Abstract:As infrared (IR) electo-optical sensors improve in both availability and quality a strong need exists to have comparable improvements in the performance of military obscurants within the IR band. Conventional approaches for creating effective IR obscurants have relied primarily on shaped metal… more
Abstract:Made in Space has completed a preliminary design review of the Additive Manufacturing Facility. During the first half of Phase 1, the design went through conceptual development, simulation testing, cost analysis, and comparison testing of which off-the-shelf parts can be used. The deliverables for… more
Abstract:This proposal is based on a transformational and disruptive technology of utilizing electrochemical compression to operate heat pump cycles. Xergy Inc. has exhibited a demonstration unit of its Kuel-cell device, and engaged in thermodynamic simulations utilizing water as the working fluid in order… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project will perfect a proprietary batch-scale processing technique for fabricating ultrahard and ultrasharp atomic force microscopy (AFM) tips. The new process involves two steps. First, chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is used to coat the tips… more
Abstract:Flight-testing is a crucial component in NASA's mission to research and develop new aeronautical concepts because it allows for verification of simulated and wind-tunnel experiments and exposes previously unforeseen design problems. Video is an invaluable tool for flight-testing, allowing the… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Interconnected networks of cells in the brain called neurons underlie all cognitive functions. Key advances in our understanding of brain function during the last several decades have resulted from technologies that permit monitoring of electrical activity in… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: This project aims to develop a Short Wave Infrared band image projector to provide real time detector stimulation with high dynamic range. Our emitter technology is based on GaInAsSb quaternary semiconductor LED arrays hybridized to CMOS read-in integrated circuits. This project leverages… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Dry eye (DE) affects 25-30 million people in the U.S. alone and is responsible for 3.84 billion in direct annual health care costs. Evaporative dry eye (EDE) results from a lipid deficiency in tears causing the premature evaporation of tears. The problem to be… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): ~ 22 million Americans have asthma, 6 million under 18. Annual cost of care is estimated at 19.7 billion, with 456,000 hospitalizations and 1.5 million ER visits. Inhaled corticosteroids effectively control symptoms and reduce morbidity, mortality and cost, but… more
Abstract:In this SBIR effort we will design (Phase I) and demonstrate (Phase II) an integrated silicon electronic-photonic upconversion receiver that when used with our photonic backend will allow for a highly sensitive, real-time, and economical millimeter wave (mmW) imaging system. The development of this… more
Abstract:In this Phase II SBIR effort we will dramatically reduce the size, weight, and power requirements of a passive millimeter wave imaging system based on optical upconversion. To this end, we will integrate custom silicon-germanium low noise amplifiers that have been designed to efficiently couple… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Accudyne proposes a SBIR program to develop an automated material placement process for aircraft radomes and demonstrate it by forming quartz cynate ester fabric over an existing radome tool. The process employs computer simulations to model the forming process and compute a 2D fabric… more
Abstract:Although biodiesels have been increasingly used in automobiles, trains, commercial aircrafts and heating systems, they are not currently used in the military aircrafts and land vehicles because they typically do not meet the JP-8 performance criteria as specified by MIL-PRF-83133E. Unintentional… more
Abstract:In this SBIR program, AlphaSense, Inc. teamed with the Center for Non-destructive Evaluations at Iowa State University to develop a compact, low cost handheld sensor for non-destructive material case depth verification. In phase I, we have proven the feasibility of using an alternating current… more
Abstract:Detectors and radiation monitors for future high energy and nuclear physics experiments must be able to withstand radiation environments several orders of magnitude harsher than those of any current device. At present, most radiation detectors are based on silicon technology, however,… more
Abstract:There continues to be a need for production of biofuels from agricultural sources. Butanol is a more attractive fuel than ethanol because it leads to better gas mileage, it achieves higher blends with gasoline than bioethanol, it has greater compatibility with existing fuel infrastructure, it is… more
Abstract:There continues to be a need for low cost production and shipment of fuel-grade ethanol from agricultural sources. Ethanol from agricultural sources has many advantages including developing fuel independence and significantly reducing greenhouse gases. Also, bio-ethanol has significant value as an… more
Abstract:Ethylene and propylene are the primary feedstocks for the manufacture of polyethylene and polypropylene, respectively. These olefins represent a major component of the polymer manufacturing cost. Consequently, there is significant economic benefit in minimizing losses of unreacted olefin from the… more
Abstract:Next-generation high-performance computers (HPCs) are built as massively parallel systems where the parallelism exists at many levels. These systems are a collection of nodes all working together. Each node generally contains more than one processor and each processor contains multiple cores. … more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: High-performance computing (HPC) programmers and domain experts, such as those in the Air Force's research divisions, develop solvers for a wide variety of application areas such as modeling next generation aircraft and weapons designs and advanced image processing analysis. When… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Optical control of RF-signal transmission presents an attractive avenue for processing and transmitting RF information using various optical components, as opposed to electronic control, where metallic wires/cables are required. On a macroscopic scale, optical fibers offer low… more
Abstract:Flight-testing is a crucial component in NASA's mission to research and develop of new aeronautical concepts, allowing for verification of simulated and wind-tunnel results, and exposing previously unforeseen design problems. Video is an invaluable tool for flight-testing, allowing the… more
Abstract:Despite its promise, OpenCL adoption is slow, owing to a lack of libraries and tools. Vendors have shown few signs of plans to provide OpenCL libraries, and were they to do so they would likely be incompatible with one another, much as NVIDIA's BLAS (CUDA) is presently not interchangeable with… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project aims to develop a duckweed system for poultry waste bioremediation and use of the duckweed as a renewable feedstock for Clostridium acetobutylicum (Cac) biofuel production. Runoff from agricultural, municipal and other sources leads to… more
Abstract:M Cubed has developed and patented technology to make carbon fiber reinforced SiC composites and components. In addition, the feasibility of doubling the toughness of SiC with carbon nanotube (CNT) reinforcement has been proven. In this program, M Cubed will demonstrate further innovative… more
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