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Company Information:

Company Name: TDA Research, Inc.
City: Wheat Ridge
State: CO
Zip+4: 80033-
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
Website URL: http://www.tda.com
Phone: (303) 940-2300

Award Totals:

Program/Phase Award Amount ($) Number of Awards
SBIR Phase I $34,706,665.00 403
SBIR Phase II $104,650,495.00 173
STTR Phase I $3,081,977.00 29
STTR Phase II $8,634,364.00 13

Award List:

MATERIALS FOR SELECTIVE ABSORPTION OF CARBON MONOXIDE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Kevin Wilson
Award Amount: $50,000.00

MATERIALS FOR SELECTIVE ABSORPTION OF CARBON MONOXIDE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Kevin Wilson
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
Carbon monoxide is a colorless, odorless, poisonous gas pro-duced by the incomplete combusiton of hydrocarbon fuels. it is a significant outdoor and indoor air pollutant. automo are the mjor source of outdoor carbon monoxide, and it is emitted at the highest rate during the first few minutes when… More

METHOD OF PRODUCING CARBON CLUSTERS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $48,921.00
Abstract:
Nanometer-scale aggregates of order 10 to 100 atoms, known as clusters, have generated a great deal of interest in recent years due to their potential applications as catalysts, optical materials and electronic materials. stable clusters of carbon have been observed and a unique spherical structure… More

ON-BOARD GENERATION IGNITION IMPROVERS FOR METHANOL DIESELS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $50,000.00

HIGH TEMPERATURE HYDROGEN SULFIDE REMOVAL

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,221.00

EMULSION LIQUID MEMBRANE EXTRACTION OF PHENOLICS FROM INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATERS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: John D Wright
Award Amount: $50,000.00

MECHANISMS OF IGNITION ENHANCEMENT IN METHANOL-DIMETHYL ETHER DIESELS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: John D Wright , Vp
Award Amount: $50,000.00

MECHANISMS OF IGNITION ENHANCEMENT IN METHANOL-DIMETHYL ETHER DIESELS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: John D Wright , Vp
Award Amount: $249,623.00
Abstract:
Although methanol fueled diesels are an attractive means of meeting the 1991 diesel particulate standards, they are not yet practical because the ignition delay is too long under typical operating conditions. on board production of the ignition enhancer dimethyl ether (dme) from methanol, followed… More

HIGH TEMPERATURE HYDROGEN SULFIDE REMOVAL

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
Regenerable hot gas absorbents (e.g., zinc ferrite) are being developed to remove h2s for coal synthesis gases. theregeneration process produces a stream of so2 with is then reacted with limestone. while this approach shows much promise, the expendable so2 absorbent and disposal of that spend… More

A ZEOLITE CATALYST FOR THE DECOMPOSITION OF NITROGEN OXIDES IN A NET-OXIDIZING FLUE GAS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: John D Wright , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Among the most important of the pollutants arising from the combustion of coal are the nitrogen oxides (no and no2, or nox). currently, the only catalytic processes capable of controlling nox in the air-rich flue gases of a coal-fired powerplant require the addition of a reducing gas, such as… More

EMULSION LIQUID MEMBRANE EXTRACTION OF PHENOLICS FROM INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATERS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: John D Wright
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
Phenolic compounds are the primary wastewater treatment challenge found in the aqueous effuents from petroleum refineries, coal conversion processes, petrochemical production, and the manufacture of phenols and related chemicals. emulsion liquid membrane (elm) separations are adeveloping technology… More

ON-BOARD GENERATION IGNITION IMPROVERS FOR METHANOL DIESELS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
Methanol fueled diesels are an attractive means of meeting stringent 1994 diesel particulate standards, and are a topicof intense industrial interest. unfortunately, because of methanol's autoignition temperature is high and its ignitiondelay is long, some means of improving its ignition is required… More

IMPROVED ABSORPTION CYCLES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Robert J. Copeland , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
A safe, nontoxic, nonflammable, low ozone-depleting absorption refrigeration system is being developed in this project. the system delivers a relatively high coefficient of performance (cop) in small scale air conditioning and heat pump systems, but without the hazards associated with ammonia.… More

A NOVEL COOLING DEVICE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Robert Copeland
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Conventional refrigeration systems are limited in several respects: neither vapor compression nor absorption coolers are efficient in small-scale units, and most vapor compression systems use freons (cfc's) that are harmful to the environment. thermoelectric coolers have been used in small scale… More

ADVANCED REFRIGERATION CYCLE FOR SHIPBOARD USE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr Robert J Copeland , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $57,929.00
Abstract:
Refrigeration systems for shipboard use must be efficient, mechanically simple, reliable, safe, small, and lightweight. current systems meet all of these criteria but use chloroflurocarbons (cfcs). the manufacture of cfcs is being phased-out because of their ozone-depletion potential. tda research,… More

INTEGRATED HUMIDITY, CARBON DIOXIDE AND THERMAL CONTROL IN AN EMU GAS STREAM

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
An advanced absorbent has been identified for simultaneouslyremoving carbon dioxide, humidity, and heat from the gas stream in an extravehicular mobility unit (emu). this absorbent eliminates several emu components, reduces the size of others, and minimizes the mass and volume of the emu. it will… More

CATALYTIC REDUCTION OF NITRIC OXIDE IN NET OXIDIZING ENVIRONMENTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: John D Wright , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00

EMULSION LIQUID MEMBRANE EXTRACTION OF CHROMIUM(VI) FROM SUPERFUND SITES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: John Wright , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00

NOVEL SORBENTS FOR CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr William L Bell , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $53,621.00

APPLICATIONS OF NEW CHEMICAL HEAT SOURCES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: William L Bell , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00

A COMPACT HEAT EXCHANGER/REACTOR FOR ENDOTHERMIC FUELS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael Karpuk , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $54,000.00

A COMPACT HEAT EXCHANGER/REACTOR FOR ENDOTHERMIC FUELS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael Karpuk , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $498,330.00
Abstract:
Aircraft designed for flight in the mach 3-6 range must incorporate active cooling in the turboramjet propulsion system. the required cooling can be provided by an endothermic reaction of the fuel. endothermic-fuel reactors must be small and light. heat transfer to the low thermal-conductivity,… More

CATALYTIC REDUCTION OF NITRIC OXIDE IN NET OXIDIZING ENVIRONMENTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: John D Wright , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $149,999.00
Abstract:
Nitrogen oxides (no and no2 or nox) are among the most pervasive and difficult emissions to control. although the decomposition of the major species (no) is thermodynamicallyfavored, there are no catalytic processes capable of decomposing nox without the addition of a reducing gas. this is because… More

EMULSION LIQUID MEMBRANE EXTRACTION OF CHROMIUM(VI) FROM SUPERFUND SITES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: John Wright , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
Chromium contamination is present at over one-half of the superfund sites. chromium(vi) is a strong oxidizer, toxic, carcinogenic, and is particularly difficult to manage because chromium is usually present as an anion. it has little interaction with the soil, resulting in widespread ground-water… More

APPLICATIONS OF NEW CHEMICAL HEAT SOURCES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: William L Bell , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $256,818.00
Abstract:
Chemical heat sources have many potential military applications. for example, an electrochemical cell has been developed as a flameless ration heater. the objective of the proposed work is (1) to identify new chemical heat sources and potential applications, and (2) to conduct a systems analysis to… More

LOW TEMPERATURE OXIDATION CATALYSTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: John D. Wright , Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Increasingly stringent regulations are requiring the controlof very dilute emissions of volatile organic compounds (vocs). although catalytic incineration is becoming the technology of choice, energy costs and catalyst costs rise dramatically as the voc decreases. energy costs could be reduced… More

A HIGH EFFICIENCY ELECTROCHEMICAL SYSTEM FOR THE REMOVAL AND CONCENTRATION OF CARBON DIOXIDE FROM FLUE GAS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. William L. Bell , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,640.00
Abstract:
Control of carbon dioxide (co2) emissions from the combustion of fossil fuels may become necessary to minimize global warming produced by the greenhouse effect. separation of co2 from flue gases will increase the efficiency and lower the cost of processes to fix co2 chemically or otherwise prevent… More

SUPERCRITICAL HEAT EXCHANGERS FOR HYPERSONIC AIRCRAFT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael E. Karpuk
Award Amount: $52,771.00

PREPARATION OF LOW DENSITY MICROCELLULAR MATERIALS FROM FULLERENES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. William L. Bell
Award Amount: $49,720.00

BIFUNCTIONAL CATALYSTS FOR THE DECOMPOSITION OF NOX

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: David Wickham , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00

NOVEL CATALYSTS FOR THE LOW TEMPERATURE OXIDATION OF VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: John Wright , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00

CATALYSTS FOR THE OXIDATIONOF TRACE CONTAMINANTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: John D. Wright
Award Amount: $50,000.00

FEASIBILITY TESTING OF A COAL FIRED WASTEWATER SLUDGE ASH VITRIFICATION SYSTEM

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: John D. Wright , Pincipal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,927.00

COMBUSTION SYNTHESIS OF FULLERENES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: John D. Wright , Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $50,000.00

NOVEL SORBENTS FOR CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr William L Bell , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $786,835.00
Abstract:
While activated carbon is a commonly used sorbent for chemical warfare (cw) agents, it has two disadvantages: (l) its performance is degraded by exposure to water, and (2) it binds but does not destroy the cw agent. a new form of carbon (c60, called buckminsterfullerene) has recently (late 1990)… More

PREPARATION OF LOW DENSITY MICROCELLULAR MATERIALS FROM FULLERENES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. William L. Bell
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
Low density microcellular materials (ldmms) are carbon- or silicon-based porous solids with high specific surface areas. these materials have been developed extensively over the last decade, and they are moving toward substantial commercial development in a variety of applications. an opportunity to… More

SUPERCRITICAL HEAT EXCHANGERS FOR HYPERSONIC AIRCRAFT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael E. Karpuk
Award Amount: $749,996.00
Abstract:
The heat loads on board military aircraft have historically increased with higher maximum speeds and greater use of heat generating electronics. the heat load is dissipated by heating the fuel prior to its combustion. today's aviation fuels, such as jp8, can be heated to 325 degree f (163oc) without… More

BIFUNCTIONAL CATALYSTS FOR THE DECOMPOSITION OF NOX

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: David Wickham , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
Nitrogen oxides (no and no2 or nox) are among the most pervasive and difficult emissions to control. although the decomposition of the major species (no) is thermodynamically favored, there are no commercial catalyticprocesses capable of decomposing nox without the addition of a reducing gas. this… More

NOVEL CATALYSTS FOR THE LOW TEMPERATURE OXIDATION OF VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: John Wright , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
New regulations are forcing the control of very dilute volatile organic compound (voc) emissions. although catalytic incineration is increasingly the technology of choice, energy and catalyst costs rise dramatically as the voc concentration decreases. energy costs could be greatly reduced if… More

ZEOLITE MEMBRANES FOR GAS SEPARATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Zhiping Jiang
Award Amount: $75,000.00
Abstract:
Porous inorganic membranes can be used at high temperatures, and have high fluxes, mechanical strength, and chemical stability. however, commercially available inorganic membranes have large pores (>40a), and a wide pore size distribution. while such membrnes are ideally suited for removing high… More

SELECTIVE CATALYTIC REDUCTION OF NOX WITH METHANE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Mr David T Wickham
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Nitrogen oxides (no and no2 or nox) are among the most pervasive and difficult emissions to control. currently, there are no commercial catalytic processes capable of decomposing nox without the addition of a reducing gas. current selective catalytic reduction (scr) systems for use in oxidizing… More

HIGH THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY CATALYSTS FOR ENDOTHERMIC FUEL REACTIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael E. Karpuk
Award Amount: $61,019.00
Abstract:
Aircraft designed for flight in the Mach 3-6 range must incorporate active cooling in the turbo-ramjet propulsion system. The required cooling can be provided by endothermic reactions of the fuel prior to its combustion. Endothermic fuel reactions require a catalyst. Previously developed catalysts… More

TRACER FOR EARLY DETECTION OF UNDERGROUND FUEL SPILLS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: David T. Wickham
Award Amount: $61,462.00
Abstract:
Leaking underground fuel storage tanks must be rapidly detected to minimize cleanup costs. TDA research, (TDA) has identified a class of tracer compounds that allow the rapid detection of leaks. The tracer extracts from spilled fuel into the groundwater, moves quickly through the soil, and is easily… More

CATALYSTS FOR THE CONTROL OF AUTOMOTIVE COLD START EMISSIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Mr Michael E Karpuk
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Automotive catalytic converters are quite efficient once they reach operating temperature, typically destroying over 98% of the incoming hydrocarbons (hcs) and carbon monoxide (co). however, up to 80% of the emissions during the federal test procedure occur during the first few minutes when the… More

METALLOCENE-BASED REDOX-SWITCHABLE SURFACTANTS FOR SEPARATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Ronald L Cook
Award Amount: $49,707.00
Abstract:
Surfactant-based separation processes offer high selectivity and energy efficiency, and improved methods to efficiently form or disrupt surfactant-induced structures would further improve process economics. redox-switchable surfactants are a new class of materials which can be electrochemically… More

ELECTROCRYSTALLIZATION OF SINGLE CRYSTAL BORON PHOSPHIDE SEMICONDUCTORS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Ronald L Cook
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Boron phosphide (bp) is a semiconductor with a wide bandgap and exceptional physical properties, including a melting point greater than 3,000 degrees centigrade, high temperature oxidation resistance, chemical stability, high thermal conductivity, and extreme hardness. these attributes make it… More

CATALYSTS FOR METHANE VEHICLES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: David T Wickham
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The use of natural gas vehicles (ngvs) is expected to grow rapidly over the next few years, with a potential market of 1.7 million units per year. although ngvs emit less co and non-methane hydrocarbons than gasoline-fueled vehicles, their total hydrocarbon emissions are quite high. these emissions… More

CATALYSTS FOR THE OXIDATIONOF TRACE CONTAMINANTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: John D. Wright
Award Amount: $500,000.00

CATALYSTS FOR THE OXIDATION OF CHLORINATED HYDROCARBONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Dr Ron Cook
Award Amount: $50,000.00

EMULSION LIQUID MEMBRANE EXTRACTION OF SELENIUM FROM REFINERY WASTE WASTE WATERS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Mr John D Wright
Award Amount: $50,000.00

FEASIBILITY TESTING OF A COAL FIRED WASTEWATER SLUDGE ASH VITRIFICATION SYSTEM

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: John D. Wright , Pincipal Investigator
Award Amount: $500,000.00

EMULSION LIQUID MEMBRANE EXTRACTION OF SELENIUM FROM REFINERY WASTE WASTE WATERS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Mr John D Wright
Award Amount: $165,000.00
Abstract:
Selenium is presently the primary wastewater treatment challenge for many west coast petroleum refineries, and selenium is also present in significant quantities in wastewaters from coal-fired power plants. a suspected carcinogen, selenium is also harmful to fish and fowl when present in surface… More

CATALYSTS FOR THE OXIDATION OF CHLORINATED HYDROCARBONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Dr Ron Cook
Award Amount: $165,000.00
Abstract:
Widely used chlorinated hydrocarbons (chcs) such as trichloroethylene, perchloroethylene and methylene chloride are recognized as carcinogens and mutagens, and contribute to global warming and ozone depletion. therefore, there is an increasing need for low cost and efficient methods for the control… More

Modeling and Control of Rapid Thermal Processing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Karen Williamson
Award Amount: $59,979.00
Abstract:
Single wafer manufacturing processes can produce higher quality semiconductor devices, minimize the particulate contamination yeild loss, and greatly reduce the cost of low production volume, application specific devices. In rapid thermal processing (RTP), a wafer is heated to 700-1000 degrees… More

DEVELOPMENT OF AN ELECTROCHEMICAL SYSTEM FOR CARBON DIOXIDE CONCENTRATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr William L Bell
Award Amount: $75,000.00
Abstract:
Control of carbon dioxide (co2) emissions from the combustion of fossil fuels may become necessary to minimize global warming produced by the greenhouse effect. separation of co2 from flue gases will increase the efficiency and lower the cost of processes to fix co2 chemically or otherwise prevent… More

RARE EARTH ENDOHEDRAL FULLERENES AS NEW NONLINEAR OPTICAL MATERIALS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Mr Jhn Michael Alford
Award Amount: $75,000.00
Abstract:
Computers using light beams instead of wires are the fastest known type of computer. many of the main components of optical computes such as the optical switches that are its fundamental building blocks are fabricated from third order nonlinear optical (nlo) materials. unfortunately, the best… More

A BIOPOLYMER BASED SELECTIVE BARRIER FOOR THE CONTAINMENT OF GROUNDWATER CONTAMINANTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Kevin Gleason
Award Amount: $75,000.00
Abstract:
The contamination of groundwater by heavy metals, radionuclides, and organics is a serious environmental problem. in some cases it may not be possible to remove all of the material from the soil by conventional pump-and-treat techniques. in such cases, the residual material must be contained to… More

ELECTROCHEMICAL CO2 SEPARATION FOR AMMONIA PLANTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Ronald L Cook
Award Amount: $65,000.00
Abstract:
Ammonia synthesis is one of the largest and most energy intensive manufacturing processes. for a typical single train ammonia synthesis plant, the energy requirements for ammonia production are 29 gj/ton nh3. one of the more energy intensive steps involved in purifying the syngas stream… More

METAL CARBIDE NANOCLUSTERS FOR POLYMER ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANE FUEL CELLS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Ronald L Cook
Award Amount: $75,000.00
Abstract:
Polymer electroyte membrane (pem) fuel cells are promising candidates for localized power generation and transportation applications because of simplicity of design, low weight, and low temperature operation. although hydrogen based pem fuel cells are considerably more advanced, direct methanol pem… More

PRODUCTION AND APPLICATIONS OF HIGHER FULLERENES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Zhiping Jiang
Award Amount: $65,000.00
Abstract:
While the recent discovery of fullerene carbon has led to intense research activity and many proposed applications, most of the work to date has focused on c60, and to a lesser extent, c70. the higher fullerenes (c76, c78, c84, etc.), which may have significantly different and useful properties,… More

A Novel Extractant for the Selective Removal of Arsenic from Industrial Wastewaters

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Dr. Kevin Gleason , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $55,000.00

Catalytic Oxidtion of Halogenated Hydrocarbons

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: John D. Wright
Award Amount: $70,000.00

Novel Catalysts for Hydrogenolysis of Organochlorine Pollutants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Dr. Ronald L. Cook , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $55,000.00

Initiators for Endothermic Fuels

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael E. Karpuk
Award Amount: $59,997.00

A Low Cost, Long Life Zinc Oxide Based Sorbent

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Dr. Robert J. Copeland , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $55,000.00

PRODUCTION OF ENDOHEDRAL METALLOFULLERENES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: John D Wright
Award Amount: $65,000.00

FULLERENE BASED CATALYSTS FOR HEAVY OIL UPGRADING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr William L Bell
Award Amount: $75,000.00

A LONG LIFE ZINC-OXIDE-TITANIUM-OXIDE SORBENT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Robert J Copeland
Award Amount: $75,000.00

SYNTHESIS OF ZEOLITE MEMBRANES FOR GAS SEPARATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Zhiping Jiang
Award Amount: $64,989.00

COMBUSTION SYNTHESIS OF FULLERENES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: John D. Wright , Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $283,226.00
Abstract:
Fullerenes, a new form of carbon with structures similar to those of a soccer ball, were first produced in the fall of 1990. because of their unique properties, many promising applications have been suggested, including three dimensional organic conductor, organic superconductor, semiconductor, high… More

Catalytic Oxidtion of Halogenated Hydrocarbons

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: John D. Wright
Award Amount: $599,872.00
Abstract:
The control of trace contaminants is carried out by a combination of activated carbon absorption and catalytic oxidation. The carbon bed absorbs most hydrocarbons and CHCs, while the catalytic oxidizer removes the methane and CO which cannot be absorbed. Because carbon has little affinity for CHCs,… More

Initiators for Endothermic Fuels

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael E. Karpuk
Award Amount: $743,699.00
Abstract:
Aircraft designed for flight in the Mach 3-6 range must incorporate active cooling in the turbo-ramjet propulsion system. The required cooling can be provided by endothermic reactions of the fuel prior to its combustion. Most endothermic fuel reactions require a catalyst. Incorporation of a solid… More

Novel Catalysts for Hydrogenolysis of Organochlorine Pollutants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Dr. Ronald L. Cook , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $220,000.00
Abstract:
Hydrogenolysis is an energy efficient, zero emission method for the detoxification of hazardous chlorinated hydrocarbon (CHC) wastes. In CHC hydrogenolysis, the chlorinated hydrocarbon is reacted with hydrogen to produce a hydrocarbon and an inorganic acid (HC1). In the Phase I project, TDA… More

A LONG LIFE ZINC-OXIDE-TITANIUM-OXIDE SORBENT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Robert J Copeland
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
Coal-fired gasifier combined cycles (gcc) have both high efficiency and very low emissions. a critical need for gccs is a method of removing the hydrogen sulfide (h2s) produced from the sulfur in the coal from the hot gases. there has been extensive research on hot gas clean-up systems, focused on… More

A Novel Extractant for the Selective Removal of Arsenic from Industrial Wastewaters

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Dr. Kevin Gleason , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $220,000.00
Abstract:
The combustion of fossil fuels, particularly coal, introduces large quantities of arsenic into the environment, much of which reaches natural waters. Acute arsenic poisoning results from ingestion of only 100 mg of the element, while chronic poisoning occurs with the continued ingestion of smaller… More

A Low Cost, Long Life Zinc Oxide Based Sorbent

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Dr. Robert J. Copeland , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $195,372.00
Abstract:
Coal fired Gasifer Combined Cycles (GCC) have both high efficiency and very low emissions. A critical need for GCCs is a method of removing the H2S produced from the sulfur in the coal from the hot gases. There has been extensive research on hot gas clean-up systems, focused on the use of a zinc… More

FULLERENE BASED CATALYSTS FOR HEAVY OIL UPGRADING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr William L Bell
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
Heavy oils, including residues from crude oil distillation (resids), represent an abundant energy resource that is not fully utilized. it has been estimated that if only 20% of these crudes could be recovered, they would produce 1.27 million barrels of oil per day for the next 25 years. use of… More

CATALYSTS FOR THE OXIDATION OF NO TO NO2

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Dr. David Wickham
Award Amount: $65,000.00
Abstract:
Nitrogen oxides (NO and NOx, collectively referred to as NOx) are among the mostpervasive and difficult emissions to control. NOx emissions can be reducedsomewhat by combustion modification techniques, but these reduce operatingefficiency and will not reduce levels to meet requirements of… More

SIMULTANEOUS EXTRACTION OF ANIONIC AND CATIONIC METAL CONTAMINANTS AT SUPERFUND SITES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Dr. Kevin Gleason
Award Amount: $65,000.00
Abstract:
Soils and groundwater contaminated with heavy metals are serious environmentalproblems. More than 70% of 358 Superfund hazardous waste dump sites arecontaminated with zinc, while chromium, copper, and lead are found in more than50% of these sites. The environmental remediation processes used to… More

