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Company Information:

Name: Physical Sciences Inc.
Address: 20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810-1077
Located in HUBZone: No
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
Phone: (978) 689-0003

Award Totals:

Program/Phase Award Amount ($) Number of Awards
SBIR Phase I $59,858,077.00 696
SBIR Phase II $185,336,824.00 278
STTR Phase I $7,431,276.00 68
STTR Phase II $21,628,441.00 31

Award List:

A NEW CONCEPT IS PRESENTED FOR A DIRECT, SOLAR-PUMPED LASER USING ALKALI METAL VAPOR AS THE ACTIVE MEDIUM.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1983 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: David ham , PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
A new concept is presented for a direct, solar-pumped laser using alkali metal vapor as the active medium. all aspects of the complex mechanism for this laser are based on experimental results in the cae of sodium vapor. absorption of the peak of the solar spectrum occurs via a bound-free transition… More

SOOT INITIATION IN DIESSEL ENVIRONMENTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1983 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Dr. W.t. Rawlins
Award Amount: $35,000.00

RADIATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1983 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,690.00

RADIATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1984 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $397,929.00
Abstract:
The concept of liquid film mediated laser protection will be investigated for tungsten coated carbon surfaces. a combined theoretical-experimental program is proposed. the theoretical effort will determine ranges of stability for liquid films under cw laser interaction conditions. film failure… More

HIGHLY REFLECTING LIQUID FILMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Alan gelb
Award Amount: $49,098.00
Abstract:
The concept of thin liquid film mediated protection from laser irradiation will be applied to heat shield materials. the concept employs a thin metal film which becomes liquid during irradiation. the film is designed to be highly reflecting to laser irradiation without interfering with the… More

THE PROPOSED STUDY WILL INVESTIGATE THE UTILITY OF A LAYERED LASER DEFENSE SYSTEM (LLDS) DESIGNED TO ELIMINATE U.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr. merlin g. miller
Award Amount: $48,189.00
Abstract:
The proposed study will investigate the utility of a layered laser defense system (llds) designed to eliminate u.s. boosters and/or reentry vehicle systems. the principal objective is to identify and evaluate active countermeasures designed to defeat one or more layers of the llds. tasks to be… More

IN ORDER TO UNDERSTAND THE MECHANISM OF THE CHEMICAL OXYGEN-IODINE LASER (COIL) THE ROLE OF VIBRATIONALLY EXCITED 0 ( G) IN PROMOTING I DISSOCIATION MUST BE ASSESSED.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: William j marinelli
Award Amount: $49,996.00
Abstract:
In order to understand the mechanism of the chemical oxygen-iodine laser (coil) the role of vibrationally excited 0 ( g) in promoting i dissociation must be assessed. there is currently no laserbased technique capable of measuring 0 ( g)(v) in the 10 molecule cm concentration range expected in a… More

THE PROPOSED STUDY SEEKS TO ESTABLISH THE DIRECT RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MELT POOL FLUID DYNAMICS AND MICROSTRUCTURAL CONTROL IN LASER SURFACE ALLOYING AND TO CONTRIBUTE TO THE OVERALL UNDERSTANDING AND CONTROL OF THE ALLOYING PROCESS.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Dennis crehan , PRINCIPAL SCIENTIST
Award Amount: $40,000.00
Abstract:
The proposed study seeks to establish the direct relationship between melt pool fluid dynamics and microstructural control in laser surface alloying and to contribute to the overall understanding and control of the alloying process. a unique mixing mechanism has been proposed which explains present… More

GAS STREAMS.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: David ham , MANAGER OF ENERGY & TECH.
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Rates will be measured for the absorption of hydrogen sulfide by three sodium carbonate containing minerals under under simulated gasifier effluent conditions. these measurements will allow an assessment of these inexpensive minerals as disposable combined sulfide/chloride sorbents. additionally the… More

NOVEL OXYGEN ATOM SOURCE FOR MATERIAL DEGRADATION STUDIES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: George E. Caledonia , Investigator
Award Amount: $49,971.00

NONEQUILIBRIUM BOUNDARY LAYER COMPUTER CODE FOR REENTRY VEHICLES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr. Michael L. Finson
Award Amount: $48,649.00

LASER SPECTROMETER AND WAVEMETER

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Peter E. Nebolsine , Investigator
Award Amount: $49,986.00

NONEQUILIBRIUM BOUNDARY LAYER COMPUTER CODE FOR REENTRY VEHICLES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr. Michael L. Finson
Award Amount: $510,000.00
Abstract:
A computer code will be developed to provide two-dimensional nonequilibrium solutions for reentry vehicle boundary layers, with emphasis on prediction of the electron density. a block implicit technique will be implemented for reliable, stable solution of the chemical kinetic rate equations at all… More

THREE-COLOR PYROMETRY FOR TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT OF REENTRY VEHICLE NOSETIP MATERIALS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael b frish
Award Amount: $74,907.00
Abstract:
We propose to investigate the feasibility of constructing a highspeed, two-dimensional pyrometer system capable of measuring reentry vehicle nosetip temperatures between 800 k and 6000 k during ballisticrange ground tests. the phase i effort will focus on exploring the pyrometer's capabilities at… More

MANEUVERING REENTRY VEHICLES AND ASSOCIATED PENETRATION AIDS STUDY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr hartmut h legner
Award Amount: $74,904.00
Abstract:
The proposed research effort considers a device with significant potential for anti-simulation: a near-wake tether. this device relies upon the alteration of initial conditions to produce a significantly disrupted wake by introducing streamwise and crossstream vorticity into the wake. the technique… More

THE OBJECTIVE OF THIS RESEARCH PROJECT IS TO ANALYZE, IN DETAIL, THE INTERACTION OF PULSED CO2 LASERS WITH BIOLOGICAL TISSUE.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Merlin g. miller , PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
Award Amount: $49,971.00
Abstract:
The objective of this research project is to analyze, in detail, the interaction of pulsed co2 lasers with biological tissue. emphasis will be placed on determining the most important parameters which control the depth and rate of incision and damage to the surrounding tissue. two tissue damage… More

MEASUREMENTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: William j marinelli , PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
Award Amount: $49,920.00
Abstract:
Multiphoton ionization (mpi) and laser-induced fluorescene (lif) have been proposed to detect vibrationally excited states of ground and metastable excited electronic states ofn2 and o2. such species as o2(a1 ), n2(a3 ), and n2(x,v>>0)may be produced and further excited in the shock layer of… More

SPACE SHUTTLE OUTGASSING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: G E Caledonia
Award Amount: $53,889.00

PARTICLE INFRARED (IR) OPTICAL PROPERTY MEASUREMENT TECH NIQUE DEFINITION AND DESIGN

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: W T Rawlins
Award Amount: $52,312.00

