at elevated pressure and temperature. Significant challenges exist because rubidium is a very reactive… more
Abstract:Next generation aircraft systems will include weapons, sensors and actuators requiring large amplitude pulse power capability which will exceed the continuous power delivery capacity of most aircraft. Compact, lightweight and efficient power conversion and thermal management systems are required to… more
Abstract:To accelerate advances in cognitive science, and to facilitate the invention of novel brain-centered technologies, tremendous benefit would be gained by expanding the accessibility of Electroencephalography (EEG) to non-traditional users. A key driver for expanding accessibility is lowering cost… more
Abstract:Despite over 100 years of research, decompression illness (DCI) remains the mission-limiting factor in the design and execution of combat dives. Divers may spend over an hour decompressing after spending as little as ten minutes at the target depth. While decompressing, the diver is limited in… more
Abstract:Chemical, biological, or toxin attacks in military and civilian settings are a serious and growing concern. Standard first aid for exposure to many chemical warfare agents and toxins includes the immediate administration of relevant antidotes using an autoinjector. When an attack occurs, prefilled… more
Abstract:Soldiers recovering from mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) or relearning how to walk on a prosthetic lower limb often struggle with their balance. Of patients recovering from acute blast-induced mTBI, almost all (90%) report unsteadiness. These balance deficits affect ability to return to duty… more
Abstract:Effective Army-scale mobility predictions in austere environments require knowledge of soil strength conditions at high spatial resolution (100 m or less). The Army"s knowledge of the battlespace is greatly hindered because available weather-scale near-surface soil moisture data, a primary… more
Abstract:Small unmanned aerial systems (UAS) are a critical element in current military operations, and their use will increase substantially in the future. The propulsion system is a key design constraint in any UAS, and current small gas turbines for these vehicles are limited by the conventional… more
Abstract:Power system upgrades for next-generation ground combat vehicles require technology advances such as higher operating temperature, greater power density, and increased functionality. Silicon Carbide (SiC) based power electronic devices offer advantages over silicon devices, especially for high… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Current separable thermal mechanical interfaces (STMIs) found in advanced digital processing electronics are unable to efficiently remove dissipated heat from the active electronics, limiting electrical performance far below their capability. The standard approach produces high thermal… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The Air Force uses specially designed facilities to perform ground testing of infrared detector focal plane arrays at Arnold Engineering Development Center (AEDC). The current approach for cooling the detectors down to 8 K utilizes liquid helium. The systems to transport and store the… more
Abstract:Diode-Pumped Alkali Laser Systems (DPALS) have great potential for missile defense and other applications. Proper design of these systems is challenging because many interrelated processes impact their performance and critical kinetic rate coefficients are not well known. In response, our team… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The efficient, effective balancing of jet engine rotors and subassemblies continues to be a challenge for key aerospace applications. While manufacturing methods for balancing have improved significantly over the last ten years, measurement methods and procedures and fixturing have not… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Accurate determination of the distance between fastener holes and part edges is critical to ensure structural integrity in military aircraft. These measurements are particularly important as part flanges are reduced and tolerances are tightened to save weight and increase performance. … more
Abstract:Hybrid turboelectric aircraft with gas turbines driving electric generators connected to electric propulsion motors have the potential to transform the aircraft design space by decoupling power generation from propulsion. Resulting aircraft designs such as blended-wing bodies with distributed… more
Abstract:Modern aircraft gas turbine engines utilize highly loaded airfoils in both the compressor and turbine to maximize performance while minimizing weight, cost, and complexity. However, high airfoil loading increases the likelihood of flow separation at lower mass flow rates. Dielectric Barrier… more
Abstract:Refueling spacecraft in space offers tremendous benefits for increased spacecraft payload capacity and reduced launch cost. A key technology challenge for space refueling is the storage of liquid cryogenic fuel in space. To meet this need, we propose to develop a reliable, compact, efficient… more
Abstract:Future NASA space missions require advanced systems to convert thermal energy into electric power. These systems must be reliable, efficient, and lightweight. In response, we propose to develop a turbo-Brayton power converter with high efficiency and specific power. The converter will use gas… more
Abstract:NASA's future science missions to investigate the structure and evolution of the universe require efficient, very low temperature coolers for low noise detector systems. We propose to develop a highly efficient, lightweight Active Magnetic Regenerative Refrigeration (AMRR) system that can… more
Abstract:Creare and Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University propose to design, develop, test, and deliver an ultra compact star tracker specifically intended for small satellites such as the CubeSat platform. Our design is based on proprietary "folded optics" technology previously… more
Abstract:NASA has recognized the need to develop new on-orbit analysis capabilities. This need arises because of the high cost associated with returning samples to Earth for analysis, the limited availability of crew time, and the relatively modest capabilities and interfaces of the existing hardware on the… more
Abstract:Future manned spacecraft and lunar or Mars outposts will need a condensing heat exchanger (CHX) to control humidity in the cabin atmosphere. Condensing surfaces must be hydrophilic to control the condensate flow and ensure efficient operation, and biocidal to prevent growth of microbes and… more
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