AN IMPROVED NOXSO PROCESS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Dr. Robert Copeland
Award Amount: $65,000.00
Abstract:
Coal is the largest source of power generation in the U.S.A. but its conbustionproduces SOx and NOx which must be removed from the flue gas. Current removaltechniques (limestone base Flue Gas Desulfurization and Selective CatalyticReduction) are effective but expensive due to the large amouth of… More

LOW-TEMPERATURE CATALYSTS FOR SELECTIVE OXIDATION OF HYDROGEN SULFIDE TO SULFUR

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Dr. Girish Srinivas
Award Amount: $65,000.00
Abstract:
Natural gas provided 30% of the energy consumed in the U.S. in 1992.Unfortunately, almost 25% of the U.S. gas reserves are contaminated with H2S.Due to its acidic nature and corrosivity, the H2S content of gas enteringpipelines must be lower than 4ppm.In a typical large gas plant, the H2S is… More

ZEOLITE MEMBRANES FOR REMOVAL OF CONTAMINANTS IN DRINKING WATER

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Dr. Cecily Romero
Award Amount: $65,000.00
Abstract:
As demands for drinking water quality become increasingly stringent, new methodsfor educing contaminant levels to the low ppb range are being sought. Ofparticular concern is the reduction of trihalomethanes (THM's), reaction productsfrom chlorination of water in the presence of naturally occurring… More

Advanced Algorithms for Parameter Estimation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Karen Williamson
Award Amount: $65,000.00

A High Performance Air Conditioner

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Robert Copeland
Award Amount: $65,000.00

An Economic Sorbent for the Removal of Mercury, Chlorine, and Hydrogen Chloride from Coal Combustion Flue Gases

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Ravi Mariwala
Award Amount: $75,000.00

A Novel Ventilation Gas Conditioning System For An Emu

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Robert J. Copeland , Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00

Fuel Reforming Systems for High Mach Aircraft

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael E. Karpuk
Award Amount: $79,925.00

The Selective Removal and Recovery of Heavy Metals from Contaminated Waters

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Kevin J. Gleason
Award Amount: $75,000.00

The Selective Removal of Selenium from Contaminated Waters

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Kevin Gleason
Award Amount: $65,000.00

Continuous Distillation of Fullerenes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: John Alford
Award Amount: $65,000.00

A Novel Sorbent For Carbon-Dioxide Removal

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Robert J. Copeland , Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00

Low Cost, Novel Precursors to Beta" Alumina Solid Electrolyte

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Ronald Cook
Award Amount: $75,000.00

Small Scale Recovery of Sulfur from Sour Gas

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas
Award Amount: $75,000.00

Novel Metal Carbide Substitutes for Platinum Group Metals

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Robert Haufler
Award Amount: $65,000.00

A Novel Desulfurization Sorbent

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Robert Copeland
Award Amount: $75,000.00

Fuel Reforming Systems for High Mach Aircraft

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael E. Karpuk
Award Amount: $749,957.00
Abstract:
Aircraft designed for high Mach number flight must incorporate active cooling in the turbo-ramjet propulsion system. The required cooling can be provided by endothermic reactions of the fuel prior to combustion. TDA Research proposes to investigate hydrocarbon reforming reactions as a method of… More

Improved Production Method for Carbon-Based Ultracapacitors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Steven Dietz , Principal
Award Amount: $75,000.00
Abstract:
40076 November 4, 1996 TDA Research Batteries alone cannot give electric and hybrid vehicles the power needed for the acceleration that drivers demand from their cars. Ultracapacitors, because of their high rate of charge and discharge, are prime… More

Removal of Selenium from Agricultural Drainage Waters Using Emulsion Liquid

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: USDA
Principal Investigator: Dr. Kevin J. Gleason , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Agricultural drainage waters emanating from irrigation projects in seleniferous lands in the western United States are a major source of selenium contaminated waters. Because of selenium's known toxicity and teratogenicity to waterbirds, the discharge limits adopted by the California State Water… More

A Low Cost Process for the Concentration and Stabilization of Mixed Low Level Waste

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Kevin J. Gleason
Award Amount: $75,000.00
Abstract:
41092 November 20, 1996 TDA Research, Inc. One of the largest problems currently facing the Department of Energy (DOE) is how to safely dispose of the large volumes of radioactive and mixed waste generated from the production of nuclear materials for… More

Development of Dendrimer-Based Protective Coatings

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr. William L. Bell
Award Amount: $70,000.00

An Economic Sorbent for the Removal of Mercury, Chlorine, and Hydrogen Chloride from Coal Combustion Flue Gases

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Ravi Mariwala
Award Amount: $750,000.00

SBIR PHASE I: Electrochemical Purification of Metallofullerenes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: John Alford
Award Amount: $75,000.00

ZEOLITE OPTRODES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Chuansheng Bai , Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $70,000.00

A Novel Desulfurization Sorbent

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Robert Copeland
Award Amount: $750,000.00

SBIR Phase I: Shape Selective Hydrogenation of Benzene to Cyclohexene

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Ravi Mariwala
Award Amount: $75,000.00

A NOVEL RADIATOR FOR AN EMU

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Robert Copeland , Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00

SBIR PHASE I: A New Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Material for Direct Methanol/Air Cells

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Kevin Gleason
Award Amount: $75,000.00

An Improved NOXSO Sorbent for the Removal of NOx and Sox from Flue Gas

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $70,000.00

Small Scale Recovery of Sulfur from Sour Gas

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas
Award Amount: $750,000.00

GADOLINIUM CONTAINING FULLERENES AS MRI CONTRAST AGENTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $100,000.00

PRODUCTION OF ENDOHEDRAL METALLOFULLERENES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: John D Wright
Award Amount: $300,000.00
Abstract:
Endohedral metallofullerenes (closed shell carbon molecules containing one or more metal atoms within the cage) have been synthesized by the graphite arc process for over a year. while there is speculation they are high temperature superconductors and have unique electronic properties, there is… More

SYNTHESIS OF ZEOLITE MEMBRANES FOR GAS SEPARATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Zhiping Jiang
Award Amount: $300,000.00
Abstract:
Porous inorganic membranes can be used at high temperatures, and have high fluxes, mechanical strength, and chemical stability. today's commercially available inorganic membranes have large pores (>40 ), a wide pore size distribution, and are ideally suited for removing high molecular… More

Development of Dendrimer-Based Protective Coatings

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr. William L. Bell
Award Amount: $740,798.00
Abstract:
When military equipment is exposed to chemical warfare agents, its function is seriously compromised until it can be decontaminated. Decontamination now requires use of special formulations that may not be readily available, and which can cause damage to equipment due to their caustic or strongly… More

FIBER/MATRIX INTERFACE FOR TOUGH, STABLE OXIDE/OXIDE COMPOSITES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Jack Sibold
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
To meet the demanding aerospace engine conditions (extended time near 1500¿ C), materials are needed that posses high strength, toughness, chemical stability in oxidizing environments, and stable thermomechanical properties at high temperatures. Ceramic oxides are the most promising materials… More

Improved Claus Tail Gas Treatment Process

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Girish Srinivas , Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $75,000.00
Abstract:
103 Improved Claus Tail Gas Treatment Process--TDA Research, Inc., 12345 West 52nd Avenue, Wheat Ridge, CO 80033-1916; (303) 940-2301 Dr. Girish Srinivas, Principal Investigator Mr. Michael Karpuk, Business Official DOE Grant No. DE-FG03-97ER82498 Amount: $75,000 Natural gas provides… More

Mixed Phase Positive Electrodes for Long Life AMTEC Modules

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Ronald L. Cook , Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $75,000.00
Abstract:
113 Mixed Phase Positive Electrodes for Long Life AMTEC Modules--TDA Research, Inc., 12345 West 52nd Avenue, Wheat Ridge, CO 80033-1916; (303) 940-2301 Dr. Ronald L. Cook, Principal Investigator Mr. Michael E. Karpuk, Business Official DOE Grant No. DE-FG03-97ER82496 Amount: … More

A Tough Wear-Resistant Polymer/Ceramic Composite with Hierarchical Structures

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Jack Sibold
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will develop a tough, strong, inexpensive and highly wear resistant ceramic composite with a "brick and mortar" microstructure. Biological materials such as nacre have high strength, high toughness and surprisingly high wear resistance even… More

Heterogeneous Hydroformylation of Alkenes with Syngas

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Girish Srinivas , Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $75,000.00
Abstract:
97 Heterogeneous Hydroformylation of Alkenes with Syngas--TDA Research, Inc., 12345 West 52nd Avenue, Wheat Ridge, CO 80033-1916; (303) 940-2301 Dr. Girish Srinivas, Principal Investigator Mr. Michael E. Karpuk, Business Official DOE Grant No. DE-FG03-97ER82497 Amount: $75,000 Coal is… More

CARBON ENCAPSULATED RADIONUCLIDE CHELATES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Alford, john m
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Because they seek out and bind only to specific cells, monoclonal antibodies represent a powerful method for selectively carrying radionuclides to cancerous cells. Current techniques for attaching radionuclides to monoclonal antibodies rely on metal ion chelates. These often lack sufficient… More

ENANTIOSELECTIVE SYNTHESIS OF AMINO ACIDS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Dietz, steven d
Award Amount: $92,648.00
Abstract:
Amino acid are the main components of proteins and are important elementary nutrients for living organisms. They are also valuable synthetic intermediates for the preparation of a large array of biologically active compounds important to the pharmaceutical industry. Examples of drugs based on… More

A Long-Life, Low-Cost Sorbent for the Conversion of HCl to Chlorine

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Mr. Robert J. Copeland
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
The U.S. demand for chlorinated hydrocarbons exceeds 15 million tons annually. The production of these chemicals requires chlorine (Cl2) and produces HCl as an unavoidable by-product. Stringent environmental regulations limit the shipment of hazardous wastes like HCl, and the disposal of HCl by… More

SBIR Phase I: A Low Cost Process for Toughened Ceramics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Jack Sibold
Award Amount: $75,000.00

A High Performance Air Conditioner

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Robert Copeland
Award Amount: $294,651.00

SBIR Phase I: Catalysts for Carbon Monoxide Removal During Automobile Cold Start

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas
Award Amount: $75,000.00

SBIR Phase I: Zeolite Membrane Reactors for Enhancement of Dehydrogenation Selectivity

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Cecily Romero
Award Amount: $75,000.00

A Lightweight Radiator

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Robert J. Copeland , PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
Award Amount: $70,000.00

An Improved NOXSO Sorbent for the Removal of NOx and Sox from Flue Gas

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $225,000.00

Heterogeneous Hydroformylation of Alkenes with Syngas

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Girish Srinivas , Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
97 Heterogeneous Hydroformylation of Alkenes with Syngas--TDA Research, Inc., 12345 West 52nd Avenue, Wheat Ridge, CO 80033-1916; (303) 940-2301 Dr. Girish Srinivas, Principal Investigator Mr. Michael E. Karpuk, Business Official DOE Grant No. DE-FG03-97ER82497 Amount: $75,000 Coal is an… More

Surface Tailored Nanophase Alumina Coatings for Oxidation Protection of Aluminide Intermetallics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. D. Brent MacQueen , Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $75,000.00
Abstract:
50385-98-I Surface Tailored Nanophase Alumina Coatings for Oxidation Protection of Aluminide Intermetallics--TDA Research, Inc., 12345 West 52nd Avenue, Wheat Ridge, CO 80033-1916; (303) 940-2300 Dr. D. Brent MacQueen, Principal Investigator Mr. John D. Wright, Business Official DOE Grant No.… More

Novel Organic Corrosion Inhibitors for Steel

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Bryan M. Smith , Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $75,000.00
Abstract:
51008-98-I Novel Organic Corrosion Inhibitors for Steel--TDA Research, Inc., 12345 West 52nd Avenue, Wheat Ridge, CO 80033-1916; (303) 940-2300 Dr. Bryan M. Smith, Principal Investigator Mr. John D. Wright, Business Official DOE Grant No. DE-FG03-98ER82690 Amount: $75,000 Advanced energy… More

A Scalable Process for Thin, Defect-Free Zeolite Membranes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Mr. Jack. D. Sibold , Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $75,000.00
Abstract:
50613-98-I A Scalable Process for Thin, Defect-Free Zeolite Membranes--TDA Research, Inc., 12345 West 52nd Avenue, Wheat Ridge, CO 80033-1916; (303) 940-2300 Mr. Jack. D. Sibold, Principal Investigator Mr. John D. Wright, Business Official DOE Grant No. DE-FG03-98ER82694 Amount: $75,000 More… More

An Improved Reaction-Bonded Silicon Carbide Process for SiC/SiC Composites

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Mr. Jack Sibold , Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $75,000.00
Abstract:
50776-98-I An Improved Reaction-Bonded Silicon Carbide Process for SiC/SiC Composites--TDA Research, Inc., 12345 West 52nd Avenue, Wheat Ridge, CO 80033-1916; (303) 940-2300 Mr. Jack Sibold, Principal Investigator Mr. John D. Wright, Business Official DOE Grant No. DE-FG03-98ER82689 Amount: … More

Carbon Nanostructures from Coal-Derived Liquid Feedstocks

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Michael D. Diener , Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $75,000.00
Abstract:
51121-98-I Carbon Nanostructures from Coal-Derived Liquid Feedstocks--TDA Research, Inc., 12345 West 52nd Avenue, Wheat Ridge, CO 80033-1916; (303) 940-2300 Dr. Michael D. Diener, Principal Investigator Mr. John D. Wright, Business Official DOE Grant No. DE-FG03-98ER82692 Amount: … More

An Improved Membrane Module Tubesheet for Industrial Separations

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Kevin Gleason , Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $75,000.00
Abstract:
50119-98-I An Improved Membrane Module Tubesheet for Industrial Separations--TDA Research, Inc., 12345 West 52nd Avenue, Wheat Ridge, CO 80033-1916; (303) 940-2300 Dr. Kevin Gleason, Principal Investigator Mr. John D. Wright, Business Official DOE Grant No. DE-FG03-98ER82691 Amount: $75,000 In… More

Water-Based Ensemble Coating

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: Dr. Bryan M. Smith
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Servicemen subject to chemical or biological attack are already supplied with effective defenses, but their external equipment is often not protected from contamination and must often be discarded after contamination. In order to protect the valuable equipment of the aircrew ensemble from exposure… More

Novel Membranes for Artificial Gills

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas
Award Amount: $99,000.00
Abstract:
Porous inorganic membranes have been traditionally used in microfiltration and ultrafiltration, and with the recent development of Angstrom scale porous materials, have received increased attention for gas separations. The high temperature and chemical stability of porous inorganic membranes are… More

Polyoxometalate Fabri Catalysts for Air Purification

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: Emory University
Principal Investigator: Dr. William L. Bell
Award Amount: $100,000.00
RI Contact: Nancy L. Wilkinson
Abstract:
Polyoxometalates (POMS) are a broad class of inexpensive inorganic materials that offer a wide range of structures and a corresponding variety of properties. Recent discoveries in the laboratory of Professor Craig Hill at Emory University offer the potential to prepare POM-coated fibers and fabrics… More

A Long-Life, Low-Cost Sorbent for the Conversion of HCl to Chlorine

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Mr. Robert J. Copeland
Award Amount: $225,000.00
Abstract:
The U.S. demand for chlorinated hydrocarbons exceeds 15 million tons annually. The production of these chemicals requires chlorine (Cl2) and produces HCl as an unavoidable by-product. Stringent environmental regulations limit the shipment of hazardous wastes like HCl, and the disposal of HCl by… More

COMBUSTION INITIATORS FOR HIGH SPEED AIRCRAFT APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Mr Bradey L. Hitch
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The high air velocity and relatively low air temperature in the combustors of hydrocarbon-fueled scramjet engines lead to long ignition delays, and problems with flame holding, combustion stability and heat release. These problems are particularly severe near the ram/scram mode transition. High… More

A Multifunctinal Coupling Layer for an Advacned Coating System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Ronald L. Cook
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The U.S. Air Force has identified a need for advanced protective coating systems for its aging aircraft. Durable (30+years) chromate-free coatings are needed to extend the retirement dates of the aging aircraft. A chromate-free coating is needed to avoid the costs of handling of chromate… More

Non-Skid, Non-Flammable Coating for Navy Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Georgette Siparsky
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Naval transports and ordinance are currently coated to prevent corrosion and other destructive weathering phenomena. These coatings have a limited life-span as adhesion is compromised when they degrade on exposure to light, moisture, abrasive wind and wear. Special properties necessary for naval… More

ADDITIVES TO REDUCE COKING IN ENDOTHERMIC FUEL HEAT EXCHANGERS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr. David T. Wickham
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Aircraft designed for hypersonic flight use fuel to cool the ramjet/scramjet propulsion system. Sensible heating and endothermic reactions are used to provide cooling and may produce fuel temperatures that exceed 1200 degrees F. At these temperatures carbonaceous deposits (coke) form. These… More

SBIR Phase I: High Throughput Automated Testing Apparatus for Catalyst Screening

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: John Alford
Award Amount: $100,000.00

Large Scale Synthesis of Single-Walled Nanotubes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $70,000.00

SBIR Phase I: A Hybrid Organic/Inorganic Biodegradable Commodity Plastic

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: John Alford
Award Amount: $100,000.00

PRODUCTION OF OPTICALLY PURE 2 ARYLPROPIONIC ACIDS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Dietz, Steven D
Award Amount: $100,000.00

SBIR Phase I: Improved Carbon Electrodes for Ultracapacitors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: John Alford
Award Amount: $100,000.00

Advanced Algorithms for Parameter Estimation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Karen Williamson
Award Amount: $320,799.00

A Lightweight Radiator

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Robert J. Copeland , PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
Award Amount: $594,694.00

DEVELOPMENT OF CARBOXYFULLERENE DRUGS TO TREAT ALS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Alford, John M
Award Amount: $100,000.00

Self-Priming Silicone Coating

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $70,000.00

A Low-Cost Degradable Plastic from Soybeans

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: USDA
Principal Investigator: Siparsky , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $65,000.00

System for Removal of the Oxides of Nitrogen and Sulfur from Incinerator Effluents

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $70,000.00

A PMR Nanocomposite Resin Matrix

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $70,000.00

Low Cost, Novel Precursors to Beta" Alumina Solid Electrolyte

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Ronald Cook
Award Amount: $750,000.00

A Low Cost Process for Toughened Ceramics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Jack Sibold
Award Amount: $393,088.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $749,999.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $600,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas
Award Amount: $400,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Bryan M Smith , Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $750,000.00

Underwater Epoxy Coating

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Bryan Smith
Award Amount: $70,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Mr Jack Sibold , Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $750,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: John Alford
Award Amount: $400,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: John Alford
Award Amount: $400,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $600,000.00

A Durable Primer for Aircraft Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Ronald Cook
Award Amount: $100,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Michael D Diener , Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $750,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: Emory University
Principal Investigator: Dr William Bell
Award Amount: $499,999.00
RI Contact: Nancy Wilkinson

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Mr Bradey L Hitch
Award Amount: $749,396.00

A Freeze Tolerant Radiator

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Robert J. Copeland, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00

High Performance Heat Pipe

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Mark Weislogel, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00

Production of Liquid Hydrocarbon Propellants on Mars

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Steven C. Gebhard, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $70,000.00

An Improved Sorbent for Mercury Abatement

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Not Available The innovation presented in the proposed research effort is the design of a direct drive, high performance, low cost, light weight, zero backlash, low friction, force feedback joystick with every high bandwidth and very high reliability. This high performance joystick will be designed… More

HEMOCOMPATIBLE SURFACE TREATMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Bryan M. Smith
Award Amount: $100,000.00

A Novel Hydrogen Generation System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Robert Copeland
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Not Available Combat system development efforts in sensors and signal processing continue to provide added capability to detect and track challenging contacts. Although these efforts have and will continue to yield results which enable the fleet to maintain acoustic and tactical superiority,… More

Desktop Manufacturing of Refractory Ceramics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Jack DSibold
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Not Available The Air-ASW Navy's current bistatic active processing system consists of the ADAR sonobuoy as a receiver for the IEER incoherent source. However, buoy to aircraft bandwidth limitations restrict the buoy's data band over which the aircraft processing can take place. In-Buoy Processing,… More

Thermally Stable Catalysts for Methane Combustion

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Not Available Current materials used for static discharge applications in hard worksurface laminates do not provide the required levels of charge dissipation under all conditions. The need exists for an integrated conductive laminate system that enables static charge to be safely and effectively… More

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Bradley D. Hitch, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $0.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $295,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: USDA
Principal Investigator: Andrew W. Myers
Award Amount: $70,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Ronald L. Cook, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $100,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Robert J. Copeland, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $100,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
Not Available Hyperspectral imaging is typically performed with multiple detector arrays. The arrays are combined with bandpass filters, allowing remote sensing of a single band. We propose to develop a hyperspectral imaging system, based on a single indium gallium ars

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas
Award Amount: $750,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Bryan M. Smith
Award Amount: $99,778.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Bradley D. Hitch, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $100,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Silvia D. Luebben
Award Amount: $100,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Research Institution: Louisiana State University
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $100,000.00
RI Contact: N/A

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: John M. Alford
Award Amount: $100,006.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: David T. Wickham, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $0.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: David T. Wickham, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $590,211.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: Bryan M. Smith
Award Amount: $0.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: Bryan M. Smith
Award Amount: $600,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: William Bell
Award Amount: $100,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Georgette Siparsky
Award Amount: $100,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Silvia Luebben
Award Amount: $100,000.00

A Novel Hydrogen Generation System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Robert J. Copeland
Award Amount: $599,334.00

High Heat Flux Electronics Cooling Cycle

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr. 1. Weislogel, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
The area/volume power densities of packaged electronics will continue to increase until the method of heat rejection is the sole performance limiter. Perhaps the most reliable long-life cooling systems finding applications in space are passive; namely, heat pipes. Unfortunately, the balance between… More

A New Nanocomposite Rubber Liner for Tires

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOT
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Halobutyl rubber is used as an inner liner for tubeless automotive tires because of its low permeability to gases and good compatibility with other tire materials. However, at high pressures and over prolonged time periods, tires leak. Factors such as under-inflation and heat are major… More

High-Capacity Oxygen Storage Sorbents for EVA

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr. Alptekin, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
The current expendable emergency oxygen generation systems in the Portable Life Support System (PLSS) are lightweight and work well. However, they could generate very high weight penalties when the number and duration of missions (and/or emergencies) are high (as in lunar or Martian explorations).… More

Additives to Increase Fuel Heat Sink Capacity

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr. 1. Wickham, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Recently, NASA has increased its emphasis on reducing the cost of reaching low Earth orbit. The goal is to reduce the cost from the current $10,000 per pound of payload to $100 per pound. Studies indicate that a key technology requirement is a single stage to orbit (SSTO) using rocket based combined… More

Compact, Rugged, Low-Power CO2 Sensors for Balloon-Borne Measurement of Atmospheric CO2 Concentration

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Robert J. Copeland, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
65141 In the production of chlorinated hydrocarbons and titanium dioxide pigments, elemental chlorine (Cl2) is used as a reactant and HCl is produced as an unavoidable byproduct. Stringent environmental regulations limit the shipment of hazardous wastes like HCl, and the disposal of HCl by… More