HIGH SURFACE AREA DUAL FUNCTION OXYGEN ELECTROCATALYSTS FOR SPACE POWER APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: E Jennings Taylor , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,995.00

WAKE MODIFICATION OF BALLISTIC AND MANEUVERING REENTRY VEHICLES AND ASSOCIATED PENETRATION AIDS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: G E Caledonia
Award Amount: $49,988.00

ARCTIC ICE EXCITATION TECHNOLOGY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Peter Nebolsine
Award Amount: $79,499.00

MULTI-COLOR PYROMETER FOR MATERIALS PROCESSING IN SPACE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr Michael B Frish , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00

LASER DAMAGE TO RV ANTENNA WINDOWS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Ashok Modak
Award Amount: $79,874.00

INTERCEPTOR BLINDING FROM ATMOSPHERE INDUCED EMISSIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Alan Gelb
Award Amount: $49,919.00

SOOT INITIATION IN DIESSEL ENVIRONMENTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Dr. W.t. Rawlins
Award Amount: $188,000.00
Abstract:
A shock tube study of soot formation in aromatic fuels is proposed. the data base on soot formation rates and mechanisms available from previous shock tube, flame and flow reactor experiments is limited to pressure below ten atmospheres. it is expected that the high pressure environment of the… More

SPACE SHUTTLE OUTGASSING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: G E Caledonia
Award Amount: $498,000.00
Abstract:
We propose to review and analyze phenomena associated with the space shuttle contaminant cloud which leads to ion formation. the available data base on neutral and ionic species in the shuttle cloud will be critically reviewed and generic contaminant species source terms defined. potential kinetic… More

LASER DAMAGE TO RV ANTENNA WINDOWS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Ashok Modak
Award Amount: $486,000.00
Abstract:
The proposed study will investigate damage to rv antenna windows by pulsed and cw lasers at 0.35, 0.53, 1.6, and 3.8 micrometers. the study will consist of measuring the transmittance, reflectance, absorption and scattering in the windows at the wavelengths of interest and measuring the surface and… More

PARTICLE INFRARED (IR) OPTICAL PROPERTY MEASUREMENT TECH NIQUE DEFINITION AND DESIGN

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: W T Rawlins
Award Amount: $485,000.00
Abstract:
The fundamental optical properties of several pure and contaminated particulate species at high temperatures are citical ingredients in the numberical prediction of the radiative signatures of rocket exhaust plumes. psi propses to investigate experimental methods for measuring the desired optical… More

LASER SPECTROMETER AND WAVEMETER

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Peter E. Nebolsine , Investigator
Award Amount: $486,637.00
Abstract:
The goal is to design an optimal spectrometer/wavemeter instrument that will facilitate laser remote sensing measurements (lidar) that require careful laser tuning. the output of a laser spectrometer/wavemeter (ls/w) will not only serve as a laser diagnostic but also make it possible to servo… More

NOVEL OXYGEN ATOM SOURCE FOR MATERIAL DEGRADATION STUDIES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: George E. Caledonia , Investigator
Award Amount: $485,042.00
Abstract:
A pulsed device will be studied which can produce large fluxes of oxygen atoms in the 1 to 5 ev energy range. the high end of this energy range corresponds to velocities appropriate to low earth space shuttle orbits. as presently configured the device would provide 10(18) oxygen atoms per pulse and… More

ARCTIC ICE EXCITATION TECHNOLOGY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Peter Nebolsine
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
This combined theoretical and experimental program will investigate generation of acoustic signals with a co2 laser. acoustic signal generation has been demonstrated and this program will provide the relationship between laser parameters and acoustic parameters for the experimentally used sea ice… More

WAKE MODIFICATION OF BALLISTIC AND MANEUVERING REENTRY VEHICLES AND ASSOCIATED PENETRATION AIDS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: G E Caledonia
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
We propose to investigate the potential of introducing fine particles into the wakes of reentry vehicles to hasten electron decay. the particles would be formed in situ in the near weak through the appropriate choice of filler additives to heat shield materials. the full wake plasma/particle… More

HIGH SURFACE AREA DUAL FUNCTION OXYGEN ELECTROCATALYSTS FOR SPACE POWER APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: E Jennings Taylor , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $469,000.00
Abstract:
Physical sciences inc. proposes to investigate various mixedmetal oxides as dual function alkaline oxygen electrocatalysts. in parallel, we propose novel approach for preparing these materials in high surface area form starting from the conventionally produced low surface area materials. the… More

A RESEARCH PROGRAM IS PROPOSED TO DEVELOP THE METHODOLOGY FOR A WAKE TURBULENCE MODEL THAT TAKES INTO ACCOUNT THE INTERACTION BETWEEN LARGE-SCALE, LOW FREQUENCY, AND SMALL-SCALE, HIGH FREQUENCY COMPONENTS OF TURBULENT FLOW.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Hartmut h legner
Award Amount: $52,946.00
Abstract:
A research program is proposed to develop the methodology for a wake turbulence model that takes into account the interaction between large-scale, low frequency, and small-scale, high frequency components of turbulent flow. the model will be constructed by formulating the governing equations for the… More

CONCENTRATED FUEL SLURRIES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Gerald wilemski
Award Amount: $49,999.00
Abstract:
We propose to use large scale computer simulation techniques to develop a theoretical capability for the realistic modeling of concentrated slurry rheology and stability. the immediate application is that of boron/hydrocarbon slurries. we will extend brownian dynamics techniques to include the… More

A COMBINED THEORETIACL AND EXPERIMENTAL EFFORT IS PROPOSED FOR DEVELOPING A SUITABLE EPM MATERIAL WHICH PROVIDES SUBSTANTIAL PROTECTION AGAINST ANTICIPATED LASER THREATS.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Dr r dennis creehan
Award Amount: $73,376.00
Abstract:
A combined theoretiacl and experimental effort is proposed for developing a suitable epm material which provides substantial protection against anticipated laser threats. a new material concept is proposed which provides for dissipation of incident laser energy to reflection, ablation and… More

SYSTEMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: William j marinelli
Award Amount: $89,747.00
Abstract:
We propose to develop a technique for rapid temporal and spatial imaging of high power laser beams. this method is windowless and may be employed where laser intensities exceed the damage thresholds for conventional calorimetric methods. the diagnostic utilizes the technique of optical-infrared… More

ACOUSTIC MONITOR FOR KIDNEY/GALLSTONE BREAKUP BY LASERS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Dr David I Rosen , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $48,000.00

LASER-BASED DIAGNOSTIC FOR N2(X V)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: William J Marinelli
Award Amount: $49,985.00

FUEL CELL COGENERATION OF HC1 FOR BRINE ACIDIFICATION IN THECHLOR-ALKALI INDUSTRY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. E. Jennings Taylor , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,996.00

