Abstract:The driving force behind ONR's unmanned sea surface vehicle (USSV) program is the great potential for these versatile vehicles to support Navy ships in the littoral environment. However, if USSVs are to fulfill this expectation, efforts must be made to make them less challenging to operate in order… more
Abstract:The monitoring of multiple UAV video sources is challenging, in part, due to the poor quality of the video received. Significant video degrading is caused by clouds, haze, and dust in the atmosphere; jitter and blurring from the UAV platform motion; and low video resolution due to sensor… more
Abstract:Childhood obesity and overweight continue to be one of the greatest public health threats in the United States (DHHS, 2001; Visscher & Seidel, 2001; Rugg, 2004). Childhood weight and behavior are significant predictors of adult overweight and obesity (Whitaker, 1997; Dietz & Gortmaker, 2001; ACS,… more
Abstract:Digital Defense Group proposes to leverage our biometric, engineering, integration and software development talents to prove production capabilites for a Portable Multimodal Biometric Device. Digital Defense has the engineering resources and experience to quickly define, prototype and subsequently… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project seeks to determine the feasibility of a multispectral imaging technology, to provide real time beef tenderness prediction. The hypothesis is that it is possible to predict the tenderness of beef using only a moderate number of bands for the… more
Abstract:As technologies utilizing THz radiation (light) develop, the optical properties for many materials need to be determined accurately as a function of frequency in a variety of applications including: THz threat detection and security screening applications
Abstract:A closed-path methane and water vapor gas analyzer ¿ which is robust, portable, has low power consumption consistent with solar powered applications, uses room-temperature lasers, and is suitable for long-term and remote field measurements ¿ is not commercially available. Yet, such an analyzer is… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): A multidisciplinary team of researchers seeks to develop novel and economically feasible implantable hemostatic dressings for severe (e.g. arterial) bleeding. Key features of the device under development are its excelle
nt pliability, biocompatibility, and… more
Abstract:As rapid prototyping methodology evolves into rapid manufacturing reality, successful application hinges increasingly upon the available material selection and corresponding optimized process parameters. Research is being completed specific to the laser sintering process to develop next generation… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project develops a novel process allowing rapid and cost-effective analysis of genetic variation between test and known, control genomes. The method, known as SEAL, will allow researchers to construct DNA libraries containing only these… more
Abstract:Multi-UAV supervisory control and UAVs operating along side of manned operations in the terminal approach area will not occur until improvements are made in UAV mission management. Indeed, the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board indicated that significant advancements needed to be made in the realm… more
Abstract:The United States has a mechanized military that relies heavily on fuel availability. Delivering large quantities of fuel is a logistical burden. Besides the cost of the fuel itself, we must transport it, store it, and protect it. Fuel convoys are large targets moving along predicable paths. They… more
Abstract:In an Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) situation, the ability for the rescuers to maintain an accurate and comprehensive situational awareness is critical to allow them to maximize their effectiveness in a chaotic and dangerous environment. Timeliness is paramount to saving lives, and… more
Abstract:Understanding shallow underwater environment is increasingly important, but shallow water acoustic models depend on a large number of factors that interact in a non-linear fashion. There are many different acoustic back scatter models, but many of the models haven't changed in years and some of the… more
Abstract:The potential of cell phone use in asymmetric operations against coalition forces has grown exponentially and has expanded well beyond the now-familiar IED detonators. The ubiquitous cell phone is the easiest way for insurgents to communicate in order to coordinate attacks and reconnoiter facilities… more
Abstract:The Navy's conversion to a 'Rapid Response - Force Protection' tactical mindset due to asymmetric threats requires a change in hardware to support the new tactics. Exposing a potential adversary's intent is key to determining the actions a commander should take. Unfortunately, with regards to aerial… more
Abstract:Dependable electrical power is critical for complex weapon systems. An advanced diagnostic and prognostic capability would improve the Navy's fight-through capability. 21st Century Systems, Incorporated is teaming with the University of Missouri - Rolla and Qualtech Systems, Incorporated to continue… more
Abstract:The essence of information assessment is the process of distinguishing signals from noise. In the military, intelligence analysts are constantly searching for signals that might suggest an adversary's intentions. In each case, the analyst must search through a quantity of data, searching for… more
Abstract:This Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Phase I research project aims to develop a novel software package for the analysis of complex data generated by a combination of time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) and attenuated total reflection infrared spectroscopy (ATR-IR). … more
Abstract:Innovations Plus seeks to dramatically reduce hearing damage associated with small arms fire in the USMC. Noise induced hearing loss is on the rise for U.S. servicemen and women. In 2004, the VBA paid out more than $400 million for service related auditory disabilities. Scientific methods and… more
Abstract:As technologies utilizing THz radiation (light) are developed, the optical properties for many materials need to be determined accurately as a function of frequency. In a security screening system, measured optical properties might be used to distinguish, independent of shape, between threat and… more
Abstract:A closed-path, methane and water vapor gas analyzer is required to support the widespread deployment that is needed to achieve a better understanding of the global methane budget and to quantify exchanges between the atmosphere and terrestrial biosphere. The analyzer must be robust, portable,… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): LNK Chemsolutions LLC collaborates with researchers from the University of Chicago to develop nanocapsule technology for enhanced delivery to gliomas. Preliminary results are particularly encouraging in that the nanocap
sules display very good transport in… more
Abstract:As Joint Strike Fighter nears production and the existing aging aerospace fleet faces challenges in spares procurement, state of the art manufacturing technology must be developed to satisfy cost, performance and delivery requirements. Royal Plastic Mfg. has been researching Laser Sintering (LS) of… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): There is a huge disparity between the number of patients who need a transplant and the available organ donors. Pigs could readily resolve the unmet need. The physiology of many tissues is close to that of humans. They c
an be raised in clean controlled conditions… more
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