Low Temperature Catalyst for Reduced Toxicity Monopropellant

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Steven Gebhard, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Tactical missiles that use gel propellant systems require a chemical gas generator for pressurization. While hydrazine is a proven monopropellant for gas generation, it is poisonous, a cancer suspect agent, and has a high vapor pressure. As a result,full body protection and self-contained… More

Treated Silicate Sorbents for Mercury Removal from Flue Gas

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Steven D. Dietz, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
65654 In hydroformylation, an alkene reacts with synthesis gas to form an aldehyde (current worldwide production of aldehydes exceeds 7 million tons/year). Homogeneous rhodium catalysts are used in the production of lower aldehydes because they are the most active and selective catalysts for… More

Catalytic Self-Decontaminating Coatings

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: William Bell, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
Equipment exposed to chemical or biological warfare agents must be decontaminated to allow its continued use while assuring the safety of personnel. Current decontamination systems either are corrosive or produce hazardous byproducts. A self-dominatingcoating that could deactivate the threat agents… More

Catalytic Self-Decontaminating Coatings

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: William Bell, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $367,168.00
Abstract:
Equipment exposed to chemical or biological warfare agents must be decontaminated to allow its continued use while assuring the safety of personnel. Current decontamination systems either are corrosive or produce hazardous byproducts. A self-dominatingcoating that could deactivate the threat agents… More

Nanocomposite Anchored Plasticizers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Andrew Myers
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Plasticizers are small, often volatile molecules that are added to hard, stiff plastics to make them softer and more flexible. Unfortunately, because they are not directly bound to the polymer chain, they can migrate to the surface and escape from the plasticized material. Because many plasticizers… More

Root Engineering for Self-Irrigation that Exploits Soil Depth Dimension for Carbon Sequestration

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
65455 Gasification technologies convert coal into synthesis gas feed streams that can be used in the production of a wide variety of chemicals. However, the coal-derived synthesis gas contains a myriad of trace contaminants that may poison the catalysts used in the downstream manufacturing… More

Treatment of Produced Water with Fouling-Resistant Nanofiltration Membranes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Brian J. Elliott, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
65104 Improvements in the heat transfer coefficient of fluids in thermally-based energy systems can lead to increased conversion efficiencies, lower pollution, and decreased operating costs, as well as facilitate the miniaturization of energy systems. Nanofluids, liquids that contain dispersed… More

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Yvonne Bryant
Award Amount: $0.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Yvonne Bryant
Award Amount: $492,958.00

SBIR Phase I: BN-NT Manufacture

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Michael Diener
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will synthesize boron nitride nanotubes by a continuous pyrolysis method that can be readily scaled to produce industrial quantities at reasonable costs. Intensive research is being conducted on single-walled carbon nanotubes (C-SWNTs)… More

Improved Electrodes for Capacitive Deionization

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Steven Dietz
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I Project will develop improved monolithic carbon electrodes for capacitive deionization. Capacitive deionization is a new technology being developed for the purification of ocean and brackish well water. A constant voltage is applied and soluble… More

SBIR Phase I: Novel Steam Reforming Catalysts for PEM Fuel Cells

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Di Wei
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovative Research Program (SBIR) Phase I involving Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cells offers a unique opportunity to create zero and ultra-low emission vehicles. While current nickel or noble metal catalysts used in the reformer of PEM fuel cells are effective for the… More

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Brian Elliott
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will develop printable, soluble conducting polymers that can be crosslinked using ultra violet light. These printable, conducting polymers can be printed using photolithography into thin films with 2-dimensional features ranging from… More

Phase I Demonstration of a Passive Missile Environment Monitor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Silvia Luebben, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Horizontal external surfaces on military and civil aircraft are usually treated with non-slip coatings to provide a safe pathway for maintenance personnel walking on with tools and equipment during service and repair. Current non-slip treatments are heavyand degrade the aerodynamic performance of… More

Rigid, Sectored-Cylinder, Composite-Sandwich Cofferdam

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Jim Nabity, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Pulse detonation engines (PDE) are a revolutionary approach to airbreathing propulsion and have the potential to increase range and thrust. Demonstrating rapid deflagration-to-detonation in a PDE combustor using storable, liquid hydrocarbon fuels isessential to their successful development. … More

A Novel Liquid Hydrogen/Oxygen Co-generator

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Research Institution: LSU Department of Chemical Engineering
Principal Investigator: Dr. Gokha Alptekin
Award Amount: $0.00
RI Contact: Dr.Armando O. Corripio
Abstract:
NASA¿s objective for affordable access to space requires inexpensive production of rocket fuel. The key to achieving this objective is the production of hydrogen, since hydrogen accounts for more than 80% of the fuel cost. TDA Research, Inc. (TDA), collaborating with Louisiana State University… More

Conducting Biomaterials for Nerve Regeneration

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Silvia D. Luebben
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION: Clinical studies have shown that electrical stimulation can accelerate the healing of bone fractures, superficial wounds, and nerve damage. The development of conducting biomaterials that can be used to deliver electric stimuli to cultured cells is, therefore, of… More

Development of Carbon Nanoencapsulates for Biomedicine

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Robert D. Bolskar
Award Amount: $180,346.00
Abstract:
A newly discovered class of nanoscale materials, the metal-carbon nanoencapsulates, has considerable potential to improve on current molecular-based MRI contrast enhancing agents. Metal-carbon nanoencapsulates are 2 nm diameter and larger particles in which graphitic carbon layers encase single… More

Promoters for Low Temperature Spray Ignition

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Bradley Hitch, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $98,172.00
Abstract:
Some older turbojet engines have had trouble with engine start at low ambient temperatures since the change in logistic fuel from JP-4 to JP-8. This engine starting difficulty can seriously affect force readiness in time critical operations. Our analysisindicates that this lightoff problem is… More

Breathable Butyl Rubber for Chemical Agent Protection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: UNIV. OF COLORADO AT BOULDER
Principal Investigator: Brian J. Elliott, Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $100,000.00
RI Contact: Laurence Nelson
Abstract:
Defense against chemical weapons is a critical DOD requirement. An effective defense requires the development of unique clothing systems that are a physical barrier to toxic vapors, liquids, and aerosols. In addition, the protective material must bepermeable to water to reduce incapacitating heat… More

Low Temperature Catalyst for Reduced Toxicity Monopropellant

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Steven Gebhard, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $729,037.00
Abstract:
Tactical missiles that use gel propellant systems require a chemical gas generator for pressurization. While hydrazine is a proven monopropellant for gas generation, it is poisonous, a suspected carcinogen and has a high vapor pressure. Newreduced-toxicity, non-carcinogenic monopropellants are… More

Breathable Butyl Rubber for Chemical Agent Protection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Brian Elliott, Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
Defense against chemical weapons is a critical DOD requirement. An effective defense requires the development of unique clothing systems that are a physical barrier to toxic vapors, liquids, and aerosols. In addition, the protective material must bepermeable to water to reduce incapacitating heat… More

Liquid Fuel Atomizer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: James Nabity, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $447,915.00
Abstract:
"The pulse detonation engine (PDE) is an exciting airbreathingpropulsion cycle with great potential for improved range andthrust. Most research has been performed with gaseous fuels, sodemonstrating rapid deflagration-to-detonation using storable,liquid hydrocarbon fuels is essential to the… More

Low-Drag Aircraft Slip-Resistant Surface Treatment

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Silvia D. Luebben, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $746,904.00
Abstract:
Horizontal external surfaces of the vertical take-off/landingaircraft V22 and other military aircraft are usually treated withnon-slip coatings to provide a safe pathway for maintenancepersonnel to walk on with tools and equipment during service andrepair. Current non-slip treatments are heavy and… More

High Heat Flux Electronics Cooling Cycle

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Mark M. Weislogel, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $600,000.00
Abstract:
The area/volume power densities of packaged electronics will continue to increase until the method of heat rejection is the sole performance limiter. Perhaps the most reliable long-life cooling systems finding applications in space are passive; namely, heat pipes. Unfortunately, the balance between… More

Control of Catalyst Poisons from Coal Gasifiers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
65455 Gasification technologies convert coal into synthesis gas feed streams that can be used in the production of a wide variety of chemicals. However, the coal-derived synthesis gas contains a myriad of trace contaminants that may poison the catalysts used in the downstream manufacturing… More

A Microwave Beam Monitoring System for Direct Measurement of Ultra Short Electron Bunches

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Steven D. Dietz
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
65654 In hydroformylation, an alkene reacts with synthesis gas to form an aldehyde (current worldwide production of aldehydes exceeds 7 million tons/year). Homogeneous rhodium catalysts are used in the production of lower aldehydes because they are the most active and selective catalysts for… More

Control of Catalyst Poisons from Coal Gasifiers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
65455 Gasification technologies convert coal into synthesis gas feed streams that can be used in the production of a wide variety of chemicals. However, the coal-derived synthesis gas contains a myriad of trace contaminants that may poison the catalysts used in the downstream manufacturing… More

Additives to Increase Fuel Heat Sink Capacity

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: avid T. Wickham, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $600,000.00
Abstract:
Recently, NASA has increased its emphasis on reducing the cost of reaching low Earth orbit. The goal is to reduce the cost from the current $10,000 per pound of payload to $100 per pound. Studies indicate that a key technology requirement is a single stage to orbit (SSTO) using rocket based combined… More

Additives to Increase Fuel Heat Sink Capacity

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: avid T. Wickham, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
Recently, NASA has increased its emphasis on reducing the cost of reaching low Earth orbit. The goal is to reduce the cost from the current $10,000 per pound of payload to $100 per pound. Studies indicate that a key technology requirement is a single stage to orbit (SSTO) using rocket based combined… More

A Low-Cost System for the Conversion of HCl to Cl2

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Robert J. Copeland
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
65141 In the production of chlorinated hydrocarbons and titanium dioxide pigments, elemental chlorine (Cl2) is used as a reactant and hydrochloric acid (HCl) is produced as an unavoidable byproduct. Stringent environmental regulations limit the shipment of hazardous wastes like HCl, and the… More

High Heat Flux Electronics Cooling Cycle

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Mark M. Weislogel, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
The area/volume power densities of packaged electronics will continue to increase until the method of heat rejection is the sole performance limiter. Perhaps the most reliable long-life cooling systems finding applications in space are passive; namely, heat pipes. Unfortunately, the balance between… More

A Low-Cost System for the Conversion of HCl to Cl2

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Robert J. Copeland
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
65141 In the production of chlorinated hydrocarbons and titanium dioxide pigments, elemental chlorine (Cl2) is used as a reactant and hydrochloric acid (HCl) is produced as an unavoidable byproduct. Stringent environmental regulations limit the shipment of hazardous wastes like HCl, and the… More

A Microwave Beam Monitoring System for Direct Measurement of Ultra Short Electron Bunches

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Steven D. Dietz
Award Amount: $510,060.00
Abstract:
65654 In hydroformylation, an alkene reacts with synthesis gas to form an aldehyde (current worldwide production of aldehydes exceeds 7 million tons/year). Homogeneous rhodium catalysts are used in the production of lower aldehydes because they are the most active and selective catalysts for… More

On-Demand Releasable Corrosion Inhibitors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Ronald L. Cook, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
"Corrosion of military equipment and facilities is a significant and ongoing problem. This problem is exacerbated when equipment, buildings and test assets are located at coastal and/or remote island test sites Systems in these environments need constantmaintenance to avoid irreplaceable loss of… More

Catalytic Reactive Coatings

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: William L. Bell, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
"The U.S. military must be prepared to operate in an environment contaminated by chemical or biological warfare agents. Commanders in the field cannot afford to abort missions and sideline materiel in the event that it is contaminated with chemical orbiological weapons. Currently, chemically… More

Production of Fullerene Radiopharmaceuticals Using Nuclear Recoil

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: John Alford
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I Projectproposes to develop methods for producing fullerene radioisotope carriers using the nuclear recoil implantation method. A persistent problem in the safe delivery of radioisotopes to cancer tissue is the premature leakage of the… More

Improved Carbon Dioxide Reduction System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Gokha Alptekin, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $600,000.00
Abstract:
An advanced Environment Control and Life Support System (ECLSS) for long duration manned space missions -such as planetary flight missions or planetary bases- requires an almost complete closure of all relevant material loops. The recovery of oxygen from a concentrated stream of carbon dioxide (CO2)… More

Catalyst for Selective Oxidation of Ammonia to Nitrogen and Water

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: avid T. Wickham, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
The cost of delivering payloads to remote destinations in space is extremely high, and even the smallest weight reductions can result in substantial cost savings. Consequently, systems that have been designed for low Earth orbit may not be suitable for a mission to Mars. One example of this is the… More

Catalyst for Selective Oxidation of Ammonia to Nitrogen and Water

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: avid T. Wickham, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $600,000.00
Abstract:
The cost of delivering payloads to remote destinations in space is extremely high, and even the smallest weight reductions can result in substantial cost savings. Consequently, systems that have been designed for low Earth orbit may not be suitable for a mission to Mars. One example of this is the… More

SBIR/STTR Phase I: Nanocomposite Barrier Coatings for Organic Electronic

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Brian Elliott
Award Amount: $99,999.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will develop novel flexible, transparent and photocurable nanocomposite barrier coatings to prevent the degradation of conducting polymers by oxygen and water vapor. Conducting polymer electronic devices can be made rapidly, low-cost,… More

Field Joining of Ceramic Matrix Composites

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Jack D. Sibold, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Silicon carbide fiber and carbon fiber reinforced silicon carbide composites are being considered for reusable launch vehicle airframe components. Because the furnaces needed to make components are expensive, and furnaces of the size needed to make airframe components simply do not exist, we need a… More

Field Joining of Ceramic Matrix Composites

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Jack D. Sibold, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $600,000.00
Abstract:
Silicon carbide fiber and carbon fiber reinforced silicon carbide composites are being considered for reusable launch vehicle airframe components. Because the furnaces needed to make components are expensive, and furnaces of the size needed to make airframe components simply do not exist, we need a… More

Improved Carbon Dioxide Reduction System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Gokha Alptekin, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
An advanced Environment Control and Life Support System (ECLSS) for long duration manned space missions -such as planetary flight missions or planetary bases- requires an almost complete closure of all relevant material loops. The recovery of oxygen from a concentrated stream of carbon dioxide (CO2)… More

Fluorine-Free Hybrid Surfactants for Fire-Fighting Foams

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Silvia D. Luebben
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Recent studies have shown that certain fluorosurfactants are toxic to aquatic life and tend to accumulate in the blood of animals and humans because they are persistent chemicals. As a consequence of this discovery, 3M decided to phase out some of their fluorosurfactants in May 2000. Among the… More

System to Protect Building Occupants from Biological and Chemical Warfare Agents

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: William Bell, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
The system demonstrated effectiveness against bacterial spores in tests with the anthrax surrogate B. globigii. It was also effective against a surrogate for the CW agent HD (mustard). In Phase II we plan to continue development of the buildingprotection system, beginning with tests using BW and… More

Plasticized PLA Nanocomposites

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Andrew Myers
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I Project will develop plasticized poly(lactic acid) (PLA) nanocomposites. PLA is a biopolymer derived from corn that is stiff at room temperature, but that can be made more flexible by adding significant amounts of plasticizers. Plasticizers are… More

Catalyst to Improve Small-Scale Claus Plants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
70493 Although the Claus process is the dominant process used for recovering sulfur from natural gas, its conversion is limited by equilibrium, and two or three Claus stages are needed to recover most of the sulfur. In addition, expensive tail gas treatment processes are needed to bring large… More

A Lightweight EVA Emergency System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Gokha Alptekin, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
The current expendable emergency oxygen generation systems in the Portable Life Support System (PLSS) are lightweight and work well. However, they could generate very high weight penalties when the number and duration of missions (and/or emergencies) are high (as in lunar or Martian explorations).… More

System to Protect Building Occupants from Biological and Chemical Warfare Agents

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: William Bell, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $352,634.00
Abstract:
The system demonstrated effectiveness against bacterial spores in tests with the anthrax surrogate B. globigii. It was also effective against a surrogate for the CW agent HD (mustard). In Phase II we plan to continue development of the buildingprotection system, beginning with tests using BW and… More

Catalyst to Improve Small-Scale Claus Plants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
70493 Although the Claus process is the dominant process used for recovering sulfur from natural gas, its conversion is limited by equilibrium, and two or three Claus stages are needed to recover most of the sulfur. In addition, expensive tail gas treatment processes are needed to bring large… More

A Lightweight EVA Emergency System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Gokha Alptekin, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $600,000.00
Abstract:
The current expendable emergency oxygen generation systems in the Portable Life Support System (PLSS) are lightweight and work well. However, they could generate very high weight penalties when the number and duration of missions (and/or emergencies) are high (as in lunar or Martian explorations).… More

Catalytic Process for Converting Fuel Gases into Gasoline

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
70561 Gasoline is the largest volume fuel used in the United States, but only 41% of each barrel of crude oil is converted into gasoline. Various off-gas streams in the refinery contain potentially valuable hydrocarbons that are not economical to recover by traditional means, and, as a result,… More

Removal of Mercury from Coal Gasifier Effluents

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alpetekin
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
70592 Gasifiers convert coal into synthesis gas feed streams that can be used in advanced power cycles to generate electricity and in the production of a wide variety of chemicals. However, the coal-derived synthesis gas contains a myriad of trace contaminants that cannot be released to the… More

Removal of Mercury from Coal Gasifier Effluents

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alpetekin
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
70592 Gasifiers convert coal into synthesis gas feed streams that can be used in advanced power cycles to generate electricity and in the production of a wide variety of chemicals. However, the coal-derived synthesis gas contains a myriad of trace contaminants that cannot be released to the… More

Catalytic Process for Converting Fuel Gases into Gasoline

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
70561 Gasoline is the largest volume fuel used in the United States, but only 41% of each barrel of crude oil is converted into gasoline. Various off-gas streams in the refinery contain potentially valuable hydrocarbons that are not economical to recover by traditional means, and, as a result,… More

Biodegradable Nanocomposite Films

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Andrew W. Myers, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
"The disposal of ship-generated waste remains a problem for the Navy as it struggles with the issue of storing food-contaminated plastic waste for long periods at sea while maintaining necessary sanitary conditions. Plastics are currently prohibited fromdisposal at sea; however, if the plastic is… More

Premixed Non-skid Media for Aviation Facility Flooring

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Silvia Luebben, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
"Today's anti-slip coatings for industrial flooring consist of a multi-layer coating system with a surface-broadcasted grit element. The installation of such a coating is expensive and time-consuming, and broadcasting is the most labor-intensive part ofthe installation. Moreover, it is difficult… More

Low VOC Nanocomposite Lubricant Coating

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Ronald L. Cook, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
"Solid-film lubricants are materials with inherent lubricating properties, which are firmly bonded to the surface of a substrate. Solid-film lubricants can be used where conventional wet lubricants are ineffective (e.g. in space or high vacuum) or wherethe lubricant cannot be reapplied. They offer… More

SBIR Phase I: Surface Passivation to Prevent Coking in Pyrolisis Environments

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: David T. Wickham
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project focuses on the development of novel solid state facilitated transport membranes for the separation of carbon dioxide/hydrogen and carbon dioxide/methane mixtures. Current best technologies are amine absorption or… More

SBIR Phase I: Advanced Fullerene Production

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Michael D. Diener
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will develop and assess electrochemical methods for recovery of the giant and insoluble fullerenes that comprise the bulk of the fullerenes made by the hydrocarbon combustion route. Of the fullerenes produced by the combustion system at TDA,… More

SBIR/STTR Phase II: Improved Electrodes for Capacitive Deionization

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Steven Dietz
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II Project will develop improved monolithic carbon electrodes for capacitive deionization. Capacitive deionization technology (CDT) is a new method for purifying ocean and brackish well water. In this process, a constant voltage is applied between… More

SBIR/STTR Phase I: Rapid Oven-less Fabrication of SiC/SiC Composites

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Jack Sibold
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will address the high cost and size and shape capability of ceramic matrix composites. Silicon carbide (SiC) fiber reinforced silicon carbide composites require furnaces, reactors, or ovens to produce the SiC/SiC composite matrix. These… More

Reactor System for Toluene Nitration

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $120,000.00
Abstract:
"The nitration of aromatic hydrocarbons is used to generate a wide variety of chemical intermediates. The nitration of toluene produces the three isomers, ortho-, meta-, and para- mononitrotoluene. The meta-mononitrotoluene is the source of Red Waterpollution during TNT production. Research into… More

MOLECULAR CAGES FOR ALPHA PARTICLE RADIOIMMUNOTHERAPY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Michael D. Diener
Award Amount: $99,998.00
Abstract:
Radioimmunotherapy (RIT) is a promising therapy for cancer, wherein radionuclides are linked to monoclonal antibodies specific for antigens expressed solely on tumor cells. Once the mAb locates the tumor cell, the radionuclide decays and kills the cell. The compounds that have so far undergone… More

SBIR/STTR Phase II: Improved Electrodes for Capacitive Deionization

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Steven Dietz
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II Project will develop improved monolithic carbon electrodes for capacitive deionization. Capacitive deionization technology (CDT) is a new method for purifying ocean and brackish well water. In this process, a constant voltage is applied between… More

DEVELOPMENT OF CARBOXYFULLERENE DRUGS TO TREAT ALS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: John M. Alford
Award Amount: $829,546.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Studies show that fullerene-based antioxidants make excellent neuroprotectants, and they have demonstrated good efficacy in models for a wide array of oxidative neurological disorders including arnyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Parkinson's disease and brain… More

High Power Electric Weapons Cooling

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Bradley Hitch, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Directed energy weapons under development by the Air Force and others can impose both high heat flux and large overall heat load demands on their cooling systems, up to 1000 W/cm2 and 100 kW respectively. TDA proposes to implement an ammonia-based spraycooling system to meet these demands. Our… More

DEVELOPMENT OF CARBOXYFULLERENE DRUGS TO TREAT ALS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: John M. Alford
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Studies show that fullerene-based antioxidants make excellent neuroprotectants, and they have demonstrated good efficacy in models for a wide array of oxidative neurological disorders including arnyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Parkinson's disease and brain… More

SBIR Phase II: Advanced Fullerene Production

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Michael Diener
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project will develop electron transfer methods for the recovery of the giant, insoluble fullerenes that comprise about half of the fullerenes made by the hydrocarbon combustion route. Of the fullerenes produced by the combustion process… More

SBIR Phase II: Advanced Fullerene Production

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Michael Diener
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project will develop electron transfer methods for the recovery of the giant, insoluble fullerenes that comprise about half of the fullerenes made by the hydrocarbon combustion route. Of the fullerenes produced by the combustion process… More

Conductive Polymer Elastomers as Gap Treatment Material for Aircraft

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: COLORADO SCHOOL OF MINES
Principal Investigator: Shawn Sapp, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $100,000.00
RI Contact: Daniel M. Knauss
Abstract:
The Air Force maintains a fleet of aircraft that depend on low-observability to successfully carry out their missions. This low-observability depends on a continuity of electrical conductivity at the outer mold line of the aircraft, and thus the panelseams and gaps must be filled with a conducting… More

Catalytic Process for Converting Fuel Gases into Gasoline

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
70561S02-II Gasoline is the largest-volume fuel used in the United States, but only 41% of each barrel of crude oil is converted into gasoline. Various off-gas streams in the refinery contain potentially valuable hydrocarbons that are not economical to recover by traditional means, and, as a… More