OPTICAL DETECTION OF PAVEMENT ICING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: David I Rosen
Award Amount: $49,938.00

SPACECRAFT THERMAL ENERGY ACCOMODATION FOR ATOMIC RECOMBINA-TION (STEAAR)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: William J Marinelli
Award Amount: $50,000.00

DUAL FUNCTION PEROVSKITE CATALYSTS & SUPPORTS FOR ALKALINE REGENERATIVE & PRESSURIZED FUEL CELLS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $50,000.00

MULTI-COLOR PYROMETER FOR MATERIALS PROCESSING IN SPACE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr Michael B Frish , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $205,000.00
Abstract:
There is, at present, no commercially available non-contact device which can accurately measure temperatures without prior knowledge of the emissivity of the material being sampled. we propose to investigate the feasibility of constructing a pyrometer system capable of accurately measuring… More

INTERCEPTOR BLINDING FROM ATMOSPHERE INDUCED EMISSIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Alan Gelb
Award Amount: $153,000.00
Abstract:
The effect of atmosphere-induced radiative emissions on sen-sor systems of kinetic energy weapons will be investigated. at the high velocities of palnned kinetic energy weapons, collisions with in vehicle sensor bandwidths. these emissions would be from electronically excited molecular states in the… More

LASER-BASED DIAGNOSTIC FOR N2(X V)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: William J Marinelli
Award Amount: $200,000.00
Abstract:
We propose to develop two laser-based techniques to monitor populations of highly vibrationally excited ground electronic state n(2)(x,v>>0) in a chemical laser environment. the techniques are non-intrusive point diagnostics with potential detection sensitivities as low as 10(12) molecules cm -3.… More

OPTICAL DETECTION OF PAVEMENT ICING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: David I Rosen
Award Amount: $128,000.00
Abstract:
A method for determining incipient ice layer formation on paved surfaces is to be demonstrated. the proposed technique will rely upon the enhancement in specular reflectance, i.e., "glare," that will occur when an overlying ice layer forms on a paved surface. the proposed investigations will also… More

FUEL CELL COGENERATION OF HC1 FOR BRINE ACIDIFICATION IN THECHLOR-ALKALI INDUSTRY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. E. Jennings Taylor , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
The proposed research is directed towards improving the efficiency of the chlor-alkali process by producing hydrogenchloride in a cogenerating fuel cell. hydrogen chloride is used to acidify the brine anolyte used in the production of chlorine and caustic soda. brine acidification is required to… More

CHEMICALLY GROWN GOLD-CARBON ELECTROCATALYST MATERIAL FOR HIGH TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE ALKALINE FUEL CELL CATHODES (PE-058A)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,976.00
Abstract:
We propose to prepare a material in which a highly dispersedcatalyst is chemically bonded to a carbon filament support material for use in the fabrication of cathodes for alkalinefuel cells. the carbon filaments will be grown on gold or gold alloy catalysts from hot flowing gases. the… More

ACOUSTIC MONITOR FOR KIDNEY/GALLSTONE BREAKUP BY LASERS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Dr David I Rosen , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $226,000.00
Abstract:
A series of laboratory experiments will be conducted to investigate the feasibility of using an acoustic-based detection technique as a real-time, in situ indicator for laser-induced kidney/gallstone fragmentation. the aim will be to establish a reliable correlation between the achieve- ment of… More

LASER ASSISTED CLADDING OF REFRACTORY MATERIALS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: R. dennis creehan
Award Amount: $40,000.00
Abstract:
A laser-assisted, thermomechanical process is proposed for cladding of high melting refractory metals on low melting substrates without melting or damaging the underlying sub- strate. the process can be adapted, with post-cladding treatments, for production of refractory metal oxide, and carbide… More

SUPERSONIC COMBUSTION: ENHANCED IGNITION MIXING FLAME HOLDING AND DIAGNOSTIC CONCEPTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Terence e parker
Award Amount: $49,956.00
Abstract:
We propose a three part, phase i, program of direct interest to scram jet combustor design which lays a proper foundation for high-enthalpy,supersonic combusting flow experiments suitable for a phase ii program. both phase i and ii research efforts focus on fuel/air mixing, which will significantly… More

SPACECRAFT THERMAL ENERGY ACCOMODATION FOR ATOMIC RECOMBINA-TION (STEAAR)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: William J Marinelli
Award Amount: $125,000.00

VOLUMETRIC MEASUREMENT OF LOCAL VORTICITY VECTORS BY OPTICAL PROBE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Michael B Frish
Award Amount: $49,998.00

DEVELOPMENT OF GOLD ELECTROCATALYS FOR ALKALINE MEDIA

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: E. Jennings Taylor
Award Amount: $40,000.00

HIGH TEMPERATURE LDV SEED PARTICLE DEVELOPMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr michael b frish
Award Amount: $49,436.00
Abstract:
To perform laser doppler velocimetry in the gas flows of aerospace propulsion systems, light scattering particles able to withstand the harsh ambient environment are needed. a research program is proposed which will study the feasibility of manufacturing monodisperse, heat-resistant particles having… More

WIND TUNNEL REMOTE TURBULENCE CHARACTERIZATION (PD-147B)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr lawrence g piper
Award Amount: $49,856.00
Abstract:
We propose a monitor for density fluctuations in the boundary layer of turbulent flows around test objects in wind tunnels. the diagnostic is based upon the laser-induced fluorescence from molecular oxygen which is excited when 193 nm light from an arf excimer laser propagates through the air.… More

VOLUMETRIC MEASUREMENT OF LOCAL VORTICITY VECTORS BY OPTICAL PROBE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Michael B Frish
Award Amount: $488,000.00
Abstract:
The vorticity optical probe (vop) is a recently developed technique which uses microscopic clear spherical particles containing embedded planar reflective crystals to sample the local vorticity of a liquid flow in which they are suspended. laser light reflections from the particles, detected… More

REBURNING FOR CONTROLLING NOX AND HYDROCARBON EMISSIONS FROM INCINERATORS AND JET ENGINE TEST CELLS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Stephen a johnson
Award Amount: $49,996.00
Abstract:
The u.s. air force operates jet engine test cells and waste incinerators that may emit significant amounts of nitrogen oxides. combustion modifications that are commonly used to control no(x) emissions from boilers are not practical for test engines or incinerators because high temperatures and… More

DUAL FUNCTION PEROVSKITE CATALYSTS & SUPPORTS FOR ALKALINE REGENERATIVE & PRESSURIZED FUEL CELLS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
During our phase i program, we demonstrated a novel approachfor increasing the surface areas of mixed metal oxides obtained from commercial sources. in the case of laco03, weobtained a seven-fold increase in surface area using our novel technique and demonstrated the maintenance of the parent… More

