Abstract:The US is highly dependent on space resources for communications and imaging, as well as positioning, navigation, and timing services that support military operations, government operations, and commercial interests. Because the space environment is both congested and contested, effectively… more
Abstract:Military medical personnel must act quickly and efficiently in any operational environment. Their success in saving lives depends on their ability to act effectively, both individually and as a team. Therefore, training must address individual skills and knowledge as well as interactions among team… more
Abstract:Military domains, such as naval operations, require agile decision-making by Warfighters as they monitor ongoing activities, assess the impact of events, and develop or adjust plans to achieve the overall mission. These missions and resulting tasks emerge from a consistently evolving battlespace,… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Although Partial Task Trainers (PTTs) have been shown to have a cost savings of 60 percent over training on actual systems, they routinely cost the Government in manpower, maintenance, and upgrades, and are limited by static content that does not address differently skilled trainees.… more
Abstract:Underwater ship hull inspection platforms routinely check for damage, corrosion, and suspicious objects. Highly accurate position information is required to properly register hull inspection data with previously collected data to monitor the progression of structural anomalies and other changes and… more
Abstract:Sonar operators on anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW)-capable surface ships have difficulty reaching and maintaining proficiency. Existing training systems, such as the SAST sub-system of the AN/SQQ-89A(V)15 undersea combat system) do not sufficiently motivate sailors to participate in training,… more
Abstract:US Navy efforts to develop effective torpedo countermeasures have yielded mixed results, but improvements are on the horizon. However, the relatively small number of sensors on each ship limits the military utility of the torpedo defense picture currently available to ship commanders. For effective… more
Abstract:Current countermeasure anti-torpedo (CAT) systems use explicit logic to direct single-target intercepts resulting in an inability to adapt to the complexities of the stochastic marine environment and the problems of multiple, simultaneous threats. The CAT Learning Algorithm Workbench (CLAW) is an… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Training simulations that currently support Close Air Support (CAS) training and the Joint Terminal Attack Controller (JTAC) training in particular, are laborious to configure and expensive to manage with live personnel, which results in training that is limited in scope. For example,… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Training for primary and secondary trauma assessment is vital to DoD medical personnel; it is the first step to saving the lives of wounded Warfighters. Synthetic task environments are needed to bridge gaps in the training and practice of these skills. In addition to the synthetic… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Maintaining systems of military plans is difficult, yet critical. A plan may become nonexecutable because the world has diverged from the plan"s assumptions, rendering it irrelevant. If there are constant ad hoc changes to many related plans, they may no longer lead to… more
Abstract:Learning-enabled systems (LESs) that improve their performance over time and adapt to new environments have significant potential for a variety of military applications, such as robotics, intelligence analysis, and cyber defense. To be deployed operationally, LESs must be thoroughly evaluated by… more
Abstract:The Army has identified a need to develop a system that can identify, classify, and analyze visual data from unmanned ground vehicle (UGV) and stationary visual surveillance sources to enable real-time decisions and system-wide planning regarding route, speed, and tasks on board UGVs. We propose to… more
Abstract:Current mission planning interfaces are difficult to understand and cumbersome to use, resulting in few operators utilizing the full power of advanced planning systems. To address this critical shortfall, we will design and demonstrate a set of Intuitive User Interfaces for Task-Tailored planning… more
Abstract:The US Navy is in the process of phasing out conventional optical submarine periscopes in favor of digital sensor masts that transmit video (and other sensor data) to the bridge electronically. Sensor masts can host multiple sensor modalities including both electro-optic (EO) and infrared (IR) for… more
Abstract:In developing advanced Submarine Combat Systems, the Navy has adopted a rapid cycle of software upgrades that, within the Advanced Processor Build Technical Insertion (APB-TI) schedule, regularly introduce new capabilities. This upgrade cycle has outpaced the development of associated training… more
Abstract:Despite decades of technological advances, Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) continues to require arcane perishable skills. Navy officials report that current surface ship sonar systems are capable, but operators are not able to fully exploit the systems"capabilities. Ships and schoolhouses need… more
Abstract:Navy ship operating consoles must enable minimally manned crews to perform complex, coordinated activities across a range of missions. To this end, console designs must be thoroughly evaluated to ensure they support the diverse missions assigned to Littoral Combat Ships (LCS). Human System… more
Abstract:Sailors and Marines are responsible for conducting missions such as maritime security operations, embassy protection, non-combatant evacuation, and disaster relief. To plan missions effectively, Warfighters need to understand normal patterns of life (POL) and anomalies in those patterns. Analyzing… more
Abstract:UAVs are a major force multiplier in United States military operations, conducting high-altitude unmanned surveillance and medium range air to ground engagements. Recently, UAV mission spaces have expanded to include resupply of deployed forces, and may soon include direct air support. As UAVs have… more
Abstract:Electrolysis of water is an important tool for automotive hydrogen refueling and renewable energy storage applications. The current membranes for electrolysis suffer from low efficiency, low mechanical strength and high hydrogen crossover at the high pressures needed for direct refueling. The DOE… more
Abstract:Measurement and monitoring of subsurface microbial activity plays a critical role in studying the extent of contamination at the Department of Energy (DOE) sites and its impact on the surrounding environment. The subsurface microbiology is a window into the health of the soil and groundwater before,… more
Abstract:Conventional lithium-ion batteries demonstrate great potential for applications in electrical vehicles, but they face some major challenges such as low energy density and high cost. It is worthwhile to pursue alternative strategies to address the barriers of cost and energy density.… more
Abstract:The ionomer dispersion technology invented at LANL has demonstrated great potential to significantly improve the lifetime of proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells via accelerated stress tests. However, more validation and improvements are needed to make this technology commercially viable for… more
Abstract:With long shelf life and high reliability, thermal batteries are employed in virtually every strategic defense and tactical weapon system such as projectiles, rockets, bombs, mines, missiles, decoys, torpedoes and similar applications. Due to limited space allowance for the payload, next… more
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