Development of Silicon Nanocrystals as High Energy White Phosphors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Research Institution: University of Texas
Principal Investigator: David C. Jurbergs
Award Amount: $100,000.00
RI Contact: N/A
Abstract:
72497B03-I Organic, monolayer-stabilized silicon nanocrystals (2 to 10 nm in diameter), with photoluminescence quantum efficiencies exceeding 60%, could prove useful as the emissive phosphor layer in solid-state, light emitting diodes for general illumination purposes. They would offer better… More

Catalytic Process for Converting Fuel Gases into Gasoline

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
70561S02-II Gasoline is the largest-volume fuel used in the United States, but only 41% of each barrel of crude oil is converted into gasoline. Various off-gas streams in the refinery contain potentially valuable hydrocarbons that are not economical to recover by traditional means, and, as a… More

Reactor System for Toluene Nitration

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $728,540.00
Abstract:
The nitration of aromatic hydrocarbons is used to generate a wide variety of chemical intermediates. The nitration of toluene produces the three isomers, ortho-, meta-, and para- mononitrotoluene. Meta-mononitrotoluene is the source of Red Waterpollution during TNT production. Research into the… More

SBIR Phase I: n-Type Conducting Polymers for All-Plastic Electronic Devices

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Silvia Luebben
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will develop a new class of n-type conducting polymers and evaluate their electronic and optical properties when they are doped with various reducing agents and used under different environmental conditions. These n-doped conducting polymers… More

Portable, Modular System for MHP Production

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Bryan M. Smith, Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
The chemical oxygen-iodine laser (COIL) is a promising new weapon system with potential to rapidly vaporize missile casings in flight. Advanced testing of the system requires relatively large quantities of the oxygen source, a mixed-base hydrogen peroxide(MHP). Unfortunately, the MHP is unstable… More

Sorbents for Removal of Odorants from Natural Gas

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
72882S03-I Chemical odorants made with sulfur-containing compounds are added to propane and natural gas supplies to facilitate leak detection. However, in the fuel processing systems of fuel cells, these compounds can contaminate the anode catalysts of the fuel cell itself, thereby degrading power… More

Portable, Modular System for Mixed Caustic Production

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Bryan M. Smith, Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
The chemical oxygen-iodine laser (COIL) is a promising new weapon system with potential to rapidly vaporize missile casings in flight. Advanced testing of the system requires relatively large quantities of the oxygen source, a mixed-base hydrogen peroxide(MHP). Unfortunately, the MHP is unstable… More

High Pressure Economical Process for Treating Natural Gas

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
72933S03-I The cost of sulfur removal from natural gas and petroleum has been estimated to be more than $5 billion/year. For sulfur recovery plants that process 10-200 tons of sulfur per day, the cost to operate existing liquid-phase processes are prohibitive. This project will develop a new… More

Catalyst to Improve Small-Scale Claus Plants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
70493S02-II Although the Claus process is the dominant process for recovering sulfur from natural gas, sulfur conversion is limited by equilibrium, and two or three Claus stages are needed to recover most of it. In addition, expensive tail-gas treatment processes are needed to bring large Claus… More

Catalyst to Improve Small-Scale Claus Plants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
70493S02-II Although the Claus process is the dominant process for recovering sulfur from natural gas, sulfur conversion is limited by equilibrium, and two or three Claus stages are needed to recover most of it. In addition, expensive tail-gas treatment processes are needed to bring large Claus… More

High Quality Spinel Powders for Missile Dome Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Ronald L. Cook, cookrl@tda.com
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Smart weapons are increasingly being used to improve targeting efficiency, minimize collateral damage and avoid civilian causalities. Whereas only about 10 percent of the bombs used in Operation Desert Storm were so-called

Biodegradable Nanocomposites for Advanced Packaging

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Andrew Myers, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
TDA Research, Inc. proposes to develop a biodegradable food packaging material that will address the issues of extended-life food storage and waste disposal in space. On long-term space missions, on board the International Space Station, or on future lunar or planetary facilities, a biodegradable… More

PET Nanocomposites for Beverage Container Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Ronald L. Cook
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
72967S03-I The production of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles for beverages is far more environmentally benign and energy efficient than metal or glass production. A PET bottle can be made using 1/3 the energy needed for an equivalently-sized aluminum can, and both are recyclable. … More

Sorbents for High-Temperature Mercury Removal from Coal-Derived Syngas

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
70592 Gasification technologies convert coal into synthesis gas feed streams that can be used in power cycles for the high-efficiency generation of electricity. However, the coal-derived synthesis gas contains a myriad of trace contaminants, including mercury, which is designated as a hazardous… More

Sorbents for High-Temperature Mercury Removal from Coal-Derived Syngas

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
70592 Gasification technologies convert coal into synthesis gas feed streams that can be used in power cycles for the high-efficiency generation of electricity. However, the coal-derived synthesis gas contains a myriad of trace contaminants, including mercury, which is designated as a hazardous… More

Single Component, Zero Volatile Organic Compound, Chemical Agent Resistant Primer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Jeannine Elliott, Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Current chemical and corrosion resistant primers for land and amphibious military vehicles are two component solvent or waterborne epoxy coatings. Unfortunately, problems with component mixing and concentration errors with these multi-component paintsoften compromise coating performance in the… More

Rapid-Cure Liquid Shim

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Bryan M. Smith, Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
The U.S. DoD and several of our allies have designed and developed an advanced military fighter aircraft, the Joint Strike Fighter (JSF). During assembly, a liquid shim epoxy paste is applied before joints are mechanically fastened to make the joinedsurfaces fit tightly, thereby strengthening the… More

SBIR Phase I: Low-Cost Hydrogen for Next Generation Vehicles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Robert Copeland
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This Phase I project will provide a low-cost process for producing high-pressure hydrogen (e.g., 7.500 psia, 510 atm) for use in vehicles. This process uses a proven, regenerable, low cost CO2 sorbent and a small-scale process that reforms natural gas, diesel, gasoline, or oil derived from… More

SBIR Phase I: High Aspect-Ratio Boehmite Platelets

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Bryan Smith
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will develop a process for producing high-aspect ratio boehmite nanoscopic platelets. Boehmite is an inexpensive mineral produced in large volumes as a precursor to alumina catalyst supports. In the project simple and inexpensive methods… More

SBIR Phase II: High Conductivity Photoprintable Conducting Polymers for Polymeric Electronics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Brian Elliott, Dr
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) Phase II project will develop organic dispersible and photoprintable conducting polymers based on polyethylenedioxythiophene (PEDOT). PEDOT is the conducting polymer of choice for electronic displays and devices due to its high conductivity, stability… More

Ultra-lightweight Sterilizer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: William L. Bell, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $119,995.00
Abstract:
A portable sterilizer for medical and dental instruments is needed to enhance far-forward medical capabilities. Such a system must be extremely lightweight, easy to use and must function without external power or other infrastructure. TDA Research, Inc.(TDA) proposes to develop such an… More

Ultra-Lightweight Sterilizer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: William Bell, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $730,000.00
Abstract:
A portable sterilizer for medical and dental instruments is needed to enhance the military's far-forward medical capabilities. This system must be extremely lightweight, easy to use and must function without external power. In Phase I, TDA Research, Inc.(TDA) demonstrated the feasibility of our… More

Single Component, Zero Volatile Organic Compound, Chemical Agent Resistant Coating

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: William L. Bell, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Topcoats on military vehicles must satisfy stringent requirements, including durability in harsh environments. Chemical agent resistant (CARC) coatings must also meet a requirement for low permeation of chemical agents into the coating. Topcoats forthese applications were originally two-component… More

Improved Arthropod Trap System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: William L. Bell, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Biting insects and ticks represent a very substantial threat to human health. U.S. military personnel may be at greatly increased risk from insect-borne disease as they operate at locations around the world. Any program to evaluate health risks andcontrol disease-carrying arthropods relies on a… More

Carbon Antioxidants To Prevent Atherosclerosis

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Michael D. Diener
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Oxidation of low density lipoprotein (LDL) has been demonstrated to be a crucial early step in the process of arterial atheroma formation. As the atheroma grows and advances in development, the risk of death from myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke increases.… More

Conducting Biomaterials for Nerve Regeneration

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Silvia D. Luebben
Award Amount: $750,001.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In the U.S. more than one million people suffer serious peripheral nerve injuries every year and 20,000 procedures are carried out annually to repair severed peripherals nerves. Nerve guidance channels (NGCs) are hollow conduits used to bridge large gaps of… More

Catalytic Reactive Coatings

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: William L. Bell, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
The U.S. military must be prepared to operate in an environment contaminated by chemical warfare (CW) agents. Providing decontaminant solutions at forward bases presents an additional logistics burden, and decontaminants can damage valuable assets. TDA

High-Pressure Economical Process for Treating Natural Gas

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas, Dr.
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
72933-The cost of sulfur removal from natural gas and petroleum has been estimated to be more than $5 billion/year. For sulfur recovery plants in the low-to-medium tons of sulfur per day range, the operating costs of existing liquid phase processes become prohibitive. In particular, the… More

Biodegradable Nanocomposites for Advanced Packaging

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Andrew Myers, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $600,000.00
Abstract:
TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) proposes to develop a high barrier, biodegradable food packaging system that will address the issues of extended-life food storage and waste disposal in space. On long-term space missions, on board the International Space Station, or on future lunar or planetary facilities,… More

Sorbents for Removing Sulfur-Bearing Odorants from Natural Gas and LPG

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Gokhan O. Alptekin, Dr.
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
72882-Chemical odorants made with sulfur-containing compounds are added to propane and natural gas supplies to facilitate leak detection. However, in the fuel processing systems of fuel cells, these compounds can contaminate the anode catalysts of the fuel cell itself, thereby degrading power… More

High Quality Spinel Powders for Missile Dome Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Ronald Cook, Principal Chemist
Award Amount: $730,000.00
Abstract:
Smart weapons are widely used to improve targeting efficiency, minimize collateral damage and avoid civilian causalities. For optical target recognition and guidance, infrared, and visible frequencies are used, requiring the use of transparent missile domes. The domes must transmit infrared and… More

Rapid-Cure Liquid Shim

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Bryan M. Smith, Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
Liquid shims are filled viscous resins used in aerospace assembly processes to form high strength fillers that bridge the small gaps in joints to prevent stress concentrations. Unfortunately, current liquid shims cure slowly; it takes more than 8 hours until the parts can be handled and up to 7 days… More

SBIR Phase II: Low-Cost Hydrogen for Next Generation Vehicles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Robert Copeland, PI
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) Phase II project will develop a low cost process for producing high-pressure hydrogen. This process uses a proven, regenerable, low cost CO2 sorbent to minimize capital costs and improve efficiency. The key to the process is a sorbent that shifts the… More

A Low-VOC Chromate-Free Primer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Ronald L. Cook, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
The Advanced Amphibious Assault Vehicle (AAAV) is the United States Marine Corps' newest weapon system that moves three times faster and carries greater firepower than the current amphibian vehicle. The spectacular performance of the AAAV is due in part to the structural use of Aluminum alloy… More

Man Portable Water Purification System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Steven D. Dietz, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
In today's military, Marines must be highly mobile and carry all necessary equipment and supplies with them. A major limitation to mobility is the need to carry fresh water. An individual Marine must carry 12 to 24 pounds of water for each day they will be in the field without re-supply. It would… More

Chromate Free Polyurethane Fuel Tank Coating

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Jeannine Elliott, Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Current aircraft fuel tank coatings contain chromates that provide excellent corrosion protection. Unfortunately, these hexavalent chromates are known carcinogens and their use and disposal is strictly regulated. In fact, in much of the developed world, their use and disposal are being banned… More

Catalytic Coatings for Chemical Protection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: William Bell, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $730,000.00
Abstract:
The U.S. military must be prepared to operate in an environment contaminated by chemical warfare (CW) or biological warfare (BW) agents. Currently, chemically contaminated hardware is decontaminated either with the highly caustic and corrosive DS2 or with peroxide foam decontaminants. Either… More

Triggered-Release Biocidal Nanocomposte Coatings

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Andrew Myers, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Biocidal additives are vital for both the preservation of coatings in the can as well as for long-term coating integrity after applications. Anti-fungal additives are critical for delaying attack by fungal and algal growth once an architectural coating is in place. Biocidal coatings are designed… More

MEMS Jet Fuel Atomizer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: James Nabity, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Future aircraft will require highly efficient propulsive power plants to achieve their performance goals. Improvements in gas turbine combustion are needed; particularly broader flammability limits and reduced emissions. Fuel injection, both atomization and distribution, is critical for stable… More

Methods to Remove Coke from Endothermic Heat Exchangers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr. David T. Wickham, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Currently the United States space program is recognized as the world leader in providing access to space. However, in order to maintain this position, it will be necessary to reduce the very high cost of reaching low Earth orbit by using single stage or two stage to orbit vehicles. Some components… More

MEMS Colloid Thruster Array

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: University of Colorado at Boulder
Principal Investigator: James Nabity, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $100,000.00
RI Contact: John W. Daily
Abstract:
Colloid thruster technology continues to be attractive for spacecraft propulsion, since its specific impulse can be many times greater than even the best bi-propellant chemical rocket. However, the technology was abandoned in the 1970s due to low charge-to-mass ratios, which lead to excessively… More

Thermally Stable Catalysts for Hydrogen Production in Short Contact Time (SCT) Reactors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Research Institution: Colorado School of Mines
Principal Investigator: David Wickham, Dr.
Award Amount: $100,000.00
RI Contact: Phillip R. Romig, Jr.
Abstract:
75691-A new process is needed to satisfy the growing demand for hydrogen, arising from the emphasis on reducing carbon dioxide emissions and the movement to a hydrogen economy. Catalytic partial oxidation (CPOX) of natural gas using short contact time (SCT) reactors is potentially the most… More

Low Mach Scramjet Cavity Flameholder Stabilization

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Mr. James Nabity, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
This proposal addresses a NASA solicitation topic A2.06 need for propulsion system flow control. A dual mode ram/scram engine is the most likely cycle for the high-speed propulsion flowpath of turbine and rocket based combined cycle engines, but its feasibility with storable liquid hydrocarbon fuels… More

Catalytic Coatings for Chemical Protection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: William Bell, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $120,000.00
Abstract:
The U.S. military must be prepared to operate in an environment contaminated by chemical warfare (CW) or biological warfare (BW) agents. Currently, chemically contaminated hardware is decontaminated either with the highly caustic and corrosive DS2 or with peroxide foam decontaminants. Either… More

Lithium Ion-Channel Polymer Electrolyte for Lithium Metal Anode Rechargeable Batteries

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Brian Elliot, Dr.
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
75219-Electric vehicles of the future require improved rechargeable batteries with higher performance. Although it is widely accepted that lithium-ion batteries can achieve the performance metrics required for these applications, some technical limitations still must be overcome. Specifically,… More

Multicontaminant Warm Gas Cleanup

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas, Dr.
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
76212-Emission control technologies for IGCC (Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle) plants must address the removal of mercury, sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxides, and particulates. Two types of technologies are available for synthesis-gas clean up from these plants: (1) hot gas cleanup (which… More

High Efficiency Conversion of Natural Gas to Hydrogen

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Robert Copeland, Dr.
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
76193-Syngas, produced by the highly endothermic reforming of natural gas, is a feedstock for the production of hydrogen. The heat required to drive the reforming reaction is generally transferred through expensive high temperature heat exchangers or, alternatively, can be provided by partially… More

Catalyst for Destruction of Organophosphates from Air

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: William L. Bell, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Air filtration systems for individual and collective protection from chemical warfare (CW) agents must reduce all toxins to safe levels, while operating at a minimal volume, weight and power consumption. Organophosphates, including VX and the G-agents, pose a key challenge for any filter system. … More

Soluble Nano-Catalysts for High Performance Fuels

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: David Wickham, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Currently there is a strong interest in developing new weapons systems that increase the vehicle's speed and range. Several types of advanced propulsion systems could be considered for this purpose, including high-speed turbines, ramjets, scramjet, and pulse detonation engines (PDE). However,… More

Field Disinfection System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: William L. Bell
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Medical staff in governmental and private relief organizations provide essential medical services to populations devastated by conflict or catastrophe. The safety and health of the medical staff and those they serve re quire an effective, convenient and portable… More

Methods to Remove Coke from Endothermic Heat Exchangers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: David T. Wickham
Award Amount: $600,000.00
Abstract:
In February 2004 NASA released "The Vision for Space Exploration", which describes a strategy for exploring our solar system that builds upon the policy announced by President Bush earlier in the year. The goals of this strategy include extending human presence in the solar system culminating in… More

SBIR Phase II: High Conductivity Photoprintable Conducting Polymers for Polymeric Electronics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Brian Elliott, Dr
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) Phase II project will develop organic dispersible and photoprintable conducting polymers based on polyethylenedioxythiophene (PEDOT). PEDOT is the conducting polymer of choice for electronic displays and devices due to its high conductivity, stability… More

Chromate-Free Fuel Tank Coating

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Jeannine Elliott, Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $747,910.00
Abstract:
The corrosion of military equipment is a significant and ongoing problem. Corrosion costs the Department of Defense $20 billion annually and is the number one cost driver in military life-cycle costs (U.S. Army Material Command 1997). To prevent this, metals are treated with protective coatings. … More

MEMS Colloid Thruster Array

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: UNIV. OF COLORADO AT BOULDER
Principal Investigator: James Nabity, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $750,000.00
RI Contact: John W. Daily
Abstract:
Colloid thruster technology continues to be attractive for spacecraft propulsion, especially since its specific impulse can be many times greater than even the best bi-propellant chemical rocket. However, the technology was abandoned in the 1970s due to low charge-to-mass ratios, which lead to… More

Triggered-Release Biocidal Nanocomposte Coatings

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Andrew Myers, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $225,000.00
Abstract:
Biocidal additives are vital for both the preservation of coatings in the can as well as for long-term coating integrity after applications. Anti-fungal additives are critical for delaying attack by fungal and algal growth once an architectural coating is in place. Biocidal coatings are designed… More

Nanostrucutred Catalysts for Olefin Conversion

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Ronald L. Cook, Dr.
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
78808S Nanostructured catalysts are a growing inventory of materials with designed shapes, surfaces, structures and pores, whose pores can provide activity and shape selectivity. Nanosized pores allow shape-selective chemistry to be carried out on molecules to large to fit inside zeolites, and the… More

Novel Sorbents for Air Separation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Gokhan O. Alptekin, Dr.
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
79212S Gasification-based power generation processes offer the possibility of economical performance, with higher thermal efficiency and better environmental performance than competing technologies. However, the full commercialization of gasification-based technologies requires additional… More

Nanocolorants for Packaging Films

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Andrew W. Myers, Dr.
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
78823S The packaging industry, the country's third largest industry with sales over $100 billion annually, uses color to great advantage to influence consumer perceptions and purchasing decisions. Although clear, colored plastic packaging is highly desired by the packaging industry, it cannot be… More

High Efficiency and Low-Cost Reforming to Produce Hydrogen

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Jeannine E. Elliott, Dr.
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
78317S Current natural gas reforming plants that produce hydrogen are expensive because of the large capital cost associated with the reformers. The heat required to drive the reforming reaction is transferred in a fired furnace through heat exchangers tubes. Further, the tubes are… More

Multicontaminant Warm Gas Cleanup

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas, Dr.
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
76212S Emission control technologies for IGCC (Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle) plants must address the removal of mercury, sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxides, and particulates. Two types of technologies are available for synthesis-gas clean-up from these plants: (1) hot gas cleanup (which… More

Lithium Ion-Channel Polymer Electrolyte for Lithium Metal Anode Rechargeable Batteries

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Brian Elliot, Dr.
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
75219S Electric vehicles of the future require improved rechargeable batteries with higher performance. Although it is widely accepted that lithium-ion batteries can achieve the performance metrics required for these applications, some technical limitations still must be overcome. Specifically,… More

Delivery of Nanoparticles and Microbial Reagents to Deep Soil for In-Situ Remediation of Contaminated Sites

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Silvia Luebben, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Recent studies show that zero-valent metal nanoparticles, metal-oxide nanoparticles, and microbial reagents are among the most promising remediants for the detoxification of heavily contaminated sites that contain hydrocarbons, halogenated hydrocarbons and metals. Unfortunately, it is difficult to… More

Novel Adsorbents for Desulfurization of High Sulfur Battlefield Fuels

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $120,000.00
Abstract:
The major drawback to the use of proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells as auxiliary power units (APUs) by deployed forces is their inability to directly use battlefield fuels. PEM systems require clean, essentially sulfur-free hydrogen to prevent the poisoning of the anode catalyst. … More

Inexpensive Process for Tungsten Nanopowder Production

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Steven D. Dietz, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Nanostructured tungsten has the potential of exceeding the performance of depleted uranium in kinetic energy devices. To make full density bulk nanocrystalline tungsten, the tungsten powder needs to be less that 20 nm in size, but there currently is no inexpensive and scalable method to… More

Soluble Nano-Catalysts for High Performance Fuels

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: David T. Wickham, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $450,000.00
Abstract:
New weapons systems that incorporate advanced propulsion technologies, such as high speed turbines, ramjets, scramjets, or pulse detonation engines (PDE) are needed. However, these systems place severe demands on combustion and thus methods to improve the combustion process are also required. In… More

Model-Free Prediction of Chemical Reaction Rate Constants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Ronald L. Cook, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The national missile defense system is based on early warning satellites, early warning radars, command centers, and the actual interceptors. The satellites will infrared sensors to "detect" the IR plumes from a missile's booster and determine its approximate trajectory as well as track the missiles… More

Advanced Amorphous Metal Membranes for Hydrogen Separation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
The major drawback to the use of fuel cells as electric generators by deployed forces is their inability to directly use battlefield fuels. Low temperature fuel cells require a relatively pure, concentrated hydrogen stream, with very low levels of sulfur and carbon monoxide in order to prevent… More

New Materials for Smart Fabric Chemical Agent Sensors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: Brian Windecker, Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Defense against chemical weapons is a critical DoD requirement. An effective defense requires the development of a combination of unique clothing systems that provide a physical barrier to toxic vapors, liquids, and aerosols, as well as a system to detect chemical threats. Protective clothing and… More

Chemically Heated Field Autoclave

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Bryan M. Smith, Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
A portable sterilizer for medical and dental instruments is needed to enhance forward medical capabilities. Because current tabletop autoclaves draw in excess of 1000 watts of electrical power, a large and heavy supporting electrical generator is needed to power the autoclave. In designing a… More

Improved Sorbent for Removing Mercury from Hazardous Waste Incinerators

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
The proposed research effort will develp a new, lower-cost and more environmentally benign sorbent system to remove mercury from the flue gases produced by waste combustion incinerators. Current removal systems use dry sorbent injection of activated carbon, which is collected in the fabric filter… More

SBIR Phase I: Production of Mini-Fullerenes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: John M. Alford, Dr
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project aims to develop a new process to manufacture small fullerenes having a size less than conventional fullerenes. Prior research performed has lead to the successful development and commercialization of a combustion process for making fullerenes,… More

SBIR Phase I: Anti-Microbial Vinyl Nanocomposites

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Andrew Myers, Dr
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project aims to develop biocidal nanoparticle additives for thermoplastics, in particular, poly (vinyl chloride). Biocides can now be added as a component during the plastic manufacturing process to make it inherently resistant to microbial attack. PVC… More

