Abstract:Junctional and inguinal bleeding is a significant and challenging problem on the battlefield. Inventors have developed new types of tourniquets, including the Abdominal Aortic Tourniquet (AAT) and the Combat Ready Clamp (CRoC) to address these abdominal and pelvic injuries. While these hemorrhage… more
Abstract:The 2010 President"s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology report on health information technology states that today,"there is relatively little standardization in the health data captured and stored by different providers of healthcare services"for the millions of active duty… more
Abstract:The amount of information available from medical journals, patient records, and the cloud has increased beyond the point where clinicians can manage it using traditional means. Many clinical decision support systems (CDSS) have been created to manage this complexity, but these systems are often… more
Abstract:The proliferation of social media technologies has provided a promising new source of information for intelligence analysts. Effective use of this data could provide insight into the evolution of social networks, identification of communication patterns that lead to events of interest, and analysis… more
Abstract:The proliferation of sophisticated ballistic missile systems threatens the ability of the U.S. to project military power and defend its deployed forces, its allies, and possibly even the homeland. Adversaries continue to improve their ballistic missile technologies, and are expected to incorporate… more
Abstract:As the United States makes strides in developing, testing, and deploying missile defense technology, the human element remains core to the integrated, layered ballistic missile defense system (BMDS) architecture. Human operators oversee the command and control at the system, component, and element… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: A recent study by the National Research Council found that sophisticated statistical techniques are finding their way into DoD operational test design, but that current DoD practices are still substantially behind the state of the art. The study concluded this has resulted in inefficient… more
Abstract:Socio-cultural factors are increasingly being recognized as critical to effective military operations. Therefore, collection and analysis of socio-cultural data is required to provide Warfighters with a comprehensive understanding of their operational environment. Warfighters need tools that enable… more
Abstract:Missile defense takes place in a dynamic, uncertain environment. Multi-raid attacks threaten to overload sensor capabilities, leaving fewer sensor resources free to observe each target. Moreover, the shift in emphasis toward early intercept, coupled with the growing importance of short- and… more
Abstract:The US Army has invested heavily in systems, such as Distributed Common Ground System-Army (DCGS-A), that provide intelligence analysts with a wealth of information originating from a wide variety of sources and sensors. As the number of sources and sensors grows, however, so does the potential for… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: When Air Force applications or data reside in a third-party"gray"cloud, trustworthiness can be compromised due to lack of control over the underlying infrastructure. The user must treat the cloud as a black box that cannot be instrumented or modified. To support verifiable… more
Abstract:The volume of data that NASA collects has grown dramatically as new missions come on line with hundreds of terabytes of data of all types. Often, this involves semi-autonomous exploration to collect a representative set of different scenes and objects so that research scientists and mission… more
Abstract:Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) play an increasingly important role in many military scenarios. For the Navy to incorporate UASsuch as those currently being developed under the Unmanned Combat Air System Carrier Demonstration (UCAS-D) programinto its critical missions without impacting the current… more
Abstract:Electronic warfare (EW) systems classify emitters by matching the signals detected against reference signatures in a tactical EW library. Since emitter signals can differ markedly from their library signatures (due to drift, new modes, propagation effects, etc.), ships with AN/SLQ-32(V) or SEWIP… more
Abstract:Virtual Environments (VEs) provide a cost-effective alternative to train students to perform tasks that would otherwise put lives and platforms at risk. However, current VE training methods still require highly trained instructors to closely monitor student progress, effectively intervene when… more
Abstract:Marine Expeditionary Units (MEUs) are often first responders, addressing crises such as natural disasters and regional instability. To adequately respond, they must quickly and accurately analyze large amounts of raw information. Fortunately, through crowdsourcing, there are vast, knowledgeable, and… more
Abstract:Exposure to motion degrades operational effectiveness across the Navy, with results ranging from simple motion-induced interruptions (MIIs) to more severe perceptual, cognitive, and motor deficits. Even those who do not suffer from acute motion sickness often experience some level of sopite syndrome… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Real world uncertainties all but guarantee that execution will deviate from even carefully considered plans, and therefore any effective military command will assume that resources must be reallocated to achieve desired outcomes. Unfortunately, reallocation is typically a manual process… more
Abstract:The US Army faces a significant burden when authoring training content to meet the rapidly changing nature of potential threats and adversaries. Currently, training material is often tied to the implementation platform and cannot be easily redeployed to new platforms or systems. In addition,… more
Abstract:Post-deployment psychological health issues such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), substance abuse, and comorbid stress and anger management disorders are experienced by substantial numbers of service members. Fortunately, a number of proven, evidence-based treatments have been developed to… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Although next generation, military aircraft offer a wealth of technological capabilities and can adopt multiple roles, pilots are now presented with an extraordinarily complex set of tasks to master in comparison to third and fourth generation aircraft. Ensuring pilots are comprehensively… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The Air Force is increasingly using text-chat based communications in operational environments, such as operations using Remotely Piloted Aircraft (RPA) and in Air Operations Centers (AOC). Training Airmen for these operations using simulations requires synthetic teammates that understand… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Full-spectrum cyber operations, including both Cyber Network Attack and Cyber Network Defense, place enormous cognitive demands on operators and teams. When demands are too high or tasks are not properly allocated, performance degrades, and missions may fail. To avoid operator overload, a… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance sensors deployed by the US Air Force generate enormous amounts of data, much of which may be used in a cross-domain security context. All of this data must be assigned an appropriate classification before it may be disseminated. Normally,… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: In the modern battlespace, US forces must operate in a coordinated fashion across organizational and functional lines. Despite the increasing sophistication of the information systems supporting them, Warfighters are confronted with"stovepipes,"making it difficult to gain a full… more
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