Abstract:NASA LaRC is developing a compact, multi-wavelength High Spectral resolution Lidar (HSRL) system designed to measure various optical and microphysical properties of aerosols and clouds. The HSRL system uses a high power, pulsed, seeded Nd:YAG laser, whose seed is wavelength-stabilized to an iodine… more
Abstract:A key technology with immediate potential for reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions associated with fossil fuel power plants is carbon sequestration. To ensure successful CO2 sequestration, the ability to monitor leakage from the geologic storage sites and the pipelines delivering the CO2… more
Abstract:Long-duration balloon flights are an exciting new area of scientific ballooning, enabled by the development of large super-pressure balloons. As these balloons represent a new form of balloon technology, it follows that there is much to be learned about how these balloons behave in flight. There… more
Abstract:Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are assuming more numerous and increasingly important roles in global environmental and atmospheric research. There is a corresponding growth in equipment needs for UAVs so that they may meet their mission goals. Some critical measurement needs can only be satisfied… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This Phase I project will test the idea that mechanostress-sensitive, fluorescent polymers can detect structural changes induced in proteins following reaction of the protein with small molecule inhibitors. This concept
will be tested and proven using… more
Abstract:Bridger Photonics (BP) and collaborative partner Montana State University (MSU) propose to utilize feature specific imaging in concert with an innovative actively stabilized FM-CW chirped laser radar source for multi-mode target identification and classification. Feature specific (or compressive)… more
Abstract:In 2007, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that carbon dioxide (CO2) is a pollutant under the federal Clean Air Act. The ruling allows the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to regulate CO2 emissions. Such regulation will entail monitoring a wide variety of pollution… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will demonstrate a novel, three-dimensional (3D) imaging system concept that combines cutting-edge high-resolution, frequency-modulated continuous-wave (FMCW) Laser Radar (LADAR) with powerful Feature Specific Imaging (FSI) techniques.… more
Abstract:Bridger Photonics (BP) and collaborative partner Montana State University (MSU) propose to develop a completely novel, non-mechanical scanning mechanism that will enable a compact, high-resolution, imaging LADAR system for enhanced navigation aid during helicopter brownouts. Such systems are… more
Abstract:This Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Phase II project will develop a commercial prototype of an aberration compensated focus control device. This device, based on a MEMS technology, will allow the user to deflect a deformable membrane mirror in a controlled manner in order to select a… more
The success of a Phase I research effort has compelled Resodyn Corporation to submit a Phase II proposal based on an engineered materials approach for preventing, or mitigating the damage caused… more
Abstract:This project will develop and demonstrate a prototype Modular Perfusion Bioreactor (MPB) for tissue engineering applications. While many unique styles of bioreactors have been proposed for various types of stem cell and tissue cultures, there is not a single, easy-to-use device that accommodates… more
Abstract:The reliability of a wind turbine system is greatly impacted by hidden defects. An improved method of inspection is sought for manufactured composite materials. Also, field inspection methods to assure quality during and after installation are required. The ultimate goal of this project is to… more
Abstract:The production of hybrid carrot seed is difficult because of the indeterminacy of ripening and the tendency to shatter mature seeds. The umbel (flat-top cluster) inflorescences (seedheads) of carrots mature sequentially over a 3-4 week period. The primary (king) umbel matures first, followed by the… more
Abstract:Camelina seed production is expanding throughout the semi-arid portion of the wheat belt and is proposed for intercropping between rows in vineyards and nut orchards. These markets and the market need for small maneuverable harvesters for research plots and breeder blocks have created a need for an… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This Phase II STTR proposal describes a collaborative effort between researchers in the Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences at the University of Connecticut and Promiliad Biopharma to develop efficacious antibiotics targeting both methicillin-resistant strains… more
Abstract:We aim to build and demonstrate an innovative photonic true time delay solution which alleviates the fundamental problem of cascaded optical switches, and additionally offers several significant benefits. The device uses wideband spatial-spectral (S2) holographic optical memory materials to store… more
Abstract:We aim to build a prototype device for optical arbitrary waveform generation and use it for demonstrations of performance. The device is based on coherent accumulation and interference of spectrally shaped waveforms using low bandwidth control electronics (less than 1 GHz) to achieve wideband… more
Abstract:Risks associated with possible medical events during space missions are challenging to identify and manage. Resources must be applied judiciously and risk must not be ignored. NASA's researchers need the capability to identify the risks that arise from the potential medical events, gather all of… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This STTR application is to develop and test for eventual clinical use a new strategy for tumor specific anticancer drug delivery. The technology, Clostridia-directed enzyme prodrug therapy, or CDEPT, exploits the factthat certain non-pathogenic bacteria of the… more
Abstract:The environmental impacts of coal bed methane development (CBM) in Montana and the Rocky Mountain States are well documented. CBM exploration is expanding rapidly with the nation's focus on energy independence and the relative ease of extraction. Extraction of CBM necessitates pumping large volumes… more
Abstract:In this NASA Phase I STTR effort, the feasibility of fabricating isolated ridge waveguides in 5% magnesium-doped lithium niobate (5% MgO:LN) will be established. Ridge waveguides in MgO:LN will significantly improve the power handling and conversion efficiency, increase photonic component… more
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I effort will establish the feasibility of fabricating advanced waveguide structures in potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP) capable of efficiently generating 25 to 40 mW of frequency converted light in the 395 to 480 nm. The key innovation in this effort is to utilize KTP waveguides in… more
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I effort proposes to establish the feasibility of developing a compact, high performance laser source for integration into the next generation seed laser system for high stability, multi-wavelength lidar applications such as NASA Langley's HSRL program. Combination of the high… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will develop a compact, rugged, rapidly and widely tunable laser based on a quantum cascade diode laser at mid-infrared wavelengths. The key innovation in this effort is the use of an engineered electro-optic tuning element in an external… more
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