Control of Solid Waste Using Low Temperature Oxidation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: David T. Wickham
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
In February 2004 NASA released "The Vision for Space Exploration". The important goals include extending human presence in the solar system culminating in the exploration of Mars and other remote destinations. To accomplish this goal, affordable, new technologies to support long-term missions must… More

Chromate-Free Nanoparticle Corrosion Inhibitors for Steel

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Jeannine Elliott, Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
The corrosion of steel has widespread economic and environmental effects, and the annual cost of corrosion exceeds $275 billion. About 49% of U.S. steel production goes to replace corrodded matal parts and consumer goods. Corrosion also has a significant impact on the environment. Structures such… More

Improved Manufacturing Processes for Advanced Imaging Ag

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Robert D. Bolskar
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Endohedral metallofullerenes are spherical fullerene carbon cages confining one or more metal atoms in their interior spaces. Biomedical applications exploiting special properties of metallofullerenes in different areas are promising, including diagnostic and… More

Additives to Improve Methane Combustion

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: David T. Wickham, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Liquefied methane is a promising fuel for space launch vehicles because it has a high specific impulse, excellent cooling capacity, and is very resistant to coking and soot formation. Unfortunately, it is also a very stable molecule and therefore ignition delay times can exceed combustor residence… More

Automated System for Testing of Catalytic Decontaminants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: CALSPAN-UB RESEARCH CENTER, INC.
Principal Investigator: Bryan M. Smith, Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $100,000.00
RI Contact: David Mangino
Abstract:
Current decontamination systems for chemical warfare (CW) agents require large volumes of liquid, are bulky and corrosive, and a catalytic decontaminant capable of decontaminating large amounts of agents with a small amount of catalyst would be highly desirable. The U.S. Government has sponsored… More

Transportable System for Immediate Decon

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: William L. Bell, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Surfaces and enclosed spaces (such as vehicle crew compartments) that are contaminated with chemical warfare (CW) or biological warfare (BW) agents must be rapidly decontaminated to allow continued operations. Unfortunately, all of the current decon technologies have significant disadvantages, such… More

Molecularly Imprinted, Conducting Polymer-Based Sensors for Infectious Prions

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Shawn A. Sapp, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Since their identification in the early `80s, pathogenic and infectious proteins called prions have been linked to a number of degenerative neurological diseases in humans and animals. The diagnosis and tracking of these transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) is difficult because it can… More

Improved Aluminum Cleaning Method to Prevent Copper Enrichment

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Jeannine Elliott, Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Since pure aluminum is soft and has only moderate strength, aluminum alloys are used for aerospace and other structural applications. However, the copper in these alloys significantly reduces the corrosion resistance of the aluminum. The standard pretreatment used to clean aluminum alloys before… More

An Advanced Rapid Cycling CO2 and H2O Control System for PLSS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Gokhan O. Alptekin
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
NASA's planned future missions set stringent demands on the design of the Portable Life Support Systems (PLSS) used to cool the astronaut and provide them with air. Dramatic reductions in weight, decreased reliance on supplies and greater flexibility on the types of missions are all needed. The… More

High Energy Density Hydrocarbon Nanocluster Propellants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Research Institution: NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL
Principal Investigator: J. M. Alford, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $100,000.00
RI Contact: Chris Brophy
Abstract:
The performance of rockets and missiles is almost always limited by the energy density of the propellant, and the development of new types of higher energy density components remains an important research challenge. The energy density of hydrocarbon propellant components is normally increased by… More

Improved Safe Alternative to Semiconductor Quantum Dots

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Robert D. Bolskar
Award Amount: $99,778.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Quantum dots are recognized as the core materials of a new generation luminescent agents for biolabelling applications. This project will establish proof-of-concept for a new class of non-toxic, metal free quantum dot-like materials. We will synthesize these new… More

Nanostructured Materials for Olefin Oligomerization

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Ronald L. Cook, Dr.
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
Advanced synthetic lubricants have the potential to reduce automotive gas consumption, improve startup in colder U.S. climates, and reduce the quantity of disposed oil. These lubricants could benefit from the development of nanostructured catalysts ¿ a growing class of materials with designed… More

Sorbents for Air Separation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Gokhan O. Alptekin, Dr.
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
Gasification-based power generation processes, such as Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) plants, offer the possibility of higher thermal efficiency and better environmental performance than competing technologies. Yet, additional improvements are needed to reduce their capital and… More

High Efficiency, Low-Cost Reforming to Produce Hydrogen

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Jeannine E. Elliott, Dr.
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
Current natural gas reforming plants that produce hydrogen are expensive because of the large capital cost associated with the reformers. The heat required to drive the reforming reaction is transferred in a fired-furnace through heat exchanger tubes. These tubes are extraordinarily expensive… More

Novel Adsorbents for Desulfurization of High Sulfur Battlefield Fuels

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $730,000.00
Abstract:
The major drawback to using fuel cells as auxiliary power units (APUs) is their inability to directly use battlefield fuels. Polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) systems require clean, essentially sulfur-free hydrogen, and ppm levels of sulfur degrade even solid-oxide fuel cells. Battlefield fuels… More

New Materials for Smart Fabric Chemical Agent Sensors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: Brian Elliott, Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
Defense against chemical weapons is a critical DoD requirement. An effective defense requires the development of a combination of unique clothing systems that provide a physical barrier to toxic vapors, liquids, and aerosols, as well as a system to detect chemical threats. Protective clothing and… More

Improved Sorbent for Removing Mercury from Hazardous Waste Incinerators

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $344,994.00
Abstract:
TDA Research, Inc., (TDA) is developing a novel non-carbon sorbent to control mercury emissions from flue gas from hazardous waste incinerators and coal-fired power plants. The sorbent could be easily injected into the flue gas and could be recovered in the Particulate Control Device (PCD) along… More

Control of Solid Waste Using Low Temperature Oxidation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: David T. Wickham, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $600,000.00
Abstract:
In February 2004 NASA released "The Vision for Space Exploration". The important goals include extending human presence in the solar system culminating in the exploration of Mars and other remote destinations. One of the most critical problems facing such space missions is identification of… More

Additives to Improve Methane Combustion

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: David T. Wickham, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
Liquefied methane is a promising fuel for space launch vehicles because it has a high specific impulse, excellent cooling capacity, and is very resistant to coking and soot formation. Unfortunately, it is also a very stable molecule and therefore ignition delay times can exceed combustor residence… More

Novel Energy Recovery System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Fuel cells are a high efficiency, low footprint and low noise technology that can generate electricity for critical and non-critical military applications aboard Navy ships. Typically shipboard systems are in the 500kWe range. PEM fuel cells only operate on hydrogen gas (H2), that must be… More

Self-Heating Group Ration

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: William L. Bell, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $119,718.00
Abstract:
Prototypes of the Unitized Group Ration - Express (UGR-E) have demonstrated that four six-pound trays or pouches of food can be heated from 40°F to 140°F in 30 to 45 minutes. The UGR-E can provide soldiers with a hot meal when operational tempo makes the standard Unitized Group Ration… More

Self-Heating Group Ration

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: William L. Bell, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $724,342.00
Abstract:
U.S. Army staff at the Natick Soldier Center have developed a single-use self-heating group ration, the Unitized Group Ration - Express (UGR-E). This unique kitchen-in-a-box can provide soldiers with a hot meal when operational tempo makes the standard Unitized Group Ration impractical. Prototypes… More

Durable, Low-Radar Signature Non-Skid Coating for Flight Deck

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Silvia Luebben, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
In this Phase I SBIR Project, TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) will develop a durable, corrosion- resistant, non-skid coating system for flight decks with a significantly reduced radar signature compared to the current state-of-the-art landing materials for aircraft carriers. The new coating system will… More

Man Portable Hydrogen Generation System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The soldier of the twenty-first century will need extended, field deployable, high energy density power sources to run electronic devices such as image displays, range finders, laptop computers, cellular phones, portable digital assistants, and other electronic devices. Currently, the military… More

Novel Fuel Reformer for Undersea Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $98,637.00
Abstract:
The major drawback to the use of fuel cells as electric generators in unmanned undersea vehicles (UUVs) is their inability to directly use battlefield fuels. In order to efficiently use heavy hydrocarbon fuels (e.g., JP-8, diesel, dodecane) in an air independent environment, the fuel must first be… More

Implementation of Manufacturing of an Organic Transparent Thin Film Conductor for Flexible Solar Cells

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Silvia Luebben, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The U.S. Department of Defense has a need for a new generation of photovoltaics (PV) cells and arrays that are economic to make, flexible, rugged and can be constructed on a variety of flexible substrates including thin plastic sheets and fabrics. Transparent, highly conducting materials are needed… More

Soluble Catalysts to Improve Jet Fuel Combustion and Fuel Heat Sink Capacity

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: UNIV. OF UTAH
Principal Investigator: David T. Wickham, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $100,000.00
RI Contact: Scott L. Anderson
Abstract:
Rocket Based Combined Cycle (RBCC) propulsion systems likely will be used to launch next-generation space vehicles. However, in the scramjet portion of the cycle, it is difficult to maintain stable combustion because of the high air velocity and short combustor residence times. In addition, the… More

Nanocomposite Clear Coatings for Repair of Transparent Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Andrew Myers, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Transparent protective materials like goggles and blast shields protect soldiers while allowing visibility. Often made from polycarbonate (PC) plastics, these transparent barriers are very tough; but can be easily scratched by sand, greatly decreasing transparency. Once visibility is impaired,… More

Transportable System for Immediate Decon

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: William L. Bell, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
Surfaces of military vehicles and equipment contaminated with chemical warfare (CW) or biological warfare (BW) agents must be rapidly decontaminated to allow continued operations. Unfortunately, all current decon technologies have significant disadvantages. The most readily available system, the… More

An Advanced Rapid Cycling CO2 and H2O Control System for PLSS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $600,000.00
Abstract:
NASA's planned future missions set stringent demands on the design of the Portable Life Support Systems (PLSS), requiring dramatic reductions in weight, decreased reliance on supplies and greater flexibility on the types of missions. The CO2 and humidity control unit in the existing PLSS design is… More

Low-cost Conversion of High Free Fatty Acid Oils and Fats into Methyl Esters (Biodiesel)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: USDA
Principal Investigator: Brian J. Elliott, Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $80,000.00
Abstract:
Existing biodiesel production methods rely on refined vegetable oils and the refining process adds considerable cost to biodiesel product. This project seeks to develop a new biodiesel production processes that can tolerate unrefined oils and fats containing high levels of free fatty acid, thus… More

Improved Aluminum Cleaning Method to Prevent Copper Enrichment

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Jeannine Elliott, Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
Since pure aluminum has only moderate strength, aluminum alloys are used for aerospace and other structural applications. However, copper in these alloys significantly reduces the corrosion resistance of the aluminum. The standard surface pretreatment used to prepare the aerospace aluminum alloys… More

SBIR Phase I: New N-type Polymers for Organic Photovoltaics and other Electronic Devices

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Silvia D. Luebben, Dr
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will develop a new class of n-type semi-conducting polymers for thin film organic solar cells. High efficiency photovoltaics (PVs) based on inorganic semiconductors have good efficiencies (up to 30%) but are extremely expensive to… More

Sorbents for Desulfurization of Gasoline Blends

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Gokham Alptekin, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Conventionally, deep desulfurization in a refinery is accomplished by a multi-step process including, hydrodesulfurization (HDS) over CoMo/Al203 and NiMo/AL203 catalysts and subsequent removal of the H2S. However, the HDS process is not suited well to produce ultra clean (essentially sulfur free)… More

Biphasic Catalytic Asymmetric Hydrogenation Process

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Steven D. Dietz
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): A major change in pharmaceutical manufacturing is the current shift from batch to continuous processing. Manufacturing costs account for 36% of the industries costs and continuous processing can reduce operating expenses by at least 90% and capital expenses by at… More

Low-Cost Porous Carbons for Ultracapacitors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Steven D. Dietz, Dr.
Award Amount: $99,999.00
Abstract:
Ultracapacitors have the potential to be high-power energy sources for electric and hybrid vehicles. However, current ultracapacitors based on porous carbon electrodes are too expensive for vehicle application, mainly due to the expense of the carbon. An inexpensive porous carbon material, which… More

SBIR Phase I: Low-Cost RFID Dioxin Sensors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Brian Elliott, Dr
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will develop a new material that can selectively detect dioxins and to incorporate this sensor material into a Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tag to produce low-cost dioxin sensors that can be used to monitor the food supply for… More

Novel Non-Carbon Sorbents for Mercury Removal from Coal-Fired Power Plants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Dr.
Award Amount: $99,999.00
Abstract:
Dry sorbent injection represents a new technology for removing mercury from coal-fired power plants. In this approach, the fine powder sorbent is carried along with the flue gas, trapped in an existing particulate control module (where the sorbent continues to contact the gas and absorb mercury),… More

Improved Fullerenes for OPV

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Michael D. Diener, Dr.
Award Amount: $99,999.00
Abstract:
The conversion efficiencies of organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices are limited by their poor response in the red and infrared parts of the solar spectrum. While existing OPVs could be thickened to absorb more photons, this practice would decrease device efficiency by requiring the charge carriers to… More

Catalytic System for Industrial Chemical Manufacture

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas, Dr.
Award Amount: $99,999.00
Abstract:
Oxidation reactions, which use air or oxygen, are used in the manufacture of a wide range of chemicals. The enhancement of oxidation selectivity represents one of the largest opportunities for improving energy efficiency in the chemical industry. One of the most important chemicals (sulfuric… More

Improved Membranes for Hydrogen Separation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Research Institution: Colorado School of Mines
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Dr.
Award Amount: $99,999.00
RI Contact: Phillip R. Romig
Abstract:
Improved hydrogen separation membranes are needed for next generation power systems. Recent advances in metal membrane technology have identified a Pd alloy composite membrane that is not susceptible to embrittlement and poisoning problems, which have prevented widespread industrial use of Pd for… More

Size-Selective Catalytic Process for the Conversion of Sorbitol to Isosorbide

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Brian E. Elliott, Dr.
Award Amount: $99,000.00
Abstract:
Although catalysis has been identified as an important technology, it has only been modestly applied to the production of useful chemicals from biomass. To address this deficiency, this project will develop a new catalytic process to selectively convert sorbitol (a natural sugar produced by wet… More

Self-Repairing Corrosion-Inhibiting Coating

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Ronald L. Cook, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Corrosion is potentially the number one cost driver in lifecycle costs throughout the Department of Defense. The total annual direct cost of corrosion incurred by all the military services for systems and infrastructure has recently been estimated to be as much as $20 billion. Materials, energy,… More

Smart Nanocomposite Coatings

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Jeannine Elliott, Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
The primary defense against the corrosion of steel is the diligent use of protective organic coatings loaded with soluble corrosion inhibitors. Not only are chromates toxic and increasingly regulated, but because these inhibitors are continually released from the coatings, they must be incorporated… More

Thermally-Stable Catalysts for Methane Reforming to Improve Combustion and Increase Heat Sink Capacity

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: David Wickham, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Liquefied methane is a promising fuel for space launch vehicles because it has a high specific impulse, excellent cooling capacity, and is very resistant to coking and soot formation. Unfortunately, it is also a very stable molecule and therefore ignition delay times can exceed combustor residence… More

Escape Respirators for First Responders

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): First responders are the men and women who are first on the scene of a natural or man-made disaster. They are also the last to leave the scene. First responders are policemen, firemen, and emergency medical technicians. There are 11 million state and local first… More

An Oxygen Re-Breather System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
When transport aircraft must operate unpressurized at higher altitudes, the crewmember is required to carry a portable oxygen supply system to move around the cabin. Current low pressure oxygen bottles do not provide enough emergency oxygen for aircrews to perform duties in the cabin/cargo area… More

CO2 Generator for Vector Surveillance

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Brady Clapsaddle, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $69,999.00
Abstract:
Civilian and military organizations throughout the world perform vector surveillance to identify and control diseases transmitted by arthropods. The arthropod traps used for vector surveillance perform better when baited with carbon dioxide gas (CO2) in addition to using light as an attractant. … More

Rapid Cure, Environmentally Acceptable Liquid Shim

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Silvia Luebben, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
During aircraft assembly, a liquid shim is applied before joints are mechanically fastened to make the joined surfaces fit tightly and to strengthen the joints. Current liquid shims provide excellent physical properties but typically require 8 hours or more to cure and 5-7 days to develop full… More

Immediate Biodecon System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: William L. Bell, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Surfaces of military vehicles and equipment that are contaminated with biological warfare (BW) agents must be rapidly decontaminated to maintain operational tempo. Unfortunately, all of the current biodecontamination technologies have significant disadvantages, such as limited storage stability, or… More

Wall-Mounted Thermally Stable Catalysts For Augmentor Flame Stabilization

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: James Nabity, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Future high-speed missiles need highly efficient turbine engines able to operate over a wide flight envelope. High turbine exhaust temperatures and missile packaging constraints have led to the integration of the fuel injectors into flameholder devices, the so-called close-coupled augmentor. … More

Direct-to-Metal Interior Ship Coating with Nanoparticle Corrosion Inhibitors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Jeannine Elliott, Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Anti-corrosion coatings are critical to protecting and maintaining the integrity of U.S. Navy ships. Current naval ships utilize a protective coating system that consists of separate primer and topcoat films, both individually applied. This practices contributes significantly to the ship's… More

A Novel Syngas Purification System to Support Mobile Synthetic Fuel Plants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The military is interested in the development of mobile systems to produce Fischer Tropsch (FT) synthetic fuels from local resources in the combat theater (natural gas, crude oils, biomass, coal, etc.) and has supported the development of various high throughput FT reactors, gasifiers and FT… More

Nanofluids for Heat Transfer Enhancement in Aircraft Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Brian Elliott, Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Get thisThe Air Force has a desire to investigate the use of nanofluids as a means to reduce the size and weight of thermal management systems used in advanced aircraft. Nanofluids, traditional heat transfer fluids containing dispersed metal oxide nanoparticles, have up to a 50% increase in thermal… More

Modular High Power Fuel Cell Design

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Fuel cells operating on high sulfur logistics diesel fuel (NATO F-76, JP5, JP8) offer a viable means to provide distributed ship service and forward deployed base electrical power. However, a major drawback to the use of fuel cells as electric generators by deployed forces is their inability to… More

Robust, High-Efficiency, Low-Toxicity Corrosion Inhibitors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Ronald L. Cook, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $80,000.00
Abstract:
The actions of effective corrosion inhibitors are tied to their structures and their electronic properties. While there have been many studies of these relationships, there have been few instances of where the design of new corrosion inhibiting molecules resulting from the models. Furthermore,… More

JP-5 Desulfurization System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
The major drawback to the use of fuel cells as electric generators and auxiliary power units (APUs) by deployed forces is their inability to directly use battlefield fuels. Both Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cells and the Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) require a clean, essentially sulfur-free… More

Magnetic Catalysts for Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Dr
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
A viable alternative to crude oil is needed to moderate the effect of oil price hikes and provide an interim bridge until some other fuel source can commercially supplant petroleum-based fuels. Fischer-Tropsch (FT) synthesis is the most economically viable method of converting coal into… More

O2 Sorbents for Oxy-Combustion, Breakthrough Performance Improvements on Supporting Systems for Post Combustion CO2 Capture

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: DGokhan Alptekin, Dr
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Oxy-fuel combustion has the potential to dramatically decrease the environmental impact of producing electrical power, especially because it can be retrofit to existing pulverized coal power plants. In this technology, an oxygen combustion process replaces the traditional combustion of coal in air.… More

Sorbents for Desulfurization of Refinery Off-Gases

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Dr
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Many refinery off-gases are sent to flare, which contributes to energy loses and greenhouse gas emissions. Instead, these off-gases could be converted into valuable chemicals such as hydrogen. However, the production of hydrogen uses a nickel-based steam reforming catalyst, which would be poisoned… More

A Novel Catalyst for Cyclohexane Oxidation, Catalysis, Heterogeneous Catalysis

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Brady Clapsaddle, Dr
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Adipic acid is the primary starting material for the manufacture of nylon polymers, one of the 50 largest volume chemicals produced in the United States. However, the production of adipic acid, which is produced by a two-stage oxidation of cyclohexane, is notoriously inefficient and environmentally… More

RFCC Catalysts for Chemical Feedstocks

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Steven Gebhard, Dr
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Heavy petroleum and tar sand bitumen reserves in the Western Hemisphere rival those found in the Middle East, but they have higher concentrations of sulfur, metals, and aromatics, which make them more expensive to process. One important area that has not been extensively investigated is using these… More

Hot Fuel-Gas Sorben System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Ambal Jayaraman, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Technical Abstract: Coal is a major source of both electricity production and greenhouse gases (i.e., carbon dioxide, CO2). To minimize the effect on the environment, CO2 capture is required; but previous capture technologies have been both inefficient and expensive. Coal Gasification can produce… More

Development of Improved Spin Probes for Aging Research

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Research Institution: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA AT SA
Principal Investigator: John M. Alford
Award Amount: $183,754.00
RI Contact: N/A
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): There is currently a need for improved spin probes to help with the diagnosis of and fundamental research into diseases mediated by reactive oxygen species (ROS). This is especially true for the study of age related dis eases, since oxidative damage accumulates… More

Low-cost Biodiesel Production Process Using Meat Rendering Wastes, Recycled Greases and Unrefined Vegetable Oil Feedstocks

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Brian J. Elliott, Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Biodiesel is a fuel that is made from processing vegetable oil or animal fats into a liquid fuel that can be combusted in a standard diesel engine with no modifications. Boidiesel is made from renewable feedstocks, does not contribute to global warming and can be made from domestically agricultural… More

MnO Sorbent for Enhanced Water Gas Shift

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Jeannine E. Elliott, Dr
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The U.S. needs reliable and clean energy sources for sustainable economic growth and a secure future. The DOE FutureGen project aims to convert coal to hydrogen that would be used as fuel for fuel cells and/or a gas turbine. To achieve this goal, and to support clean hydrogen and power production… More

Improved Fullerenes for OPV

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Michael D. Diener, Dr
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
Economically viable photovoltaic (PV) technology would allow the US to replace some fraction of its current, CO2-producing electrical generating capacity with emissions-free solar electricity. In particular, bulk heterojunction organic photovoltaics (BHJ OPV) have the potential to be far less… More

Low-Cost Porous Carbons for Ultracapacitors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Steven D. Dietz, Dr
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
Ultracapacitors have the potential to be high-power energy sources for electric and hybrid vehicles. However, current ultracapacitors based on porous carbon electrodes are too expensive for vehicle application, mainly due to the cost of the carbon. What is needed is an inexpensive porous carbon… More

Catalytic for Chemical Manufacture

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas, Dr
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
Sulfuric acid, which is used primarly in the manufacture of phosphate fertilizers, is produced in greater volume than any other industrial chemical. Sulfuric acid is made by first burning sulfur to produce SO2, reacting the SO2 over a catalyst to produce SO3, and then absorbing the SO3 into water… More

Self-Regulating Freezable Heat Exchanger and Radiator

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Research Institution: Portland State University
Principal Investigator: James Nabity, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $100,000.00
RI Contact: N/A
Abstract:
At present, both the astronaut's metabolic heat and that produced by the Portable Life Support System are rejected to space by a sublimator that consumes up to 8 pounds of water per use; the single largest expendable during an eight-hour EVA. Unfortunately, this will not be acceptable for lunar and… More

