Abstract:Distracted driving could have severe repercussions leading to loss of life, loss of property, and expensive lawsuits. While there can be many reasons for the driver to get distracted, research shows that the probability of accidents from texting/web-surfing while driving is an order of magnitude… more
Abstract:Congestion due to a work zone can cause accidents, as the drivers may not be prepared to take sudden actions ahead of a work zone or in some cases may not have enough visibility/time. Transmitting alert messages in advance can enable the driver to take safety precautionary measures so that it is… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: In the future, numerous military database, documentation, and mission-critical information systems will be migrated to the clouds, due to cloud cost-efficiency and accessing flexibility. However, the cloud servers are generally untrusted either for data owners or users. In this proposal,… more
Abstract:Simply encrypted data storage is unable to prevent data loss or compromise if the storage device is damaged or compromised by an adversary. Distributed data storage is the alternative that divides the original data into fragments and secretly stored them on distributed devices with certain… more
Abstract:We investigate a problem of significant practical importance, namely, the recovery of the data matrix from a partial set of its entries that are collected in a noisy environment (i.e., a noisy partial matrix). Our proposed Near-Optimal Matrix Completion (NOMC) target to provide a leading approach… more
Abstract:Our approach for protecting critical program information in US weapons systems from exploitation or reverse-engineering efforts is based on a new sensor technology. Utilizing advances in the field of nanotechnology and the sub-field of plasmonics, our design is miniscule in size and allows for… more
Abstract:Formaldehyde (HCHO) is a key trace species that is of great interest to atmospheric scientists in NASA and other research institutions. In this SBIR project, we proposed to build an airborne atmospheric formaldehyde (HCHO) profiler implementing a Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF) technique. This… more
Abstract:Aircraft wake vortices is especially hazardous during the landing and taking-off phases of flight. It is essential to obtain an accurate atmospheric temperature profile in the lower troposphere for a better prediction and understanding of aircraft wake vortex. In this NASA SBIR project, we propose… more
Abstract:The development of a standoff sensor that can measure 3D components of wind velocity in the downwash of a rotorcraft operating near solid surfaces would enable a better understanding of this complicated flowfield and provide data to validate computational models. The goal of this research is to… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Significant increase in the efficiency and speed of electron transfer dissociation (ETD) in tandem mass spectrometry (MS) will have a profound impact on its applications to the entire analytical field of characterization of posttranslational modifications (PTM)… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Increasing efficiency of ion detection in Fourier Transform Mass Spectrometry (FTMS) can have a tremendous impact on its applications in proteomics and entire analytical field. At present, the sensitivity of FTMS instruments is limited by electrical noise of… more
Abstract:SCIT Labs SBIR proposal is in response to the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Office of Science and Technology call for new approaches to
cyber defense using Moving Target Defense (MTD). SCIT Labs' is proposing a set of research tasks to enable organizations to evaluate the viability of
Abstract:The goal of this research is to study the feasibility that mobile devices have the capabilities and accuracy to be used as positioning devices for connected vehicles programs. We will demonstrate this proposition by implementing positioning capturing apps using the build in GPS and accelerometers,… more
Abstract:Mine Countermeasures (MCM) missions of tomorrow will increasingly exploit autonomous vehicles such as the remote multi-mission vehicle to reduce risk to personnel and equipment. However, existing approaches are limited for continuous sensing and planning needed to deal with the dynamic and uncertain… more
Abstract:Acellent will develop High Speed Blast Impact Detector System-HVBIDS. The system will integrate high frequency sampling modules in the passive monitoring technique to respond to an impact event for generation of wave fields that would become the input of stress-strain reconstruction input in… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: ADI and ASU propose to develop a novel methodology for blade peak stress prediction from limited strain gage/tip-timing measurements when multiple vibratory modes are present. The current protocol assumes that only one mode is present and only provides upper and lower bound estimates of… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The extreme toxicity of organophosphate (OP) chemical warfare agents (CWA) is due to their specific, rapid, and irreversible reaction with cholinesterase enzymes. A significant portion of this reactive nature of OP agents is directly due to the unique metabolically active environment… more
Abstract:Dried blood spots (DBS) analysis has many advantages over standard liquid blood sample testing including: small sample size, ease of blood sampling, room temperature storage, minimal storage size requirement, and ease of shipping. Although these advantages are significant, there are still problems… more
Abstract:Agave BioSystems proposed to develop a system of Rapidly Adaptable Nanotherapeutics (RANT) by combining advanced bioformatics, with DNA-based nanoparticles, peptide nucleic acid (PNA) antisense oligonucleotides, and cell permeating peptides (CPPs). Advanced bioinformatics computing will allow for… more
Abstract:One major cause of the widespread of drug-resistant and virulent bacteria pathogen is the horizontal gene transfer of resistance and virulence genes in the form of plasmids. As proof-of concept for this Phase I effort, Agave BioSystems proposes to develop combinatorial therapeutics by inhibiting… more
Abstract:Wounds infected with drug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria can increase morbidity, hospital length of stay and cost. Among these Klebsiella pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa have become important causes of concern in military personnel wounded in battlefield. New classes of antimicrobial agents… more
Abstract:With no clinically approved antiviral therapy available for treatment of flavivirus infections, the development of efficient vaccines and antiviral agents for prevention and treatment of infections is an urgent health priority. A combination of structure-based in silico models, in vitro and… more
Abstract:Bacterial enteric pathogens causing travelers"diarrhea (TD) in developing countries include enterotoxigenic E. coli (50%), Camplyobacter jejuni, Shigella sonnei and Shigella flexneri, while Norovirus is a common viral cause. High risk regions for TD include areas where US service members are… more
Abstract:Field testing of water samples is needed for broad and sensitive detection of toxic industrial chemicals, or TICs. The use of unicellular organisms in cell-based detection systems is particularly advantageous both because these organisms have developed a natural ability to respond to environmental… more
Abstract:For supporting NASA's Robotics, Tele-Robotics and Autonomous Systems Roadmap, we are proposing the "Evolutionary Autonomous Health Monitoring System" (EAHMS) for planetary exploration, which will provide an integral flexible diagnostics and prognostics framework by advanced and novel… more
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