Abstract:NASA has a need to develop higher performance ablative thermal protection systems (TPS) than is currently available for future exploration of our solar system's inner and outer planets. Potential missions for these new and/or improved TPS materials include Mars Entry, Descent & Landing, and Mars… more
Abstract:During this program Fiber Materials, Inc. (FMIREG) will develop practical methods for preparing Phenolic Impregnated Carbon Ablator (PICA) materials for joining thermal protection system (TPS) segments and penetrations of the heat shield assembly. Current and future mission flight… more
Abstract:US federally funded research and international research is connecting elderberry (S. nigra and S. canadensis) to the treatment of diabetes, cancer, heart disease, AIDS, herpes simples virus HSV-1 and influenza types A and B. Many of these studies have focused on the presence of high levels of… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) has identified falls-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) in older adults as a significant and unrecognized public health issue; with 8000 deaths from falls- related TBI in older ad
ults and 56,000 hospitalizations, at a mean… more
Abstract:The goal of this Phase I proposal is to develop a synthetic, low cost, and benign simulant for biowarfare agents (BWA) to be used in the testing of standoff sensors. Orono Spectral Solutions Inc. (OSS) has performed preliminary work leading to the identification of benign ingredients that, when… more
Abstract:The overall goal of this Phase I project is to demonstrate the feasibility of an infrared transparent, micro-fluidic sampling system that will lead to a field-deployable detection system capable of detecting low ppb levels of chemical warfare (CW) agents in water. To accomplish this goal, the… more
Abstract:The Arctic surfclam, Mactromeris polynyma, is a relatively large bivalve (75 - 125 mm) that is similar in appearance to the more common Atlantic surfclam, or hen clam, Spisula solidissima. Its major distinguishing feature, and one that makes it particularly appealing as a culture candidate for… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project proposes to develop a ceramic nanofiltration membrane with highly uniform pores oriented perpendicularly to the membrane surface using DNA as a template in a silica sol-gel. This membrane will be optimized to perform molecular… more
Abstract:High performance dynamic networks, which support scientific experiments with high bandwidth requirements, consist of a control plane and a data plane, neither of which, at present, is secure against cyber attack. Careless or malicious tampering with these networks could disrupt the network,… more
Abstract:The marine aquarium industry is growing rapidly due to the increasing popularity of keeping marine aquariums. Each year approximately 25 million fish are harvested from coral reefs around the world to supply the marine aquarium hobby. The U.S. market accounts for approximately 60% of these wild… more
Abstract:This project will demonstrate the feasibility of using an array of wireless, passive, microwave acoustic sensors and accompanying interrogator system to monitor temperature and pressure in harsh environments encountered within a turboshaft rotorcraft engine. The proposed sensor technology is based… more
Abstract:The need exists for a low-density and low-conductivity spray-in-place thermal barrier coating for application to aluminum and composite aircraft surfaces. Fiber Materials, Inc. (FMIr) has a family of commercial thermal barrier systems, designated FlexFramT, which are TRL9/MRL10 Navy-qualified… more
Abstract:The development of guided munitions offers interesting challenges in system, component, and materials design. Indeed, system requirements drive component requirements which, in turn, drive material requirements. A prime example of this linkage may be seen in the component of focus for this… more
Abstract:Although the American elderberry species has not been cultivated, bred, or promoted as a medicinal plant like its European counterpart, university based variety trials indicate that the attributes of American elderberries complement, equal, or exceed the European cultivars currently in the market,… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Traumatic brain injury (TBI) from falls is a major public health problem among older adults in the United States with a substantial impact on the health-care delivery system. Much of the research agenda is focused on me
dical assessment and exercise programs.… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project develops a novel, non-toxic, antifouling technology for the aquaculture industry. Unlike existing biocidal metal-based coatings, our technology is based on a class of compounds that inhibit the settlement, attachment, and/or… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Identifying a safe, oral treatment capable of both restoring the natural mechanisms that regenerate pancreatic beta cells and improving function would be a major advance in therapeutic options for diabetes. The objecti
ve of the proposed research is to test the… more
Abstract:This small business innovation research (SBIR) Phase I project will investigate the feasibility of a new optical sensing paradigm complete with field-deployable, non-invasive, automated, sensors for routine assessment of lobster vitality. The instrument incorporates a fiber optic probe that is… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project is to develop a prototype feasibility assay for low level detection of methacillin resistant Staphlococcus aureus (MRSA) protein biomarker, Penicillin Binding Protein 2a (PBP2a), using an innovative, patented detection technology. The… more
Abstract:Ocean Farm Technologies, Inc. (OFT) proposes to continue investigating using ocean wave energy in the form of compressed air to power open ocean aquaculture operations. In Phase I, OPT designed, built and began testing an affordable and efficient wave energy converter (WEC) that… more
Abstract:The objective of this Phase I proposal is to perform a theoretical exploration of the fundamental and practical limits of detection by fluctuation enhanced sensing and statistical inference based sensing methods when applied to an electrostatic-based trigger for non-fluorescent biological warfare… more
Abstract:Situation or Problem: Commercial reforesters, nurseries and greenhouses are searching for ways to reduce labor and handling costs. As the industry has looked for ways to reduce labor and handling costs, growers have become more mechanized, increasingly using machines to move and transplant their… more
Abstract:Through this NIST SBIR program, Tex Tech Industries is developing furniture and mattress fire blocking materials. Fire barrier methods are necessary to protect furniture and mattresses from fire. In Phase I, Tex Tech used a variety of fibers to make and evaluate fibers for fire barriers. In Phase II… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project investigates the viability of a new method for manufacturing ceramic membranes with highly uniform pores oriented perpendicularly to the membrane surface. These membranes will be designed and optimized to perform molecular separation and… more
Abstract:Operating across international borders in cooperation with a multitude of domestic and foreign institutions and scientists, the DOE needs to protect its high performance science networks (such as ESnet and USnet) from destruction by outside adversaries and rogue insiders. This project will develop… more
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