Thermally-Stable Catalysts for Methane Reforming to Improve Combustion and Increase Heat Sink Capacity

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: David T. Wickham, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
Liquefied methane is a promising alternative to JP-7 and hydrogen as a fuel for hypersonic vehicles because it is easier to handle than hydrogen and also has a higher specific impulse and is more resistant to coke than JP-7. Unfortunately, methane is difficult to burn in a scramjet and needs to… More

A Nanotechnology Approach to Lightweight Multifunctional Polyethylene Composite Materials for Use Against the Space Environment

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Michael D. Diener, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Polyethylene-based composite materials are under consideration as multifunctional structural materials, with the expectation that they can provide radiation shielding, micrometeorite shielding, and pressure containment during interplanetary missions. While ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene… More

Process For Converting the Low Value Glycerol Co-Product from Biodiesel Production Into High Value Polyglycerol

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: USDA
Principal Investigator: Brian J. Elliott
Award Amount: $80,000.00
Abstract:
This project will develop and evaluate a new process for converting glycerol (the by-product of biodiesel production) into a higher value product, polyglycerols. Polyglycerols are non-toxic and can be used as environmentally friendly plasticizers in biodegradable plastics, and also in lubricants or… More

A Compact Membrane Reactor Methanol Reformer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: COLORADO SCHOOL OF MINES
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $100,000.00
RI Contact: J. D. Way
Abstract:
Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) fuel cells require a relatively pure, concentrated hydrogen stream, with very low levels of sulfur and carbon monoxide (CO) in order to prevent poisoning of the fuel cell anode catalyst. In addition, removing inerts and impurities (such as CO2) from the hydrogen… More

Improved Membranes for Hydrogen Separation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / STTR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Research Institution: Colorado School of Mines
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Dr
Award Amount: $750,000.00
RI Contact: Douglas Way
Abstract:
Improved hydrogen separation membranes are needed for next generation power systems. Recent advances in metal membrane technology have identified a Pd alloy composite membrane that is not susceptible to embrittlement and poisoning problems, which have prevented widespread industrial use of Pd for… More

Soluble Catalysts to Improve Jet Fuel Combustion and Fuel Heat Sink Capacity

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: UNIV. OF UTAH
Principal Investigator: David T. Wickham, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $750,000.00
RI Contact: Scott L. Anderson
Abstract:
Currently, there is a strong need to develop new air breathing propulsion systems to launch vehicles into space, and Rocket Based Combined Cycle (RBCC) propulsion systems likely will be used for this purpose. In the scramjet portion of the cycle, it is difficult to maintain stable combustion, and… More

STTR Phase I: Actively Controlled Self-Aspirating Microelectromechanical (MEMS) Fuel Atomizer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Research Institution: Univ of CO Boulder
Principal Investigator: James P. Nabity, Mr
Award Amount: $150,000.00
RI Contact: John W. Daily
Abstract:
This Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Phase I research project will develop a self-aspirating microelectromechanical (MEMS) atomizer for timed fuel injection into carbureted engines. The liquid fueled carburetor most commonly used in small gasoline fueled engines meters, injects and mixes… More

Superior Coatings for Semiconductor Quantum Dots

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Robert D. Bolskar
Award Amount: $99,668.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Semiconductor quantum dot nanoparticles are potent fluorphores for in vitro and in vivo imaging. Their tunable, size-dependent and strong emission characteristics make them outperform standard organic dyes in many appli cations. However, a drawback to developing… More

Carbon Antioxidants to Prevent Diabetic Complications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Michael D. Diener
Award Amount: $174,403.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Overproduction of superoxide by mitochondria has been demonstrated to be common to various pathways of hypergylcemic damage. Normalizing superoxide production, by supplemental superoxide dismutase e.g., eliminates the i ncreases in advanced glycation… More

Sorbents for Desulfurization of Gasoline Blends

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Gokham Alptekin, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $345,000.00
Abstract:
Conventionally, deep desulfurization in a refinery is accomplished by a multi-stage process including, hydrodesulfuriztion (HDS) over CoMo/Al2O3 and NiMo/ Al2O3 catalysts and subsequent removal of the H2S. However, the HDS process is not suited well to produce ultra clean (essentially sulfur free)… More

SBIR Phase II: New N-Type Polymers for Organic Photovoltaics and other Electronic Devices

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Silvia D. Luebben, PhD
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase II project aims to develop a new family of n-type conjugated semiconducting polymers for use in plastic photovoltaics and other organic electronic devices. New n-type semiconducting polymers with good solubility, environmental stability, and high charge… More

SBIR Phase II: Anti-Microbial Vinyl Nanocomposites

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Andrew A. Myers, PhD
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR ) Phase II project will develop biocidal nanocomposites to protect plastics such as polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Biocides can now be added as a component during the plastic manufacturing process to make it inherently resistant to microbial attack. PVC is a… More

Fullerene Immunoconjugates for Cancer Imaging and Treatment

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Robert D. Bolskar
Award Amount: $407,904.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In this collaborative project between TDA Research, Rice University and M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, we will develop new metallofullerene-taxol-antibody conjugates for combined cancer imaging and treatment. Fullerenes a re non-toxic carbon cage molecules with a… More

Biphasic Catalytic Asymmetric Hydrogenation Process

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Steven D. Dietz
Award Amount: $747,547.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): A major change in pharmaceutical manufacturing is the current shift from batch to continuous processing. Manufacturing costs account for 36% of the industries costs and continuous processing can reduce operating expense s by at least 90% and capital expenses by… More

Cooling Suit for First Responders

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): When responding to a chemical spill or other hazardous cleanup operation, first responders must frequently wear a level A hazardous materials suit. These suits protect the first responder from chemical exposure by compl etely sealing the wearer against external… More

High-capacity, High-rate Thermal Storage System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Robert Copeland, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
When the average thermal dissipation requirement is substantially lower than the peak requirement, a thermal storage system is an excellent candidate. The system takes up the brief, high-powered pulse and dissipates it slowly. This strategy shrinks the system and reduces the weight of the system.… More

Flexible, Lightweight, Low-Cost Organic Photovoltaics with Improved Efficiency

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Shawn A. Sapp, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Both manned and unmanned off-Earth missions of the future will require very lightweight, high efficiency, flexible and durable photovoltaic (PV) arrays to generate electric power. Current PV technology horizons do not meet the requirements for expanded mission capability. Although inorganic PVs… More

Immediate Biodecon System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: William L. Bell, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
Surfaces of military vehicles and equipment that are contaminated with biological warfare (BW) or chemical warfare (CW) agents must be rapidly decontaminated to maintain operational tempo. Previous work has shown that an electrochemically generated liquid decon solution is effective against the… More

Implementation of Manufacturing of an Organic Transparent Thin Film Conductor for Flexible Solar Cells

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Silvia D. Luebben, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
The U.S. Department of Defense needs a new generation of photovolotaic (PV) arrays that are economic to make, flexible, rugged, and can be supported on a variety of substrates, including thin plastic sheets and fabrics. Transparent, highly conducting materials are needed to replace the brittle and… More

Novel Fuel Reformer for Undersea Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $732,231.00
Abstract:
The major drawback to the use of fuel cells as electric generators in unmanned undersea vehicles (UUVs) is their inability to directly use battlefield fuels. In order to efficiently use heavy hydrocarbon fuels (e.g., JP-8, diesel, dodecane) in an air independent environment, the fuel must first be… More

New Low Work Function, Transparent Electrodes for Robust Inverted-Design OLEDs

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Research Institution: CO State Univ
Principal Investigator: Shawn Sapp, Dr
Award Amount: $100,000.00
RI Contact: Vincent Bogdanski
Abstract:
Organic Light Emitting Diodes ,OLEDs, currently suffer from materials stability and shortened device lifetimes when driven to the levels required for general illumination. Although much progress has been made to extend the life of these devices, their lifetimes are still not adequate when driven to… More

One-to-one Bleach Replacement with an Electrochemical Bleach Generator

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Brian France, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Deployed U.S. forces use bleach, a 5% solution of sodium hypochlorite, for water purification, surface sanitization, general cleaning as well as fresh fruit and vegetable processing. However, bleach is difficult to transport and has a short shelf life, making it is highly desirable to produce the… More

Breathable Elastomer Membrane for Chemical Agent Protection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: UNIV. OF COLORADO
Principal Investigator: Brian J. Elliott, Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $100,000.00
RI Contact: Douglas Gin
Abstract:
Defense against chemical weapons is a critical DoD requirement. An effective defense requires the development of unique clothing systems that are a physical barrier to toxic vapors, liquids, and aerosols. In addition, the protective material must be permeable to water to reduce incapacitating heat… More

Insensitive Munitions Solutions for Large Scale Solid Rocket Motors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: J. M. Alford, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Under normal conditions, modern munitions are very unlikely to explode or burn accidentally even though they are composed of very hazardous materials. However, the propellants and explosives can be set off by heat or shock and triggered by fire, bullets, or shell fragments; it is this problem that… More

Hydrolysis of Chemical Warfare Agents Using an Organocatalyst

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Aaron Skaggs, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
In this SBIR Phase I project we propose to develop small molecule organocatalysts to detoxify chemical warfare (CW) agents under ambient conditions. The organocatalyst could be incorporated into the topcoat of vehicles, where it would be already present and immediately go to work if the surface… More

Mesoporous Sorbents for Oxidative Desulfurization of JP-8

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
The major drawback to the use of fuel cells as electric generators and auxiliary power units (APUs) by deployed forces is their inability to directly use battlefield fuels. Both Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cells and the Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) require a clean, essentially sulfur-free… More

Solid Electrolytes with Wide Temperature Operating Range for LiCFx Batteries

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Brian J. Elliott, Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
This SBIR Phase I project seeks to develop thermally stable high-energy LiCFx batteries to satisfy mission operational temperature requirements of the Joint Tactical Radio System (JTSR) Handheld Manpack. Operations require batteries with capacities of 12 Ah over the temperature range from V40,aC to… More

Design of Novel Brain-like Materials for Neural Interfacing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Research Institution: UNIV. OF PITTSBURGH
Principal Investigator: Silvia Luebben, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $99,000.00
RI Contact: Xinyan T. Cui
Abstract:
In recent years there has been an increased interest in the development of microelecrode arrays for implantation in the brain in the hope of stimulating paralyzed body parts, providing blind people with artificial vision, and allowing disabled people to operate a computer-controlled prosthetic… More

A MEMS Pulsed Injection Electrostatic Atomizer for Small Engines

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: UNIV. OF COLORADO AT BOULDER
Principal Investigator: James Nabity, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $100,000.00
RI Contact: John W. Daily
Abstract:
The Army needs energy dense, portable power generation and propulsion units. In order to reduce the consumables and simplify logistics, very small engines (defined as a power rating of less than 5 hP) need to be fueled with readily available logistic fuels, such as JP-8 and diesel. Unfortunately,… More

Process-intensified Low-Cost Biodiesel Production using Meat Rendering Waste, Greases, and Food Wastes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Brian Elliott, Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Biodesel is a fuel that is made from processing vegetable oil or animal fats into a liquid fuel that can be combusted in a standard diesel engine. Biodiesel is made from a renewable resource such as soybeans or tallow, does not contribute to global warming, and can be made from domestic resources.… More

Rapid Cure, Environmentally Acceptable Liquid Shim

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Silvia D. Luebben, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
Liquid shims are filled, viscous resins used in the assembly of modern composite aircraft to fill small gaps between structural components and prevent stress concentration at fasteners. Current liquid shims provide excellent physical-mechanical properties but they must cure for eight hours before… More

Wall-Mounted Thermally Stable Catalysts For Augmentor Flame Stabilization

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: James Nabity, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $747,025.00
Abstract:
High-performance turbine engines are an attractive means to power high speed aircraft and missiles. Although the basic turbine generates substantial thrust, an augmentor (or afterburner) provides even greater thrust margin and can accelerate the vehicle to much higher cruise Mach number. … More

CO2 Generator for Vector Surveillance

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Brady Clapsaddle, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $713,799.00
Abstract:
Civilian and military organizations throughout the world perform vector surveillance to identify and control diseases transmitted by arthropods. The arthropod traps used for vector surveillance perform better when baited with carbon dioxide gas (CO2) in addition to using light as an attractant. … More

Magnetic Catalysts for Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Dr
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
Among the candidate resources to produce liquid fuels ¿ biomass, oil sands, oil shale, and coal ¿ coal is the most promising, with over 250 billion tons of known domestic reserves. Fischer-Tropsch (FT) synthesis is the most economically promising method of converting coal into transportation… More

RFCC Catalysts for Chemical Feedstocks

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Steven Gebhard, Dr
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
When heavy oil and tar sands are accounted for, the petroleum reserves of the Western Hemisphere rival those of the Middle East. Unfortunately, many Western Hemisphere crudes are highly aromatic and contain more metals and sulfur than the light crudes that are currently processed in refineries. … More

Improved Manufacturing Process for Advanced Imaging Agents

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Robert D. Bolskar
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Endohedral metallofullerenes are spherical fullerene carbon cages confining one or more metal atoms in their interior spaces. Several promising biomedical applications that exploit the special properties of metallofull erenes are being developed, including… More

Transcutaneous electrical stimulation of conductive polymers to promote nerve re-

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $233,841.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Intrinsically Conducting Polymers (ICPs) have good biocompatibility and can be used as substrates to deliver electrical stimulation to anchorage-dependent cells such as osteoblasts, endothelial cells and neurons. This t ype of stimulation speeds up cells' growth… More

Low-Cost Conversion of High Free Fatty Acid Oils and Fats into Methyl Esters (Biodiesel)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: USDA
Principal Investigator: Brian J. Elliott, Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $350,000.00
Abstract:
Biodiesel does not contribute to global warming, is non-toxic and reduces our nation's dependence on foreign oil while promoting economic opportunities for agriculturally related communities in rural America. However, the process of extracting and purifying the crude or recycled oils adds… More

Sorbents for Desulfurization of Refinery Off-Gases

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Dr
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
The off-gases from various refinery operations could be converted into valuable chemicals, such as hydrogen, instead of being sent to flare, where they contribute to energy loses and greenhouse gas emissions. However, refinery off-gases contain large concentrations of sulfur and other impurities. … More

Lanthanide Radionuclide Production

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Research Institution: N/A
Principal Investigator: John M. Alford
Award Amount: $179,250.00
RI Contact: N/A
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Major advances have recently been made in the development of monoclonal antibody-based radioimmunotherapy cancer treatments, and several of these next generation antibody treatments have demonstrated good efficacy in hu man trials and are currently awaiting FDA… More

Novel Catalytic Ammoxidation Process

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Steven Gebhard, Dr.
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Acrylonitrile is an important chemical intermediate used to produce acrylic fibers, synthetic rubber, and other polymers. These polymers are formed into products as diverse as fabrics, containers, automobile parts, packaging, and other consumer products. Current catalysts for the production of this… More

Reactive Distillation Process

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Brian J. Elliott, Dr.
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Biodiesel fuel is made by processing vegetable oil or animal fat into a liquid fuel that can be combusted in a standard diesel engine with no modifications. Biodiesel does not contribute to global warming, is non-toxic, and reduces our nation¿s dependence on foreign oil while promoting economic… More

Novel Catalysts to Maximize Gasoline Yields

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Dr.
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
A viable alternative to crude oil is needed to moderate the effect of oil price hikes and provide an interim bridge until some other fuel source can commercially supplant petroleum-based fuels. The Fischer-Tropsch (FT) process, used in the production of liquid fuels from coal, is run on a commercial… More

Novel Sorbents for Removal of Mercury, Arsenic, Sulfur and Halides from Coal-Derived Synthesis Gas

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Dr.
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Gasification technologies convert coal and other heavy feedstocks into synthesis-gas feed streams that can be used as a fuel for highly efficient power generation cycles or can be converted into value-added chemicals and transportation fuels. However, coal-derived synthesis gas contains a myriad of… More

Hydrogen Production for Refineries

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas, Dr.
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Refineries in the U.S. are processing increasingly heavy sour crudes, largely derived from the Western Hemisphere. Processing and upgrading these heavy feedstocks requires considerable quantities of hydrogen, which is needed to remove metals, sulfur, and nitrogen. Unfortunately, upgrading refineries… More

Firefighter Mask

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Each year, an estimated 80,000 fire fighters battle wildfires, spending long durations at the fire front where they are exposed to high levels of smoke and heat. Sudden changes in weather or fire conditions increase the chances of being entrapped by a wildfire… More

A Portable Microreactor System to Synthesize Hydrogen Peroxide

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Ambal Jayaraman, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
In the event that vehicles of buildings become contaminated by hazardous chemical or biological materials, a well-studies and effective decontaminant is hydrogen peroxide vapor (HPV). Unfortunately, the current technology for generating HPV requires 35 wt.% hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) as a precursor,… More

Process-intensified Low-Cost Biodiesel Production using Meat Rendering Waste, Greases, and Food Wastes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Brian Elliott, Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $345,000.00
Abstract:
Biodiesel is a fuel that is made by processing vegetable oil or animal fats into a liquid fuel that can be combusted in a standard, unmodified diesel engine. The use of biodiesel reduces CO2 emissions by over 80% compared to petroleum and it reduces our dependence on foreign oil while promoting… More

Flexible, Lightweight, Low-Cost Organic Photovoltaics with Improved Efficiency

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Shawn A. Sapp, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $600,000.00
Abstract:
Both manned and unmanned off-Earth missions of the future will require very lightweight, inexpensive, high efficiency, flexible and single-use photovoltaic (PV) arrays to generate electric power. Current PV technology horizons do not meet the requirements for expanded mission capability. Although… More

A MEMS Pulsed Injection Electrostatic Atomizer for Small Engines

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: University of Colorado at Boulder
Principal Investigator: James Nabity, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $750,000.00
RI Contact: john W. Daily
Abstract:
The Army needs energy dense, portable power generation and propulsion units. In order to reduce the consumables and simplify logistics, very small engines (defined as a power rating of less than 5 hP) need to be fueled with readily available logistic fue

Breathable Elastomer Membrane for Chemical Agent Protection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: University of Colorado
Principal Investigator: Brian J. Elliott, Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $749,999.00
RI Contact: Douglas Gin
Abstract:
Defense against chemical weapons is a critical DoD requirement. An effective defense requires the development of unique clothing systems that are a physical barrier to toxic vapors, liquids, and aerosols. In addition, the protective material must be perme

Novel Nanomaterials for Environmental Protection of Special Operations Divers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / SOCOM
Principal Investigator: Jeannine Elliott, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Environmental protection is a critical need for special operations forces which dive in cold water during their missions. Thermally protective diving suit must be able to provide significant thermal barriers as well as withstand high compressive loads when underwater. Current diver wet suits and… More

Desulfurization of Biogas Derived from Animal Manure

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: USDA
Principal Investigator: Gokhan O. Alptekin, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $80,000.00
Abstract:
TDA is developing a cost effective and flexible desulfurization technology to clean-up biogas generated from waste streams fuels that allow its use in highly efficient fuel cell-based combined heat and power systems. Better and efficient use of these under-utilized biowastes could replace major… More

High Capacity Anodes for Advanced Lithium Ion Batteries

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: John Olson, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Lithium-ion batteries are slowly being introduced into satellite power systems, but their life still presents concerns for longer duration missions. Future NASA goals for retuning to the Moon and the manned exploration of Mars will demand increased specific energy and life from batteries. The… More

A Compact Medical Oxygen Generator for Spacecraft

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
An on-board oxygen concentrator is required during long duration manned space missions to supply medical oxygen. Commercial medical oxygen generators are pressure swing adsorption (PSA) based systems that use nitrogen selective zeolites and are mostly large, massive, and power intensive. TDA… More

Ultra High Barrier Nanocomposites

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Andrew W. Myers, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
As the length of manned space missions increase, requirements to sustain those missions increase proportionately. Daily food supplies require food packaged and sent from earth, preparation mechanisms and waste treatment. The window for food preservation could be 3-5 years. This will require food… More

Low Toxicity Corrosion Inhibitors for Smart Coatings

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Ronald L. Cook, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The Kennedy Space Center (KSC) is located near one of the most corrosive natural environments in the world. Corrosion of KSC ground assets is exacerbated by the highly acidic exhaust of the Shuttle Solid Rocket Boosters (SRBs). During launch approximately 17 tons of hydrochloric acid are generated… More

Hydrolysis of Chemical Warfare Agents Using an Organocatalyst

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Aaron Skaggs, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $354,590.00
Abstract:
TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) proposes to develop small molecule organocatalysts to detoxify chemical warfare (CW) agents of the V and G classes. The organocatalyst could be incorporated into the topcoat of vehicles, where it would be already present and immediately go to work if the surface became… More

Sorbents for Warm Temperature Removal of Arsenic and Phosphorous from Coal-Derived Synthesis Gas

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Dr.
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Gasification converts coal and other heavy feed stocks into synthesis gas feed streams that can be used as a fuel for highly efficient power generation cycles. However, coal-derived synthesis gas contains a myriad of contaminants (e.g. arsenic, phosphorous, sulfur) that not only may be regulated in… More

Low-cost Hydrodeoxygenation Process for Converting Algae-derived Oil into Aviation Fuels

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Brian Elliott, Dr.
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This project will develop and evaluate a new process for converting algae-derived vegetable oil into a renewable diesel-like aviation fuel. The process uses a new approach to hydro-deoxygenation (HDO) and does not produce any unwanted glycerol as a by-product (as does the conventional biodiesel… More

Novel Sorbents for Removal of Mercury, Arsenic, Sulfur and Halides from Coal-Derived Synthesis Gas

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Dr.
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
Although the Fischer-Tropsch (FT) process for the production of liquid fuels from coal, natural gas, and biomass is run on a commercial scale in both South Africa and Malaysia, several challenges remain, in particular, the need to supply a clean, essentially-contaminant-free synthesis gas feed… More

Novel Catalytic Ammoxidation Process

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Steven Gebhard, Dr.
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
Acrylonitrile is an important chemical intermediate used to produce acrylic fibers, synthetic rubber, and other polymers. Current catalysts for the production of acrylonitrile operate at high temperatures, making the processes energy intensive, and generate large quantities of unwanted byproducts,… More

Escape Respirator for First Responders

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): First responders are the men and women who are first on the scene of a natural or man- made disaster. They are also the last to leave the scene. First responders are policemen, firemen, and emergency medical technicians . There are 11 million state and local… More

Firefighter Mask

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas
Award Amount: $850,934.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Each year an estimated 80,000 fire fighters battle wildfires, spending long durations at the fire front where they are exposed to high levels of smoke and heat. Sudden changes in weather or fire conditions increase the chances of being entrapped by a wildfire or… More

Nanocomposite UHMWPE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Michael D. Diener
Award Amount: $157,069.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In this SBIR Phase I project we aim to improve the key mechanical properties of highly cross-linked ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene by forming composites with a unique new dual purpose nanoparticulate reinforce ment/antioxidant. Ultrahigh molecular… More

A Compact CO Oxidation System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $80,000.00
Abstract:
Navy aircraft is equipped with an On-Board Oxygen Generation System (OBOGS) to supply the pilot and the crew with supplemental oxygen for high altitude operation. However, Navy aircraft are usually closely spaced while waiting for take-off from aircraft carriers, and the jet engine exhaust… More

