Abstract:We currently have thousands of security cameras in the war zone. Automated Target Recognition (ATR) is essential for reducing the manpower required for monitoring the security cameras. Having human operators staring at video screens for hours at a time is not an effective use of our forces. ATR is a… more
Abstract:"This project addresses the USDA request for innovative application of information
technology to convey important nutritional information and awareness of health issues
and provide community based interventions to advance healthy lifestyles at work, at
school, at home, and at play or leisure. We… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Fluorescent molecules that are positioned in close proximity to silver nanoparticles produce increased fluorescence intensity along with increased photostability and decreased lifetimes. These silver structures have bee
n studied in great detail for their ability… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Eukaryotic expression vectors are utilized for various biomedical applications including protein production, gene therapy and gene vaccination. A key barrier is that expression vectors undergo promoter inactivation (sil
encing) over time. This lack of sustained… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): DNA-only vaccination would significantly enhance the rapid deployment utility of DNA vaccines for pandemic application (development times for DNA vaccines are significantly shorter than those for protein or viral vector
systems). The overall goal of this project… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In the 62 million companion dog population in the United States, there has been a three-fold increase in diabetes mellitus (DM) over the last 30 years. In dogs, DM is characterized by the rapid onset of bilateral sugar
cataracts which often result in vision loss… more
Abstract:As demonstrated with recent engagements, US forces will not go into combat alone. Multinational coalition forces will be the norm and our forces must flexibly adapt to the command and control (C2) environment with the newly formed team. Whether a neighbor or long time ally with similar but… more
Abstract:The capability to gather, analyze, and integrate vast amounts of information from diverse resources in various types and formats, and to distill valuable and actionable intelligence leads from them has become a top priority for U.S. military commanders. 21st Century Systems, Inc. is pleased to… more
Abstract:The Navy has issued a challenge to develop an interactive simulation environment that will model tactical and environmental entities in real time and enable goal-directed scenario generation. This will serve the needs of a myriad of applications, such as system integration, testing, certification,… more
Abstract:Human biases and routines, capabilities, and limitations strongly influence overall mission effectiveness; whether during real operations or simulations using models of humans. Many missions and environments challenge human capabilities (e.g., combat stress, waiting, fatigue from long hours or… more
Abstract:Information overload and cluttered user interfaces cause decreased situational awareness and lowered performance of the human operators. Irrelevant data increases searching times for tasks requiring the identification of threats, causing delayed decisions. Cognitive burden on the user increases as… more
Abstract:Complex relationships between power system components and utilization equipment require large amounts of measurement points along the service train and estimation of service capability. In the past, false alarms, missed failures, mishandled preventive maintenance scheduling, and underutilized… more
Abstract:The essence of information assessment is the process of distinguishing signals from noise. In the military, intelligence analysts are constantly searching for signals that might suggest an adversary's intentions. In each case the analyst must search through a quantity of data, searching for… more
Abstract:Crowd management is an important task for civilian, police, and military groups that can be very difficult on its own, and becomes even more difficult in hostile environments. The difficulty comes from the many levels of granularity that events can happen at. Making such a system automated adds… more
Abstract:There is an increasing demand for systems with more autonomous operations interacting with other autonomous and human-based systems. What is needed is an architecture bundled with developer tools for the creation of intelligent real-time control systems that marry the talents of modern control… more
Abstract:In an Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) scenario, the ability for the rescuers to maintain an accurate and comprehensive situational awareness is critical to allow them to maximize their effectiveness in a chaotic and dangerous environment. Timeliness is, of course, paramount to saving lives, and… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This project proposes a new kind of videogame that addresses the National Cancer Institute's goal of helping children increase physical activity to reduce cancer risk. The game will 1) be so engaging that middle school children will choose to play it for… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Project Summary. This project will investigate and develop effective information technologies for comparative analysis and visualization of complex data generated by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GCxGC). GCxGC is an emerging technology that… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I research project will develop a novel diagnostic test to detect Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP). MAP is the causative agent of Johnes disease in cattle and, possibly, of human Crohns disease. A novel approach of early and… more
Abstract:Robust and reliable trace-gas analyzers (e.g., for isotopic carbon, methane, nitroxide, ammonia, etc.), suitable for long-term measurements, are not commercially available. Such analyzers are needed to achieve a better understanding of the global budget of these trace gases and to quantify their… more
Abstract:The commercial opportunities for products based on delicate biomolecules, such as enzymes and therapeutic proteins, are growing at a strong pace. However, many proteins of great commercial value, including enzymes, undergo loss of function on encapsulation, when approaches based on high-shear… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will explore the use of a material comprising a fibrous substrate and an inorganic adsorbent/catalytic coating for removal of toxic small linear molecules from smoke. Phase I research will focus on identification of an efficient… more
Abstract:This Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Phase I project is a feasibility study for the design of true core-shell type nonocapsules for drug delivery. The research will focus on strategies aimed at controlling the nanostructure and chemistry of the capsules, and also on ways to design… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): DNA vaccines and gene medicines, derived from bacterial plasmids, are emerging as an important new class of pharmaceuticals. DNA molecules made strictly by rational design allows the manufacturer to bypass years of development for the production of efficacious… more
Abstract:Keeping the Air Force assets flying is difficult enough at depot level where there are extensive facilities and expert help. But in an austere environment, these advantages aren't present. A recent innovation, the Portable Maintenance Aid (PMA), is a new type of tool to help the human through these… more
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