Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Alcoholic Liver Disease (ALD) is caused by excessive long term consumption of alcohol via increased oxidative stress, reduction of oxygen to liver tissue (hypoxia), altered fat metabolism, increased pro-inflammatory sig
naling molecules (or cytokines), and… more
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I research proposed is to develop a new technique for detecting Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) without contact with the patient. The proposal will explore the use of Doppler radar technology to provide respiratory movement, heart rate, and activity level that could be used in a Type… more
Abstract:Small and mid-size farms are facing significant challenges in Hawaii: Tax laws, leasing difficulties, water, labor, and transportation are all problems for small and mid-size farms' sustainability, while increasing urbanization and growing pressure from developers to use agricultural land for resort… more
Abstract:The challenge has been set to strengthen the military''s fuel supply lines with modular, easily sourced, renewable feedstocks. Microalgae, and other non-edible feedstocks, must be aggressively developed without delay. Microalgal fuel feedstock has been refined to produce biofuels with properties… more
Abstract:Microalgae have long been employed in basic research of plant genetics and physiology. Thus, continued research and development are essential to attain commercial viability of microalgae as a renewable source of industrial product feedstocks. This project addresses genetic solutions for algae as… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project explores expanding open ocean mariculture by using mobile, drifting fish pens entrained in regional oceanic gyres. Offshore fish farming offers tremendous growth opportunities, but faces constraints: lengthy permit processes for leases or… more
Abstract:Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) has the potential of supplying large quantities of renewable electrical power to U.S. island communities in tropical waters. Large OTEC plants can be economical if they are (1) offshore floating plants that can be mass produced and (2) capable of providing at… more
Abstract:The Oceanit / John's Hopkins, Applied Physics Laboratory (Oceanit / APL) team proposes a Foveal IRSTS (FIRST system) that can provide extremely accurate tracking information as well as providing discrimination and kill assessment metrics. Custom algorithms and processing methods will take advantage… more
Abstract:The Entomological Autonomous Distributed Sensor Platform developed by Oceanit will address the need for an autonomous distributed sensor network to detect an ever growing need to detect and localize distributed threats. The project will use calling insects, such as cicadas and crickets as a… more
Abstract:The use of UAVs has rapidly increased in the last several years. Commercially available technology has provided a means for exposing military and civilian personnel to advanced threats. The radar cross-sections of these platforms has also been drastically reduced through the use of composites. … more
Abstract:New approaches are needed to address situational awareness and analysis in "getting the word out" (GTWO), in support public affairs functions. This proposal initiates R&D to exploit the combination of recent successes of highly-resolved epidemiological simulations and models of group identity and… more
Abstract:The goal of NetPARAMS is to design, develop, test, and evaluate a network management tool for the US Navy that allows for dynamic visibility and control over the routers, links, and flows to automate actions to meet the commander"s intent of ship-to-shore and ship-to-ship communications. The… more
Abstract:The detection of activities related to the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction requires a capability of the automatic tracking of moving vehicles from an overhead platform. Current approaches rely on spatial-temporal characteristics coupled with moving object maps and tracking techniques. … more
Abstract:Geopolitical changes over the last twenty years have led to significant changes in the type of warfare that the Navy and the Marines have been asked to undertake. The Navy is increasingly asked to operate in littoral regions, and even riverine areas, leading to new requirements for accurate… more
Abstract:Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) are growing in popularity due to their high performance capabilities and reprogrammable nature well-suited for development of specific high-speed processing applications. However, the design process for FPGA implementation is time-consuming with multiple… more
Abstract:The proposed project will result in the design of a "Distributed Services Framework" (DSF) which provides a service-oriented, distributed architecture for the hosting, advertising, discovery and invoking of "distributed services" across Army "Mobile Ad-hoc Networks" (MANETs). Example distributed… more
Abstract:Papaya is a major fruit commodity in Hawaii with over 28 million pounds utilized in 2006. 26.6 million pounds of the harvested papaya are used for fresh utilization and 2.3 million pounds for processed utilization. Processed utilization is currently for aseptic puree produced by a single processor.… more
Abstract:Hawaii orchid growers, of which there are more than 70, face increasing competition from mega-nurseries in California and Florida as well as from producers in Taiwan, Thailand, and Holland. The business model among Hawaii growers tends to small, family operated concerns, by choice and tradition. A… more
Abstract:This SBIR Phase II research targets innovative means for controlling ectoparasite pests in open ocean aquaculture. Offshore fish farming offers tremendous growth opportunities. Adaptive fish health management offshore remains a challenge for environmentally sound expansion of this potentially… more
Abstract:Increasing seafood production is important for the national economy, national health, and the environment. The U.S. Department of Commerceýýs goal is for a 5-fold increase in aquaculture production value, to $5 billion, by 2025. Open ocean aquaculture represents the best opportunity for meeting… more
Abstract:Giant Grouper (E. lanceolatus) is one of the most desirable marine fish in the world. Its robust nature, tremendous growth rate, superb quality flesh and high value make it ideal for open ocean aquaculture. Phase I research marked the first time this species has been reared in the hatchery outside… more
Abstract:Many youth growing up today in some of America's isolated, rural communities have few gainful employment opportunities in their home communities since many of these communities do not have diverse and strong local economies. The proposed Entrepreneurship from Education project seeks to address this… more
Abstract:OTEC is a clean, renewable energy resource capable of producing nationally-significant quantities of hydrogen in at-sea floating plants located in warm, tropical water. During phase I, Makai has developed an analytical model to technically balance and financially evaluate a large-scale OTEC-driven… more
Abstract:The U.S. Navy has special requirements for recovery, maintenance and repair of seafloor cable systems. The Navy frequently makes repairs to cable systems damaged by seafloor hazards by dragging a grapnel hook near the vicinity of the break. The process of recovering the cable to make the repairs is… more
Abstract:In coordination with the SPAWAR SYSTEMS CENTER (SSC) located in San Diego, California, Makai Ocean Engineering, Inc. proposes to use numerical modeling in order to evaluate the accuracy and precision of various proposed deployment methods for the installation of Deployable Autonomous Distributed… more
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