A Novel Vent Waste Recovery System for Ultracapacitors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
The high voltage charge of an ultracapacitor can create high temperatures, and during this time gases are generated due to thermal evaporation, chemical reactions and electrochemical reactions. While venting of these gases may help to control the pressure build-up within the ultracapacitor,… More

Multimetal Corrosion Control for Otto Fuel Tanks and Engines

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Ronald Cook, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
The MK-48 torpedo was originally developed in the 1960s and went into active service in 1971. It is designed to combat both enemy nuclear submarines and high performance surface ships. Through a series of modifications, the offensive capability of the torpedo has kept up with advances in enemy… More

Hydrogen Production for Refineries

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas, Dr.
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
Refineries in the U.S. are processing increasingly heavy sour crudes that contain metals, sulfur, and high molecular weight aromatic hydrocarbons. Many sour crudes originate in the Western Hemisphere, including heavy crudes from Venezuela, southern California, and the enormous quantities of oil… More

Improved, Safer Alternatives to Semiconductor Quantum Dots

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Robert D. Bolskar
Award Amount: $749,885.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The principal aim of this project is to create a new class of fluorophore materials that have quantum-dot like emission properties but do not contain any toxic elements. Bright emitting fluorophores are needed for newly emerging applications such as cellular and… More

A New Three-Part Architecture for Efficient and Stable Bulk Heterojunction OPV Devices

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Michael Diener, Dr.
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Rapid and encouraging progress in bulk heterojunction organic photovoltaics (BHJ OPV) has made this technology one of the most promising for inexpensively generating electricity from sunshine. However, power conversion efficiencies remain at about 60% of what is thought to be required for… More

Novel Catalytic Alkane Oxidation Process

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas, Dr.
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Ethanol is a versatile chemical that is used as a chemical solvent, sterilizer, antifreeze, chemical intermediate, and an oxygenate in fuels. Ethanol is produced primarily by fermentation of grains; however, a few industrial processes manufacture high purity ethanol from the hydration of ethylene. … More

End of Life Service Indicator

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): First responders and chemical workers must be able to function in environments where chemical hazards are present. Industrial workers need protection against hazardous chemicals used in the workplace and HAZMAT personne l need respiratory protection when dealing… More

Liquid Salt Redox Couples for Utility Scale Flow Batteries

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: John Olson, Dr.
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind energy, offer several benefits to society, including reductions in foreign imported oil and reduced emissions. However, both solar and wind energy are intermittent in nature; for these energy sources to supply significantly large continuous… More

Self-Assembled Rare Earth Doped Nanostructured Metal Aluminate Phosphors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Ronald Cook, Dr.
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
With the development of efficient blue-emitting LEDs and UV-emitting LEDs, the production of efficient white light sources, by combining LEDs with appropriate phosphors, is at hand. The white light can produced by coating the LEDS with a phosphor that absorbs a proportion of the blue/UV light… More

Low-Cost Polymer Flocculant for Algae Production

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Brian Elliott, Dr.
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Microalgae are unicellular microorganisms that can produce up to 60% of their mass in vegetable oil. They are cultivated in water, consume CO2, and are 50 times more productive than oilseed crops for producing oil on a per acre basis. The lipids they produce can be converted into biofuels such as… More

Refractory Metal Coating for Electromagnetic Launcher Rails

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: University fo Nevada, Reno
Principal Investigator: Stephen Paglieri, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
RI Contact: Jennifer Booth, MPA
Abstract:
Electromagnetic launchers or rail guns are a key component of the Navy's all-electric ship of the future, but they lack the durability required for repeated firings. TDA Research and the University of Nevada, Reno (UNR) are developing a tough, durable and conductive refractory metal coating that… More

Low Toxicity Corrosion Inhibitors for Smart Coatings

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Ronald L. Cook, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $600,000.00
Abstract:
The Kennedy Space Center maintains approximately $2 billion worth of ground support facilities to support its launch vehicle program. Maintenance of the ground facilities is a difficult and ongoing task since the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) is located in one of the most aggressive corrosion… More

Cooling Suit for First Responders

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas
Award Amount: $1,489,474.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): When responding to a chemical spill or other hazardous cleanup operation, first responders must frequently wear a level A hazardous materials suit. These suits protect the first responder from chemical exposure by completely sealing the wearer against external… More

CO2 Removal from Mars EMU

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
CO2 control for during ExtraVehicular Activity (EVA) on mars is challenging. Lithium hydroxide (LiOH) canisters have impractical logistics penalties, and regenerable metal oxide canisters weigh too much. Cycling bed systems and permeable membranes that are regenerable in space vacuum cannot vent on… More

A Novel System for Extraction of Atmospheric CO2

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The cost and availability of logistic fuels is becoming an important factor to the success of the military operations. There is also extra vulnerability rendered by the military's dependence on this sole energy source for all operations. Hence, the army is interested in developing capability to… More

Tent Trap for Vector Surveillance of Disease-Carrying Flies

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Brady Clapsaddle, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Civilian and military organizations throughout the world perform vector surveillance to identify and control diseases transmitted by arthropods. Human disease vectors such as mosquitoes are attracted to human odors, and standard traps use CO2 as a surrogate for a human attractant. Human landing… More

System for Decontaminating Well Water for Drinking

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas
Award Amount: $218,191.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Approximately 15% of the U.S. population gets their drinking water from wells, cisterns and springs. As a result, over 45 million people do not have access to water that has been processed in a water treatment plant. Th is is not necessarily bad, as most… More

Mesoporous Sorbents for Oxidative Desulfurization of JP-8

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Principal Engineer – (303) 940-2349
Award Amount: $728,407.00
Abstract:
The major drawback to the use of fuel cells as electric generators and auxiliary power units (APUs) by deployed forces is their inability to directly use battlefield fuels. Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) require a clean, essentially sulfur-free feed stream to prevent poisoning of the anode catalyst.… More

A Portable Microreactor System to Synthesize Hydrogen Peroxide

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Ambal Jayaraman
Award Amount: $225,000.00
Abstract:
Hydrogen peroxide vapor (HPV) is an effective and well studied decontaminant for vehicles and buildings contaminated by hazardous chemical or biological materials. Unfortunately, the current technology for generating HPV requires 35 weight percent hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) as a precursor, which is… More

Application of Novel Insect Repellent Formulations to Military Clothing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Brady Clapsaddl, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Vector-borne diseases plague hundreds of millions of people worldwide, including U.S. soldiers who operate abroad. To reduce the impact of vector-borne diseases on military operations, the Military employs the arthropod repellent system, which combines a permethrin-treated uniform with the use of… More

A Universal Battery Management System Using Novel Algorithms for Battery Health

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: John Olson, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Battery Management Systems (BMS) are critical components of lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery packs. They improve safety, extend life, ensure reliability and thereby reduce costs. However, without careful design and implementation they can actually degrade battery performance, result in lower… More

Solid-Fueled Micro Colloid Thruster for Nanosatellites

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Jim Nabity, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Most satellite propulsion systems use energetic liquid propellants or compressed gas to produce thrust. While acceptable for the primary payload, they are not favored for secondary payloads, such as a cluster of nanosatellites, due to the substantial risk that they present to the primary payload. … More

The Direct Numerical/Large Eddy Simulation of Fuel Sprays into Combustors and Augmentors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: James Nabity, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $80,000.00
Abstract:
A turbine engine combustor can be modeled with computational fluid dynamics, however due to current constraints on computing speeds the engine models do not have sufficient detail for accurate quantitative predictions. The sub models for chemistry, turbulence, and fuel injection tend to be grossly… More

Innovative Coating for Protection of 5000-Series Aluminum Alloys

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Jeannine Elliott, Principal Chemical Engine
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Anti-corrosion coatings are critical to protecting and maintaining the integrity of U.S. Navy ships. The steel and aluminum metal on the marine vessel must be protected from the high humidty and salt spray of the marine environment. 5000 series aluminum used on naval ships is a very corrosion… More

Universal Atmospheric Scrubber for SDS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
High levels of carbon dioxide (CO2) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) can rapidly accumulate in the confined spaces of Advanced Seal Delivery Systems (ASDS) and Deep Submergence Systems (DSS). Although both single-use chemical based canisters and recycling systems are available to remove CO2… More

Desulfurization of Biogas Derived from Animal Manure

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: USDA
Principal Investigator: Gokhan O. Alptekin, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $400,000.00
Abstract:
Farms and dairies generate byproducts containing more than 2 quadrillion Btu of energy per year. This energy is either not used at all or used in old and inefficient processes. Particularly, the use of biogas generated from bio-waste in distributed fuel cell systems presents a realistic, near-term… More

Recovery Act - Reactive Distillation Biodiesel Process

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Brian Elliott, Dr.
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
Biodiesel is a fuel that is made by processing vegetable oil or animal fat into a liquid fuel that can be combusted in any diesel engine. Using biodiesel reduces greenhouse gas emissions and reduces our nation

Tunable O2 Generation for UUVs

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
The majority of the unmanned undersea vehicles (UUVs) run on batteries. However, extended missions (or high-power, short-duration missions) require a much higher energy density than can be stored in batteries. Fuel cells, such as the Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFCs) Systems, can be very efficient and… More

Recovery Act - Production Scale-up of Nanoporous Carbons for Ultracapacitors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Steven Dietz, Dr.
Award Amount: $1,000,000.00
Abstract:
Ultracapacitors have the potential to be high-power energy sources for electric and hybrid vehicles. Current ultracapacitors based on microporous carbon electrodes have low capacitance and high resistance, mainly because almost all of the carbon

Thermochemical Biofuels Production from Biomass Waste Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Brian E. Elliott
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
This project will develop and evaluate a new process for converting biomass waste into diesel fuel. The diesel made from biomass will be a direct substitute for ultra low-sulfur diesel (defined by ASTM D 975). The biomass waste will first be converted into pyrolysis oil and then upgraded to diesel.… More

Post-SOFC Residual Fuel Oxidizer for CO2 Capture

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Jeannine Elliott, Dr.
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The U.S. needs reliable and clean energy sources for sustainable economic growth and a secure future. Currently 40% of U.S. power is produced from pulverizied coal-fired boilers. Power generation systems based on solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology are an attractive alternative for coal-fueled… More

Poison Resistant Water-Gas-Shift Catalyst for Biomass and Coal Gasification

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas, Dr.
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The U.S. has estimated 24 billion tonnes of coal, which at current rates of consumption is enough to last about 200 years. The general problem is how to prevent the 80+ billions tonnes of carbon dioxide from being emitted into the atmosphere when using this resource. One way to decrease the amount… More

Novel Catalytic Alkane Oxidation Process

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas, Dr.
Award Amount: $1,000,000.00
Abstract:
Ethanol is a versatile chemical that is used as a chemical solvent, sterilizer, antifreeze, chemical intermediate, but mostly an oxygenate in fuels. Ethanol is produced primarily by fermentation of grains; however, there are a few industrial processes that manufacture high purity ethanol, mostly… More

Low-cost Removal of Dissolved Solids and Fermentation Inhibitors for Cellulosic Ethanol

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: USDA
Principal Investigator: Brian J. Elliott, Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $90,000.00
Abstract:
While significant progress has been made in the conversion of cellulosic biomass to fuel ethanol, it has not yet been commercialized on a wide-scale because a number of important technical problems remain unsolved. If these challenges can be overcome, cellulosic ethanol is much more promising as a… More

Recovery Act - Brackish and Wastewater Cleanup for Process Cooling

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas, Dr.
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
Thermoelectric power generation accounts for about 136 billion gallons per day of fresh water withdrawals, primarily used for cooling. Increasing competition between domestic, agricultural and other uses has put pressure on utilities to find alternative sources of cooling water. Currently,… More

Recovery Act - Production Scale-up of Nanoporous Carbons for Ultracapacitors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Steven Dietz, Dr.
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
Ultracapacitors have the potential to be high-power energy sources for electric and hybrid vehicles. Current ultracapacitors based on microporous carbon electrodes have low capacitance and high resistance, mainly because almost all of the carbon

Method for Co-Feeding Biomass and Coal for Gasification

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Steven Gebhard, Dr.
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Almost all of the energy consumed by the U.S. comes from fossil fuels. Essentially alltransportation fuels come from oil and most electricity is generated from coal. With essentiallyall transportation fuels coming from petroleum, and 70% of electricity coming from coal ornatural gas, it is… More

A New Three-Part Architecture for Efficient and Stable Bulk Heterojunction OPV Devices

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Michael Diener, Dr.
Award Amount: $1,000,000.00
Abstract:
Rapid and encouraging progress in bulk heterojunction organic photovoltaics (BHJ OPV) has made them one of the most promising new technologies for inexpensively generating electricity from sunshine. However, power conversion efficiencies remain about ~60% of what is thought to be required in order… More

Recovery Act - Brackish and Wastewater Cleanup for Process Cooling

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas, Dr.
Award Amount: $1,000,000.00
Abstract:
Thermoelectric power plants and refineries use large quantities of water for cooling, placing large demands on conventional water resources. This is especially true in arid locations, where groundwater may be the only source. To ease the burden and free up conventional water resources for… More

Novel Method for Conversion of Biomass to Fuel

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas, Dr.
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Ethanol is a versatile chemical with many industrial uses, but most ethanol is used as a fuel or fuel additive. Ethanol is produced primarily by fermentation of grains, but if it could instead be made from the syngas produced thermochemically from biomass gasification, a valuable fuel could… More

Poison-Tolerant WGS Catalyst for Biomass-Coal Co-Gasification Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Dr.
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Gasification technologies convert coal and biomass into synthesis gas feed streams that can be used as a chemical feedstock to Coal-Biomass-to-Liquids (CBTL) processes. The CBTL process can produce transportation fuels and value added chemicals. It uses domestic feedstock, has a greenhouse gas… More

Inexpensive Carbon Matrix for High Performance Lithium Sulfur Batteries

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: John Olson, Dr.
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Batteries with multi-electron redox materials offer promise for increased performance relative to state of the art lithium-ion batteries. Lithium-sulfur (Li/S) batteries have two electron cathode materials (in addition to a lithium metal anode) and better than two times the specific energy of Li-ion… More

Recovery Act - Reactive Distillation Biodiesel Process

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Brian Elliott, Dr.
Award Amount: $1,000,000.00
Abstract:
The US Department of Energy is promoting the development of renewable transportation fuels to reduce our dependence on foreign oil. The DOE also has an interest in promoting new technologies that take advantage of the excess reactive distillation capacity that has resulted from regulations on… More

New Sorbents to Contol CO2 and Multi-Contaminant Emissions

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin – (303) 940-2349
Award Amount: $80,000.00
Abstract:
"The oil refining industry is one of the most significant sources of greenhouse gas emissions, with considerable contribution from downstream activities. CO2 emissions from refineries rank third among the stationary producers (after power and cement industries), accounting for about 4% of the… More

A Compact, Portable Oxygen Generator

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin – 303-940-2300
Award Amount: $149,996.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In this Phase I SBIR project, TDA Research, Inc. will develop a compact, lightweight portable oxygen concentrator (POC) for medical operations and carry out a breadboard demonstration to produce continuous flow of enriched oxygen (O2) from ambient air. The new… More

CO2 Removal from Mars EMU

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $599,145.00
Abstract:
A practical CO2 control system for ExtraVehicular Activity (EVA) on Mars have not yet been developed. TDA Research, Inc. proposes to develop a durable, high-capacity, continuously regenerable sorbent that can remove CO2 from the breathing loop. The energy for regeneration is provided by the… More

Helium-Hydrogen Recovery System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Research Institution: Colorado School of Mines
Principal Investigator: Steven Paglieri, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $100,000.00
RI Contact: Michele Land
Abstract:
Immense quantities of expensive liquefied helium are required at Stennis and Kennedy Space Centers for pre-cooling rocket engine propellant systems prior to filling with liquid hydrogen, for pressurizing tanks and for safely purging residual hydrogen. Presently, the helium used in these processes is… More

Sorbents for Toxic-Metal Removal in Pharmaceutical Development and Manufacture

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas – 303-940-2321
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Sorbents for Toxic-Metal Removal in Pharmaceutical Development and Manufacture SBIR Phase I Application P.I.: Girish Srinivas, TDA Research, Inc. The overall project goal is to minimize toxic impurities in pharmaceuticals that arise during drug synthesis. Toxic… More

Low-Temperature Joining of SiC-Matrix Composites

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Michael D. Diener, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,860.00
Abstract:
The outstanding properties of silicon carbide (SiC) include excellent specific strength, extreme chemical resistance, tremendous hardness, and retention of its high strength at very high temperatures. The brittleness typically associated with a ceramic can be mitigated by forming composites with… More

Dense CO2 Membrane

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Dr. – 303-940-2349
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) systems have emerged as one of the most viable power generation technologies that enable carbon capture and sequestration. However, technological improvements in supporting subsystems are still needed to reduce the capital and operating costs of IGCC… More

A Novel Sorbent to Reduce CO2 Emissions from Existing Coal-Fired Power Plants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Dr. – 303-940-2349
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
The electricity produced from fossil fuels is essential to the prosperity and security of the world. On the other hand, increasing atmospheric CO2 concentrations caused by the fossil fuel combustion are causing concerns regarding global warming. Although there are several methods for separating CO2… More

Poison Resistant Water-Gas-Shift Catalyst for Biomass and Coal Gasification

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas, Dr.
Award Amount: $1,000,000.00
Abstract:
Co-feeding biomass with coal in a gasification-based synthetic fuels plant has the potential to reduce CO2 emissions by 50% or more. Unfortunately, the catalysts currently used to convert the syngas from the coal-biomass gasifier are poisoned by compounds that originate in the biomass and coal.… More

Novel Method for Conversion of Biomass to Fuel

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas, Dr.
Award Amount: $1,000,000.00
Abstract:
The United States needs efficient and cost-effective methods to convert biomass into liquid transportation fuels. Thermochemical gasification of biomass into synthesis gas followed by catalytic conversion into liquid fuels is a promising approach. One particularly attractive liquid fuel is ethanol.… More

A New Polymer from Bio-Oil

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Silvia Luebben – (303) 940-2317
Award Amount: $80,000.00
Abstract:
"Project Opportunity The vast majority of today’s polymers, plastics, foams, synthetic fiber, adhesives, and coatings are made from oil, which is non-renewable, non-biodegradable, depends in large part on foreign sources, is highly sensitive to regional conflicts, and has a large carbon… More

Pipeline-Quality Methane from Anaerobic Digestion Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Ambal Jayaraman – (303) 940-5291
Award Amount: $80,000.00
Abstract:
"Large farms and feedlot operations produce large quantities of manure in a small area. Anaerobic digester units capable of producing pipeline quality methane installed at each farm or dairy could be instrumental in eliminating the difficulties associated with the transport of manure off site. If… More

Design of Novel Brain-like Materials for Neural Interfacing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Research Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Principal Investigator: Silvia Luebben, Senior Chemist – (303) 940-2317
Award Amount: $741,545.00
RI Contact: Xinyan Cui
Abstract:
In recent years there has been increased interest in the development of microelecrode arrays for implantation in the brain to stimulate paralyzed body parts, to provide blind people with artificial vision, and to allow disabled people to operate a computer-controlled prosthetic device. Current… More

Novel Propellants for Variable Thrust/Isp Colloid Thrusters

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: University of Colorado at Boulder
Principal Investigator: James Nabity, Principal Engineer – (303) 940-2313
Award Amount: $499,994.00
RI Contact: John W. Daily
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Advanced spacecraft will demand thrusters that provide both extremely efficient operation for attitude control and high thrust for orbital transfer maneuvers, albeit with lower specific impulse. The colloid thruster, the most efficient of the electric thruster concepts, forms a Taylor… More

High Strength Amorphous Metal Alloy for Penetrator Noses and Cases

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Stephen N. Paglieri, Senior Engineer – (303) 940-2335
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
Kinetic penetrators are currently made of depleted alloys of uranium or tungsten, which are both toxic heavy metals that are harmful to human health and the environment. Amorphous metals have the high strength, fracture toughness and surface erosion resistance needed to replace uranium and tungsten… More

High Capacity Primary Battery for Expendable SUAS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: John Olson, Senior Chemist – (303) 261-1122
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Air launched small unmanned aerial systems (SUAS) are limited by the current use of lithium-ion batteries (~150 Wh/kg) for power. To obtain a 4 hour run time of Group 1 SUAS a new battery technology is needed. TDA Research has discovered a fundamentally new battery cathode chemistry for high… More

Flat UV-Cured Powder Coatings

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Jeannine Elliott, Principal Chemical Engineer – (303) 261-1142
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
UV curable powder coating is an attractive technology which has far less environmental impact. Than conventional coating processes. Since powder systems are solvent-free they reduce air pollutants and reduce waste streams by eliminating the disposable of leftover wet paint. For these reasons the… More

Ultra-Low-Cost and Stable OPV

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Michael Diener, Principal Chemist – (303) 940-2314
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Bulk heterojunction organic photovoltaics (BHJ OPV) are a promising technology for converting sunlight into electricity because, in principle, they can be manufactured by coating a wide range of substrates by various solutions containing the organic (and inorganic) materials. However, current BHJ… More

Energy-Efficient Hybrid Water Purification

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Steven D. Dietz, Senior Scientist – (303) 940-2312
Award Amount: $69,865.00
Abstract:
Today"s military must be highly mobile and carry all necessary equipment and supplies with them. A major limitation to mobility is the need to carry fresh water. Although there are military systems that are very effective in treating any source water for drinking, the size, weight, energy… More

Application of Novel Insect Repellent Formulations to Military Clothing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Brady Clapsaddle, Senior Scientist – (303) 261-1145
Award Amount: $355,125.00
Abstract:
Vector-borne diseases plague hundreds of millions of people worldwide, including U.S. soldiers who operate abroad. To reduce the impact of vector-borne diseases on military operations, the Military employs the arthropod repellent system, which combines a permethrin-treated uniform with the use of… More

A Compact CO Oxidation System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Principal Engineer – (303) 940-2349
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
Navy aircraft are equipped with an On-Board Oxygen Generation System (OBOGS) to supply the pilot and the crew with supplemental oxygen for high altitude operation. However, Navy aircraft are usually closely spaced while waiting for take-off from aircraft carriers, and the jet engine exhaust… More

Solid-fueled Micro Colloid Thruster

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Research Institution: University of Colorado at Boulder
Principal Investigator: James Nabity, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $124,998.00
RI Contact: Kathleen Lorenzi
Abstract:
Nanosatellites are receiving increased interest since they are proving reliable for surveillance, communication and other space missions. Also, the possibility of launching "constellations" of them offers unique capabilities for low-cost experimentation, sensing and communications in… More

A Self-Regulating Freezable Heat Exchanger for Spacecraft

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Research Institution: University of Colorado at Boulder
Principal Investigator: Jim Nabity, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $124,976.00
RI Contact: Kathleen Lorenzi
Abstract:
A spacecraft thermal control system must keep the cabin (both air and its structure if manned) and electronic equipment within a narrow temperature range even though the environment may vary from very cold to warmer than room temperature. Since water is safe to use and an excellent coolant (other… More

