Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Approximately 1.6 million people live with HIV/AIDS in North America; 34 million people worldwide. The HIV/AIDS epidemic is caused by a rapidly replicating retrovirus that undergoes multiple mutations, making it extremely challenging to successfully treat.… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Thyroid cancer is the most common type of endocrine malignancy. New thyroid cancers patients are identified daily, and most patients live for decades following diagnosis. Thyroglobulin (TG) levels in the sera or in fineneedle biopsies of thyroid cancer patients… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The proposed Phase I SBIR project will demonstrate the feasibility of developing a drug prevention module that can be hosted through pediatrician offices. The intervention will assist parents of adolescents (ages 11-15)prevent the onset of gateway drugs,… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Schizophrenia is one of the most debilitating and costly mental illnesses in the United States, with peak incidence in individuals aged 14-25 and causing annual direct and indirect costs of over 62.7 billion (Wu et al., 2005). Several studies suggest that early… more
Abstract:Vadum proposes to create a novel telemetry data compression/decompression system, SCoCD (Sparse Compression on Complete Dictionaries) with very low latency, very high compression rate, and very low distortion. The system will allow lossless compression, and can be tuned for each type of data stream… more
Abstract:In this research effort, Vadum will demonstrate the feasibility of a machine learning approach to address the problem of debris mitigation and improve multiple target discrimination. This algorithm is a very fast, highly accurate multi-class approach based upon the concepts of bagging (bootstrap… more
Abstract:Vadum proposes a feasibility study to define the next generation power amplifier for the Special Operations Forces (SOF) warfighter. This program will deliver extended bandwidth, more complex waveform capability, longer battery life, higher field reliability, and wide compatibility across radio… more
Abstract:In this program Vadum will develop a radar system capable of linear and nonlinear detection schemes for electronics detection (E-Det) and a linear Forward Looking Ground Penetrating Radar (FLGPR). The radar designed in this effort will leverage existing Vadum linear and nonlinear radar sensors for… more
Abstract:In this research effort, Vadum will evaluate multiple classification techniques to mitigate the effects of corrupted measurements from the new scanning receivers in the SLQ-32 electronic warfare suite. Vadum will create an Automated Optimization Environment (AOE) to train three advanced… more
Abstract:The Vadum electronically steered phased array system generates high RF (radio frequency) power at C-band without TWTAs (traveling wave tube amplifiers) and delivers that power to the target without requiring a lossy output combiner. This approach addresses existing TWTA challenges while… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The purpose of this SBIR project is to develop a new tool to improve the ability of blind and visually impaired people to quickly get to the right web pages, to avoid ending up on the wrong web pages, and to reach the desired part of each web page efficiently.… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Characterization of human tumor samples and cell lines in combination with inhibitor studies in animal models has established a central role for the Hh pathway in a vast array of cancer types, including small-cell lung, pancreatic, oesophageal, prostate, breast,… more
Abstract:Outdoor acoustics simulation plays a vital role in several military and commercial applications, such as minimizing the noise profile of reconnaissance vehicles to avoid counter-detection, optimizing sensors and systems for tactical advantage, pinpointing the origin of gunshots using their acoustic… more
Abstract:Although computer science is a growing field with lucrative salaries, few U.S. students major in the discipline, especially females. This project team is developing a prototype of a hybrid graphic novel/video game using robotics to support computer science education to middle school students. … more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I innovation addresses deficiencies in science content knowledge exhibited by many elementary school teachers. Project Near-Earth Object is a game-based professional development product that teachers can also use as a self-assessment tool to… more
Abstract:The innovation uses game-based learning to increase the mathematical knowledge, mathematical thinking, and mathematical performance of middle school students. The problems being addressed are that average test scores of U.S. middle school students on international tests are low, and many students… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Avolare2 proposes to establish a 90nm metal source/drain"Schottky"CMOS process at Cypress Semiconductor"s high volume manufacturing facility in Bloomington, MN. Schottky CMOS will have a profound impact on the performance and reliability of most of the integrated circuits… more
Abstract:Windlift will provide a HMMWV-towable renewable energy system capable of harnessing high altitude winds with a tethered wing. The system will be capable of generating 10 kW and will be equipped with a backup generator for use during periods of low wind.
Abstract:The objective of proposed work is to demonstrate the feasibility of obtaining AlGaN films of any composition with dislocation densities below 1x106 cm-2 on native nitride substrates either by sustaining a pseudomorphic state or by reducing the number of threading dislocations by specific stress… more
Abstract:Innovation in perishable foodstuff track-and-trace is of critical importance to cost and time-sensitive customers such as the food industry where contamination and spoilage are of concern, safety and security are paramount, and counterfeit and bio-terrorism prevention are urgent priorities. The… more
Abstract:Most small and mid-scale livestock producers have been unable to take advantage of growing consumer demand for premium, all-natural, locally-raised meats, especially through wholesale channels. This relates to a host of factors, including the vertically-integrated nature of existing meat supply… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Each year in the United States over 270,000 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer and over 40,000 will die from the disease. While multiple forms of breast cancer exist, a common theme in most of the forms involvesaberrations in signal transduction pathways… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will demonstrate the feasibility of the use of a debris cartridge in an implant to prevent obstruction in debris-releasing glaucomas, such as uveitic, pigment-dispersion, and pseudoexfoliation glaucomas. Glaucoma is a group of chronic eye… more
Abstract:An analysis of alternatives, including modeling, will be conducted of such candidates technologies such as localization, energy provision, and reporting, which are required for long-duration, LPD localization of various types of vessels operating in blue, green and brown water, with near-real time… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The primary objective of this research effort is to develop a next-generation time-gated ballistic imaging (BI) system for three-dimensional characterization of liquid breakup within dense fuel sprays. The temporal resolution will be varied using nonlinear time gating and pulse shaping… more
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