Abstract:Sailors and Marines are responsible for conducting missions such as maritime security operations, embassy protection, non-combatant evacuation, and disaster relief. To plan missions effectively, Warfighters need to understand normal patterns of life (POL) and anomalies in those patterns. Analyzing… more
Abstract:UAVs are a major force multiplier in United States military operations, conducting high-altitude unmanned surveillance and medium range air to ground engagements. Recently, UAV mission spaces have expanded to include resupply of deployed forces, and may soon include direct air support. As UAVs have… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Although government investment in simulation-based training has resulted in reduced training costs, the full potential of simulation-based trainingefficient and effective training across the continuum of trainee populationshas not been achieved. In part, this shortfall can be attributed… more
Abstract:Junctional and inguinal bleeding from battlefield injuries is a significant and challenging problem. Inventors have developed new types of tourniquets, including the Abdominal Aortic Tourniquet (AAT) and the Combat Ready Clamp (CRoC) to address these abdominal and pelvic injuries. While these… more
Abstract:Adversaries are becoming increasingly proficient at cyber attacks against command and control infrastructure. Maintaining security requires high-fidelity assessments of software services, e.g., through exercises in which Systems Under Test are subjected t
Abstract:The wealth of data provided by modern information fusion (IF) tools exceeds the ability of intelligence analysts to effectively process, exploit, and disseminate actionable intelligence. This issue arises because these IF tools define information value a
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Full-spectrum cyber operations, including both Cyber Network Attack and Cyber Network Defense, place enormous cognitive demands on operators and teams. When demands are too high or tasks are not properly allocated, performance degrades, and missions may fail. To avoid operator overload,… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: In the modern complex battlespace, US forces must operate in a coordinated fashion across organizational and functional lines. Despite the increasing sophistication of information systems supporting them, Warfighters are confronted with"stovepipes"and"infoglut,"making… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Scheduling Air Force Satellite Control Network (AFSCN) resources is challenging because windows of visibility are limited between satellites and remote tracking stations on the ground, and there are more requests for access than available resources. Human scheduling at a centralized… more
Abstract:Missile defense takes place in an uncertain and dynamic environment, so multi-sensor fusion must be employed to aggregate and merge disparate data from the battlefield. However, the fusion process is hindered by the vast amount of uncertainty in operational contexts, such as imprecise measurements… more
Abstract:Given a specific window of opportunity for an incoming threat, the central Command, Control, Battle Management, and Communications (C2BMC) operator must dynamically manage the battle to achieve global and regional mission objectives. Seconds matter in these situations, and the C2BMC operator must be… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Intelligence analysts need to process large amounts of text information to form an understanding of a topic of interest. The sheer amount of information can be overwhelming, so automated text analytics that assist with filtering, information extraction, and document understanding, can be… more
Abstract:Propose development of a human-in-control (HIC) modeling capability that can: (1) represent the breadth of operator decision-making processes across missile defense elements, (2) scale to deliver the appropriate level of fidelity, and (3) be extensible to future operator needs. To provide this… more
Abstract:Electrolysis of water is an important tool for automotive hydrogen refueling and renewable energy storage applications. The current membranes for electrolysis suffer from low efficiency, low mechanical strength and high hydrogen crossover at the high pressures needed for direct refueling. The DOE… more
Abstract:Measurement and monitoring of subsurface microbial activity plays a critical role in studying the extent of contamination at the Department of Energy (DOE) sites and its impact on the surrounding environment. The subsurface microbiology is a window into the health of the soil and groundwater before,… more
Abstract:Conventional lithium-ion batteries demonstrate great potential for applications in electrical vehicles, but they face some major challenges such as low energy density and high cost. It is worthwhile to pursue alternative strategies to address the barriers of cost and energy density.… more
Abstract:The ionomer dispersion technology invented at LANL has demonstrated great potential to significantly improve the lifetime of proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells via accelerated stress tests. However, more validation and improvements are needed to make this technology commercially viable for… more
Abstract:With long shelf life and high reliability, thermal batteries are employed in virtually every strategic defense and tactical weapon system such as projectiles, rockets, bombs, mines, missiles, decoys, torpedoes and similar applications. Due to limited space allowance for the payload, next… more
Abstract:Commercial separators for Li-ion battery applications consist of microporous membranes that prevent contact between electrodes and enable free ion flow in the cell. Major drawbacks of these separators include their complex manufacturing process which adds cost to the battery and insufficient… more
Abstract:An enhancement opportunity exists in current systems where weight reduction may be achieved by utilizing rocket thermal energy to provide recharge power to onboard batteries. In this proposal, Giner, Inc. and Purdue University describe an approach for a thermal power generation system that exploits… more
Abstract:Antimicrobial treatment of military textile systems is intended to provide enhanced protection to the Warfighter in the field by preventing colonization of harmful bacteria that cause problems such as odor, dermatitis, and skin irritation. Current treatments can impart antimicrobial functionality to… more
Abstract:In this proposal, we consider GaN Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuit (MMIC) Technologies to enable a low cost, high performance, thin, efficient, low size, weight and power (SWaP), Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) Radar for high altitude submarine periscope detection. MMIC technology… more
Abstract:Although the thyratrons used in klystron modulators for large accelerator projects function properly, they need replacement every 10,000 hours at a cost of $13,000 each, plus labor. Furthermore, periodic maintenance is required to adjust their reservoir heater voltage over the thyratron lifetime.… more
Abstract:The U.S. Navy"s VLF/LF Submarine Broadcast remains vital to America"s strategic defense, providing reliable means to command submarines at depth, as well as other fleet assets, using high power radio stations all over the globe. The five major VLF stations with their enormous high-Q… more
Abstract:F/A-18 canopies and windshields are prone to accumulate high (>70 kV) levels of electrical charge on the outer surface during operation due to precipitation static charging that is carried and stored until discharged. Currently this charge is removed, after landing, by ground personnel, by wiping… more
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