On Demand Energy Activated Liquid Decontaminants and Cleaning Solutions

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: Battelle Memorial Institute
Principal Investigator: C. B. France, Senior Chemist – (303) 940-2357
Award Amount: $100,000.00
RI Contact: K. D. Monson
Abstract:
On-site activated decontaminants are ideal because the activated solution is highly reactive and can quickly destroy chemical and biological warfare agents, but prior to activation the decontaminant ingredients can be safely stored for years, shipped, handled and have a long shelf life. TDA"s… More

Computer-Controlled Force Generator

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Douwe Bruinsma, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $124,970.00
Abstract:
TDA Research, Inc proposes to develop a compact, low power, high life-cycle computer controlled Programmable Force Generator (PFG) that can generate any force between 0 and 700 lbf during any phase of the exercise motion. The proposed device uses a closed loop control system to maintain the… More

Sorbents for Toxic-Metal Removal in Pharmaceutical Development and Manufacture

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas – 303-940-2321
Award Amount: $1,000,000.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION: The overall project goal is to develop sorbents that remove catalytic metals used in drug synthesis, which if not adequately removed between synthetic steps and from the final active pharmaceutical ingredients, can lead to toxic side-effects.Sorbents are being designed to meet new U.S.… More

Ambient Temperature Oxidation Catalyst for Ethylene Control in Fresh Produce Containers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: USDA
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Principal Engineer – 303-940-2349
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The respiration of fresh fruits and vegetables (FF & V) converts oxygen from the surrounding atmosphere into carbon dioxide, moisture and ethylene. While ethylene is used under controlled conditions as a ripening agent, the presence of even small amounts of ethylene gas in shipping and storage… More

Sustainable Green Diesel Production: Upgrading Biomass Waste Pyrolysis Oil

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: USDA
Principal Investigator: Brian J. Elliott, Principal Chemical Engineer – 303-940-2341
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The explosive growth of biofuels in recent years has shown that there is great potential for biomass to be a raw material for the production of transportation fuels. Possibly the most economical means to produce biofuels is by the liquification of biomass (fast pyrolysis) and subsequent upgrading.… More

A Novel Sorbent to Reduce CO2 Emissions from Existing Coal-Fired Power Plants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Dr. – 303-940-2349
Award Amount: $1,000,000.00
Abstract:
The electricity produced from fossil fuels is essential to the prosperity and security of the world. On the other hand, increasing atmospheric concentrations of CO2 caused by the fossil fuel combustion is causing concern regarding global warming. Although there are several methods for separating… More

Crack-free, Oxidation-Immune Coatings for Carbons

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Michael Diener, Dr. – 303-940-2314
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
Carbon materials have been proposed for the control rod structural materials of the next-generation nuclear power plant. Both graphite and carbon fiber carbon matrix [C/C] composites have many outstanding qualities for this application, but they are subject to rapid oxidation by air and water at… More

High Performance Activated Carbons for Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: John Olson, Dr. – 303-261-1122
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
Although lead-acid batteries are relatively inexpensive, they have very short life in a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV). The problem is the result of poor charge acceptance at the negative plate, and can be dramatically improved with conductive carbon additives. High surface area activated carbons… More

Warm Gas Multi-contaminant Removal System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Dr. – 303-940-2349
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
Gasification technologies convert coal and biomass into synthesis gas feed streams that can either be used as a fuel for highly efficient power generation cycles or converted into value-added chemicals and transportation fuels. However, coal-derived synthesis gas contains a myriad of contaminants… More

Enhanced Fischer-Tropsch Catalysts for Conversion of Biomass and Coal to Transportation Fuels

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Dr. – 303-940-2349
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
Although the FT process is run on a commercial scale in both South Africa and Malaysia, several challenges face the production of liquid fuels from coal, including the attrition resistance of the catalyst and downstream hydrocarbon separation. The FT process could also benefit from a highly… More

Pipeline-Quality Methane from Anaeronbic Digestion Streams

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Ambalavaman Jayaraman – (303) 940-5391
Award Amount: $300,000.00
Abstract:
Large farms and feedlot operations produce large quantities of manure in a small area. Anaerobic digester units capable of producing pipeline quality methane installed at each farm or dairy could be instrumental in eliminating the difficulties associated with the transport of manure off site. If… More

Coatings for Rb Vapor Cells

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Michael D. Diener, Senior Chemist – (303) 940-2314
Award Amount: $149,998.00
Abstract:
Diode-pumped alkali laser systems (DPALS) are under development for high-energy airborne laser defense systems due to their extremely high theoretical optical efficiency, efficient thermal management, and comparatively small footprint. However, traditional antireflection coatings for the optics used… More

Energetic Nanoparticles for High Impulse Reduced Smoke Propellants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: James Nabity, Principal Engineer – (303) 940-2313
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: U.S. tactical air-to-air missiles provide exceptional performance to the warfighter, yet even higher performance is needed to expand the no-escape zone when engaging enemy aircraft. Ultimately, the missile flight performance depends upon rocket motor total impulse, which can only be… More

Air Force Designer Soap for Industrial Wastewater Treatment

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: C. B. France, Senior Chemist – (303) 940-2357
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Industrial cleaning operations produce waste streams that must be treated to remove toxic industrial contaminants such as dissolved heavy metals. Standard commercial cleaners are effective but contain chelating agents to help mitigate hard water scaling. These chelating agents are… More

New Syntheses of Chlorinated High Energy Density Explosives

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Robert D. Bolskar, Principal Chemist – (303) 940-2329
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazacyclohexane, also known as RDX, is one of the most important and widely used nitramine explosives in military applications. It is highly desirable to improve the performance and stability of explosives beyond the benchmark of RDX in order to better meet modern military… More

Energetic Surface Modification of Aluminum Nanoparticles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas, Principal Engineer – (303) 940-2321
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
Due to its favorable combustion properties, aluminum is the material of choice in metalized nanoparticle formulations for energetic materials; however, the full potential of aluminum nanoparticles has not been realized due to the presence of a nascent oxide layer (Al2O3) that surrounds the… More

Corrosion Inhibiting Surface Treatment for Uncoated Marine-Grade Aluminum Alloys

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Jeannine Elliott, Principal Chemical Engine – (303) 261-1142
Award Amount: $149,999.00
Abstract:
Marine-grade aluminum alloys (5XXX-series) are increasingly being used in naval combatants because they have high strength and high corrosion resistance. In order to decrease weight these corrosion resistant marine-grade aluminum alloys are not painted with the conventional primer and low solar… More

A Universal Battery Management System with Advanced Diagnostic Algorithms

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: John Olson, Senior Chemist – (303) 261-1122
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
Electric ships and other Naval applications employing batteries (and ultracapacitors) for energy storage need a universal battery management system (BMS) that can diagnose device degradation and ensure safe operation. The Navy currently faces a difficult situation; where each energy storage device… More

Flat UV-Cured Powder Coating

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Jeannine E. Elliott, Principal Engineer – (303) 261-1142
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: UV-curable powder coating is an attractive technology which produces a high quality coating with far less environmental impact than conventional coating processes. Powder systems are solvent-free and thus they reduce air pollution emission and reduce waste by eliminating the disposable of… More

Tunable O2 Generation for UUVs

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Principal Engineer – (303) 940-2349
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
The majority of the unmanned undersea vehicles (UUVs) run on batteries. However, extended missions (or high-power, short-duration missions) require a much higher energy density than can be stored in batteries. Fuel cells, such as the Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFCs) Systems, can be very efficient and… More

Protection of 5XXX Aluminum from Stress Corrosion Cracking

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Jeannine Elliott, Principal Chemical Engine – (303) 261-1142
Award Amount: $298,628.00
Abstract:
Ship superstructures are increasingly being constructed from marine-grade aluminum alloys (5XXX-series) because they are lightweight and strong. However, sensitized 5XXX series alloys are vulnerable to inter-granular corrosion which manifests itself as stress corrosion cracking (SCC) and exfoliation… More

A Novel System for Extraction of Atmospheric CO2

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Principal Engineer – (303) 940-2349
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
The cost and availability of logistic fuels is becoming an important factor to the success of the military operations. There is also extra vulnerability rendered by the military"s dependence on this sole energy source for all operations. Hence, the army is interested in developing capability… More

Passivation Method for Aluminum Nanoparticles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas, Principal Engineer – (303) 940-2321
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Due to its favorable combustion properties, aluminum is the material of choice in metalized nanoparticle formulations for energetic materials; however, the full potential of aluminum nanoparticles has not been realized due to the presence of a nascent oxide layer (Al2O3) that surrounds the… More

Energy-Efficient Hybrid Water Purification System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Steven Dietz, Senior Engineer – (303) 940-2312
Award Amount: $729,995.00
Abstract:
Today"s military must be highly mobile and carry all necessary equipment and supplies with them. A major limitation to mobility is the need to carry fresh water. Although there are military systems that can treat any source water for drinking, their size, weight and large energy requirements… More

UHMWPE Composite Materials for Joint Implants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Michael D. Diener – 303-940-2314
Award Amount: $149,997.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In this SBIR Phase I project the key mechanical properties of ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) joint implant materials will be improved by creating a composite material with carbon reinforcements. UHMWPEhas long been widely used in joint implants,… More

Tear-Resistant and Elastic Tissue Adhesive for Craniofacial Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Silvia D. Luebben – 303-940-2338
Award Amount: $162,032.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Alkyl 2-cyanoacrylates have been used as surgical glues and liquid band aids for years. Current cyanoacrylates have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to close incised skin, repair minor abrasions,and are used as a barrier against certain… More

Development of New Atomic-Based EPR Spin Probes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: John M. Alford – 303-940-2304
Award Amount: $149,056.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Development of New Atomic-Based EPR Spin Probes Summary/Abstract The use of electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) methods in medicine is a rapidly advancing field. There has been significant progress in the past decade,and EPR may soon be used to guide the… More

Helmet-Mounted Thermal Sensor for First Responder Burn-Saver Device

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DHS
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The personal protective equipment (PPE) worn by firefighters (turnout Gear, SCBA, helmet, etc.) protects the wearer against burns and hazardous environments. Unfortunately, they work so well that they decrease the firefighter's situational awareness, in particular their ability to notice… More

Novel Vector Survaillance Trap for Flying Insects

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Brady Clapsaddle, Senior Chemist – (303) 261-1145
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
Civilian and military organizations throughout the world perform surveillance to combat vector-borne disease. Of particular concern to the U.S. military are mosquito genera Anopheles, Aedes and Culex, which are important vectors for malaria, dengue and West Nile virus respectively, and sand fly… More

High Capacity Hybrid Ultracapacitors for HEVs

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: John Olson, Dr. – 303-422-7763
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
Mild and power assist hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) have power requirements that require high power energy storage unattainable by current batteries. To compensate, batteries are oversized, leading to excess cost and weight. In addition, micro HEVs use lead-acid batteries that have short life with… More

A Novel Exhaust After Treatment Catalyst

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Dr. – 303-940-2349
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
Diesel engines are more efficient than gasoline powered engines, but their use results in high Emissions of particulate matter, nitrogen oxides, volatile organic compounds and carbon monoxide. New low temperature catalyst materials are needed for exhaust after-treatment to meet the demands of the… More

Conversion of Algal Biomass to Drop-In Fuels

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Brian Elliott, Dr.
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
This project will develop and evaluate a new process for converting algal biomass into renewable drop-in fuels. Renewable fuels are liquid fuels made from biomass that are a direct substitute for the standard, petroleum- derived fuels. For example, renewable diesel has a higher heat of combustion… More

Encapsulating Waste Disposal Methods

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Brian France – 303-940-2357
Award Amount: $80,000.00
Abstract:
The release of chemical and biological agents on a large scale urban environment would be devastating. The amount of waste generated during such an event would be comparable to a tornado ripping through a town. Building materials, furniture, office materials, building insulation, wood structures… More

Warm Gas Multi-contaminant Removal System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Dr.
Award Amount: $1,000,000.00
Abstract:
Gasification technologies convert coal and biomass into synthesis gas feed streams that can either be used as a fuel for highly efficient power generation cycles or converted into value-added chemicals and transportation fuels. However, coal-derived synthesis gas contains a myriad of contaminants… More

Low Temperature Trash Gasification Reactor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Robert Copeland, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $124,998.00
Abstract:
Converting in-situ resources into propellants, energy storage reactants, or other useful products at the site of exploration, known as in-situ resource utilization (ISRU), instead of transporting these supplies from Earth can significantly reduce the cost and risk of human exploration while at the… More

Computer-Controlled Force Generator

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Douwe Bruinsma, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $699,985.00
Abstract:
TDA Research, Inc. is developing a compact, low power, Next-Generation Exercise Device (NGRED) that can generate any force between 5 and 600 lbf. We use a closed loop control system and a servo motor to smoothly and accurately simulate the gravitational and inertial loads of lifting a weight on… More

A First Response Crew Mask for Ammonia, Hydrazine and Combustion Products

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $125,000.00
Abstract:
The increasing frequency of International Space Station (ISS) egress operations results in chemical contamination of the spacecraft environment. Among the most important contaminants are propellant residues (such as hydrazine) and their decomposition by-products, as well as coolants such as ammonia… More

A Self-Regulating Freezable Heat Exchanger for Spacecraft

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / STTR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Research Institution: University of Colorado at Boulder
Principal Investigator: Robert A. Copeland, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $687,217.00
RI Contact: Anselmo Serralheiro
Abstract:
A spacecraft thermal control system must keep the vehicle, avionics and atmosphere (if crewed) within a defined temperature range. Since water is non-toxic and good for heat transport, it is typically used as the coolant that circulates within the crew cabin boundary. This loop then interfaces with… More

Responsive Sequestration Coating

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: Brian J. Elliott, Principal Chemical Engineer – (303) 940-2341
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
TDA Research, Inc. and the University of Colorado at Boulder will team together to develop a responsive sequestration coating for chemical warfare agents. The coating will be easily applied to surfaces where it will cover and contain chemical warfare agents on vehicles or other hardware known or… More

Soft and Elastomeric Intramuscular Electrode with Therapeutic Delivery Capability

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Principal Investigator: Silvia D. Luebben, Principal Chemist – (303) 940-2317
Award Amount: $150,000.00
RI Contact: X. T. Cui
Abstract:
Approximately 5-6% of military injuries involve some form of major peripheral nerve injury with little chance of spontaneous healing. Currently these injuries lead to major impairment of voluntary muscle function in the limbs and extremities, making tasks of walking, reaching, grasping, etc. very… More

Dispersible Very High Extinction UVA Absorbers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Robert Bolskar, Principal Chemist – (303) 940-2329
Award Amount: $80,000.00
Abstract:
TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) proposes new materials with exceptionally high absorbance in the ultraviolet that are designed to be used as obscurants to defeat the dual-band tracking systems used in modern missile systems. The Navy seeks advanced obscurant materials that will protect military assets such… More

On Demand Energy Activated Liquid Decontaminants and Cleaning Solutions

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: Battelle Memorial Institute
Principal Investigator: C. B. France, Senior Chemist – (303) 940-2329
Award Amount: $462,861.00
RI Contact: K. D. Monson
Abstract:
Decontamination of chemical and biological threats demands a very reactive solution. It is ideal to generate the decontaminants on-site: the activated decontaminant is highly reactive and quickly destroys chemical and biological warfare agents; prior to activation the ingredients can be safely… More

Optically Covert Detection of Trace WMD Residues

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: W. W. Ellis, Senior Chemist – (303) 261-1128
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
It is challenging to detect CBRN weapons production facilities that are hidden in residential and industrial neighborhoods. Once the weapons are manufactured, they will be sealed and removed from the site of production, so developing techniques to reveal the presence of the weapons will likely be… More

Biodegradable, Biocompatible Conductor for Resorbable Medical Implants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Silvia D. Luebben, Principal Chemist – (303) 940-2317
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Advances in biodegradable materials have allowed the development of a variety of resorbable medical devices that do no need to be removed at the end of their service because they degrade within the body into not toxic by-products. However, devices that contain electronic components are still nearly… More

Energetic Surface Modification of Aluminum Nanoparticles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas, Principal Engineer – (303) 940-2321
Award Amount: $455,393.00
Abstract:
Due to its favorable combustion properties, aluminum is the material of choice in metalized nanoparticle formulations for energetic materials; however, the full potential of aluminum nanoparticles has not been realized due to the presence of a nascent oxide layer (Al2O3) that surrounds the… More

Corrosion Inhibiting Surface Treatment for Uncoated Marine-Grade Aluminum Alloys

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Jeannine Elliott, Principal Chemical Engine – (303) 261-1142
Award Amount: $736,198.00
Abstract:
Marine-grade aluminum alloys (5XXX-series) are increasingly being used in naval combatants because they have high strength and high corrosion resistance. In order to decrease weight, these corrosion resistant marine-grade aluminum alloys are not painted with the conventional primer and low solar… More

Quantum Dot Sensors for Superfund Priority Substances

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Robert D. Bolskar – 303-940-2329
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The principal aim of this project is to obtain proof-of-concept for a new nanotechnology-based sensor material for rapid and sensitive fluorescence detection of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polychloro biphenyls (PCBs). Simple, cheap and safe… More

Ambient Temperature Oxidation Catalyst for Ethylene Control in Fresh Produce Containers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: USDA
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Vice President, Technology – 303-940-2349
Award Amount: $450,000.00
Abstract:
The respiration of fresh fruits and vegetables (FF & amp;V) converts oxygen from the surrounding air into carbon dioxide, moisture and ethylene. While ethylene is used under controlled conditions as a ripening agent, the presence of even small amounts of ethylene gas in shipping and storage… More

A New Renewable Polymer from Bio Oil

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: USDA
Principal Investigator: Silvia D. Luebben, Principal Chemist – 303-940-2317
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This project will develop a catalytic process to manufacture a new renewable and degradable bio-plastic that could be used to replace polyethylene in many applications, including those that constitute a large part of land and ocean litter such as bags, food packaging and disposable tableware.

A Regenerable Sorbent for Deep Desulfurization of Alpha Pinene

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: USDA
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Vice President, Technology – 303-940-2349
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The production of turpentine in the U.S. exceeded 301,000 tons in 2004 (Romney 2004) and the production of resin acids exceeded 800,000 ton in 2003 (Romney 2004), which also includes the production from directly tapping trees (e.g., gum turpentine, gum rosin). There is growing demand for… More

Helmet-Mounted Thermal Sensor for First Responder Burn-Saver Device

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DHS
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas, Principal Engineer – (303) 940-2321
Award Amount: $999,881.00
Abstract:
The personal protective equipment (PPE) worn by firefighters protects them against burns and hazardous environments. This equipment works so well that they may not notice that their environment has become so hot that is no longer safe. Although current thermal sensor technologies (generally built… More

A Universal Battery Management System with Advanced Diagnostic Algorithms

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: John Olson, Senior Chemist – (303) 261-1122
Award Amount: $743,724.00
Abstract:
Electric ships and other Naval applications employing batteries (and ultracapacitors) for energy storage need a universal battery management system (BMS) that can diagnose device degradation and ensure safe operation. The Navy currently faces a difficult situation; where each energy storage device… More

Novel Trap for Ticks and Fleas Incorporating a CO2 Generator

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DHP
Principal Investigator: Brady Clapsaddle, Senior Chemist – (303) 261-1145
Award Amount: $149,920.00
Abstract:
Military personnel must be protected from diseases transmitted by ticks and fleas, including plague and Lyme disease. Effective surveillance of tick and flea vectors is vital to determine the population present, whether they are carrying disease, and whether control campaigns are working.… More

Air Force Designer Soap for Industrial Wastewater Treatment

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: C. B. France, Senior Chemist – (303) 940-2357
Award Amount: $365,977.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: The cleaning of aircraft maintenance facilities requires a detergent to remove soils including hydraulic fluids, fuels, oil and grease. The wastewater must be treated to remove toxic heavy metals (particularly chromium and cadmium) before it is discharged to a municipal wastewater… More

Responsive Sequestration Coating

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: Brian J. Elliott, Principal Chemical Engine – (303) 940-2341
Award Amount: $458,846.00
Abstract:
TDA Research and the University of Colorado at Boulder will team together to develop a responsive sequestration temporary coating for chemical warfare agents. The coating will be easily applied to surfaces where it will cover and contain chemical warfare agents on tactical vehicles, planes or other… More

Membrane-Integrated Sorbent Adsorption Process for Carbon Capture

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Gokhan Alptekin, Dr.
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
The electricity produced from fossil fuels is essential to the worlds prosperity and security. On the other hand, increasing atmospheric CO2 concentration caused by the fossil fuel combustion are causing concerns regarding global warming. Although there are several methods for… More

Novel Method for Conversion of Biomass to Fuel

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas, Dr.
Award Amount: $1,000,000.00
Abstract:
Synthesis gas, a mixture of H2 and CO, is one of the top-ten platform chemicals produced from biomass and can be used to produce fuel-ethanol. However, existing heterogeneous catalysts have only a low selectivity for ethanol and produce too much low-value methane. As a result, the production of… More

Poison-Resistant Water-Gas-Shift Catalyst for Biomass and Coal Gasification

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Girish Srinivas, Dr.
Award Amount: $1,000,000.00
Abstract:
TDA Research Inc. has developed a catalyst that will enable mixtures of coal and biomass to be co-gasified to produce synthetic fuels. Our catalyst exhibits resistance to deactivation that is better than existing commercial catalysts for this application. By mixing agricultural waste with coal to… More

Photochemical ClO2 Decontaminant for Biological Agent Neutralization

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DHS
Principal Investigator: Brian M. France, Senior Chemist – (303) 940-2357
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
DHS requires the ability to respond to an attack with biological agents. Specifically, it requires a decontaminant to kill anthrax spores on building exteriors and interiors, and other surfaces. In this proposal we describe an innovative bio-agent decon technology that is particularly suitable for… More

Chromate-Free Fuel Tank Coating

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Jeannine E. Elliott, Principal Chemical Engineer – (303) 261-1142
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Current aircraft fuel tank coatings provide excellent corrosion protection but do so by incorporating chromates. Unfortunately, these hexavalent chromates are known carcinogens and their use and disposal is strictly regulated. An ideal aircraft fuel tank coating would provide effective… More

Paint Additive for Early Detection of Corrosion

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Jeannine E. Elliott, Principal Chemical Engineer – (303) 261-1142
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The corrosion of military equipment and facilities is a significant and ongoing problem. In total, corrosion cost the Department of Defense $23 billion annually and is the number one cost driver in military life-cycle costs. The effective monitoring of aircraft structural health is essential to… More

Inproved Synthesis Process for CL-20

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Robert Bolskar, Senior Chemist – (303) 940-2329
Award Amount: $80,000.00
Abstract:
TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) proposes a new route for the chemical synthesis of the explosive compound CL-20. CL-20, which is an acronym for 2,4,6,8,10,12-hexanitro-2,4,6,8,10,12-hexaazaisowurtzitane, is an oxidizing explosive nitramine molecule that has higher energy density than the widely used… More

Nanostructured Ablative Thermal Protection System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Michael Diener, Senior Chemist – (303) 940-2314
Award Amount: $80,000.00
Abstract:
Ablative thermal protection system (TPS) materials are widely used in spacecraft and missiles that re-enter the atmosphere. Since they constitute a significant portion of the re-entry body"s mass, improving their performance could greatly reduce mission cost or increase payload. The ablative… More