ADDITIVES FOR NOX EMISSIONS CONTROL FROM FIXED SOURCES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: David ham
Award Amount: $49,991.00
Abstract:
Several exhaust gas no(x) abatement processes exist based on heterogeneous reaction of a reduced nitrogen containing additives such as nh(3). none of these existing processes can be used in its present form to meet proposed no(x) emissions regulations on jet test stations and incinerators. we… More

PROPULSION SIMULATION FOR MAGNETICALLY SUSPENDED WIND TUNNEL MODELS (PC-056)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr Prakash B Joshi
Award Amount: $49,971.00

ADDITIVES FOR NOX EMMISSIONS CONTROL FROM FIXED SOURCES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: David O Ham
Award Amount: $50,000.00

STUDY OF ARCING ON SPACE STRUCTURES IN LOW EARTH ORBIT (PC-058)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr Guy Weyl
Award Amount: $49,966.00

AEROTHERMODYNAMIC RADIATION STUDIES (PC-057)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: George E Caledonia
Award Amount: $49,969.00

AEROTHERMODYNAMIC RADIATION STUDIES (PC-057)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: George E Caledonia
Award Amount: $496,000.00
Abstract:
The ability to accurately predict radiative heat transfer from the non-equilibrium bow shock of vehicles operating at hypersonic velocities and elevated altitudes is critical to the design of large nasa vehicles such as the aero-assist orbital transfer vehicle. the extant data base is insufficient… More

PROPULSION SIMULATION FOR MAGNETICALLY SUSPENDED WIND TUNNEL MODELS (PC-056)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr Prakash B Joshi
Award Amount: $493,000.00
Abstract:
This proposal deals with methods for simulating propulsion-induced aerodynamic effects on models in magneticsuspension wind tunnels. the objective will be to establishthe feasibility of different methods in generating the mass flow rates and velocities of propulsive jets for a variety of aircraft… More

DEVELOPMENT OF GOLD ELECTROCATALYS FOR ALKALINE MEDIA

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: E. Jennings Taylor
Award Amount: $226,486.00
Abstract:
High performance, low cost oxygen electrocatalysts are re- quired for numerous commercial applications. current state-of-the-art oxygen electrocatalysts for alkaline media con- sist of highly loaded, unsupported gold and were developed for special space applications where cost is not the critic-cal… More

ADDITIVES FOR NOX EMMISSIONS CONTROL FROM FIXED SOURCES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: David O Ham
Award Amount: $149,920.00
Abstract:
Several exhaust gas nox abatemenmt processes exist based on heterogeneous reaction of a reduced nitrogen containing additive such as nh3. these existing processes are not adequateto meet proposed nox emissions regulations for most retrofitpower plant stacks and incinerators. the investigators… More

DEVELOPMENT OF A SENSOR PACKAGE FOR HYPERVELOCITY SPACE VEHICLE INTERACTIONS AND SIGNATURES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: B David Green
Award Amount: $53,641.00
Abstract:
An operational hypersonic vehicle will be able to travel over the entire range of altitudes from the surface of the earth to low earth orbit. it will be essential for the vehicle security that it remain in contact with the command centers and be able to observe its near field environment throughout… More

PRODUCTION OF COATED BORON POWDERS BY CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Constance L Senior
Award Amount: $49,982.00
Abstract:
Boron powder is desired for use in propellant and explosive applications because of its high energy density, but commercially available boron has severe drawbacks. we propose to develop a process to manufacture high purity, oxygen-free boron powder with particle sizes in the range 1-5 um. in phase… More

HYPERSONIC THERMOPHYSICS CODE (PD-268)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr Hartmut H Legner
Award Amount: $49,985.00
Abstract:
A flowfield computer code will be developed for hypersonic aero-thermodynamic applications, with emphasis on finite-rate real gas effects. at planetary entry and earth return velocities, dissociation and recombination of atmospheric molecules and radiative phenomena have importanteffects on… More

LASER TECHNIQUE IN SUPERCONDUCTING FILM DEPOSITION (PD-271)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr Christopher J Rollins
Award Amount: $49,996.00
Abstract:
A fabrication method is proposed for deposition of wide area, homogenous thin films of high tc oxide superconductor using a double pulse laser driven detonation wave thruster as the deposition source. the device will use laser ablation of bulk superconductors, followed by detonation wave processing… More

A REAL-TIME, NON-INTRUSIVE AMMONIA MONITOR FOR COAL PROCESS STREAMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr David Ham , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Ammonia (nh3) will be used increasingly in flue gas nox abatement processes; nh3 is the source of nox in coal gasifier/heat engine processes. no sensitive, accurate nh3 monitor is commercially available for real-time control of these processes. this project will develop a real-time, non-intrusive… More

LASER-INDUCED PHOTEMISSIVE IDENTIFCATION OF CALCULI

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,948.00
Abstract:
A novel, optically based diagnostic for urinary stone identification is the focus of this research. the concept is based upon the well-founded and sensitive technique of laser-induced fluorescence (lif). the phase i project will determine in vitro, using several commonly found stones, whether lif… More

INNOVATIVE X-RAY IMAGE ANALYSIS FOR STONE CLASSIFICATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,961.00
Abstract:
The concept of in situ identification and classification of urinary stones from x-ray images will be investigated. thistechnique holds promise because of the recent availability of digital x-ray imagery, which is significantly higher in resolution than conventional x-rays, and the advances in expert… More

NON-DESTRUCTIVE/NON-INTRUSIVE OPTICAL PROBES OF SURFACE COMPOSITION (PC-105)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: William J Marinelli , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,960.00
Abstract:
This proposal addresses the need for improved non-destructive diagnostics to probe the composition of surfaces relevant to materials processing. in particular, the researchers propose to detect process materials and impurities important in the production of silicon and gallium arsenide based… More

CONTINUOUS MONITORING FOR N2O AND NO2

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: David Ham , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,999.00
Abstract:
Nitrous oxide, n2o, is a stable gas that contributes to boththe greenhouse effect problem and ozone depletion in the stratosphere. ambient n2o levels are increasing from unknown sources. no continuous, on-line instrument is commercially available to measure n2o from fossil fuel combustion sources to… More

REDUCTION OF OXYGEN AND OTHER PRODUCTS BY PYROLYSIS OF LUNARMATERIALS (PE-141)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr Constance L Senior
Award Amount: $49,983.00

HIGH UTILIZATION CARBON SUPPORTED PLATINUM ELECTROCATALYST FOR SOLID POLYMER ELECTROLYTE FUEL CELLS (PE-136)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: N R K Vilambi , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,827.00

H2/O2 THREE-BODY REACTION RATES AT HIGH TEMPERATURES (PC-121)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr William J Marinelli
Award Amount: $49,948.00

HEAT FLUX SENSOR FOR VULNERABILITY TESTING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Henry Moody
Award Amount: $49,969.00

CONTROLLED VAPOR PHASE NUCLEATION AND GROWTH OF NANOMETER-SIZED CERAMIC OXIDE PARTICLES (PE-108B)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Joseph J Helble , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,863.00

TRACE METAL AEROSOL CONTROL IN INCINERATORS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Srivats Srinivasachar , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,999.00

STUDY OF ARCING ON SPACE STRUCTURES IN LOW EARTH ORBIT (PC-058)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr Guy Weyl
Award Amount: $491,438.00
Abstract:
Arcing of partially insulated space components has been observed when these components are biased negatively with respect to the space plasma. arcing is detrimental to system performance and may cause material deterioration and eventual failure of the component. we propose to identify the key design… More

REDUCTION OF OXYGEN AND OTHER PRODUCTS BY PYROLYSIS OF LUNARMATERIALS (PE-141)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr Constance L Senior
Award Amount: $430,300.00
Abstract:
We propose to demonstrate the feasibility of pyrolysis of common lunar minerals using concentrated solar radiation to produce oxygen. oxygen production is possible via pyrolysis of metal oxides because of the formation of gaseous suboxides (or metal vapor) that can be condensed without reoxidizing,… More

BALLISTIC RANGE BOUNDARY LAYER TRANSITION DIAGNOSTICS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: George E Caledonia
Award Amount: $217,600.00
Abstract:
Two state-of-the-art non-intrusive optical techniques are proposed for use in measuring the laminar-to-turbulent boundary layer transition point on ballistic range models. the techniques advocated are pulsed laser-induced-fluorescence differential imaging and laser holographic interferometry. both… More

CONTROLLED VAPOR PHASE NUCLEATION AND GROWTH OF NANOMETER-SIZED CERAMIC OXIDE PARTICLES (PE-108B)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Joseph J Helble , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $224,505.00
Abstract:
Current processes used to generate ultrafine ceramic oxide particles for incorporation into cermet materials either do not generate particles of sufficiently small diameter, or produce particles with an unacceptably high degree of aggregation. during phase i, a novel aerosol oxidation process is… More

HIGH UTILIZATION CARBON SUPPORTED PLATINUM ELECTROCATALYST FOR SOLID POLYMER ELECTROLYTE FUEL CELLS (PE-136)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: N R K Vilambi , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $224,939.00
Abstract:
Solid polymer electrolyte fuel cells (spefcs) are attractivefor numerous government and commercial applications, particularly for mobile applications. a major drawback of the spefc is the high cost of the unsupported platinum electrocatalyst used at both the anode and the cathode. state-of-the-art… More

REACTION MECHANISMS AND KINETIC RATES FOR SOOT FORMATION (PC-119A)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: W. Terry Rawlins , Manager, Chemical Sciences
Award Amount: $49,996.00
Abstract:
In order to guide the designs of advanced gas turbine engines, there is a need for predictive models of soot formation and radiation in the high pressure combustion of future practical hydrocarbon fuels. the development of suchmodels requires a fundamental data base, in the appropriate pressure… More

NON-INTRUSIVE FURNACE EXHAUST GAS TEMPERATURE MONITOR

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Dr M Frish
Award Amount: $49,925.00
Abstract:
Development of a non-intrusive rapid-response instrument able to monitor ash particle temperatures in furnace exhaust gases is proposed. because the particles are thermally equilibrated with the gas, the measurement is, in fact, an accurate representation of the local gas temperature. when coupled… More

HIGH TEMPERATURE REMOVAL OF PARTICULATES AND NOX FROM COAL-FUELED DIESEL ENGINE EXHAUST (7530-140)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The department of energy, morgantown energy technology center (metc) is currently funding the development and commercialization of coal fueled diesel (cfd) engines for both stationary and mobile applications. stationary cfd engines for power production will have to compete with other conventional… More

TRACE METAL AEROSOL CONTROL IN INCINERATORS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Srivats Srinivasachar , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
Incineration of most industrial wastes, including municipal solid waste, results in the emission of potentially toxic trace metal aerosols. most of the trace metal species in the waste feed, such as lead, cromium, mercury and arsenic, completely volatilize in the combustion zone, and subsequently… More

DIAMOND TECHNOLOGY FOR INTERCONTINENTAL MISSILES (ICM) APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: George E Caledonia
Award Amount: $60,086.00
Abstract:
Many substrates are not amenable to diamond coating because the correct processing technologies require operation at elevated pressures and temperatures which can be deleterious to the substrate. we propose to utilize our unique pulsed fast atom source to develop diamond coatings on substrates held… More

ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE SCATTERING OFF TURBULENT WAKES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr David Resendes
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
We propose to develop an improved, more accurate techniques for predicting the radar scattering return from turbulent hypersonic flows. the well-known self-consistent field approach to multiple scattering will be extended to vector electromagnetic waves and applied to the prediction of turbulent… More

A NOVEL IMMOBILIZED ENZYME ELECTRODE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: E J Taylor
Award Amount: $49,993.00
Abstract:
This research is directed toward the development of improvedimmobilized enzyme biosensor technology. immobilized enzymebiosensors are important components of in vivo monitoring and clinical analysis systems. to date, the major problems with these biosensors are instability due to poor enzyme… More

ADVANCED LASER SCANNER FOR 3-D VOLUMETRIC DISPLAY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr Michael B Frish
Award Amount: $49,956.00
Abstract:
Psi proposes a phase i effort to design a custom scanning apparatus that, when assembled in phase ii, will increase the data display rate of the nosc three-dimensional volumetric display by at least one order of magnitude above its current capabilities. in addition, the appratus will provide a… More

REAL-TIME OPTICAL FEEDBACK CONTROL OF LASER LITHOTRIPSY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: David I Rosen
Award Amount: $49,986.00

HIGH VELOCITY GAS SURFACE ACCOMMODATION (PC-154)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: George E. Caledonia , Senior Vice President
Award Amount: $49,983.00

DEVICE FOR AUTOMATIC CONTROL OF RETINAL PHOTOCOAGULATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Michael B Frish
Award Amount: $50,000.00

NON-INTRUSIVE FURNACE EXHAUST GAS TEMPERATURE MONITOR

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Michael Frish , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00

VIBRATIONALLY ASSISTED ENERGY TRANSFER LASER CONCEPT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Dr Steven J Davis
Award Amount: $50,000.00

VELOCITY MEASUREMENTS IN HIGH TEMPERATURE GASES USING NO FLUORESCENCE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Mark Allen
Award Amount: $49,956.00

FUEL FOULING INSTRUMENTATION SYSTEMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Terence E Parker
Award Amount: $55,602.00

LASER-INDUCED FLUORESCENCE MEASUREMENTS OF VELOCITY IN SUPERSONIC REACTING FLOWFIELDS (PC-159)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Mark G. Allen , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,981.00

H2/O2 THREE-BODY REACTION RATES AT HIGH TEMPERATURES (PC-121)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr William J Marinelli
Award Amount: $497,009.00
Abstract:
The operation of a scramjet propulsion system requires that the fuel be efficiently burned under conditions of low static pressure and high internal velocities relative to conventional propulsion systems. simple calculations of energy extraction based on equilibrium chemistry are not valid under… More

LASER-INDUCED FLUORESCENCE MEASUREMENTS OF VELOCITY IN SUPERSONIC REACTING FLOWFIELDS (PC-159)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Mark G. Allen , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $495,230.00
Abstract:
This phase i proposal describes an innovative approach to non-intrusive velocity measurements in reacting flowfields based on the doppler-shifted fluorescence of the oh radical. it addresses a critical need in the area of non-intrusive combustion diagnostics and finds particular application in the… More

HIGH VELOCITY GAS SURFACE ACCOMMODATION (PC-154)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: George E. Caledonia , Senior Vice President
Award Amount: $487,900.00
Abstract:
A knowledge of the velocity dependent gas surface accommodation behavior of ambient species impacting high performance aerospace materials is critical for the proper design of hypersonic vehicles which operate in rarefied atmospheres. we propose to employ a unique beam source which can provide high… More

FUEL FOULING INSTRUMENTATION SYSTEMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Terence E Parker
Award Amount: $504,711.00
Abstract:
Fuel fouling is a serious problem for high performance aircraft propulsion systems and involves complex processes that are poorly understood. this program will verify, with experimental demonstrations, measurement techniques appropriate for quantifying processes inherent in the fuel fouling problem.… More

VELOCITY MEASUREMENTS IN HIGH TEMPERATURE GASES USING NO FLUORESCENCE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Mark Allen
Award Amount: $490,162.00
Abstract:
This phase i proposal describes an innovative approach to non-intrusive velocity measurement in supersonic flowfields based on the doppler-shifted fluorescence of the no molecule. a successful demonstration of this concept would represent a significant advance in both non-intrusive diagnostics and… More

TRANSIENT NOX/SOOT MONITOR

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Dr. Terence E. Parker , Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $49,949.00
Abstract:
A research and development program is proposed that would produce an instrument capable of providing real time measurements of both no and soot concentrations in internal combustion engine exhausts. this instrument would be capable of monitoring transients in emission with a resolution approximately… More

COMBINED NOX/SOX CONTROL USING A SINGLE LIQUID INJECTION SYSTEM

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Girard A Simon , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,959.00
Abstract:
Dual control of nitrogen oxides (nox) and sulfur oxides (sox) in a hot gas (1,100 to 1,300 k) stream will be accomplished by combining a known water soluble nox control agent (urea) with the promising water soluble sox control agent calcium magnesium acetate (cma). a single liquid spray system may… More

FUEL CELL CATALYST FOR DIRECT OXIDATION OF METHANOL

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: George Taylor , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Based on recently generated new experimental knowledge concerning the electrochemical oxidation of methanol, we propose to prepare innovative high surface area carbon supported alloy electrocatalysts with controlled crystallographic surfaces. these prepared materials will be charaterized with… More

ENHANCED HEATSHIELD CAPABILITY FOR MARV APPLICATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Victor Dicristina , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,998.00
Abstract:
Several material construction concepts are proposed for high performance maneuvering reentry vehicle heatshield applications. recent advances in high temperature resins, high strength fibers, and automatic weaving techniques together with tailored processing methods provide the basis for applicable… More

DISPOSAL OF CHLOROFLUOROCARBONS BY DISCHARGE-INDUCED POLYMERIZATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Mark E Fraser , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,891.00
Abstract:
Conventional incinerator combustion of chloroflourocarbons and halons produces an effluent containing halides and unconsumed feed which cannot be safely vented to the atmosphere. physical sciences inc. (psi) proposes to develop a closed system discharge-induced polymerization technique specifically… More

RETRIEVAL OF ATMOSPHERIC MOISTURE PROFILES FROM DMSP DATA WITH A NEURAL NETWORK

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Charles T Butler , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,976.00
Abstract:
The proposed study will demonstrate the feasibility of using a neural network to retrieve atmospheric moisture, one of the environmental parameters discussed in the 1986 joint chiefs of staff memorandum mjcs 154-86. psi has already shown that neural networks are capable of retrieving temperature… More

HIGH TEMPERATURE IGNITION OF COATED BORON PARTICLES IN A SHOCK TUBE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: W T Rawlins , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $57,077.00
Abstract:
In advanced propellant applications, the ignition of boron particles is inhibited by the build up of a non-volatile boron oxide layer onthe outer surfaces. techniques are currently being developed to prepare boron particles coated with high burning rate metals, in the expectation that such coatings… More

REAL-TIME OPTICAL MEASUREMENT OF ALKALI SPECIES IN AIR (7531-130)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Constance L Senior , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Hot corrosion of jet engines occurs readily in marine environments because of the sodium in the incoming air. to better understand the corrosion process and develop ways to mitigate corrosion requires the ability to measure the sodium concentration in the engine air intake stream. at present,… More

EFFECTS OF SUPERCOOLING AND MELT PHENOMEMA ON PARTICULATE RADIATION IN PLUMES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $48,589.00
Abstract:
In the evaluation of heat loading due to radiation emitted by particles in a solid rocket plume, the effects of particle supercooling on the submelt radiative characteristics are not well understood. this project will experimentally characterize this supercooling phenomenon by observing particle… More

TEA-CO2 DEBRIDEMENT OF BURN ESCHAR (7130-260)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Rosen, David I , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The objective of this project is to investigate the feasibility of utilizing commercially available repetitively-pulsed co2 tea laser technology for the precise, controlled debridement of burn eschar in the treatment of full thickness dermal burns. preliminary investigations suggest that the narrow… More

LASER-DRIVEN HYPERSONIC AIRBREATHING PROPULSION SIMULATOR

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,314.00
Abstract:
This project addresses a novel concept for incorporating propulsive effects into wind tunnel testing of hypersonic aircraft models. the concept involves using a laser beam to add heat to the airflow entering the aircraft's power plant, a ramjet engine. the beam, which may be from a continuous wave… More

A LASER TO MEASURE FRAGMENT VELOCITY AND MASS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: William G Reinecke , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $74,989.00
Abstract:
We are proposing to develop a laser diagnostic tool which will measure the initial (peak) velocities and volumes of warhead fragments simultaneously. this will be accomplished by taking time-sequenced laser shadow photographs of the warhead simultaneously along three orthogonal axis shortly after… More

NON-INTRUSIVE FURNACE EXHAUST GAS TEMPERATURE MONITOR

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Michael Frish , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $221,647.00
Abstract:
Development of a non-intrusive rapid-response instrument able to monitor ash particle temperatures in furnace exhaustgases is described. because the particles are thermally equilibrated with the gas, the measurement is, in fact, an accurate representation of the local gas temperature. when coupled… More

EARLY WARNING FAILURE DETECTION USING NEURAL NETWORKS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,743.00
Abstract:
Machinery health monitoring is critical in systems where redundancy capability is limited as in a helicopter gearbox. in order to decide on the most efficient, safe, and cost-effective prognosis, the degree of severity of a fault must be determined. at present, condition assessment techniques are… More

OPTICAL DIAGNOSTICS AND FUEL MIXING STUDIES FOR SUPERSONIC COMBUSTORS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Terence E Parker , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,830.00

ON-SITE ELECTROCHEMICAL PEROXIDE GENERATOR (7540-160)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Dr. E Jennings Taylor , Manager
Award Amount: $50,000.00

HIGH POWER COAXIAL CYROTRONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Michael E Read , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00

PROBE PARTICLES FOR IN-SITU DIRECT MEASUREMENT OF VORTICITY VECTORS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Jim Ferguson , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $57,201.00

COMPACT FAST RESPONSE TRANSDUCER FOR DIRECT HEAT FLUX MEASUREMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: R Daniel Ferguson , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,987.00

VORTICITY OPTICAL PROBE DEVELOPMENT: PARTICLE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY AND APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $50,000.00

ELECTROCATALYSTS FOR HIGH EFFICIENCY SOLID POLYMER ELECTROLYTE FUEL CELL

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $50,000.00

AN IODINE STANDARD LAMP

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,016.00

HEAT FLUX SENSOR FOR VULNERABILITY TESTING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Henry Moody
Award Amount: $267,841.00
Abstract:
A sensor capable of measuring the heat flux history received by simulated troop personnel during weapon system vulnerability tests will be developed. the purpose of the sensor is to determine the vulnerability of personnel occupying the weapon system to burns. to cover the wide dynamic range of heat… More

NON-INTRUSIVE FLOW TURBULENCE MEASUREMENT SYSTEM

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: William J Marinelli
Award Amount: $681,475.00
Abstract:
Physical sciences inc. (psi) proposes to develop an innovative non-intrusive flow diagnostic to measure turbulence in high temperature arc jet flows. laser-induced fluorescence of cu atom impurities present in the flow will be detected using digital imaging techniques to map the flowfield. the… More

DEVICE FOR AUTOMATIC CONTROL OF RETINAL PHOTOCOAGULATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Michael B Frish
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
The objective of this research is to develop a reliable, real-time feedback control technique for the precise, automated control of optimal light doses during photocoagulation therapy of the retina. the specific aims are to design and develop instrumentation and arrive at a computerized algorithm… More

REAL-TIME OPTICAL FEEDBACK CONTROL OF LASER LITHOTRIPSY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: David I Rosen
Award Amount: $495,146.00
Abstract:
The objective of this research is to investigate the feasibility of utilizing the characteristic prompt optical emissions generated during pulsed-laser lithotripsy for automatic and rapid feedback control of the laser-energy delivery system. the goal is to minimize the risk of injuryresulting from… More

HIGH POWER COAXIAL CYROTRONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Michael E Read , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $499,991.00
Abstract:
High frequency, high average power gyrotrons are required for several applications, including electron cyclotron heating startup, heating, and profile control in fusion devices. in this project, the use of coaxial cavities and anovel gun configuration are being explored for realization of such… More

ON-SITE ELECTROCHEMICAL PEROXIDE GENERATOR (7540-160)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Dr. E Jennings Taylor , Manager
Award Amount: $249,999.00
Abstract:
We are developing a novel catalyst-support system for an electrochemical based hydrogen peroxide generator. we project that with our electrocatalyst and gas diffusion electrode technology, our hydrogen peroxide generator would require one-half the power and one-fifth the capital investment of other… More

COMPACT FAST RESPONSE TRANSDUCER FOR DIRECT HEAT FLUX MEASUREMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: R Daniel Ferguson , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $376,100.00
Abstract:
A development program for a novel approach to heat flux measurement is proposed. multi-element pyroelectric film transducers can provide simultaneous direct measurement of fast temperature transients, and accurate instantaneous heat flux (btu/ft(2)-s) (both the convective and radiant parts… More

PROBE PARTICLES FOR IN-SITU DIRECT MEASUREMENT OF VORTICITY VECTORS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Jim Ferguson , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $245,280.00
Abstract:
Scientists at physical sciences, inc. have developed an optical technique, known as the vorticity optical probe, or vop, for directly measuring vorticity vectors in water flows. the vorticity optical probe operates by seeding into liquid flow transparent spherical particles that are tens of microns… More

ELECTROCATALYSTS FOR HIGH EFFICIENCY SOLID POLYMER ELECTROLYTE FUEL CELL

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $499,996.00
Abstract:
A novel platinum catalyst preparation technique will be applied to develop electrodes for solid-polymer-electrolyte fuel cells (spefc). previous work has shown that this novel technique results in high utilization of platinum. with this technique, low-platinum-content electrodes have been prepared… More

AN IODINE STANDARD LAMP

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $499,964.00
Abstract:
An innovative lamp source that could be an onorbital standard for both wavelength and spectral responsivity calibrations of optical sensors will be built. the lamp will use well-characterized fluorescence from a molecular species (i2). a unique feature of our approach is that the i2 lamp will be… More

REMEDIATION OF CHLORIDE-INDUCED ELECTROLYTE LOSS IN MOLTEN CARBONATE FUEL CELLS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The utilization efficiency of coal for large scale electric power production can be greatly increased through the use of molten carbonate fuel cells (mcfcs) running on coal gas. a major obstacle to this application is the presence of coal-derived contaminants in the gaseous fuel stream. these… More

PRODUCTION OF CONTROLLED MICROSTRUCTURE NANOPHASE CERAMIC POWDERS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The fabrication of advanced ceramic materials from ultrafine, nanometer-size grains, "nanophase materials," has the potential to significantly enhance ceramic properties. mechanical property improvements, such as high temperature ductility and increased fracture toughness, and energy savings through… More

LOW TEMPERATURE DIAMOND FILM COATING TECHNIQUE (7111-670)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: David B Oakes
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Many substrates are not amenable to diamond coating because the correct processing technologies require operation at elevated pressures and temperatures which can be deleterious to the substrate. this prospect will utilize a unique pulsed fast atom source to develop diamond coatings on substrates… More

AN IMAGING FABRY-PEROT SPECTROMETER FOR SITE EVALUATION OF TRACE SPECIES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,990.00
Abstract:
Field-operable analytical systems are required to evaluate potential hazardous chemical sources and to monitor remediation sites. this project is developing an imaging infrared spectrometer that can rapidly screen field sites to detect the presence of volatile organic compounds from remote locations… More

AN EFFICIENT INFRARED PROJECTOR FOR JAMMING APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Karl W. Holtzclaw
Award Amount: $49,986.00
Abstract:
Physical sciences inc. (psi) proposes to develop and demonstrate an innovative optical system for the efficient collection and projection of infrared radiation from a xenon arc lamp. the optical design we will develop is a combination of two reflective optics, an extremely efficient ellipsoidal… More

A THERMAL IMAGING SYSTEM FOR NASP STRUCTURAL TESTING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael B. Frish
Award Amount: $60,752.00
Abstract:
Psi technology company (psit) proposes to build and demonstrate an optical instrument for reliably and accurately measuring the temperatures of advanced structural materials being tested for use in hypersonic aerospace vehicles such as the national aerospace plane (nasp). the instrument will be an… More

LASER-BASED THREE-DIMENSIONAL CATARACT ANALYSIS SYSTEM

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Michael B Frish
Award Amount: $49,750.00
Abstract:
The long-term goal of the research is to develop, demonstrate the therapeutic value of, and ult0mately market a laser-based computerized cataract imaging and anlysis system. optical sensors coupled to a computer will rapidly measure, map, and display the three-dimensional distribution of lenticular… More

REACTIVE ALKALI HYDRIDE FOR HYDROGEN STORAGE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Alan Gelb
Award Amount: $52,675.00
Abstract:
Physical sciences inc. (psi) proposes to demonstrate the feasibility of using reactive alkali metal hydrides for the generation of hydrogen for fuel cells. the proposed hydrogen storage system will be light and compact and useable for single soldier and other portable power applications. alkali… More

OPTICAL DIAGNOSTICS AND FUEL MIXING STUDIES FOR SUPERSONIC COMBUSTORS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Terence E Parker , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $499,790.00

VORTICITY OPTICAL PROBE DEVELOPMENT: PARTICLE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY AND APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $245,280.00

COMPLIANCE ADVISOR: DEVELOPMENT OF SOFTWARE TOOLS FOR FUEL SWITCHING/BLENDING TO MEET SO2 REGULATIONS AT COAL-FIRED POWER PLANTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $50,000.00

COMPACT ACTIVE HYDROGEN MASER

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr David Opie
Award Amount: $49,995.00

REENTRY TURBULENT PLASMA MODULATION MODEL

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael L. Finson
Award Amount: $49,993.00

INSTRUMENTATION FOR HYPERVELOCITY PARTICLE IMPACTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Peter E. Nebolsine
Award Amount: $49,998.00

A QUANTITATIVE SKIN FRICTION IMAGING SHEET

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: R. Daniel Ferguson
Award Amount: $48,500.00

Infrared Imaging Spectroradiometer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: William J. Marinelli
Award Amount: $48,320.00

DIRECTED ENERGY DAMAGE ASSESSMENT AND REPAIR

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: William T. Laughlin
Award Amount: $49,609.00

INSTRUMENTATION FOR HYPERVELOCITY PARTICLE IMPACTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Peter E. Nebolsine
Award Amount: $746,006.00
Abstract:
The proposed phase i program will produce a design of a holographic system to measure the location, cross-sections and the velocities of particles via double exposure. this holographic technique has already been demonstrated in the ordnance velocity regine and is ready for application fo… More

COMPLIANCE ADVISOR: DEVELOPMENT OF SOFTWARE TOOLS FOR FUEL SWITCHING/BLENDING TO MEET SO2 REGULATIONS AT COAL-FIRED POWER PLANTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
This project is developing advanced analytical methods to select and blend coals to meet so2 regulations, while minimizing ash deposition and postcombustion emissions control. the analytical methods are used to develop a model to help utilities select and blend coals by (1) considering additional… More

REENTRY TURBULENT PLASMA MODULATION MODEL

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael L. Finson
Award Amount: $725,000.00
Abstract:
Physical sciences inc. (psi) proposes to develop a model and computer code to predict an analyze the effects of turbulent boundary layer plasma modulation on antenna performance. a theory for the electromagnetic propagation of microwave radiation through a turbulent medium will be developed to… More

COMPACT ACTIVE HYDROGEN MASER

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr David Opie
Award Amount: $299,981.00
Abstract:
Psi proposes to test the feasibility of an active compact hydrogen maser oscillator. recent advances in high temperature superconductors make possible the realization of microwave resonant cavities with high quality factors and only 2% of the volume of those used in existing masers. the resulting… More

Infrared Imaging Spectroradiometer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: William J. Marinelli
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences will develop an imaging infrared spectroradiometer based on the use of single order Fabry-Perot interferometry. An IR focal plane array views the center of the interference pattern, which contains the image of the object at the transmission wavelength. Piezoelectric transducers,… More

Diode Pumped 3 to 5 Micron Laser

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Steven J. Davis
Award Amount: $139,890.00
Abstract:
Diode laser pumped gas phase molecules offer an attractive solution to a current crucial Air Force need: efficient, compact, reliable and rugged lasers that operate int he 3 to 5 and 8 to 12 micron wavelength range. Direct diode laser pumping or excitation via diode laser pumped solid state lasers… More

High speed flow visualization

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Evan R. Pugh
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
A flow visualization system is required to provide multiple imaging of real gas flow structure (shock standoff distance, shock position, boundary layer) about aerodynamic shapes in transient, hypersonic ground test facilities at AEDC. Laser diodes do not provide enough light to overcome the… More

CONTROL OF MERCURY AND OTHER VOLATILE TRACE METALS IN FOSSIL AND FUEL-FIRED POWER GENERATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Srivats Srinivasachar
Award Amount: $75,000.00
Abstract:
Fossil-fuel fired power plants are one of the largest emitters of mercury into the environment. the primary concern with currently available mercury control technology is the relative ineffectiveness of activated carbon as a sorbent for elemental mercury. another concern is the release of mercury… More

Temporal and Spatial Beam Diagnostics for High Power Lasers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: William J. Marinelli
Award Amount: $52,719.00
Abstract:
A novel, non-intrusive technique is proposed for the temporal and spatial imaging of high-intensity infrared laser beams. The technique employs a visible probe laser to excite phosphorescence in a gas seeded into a flow of N2. The high intensity, IR laser beam passes through this gas jet flow.… More

TIME RESOLVED NITRIC OXIDE MEASUREMENTS IN COMBUSTION EXHAUSTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Mr Terence E Parker
Award Amount: $75,000.00
Abstract:
A research and development program is planned that would produce an instrument capable of providing real time measurements of nitric oxide (no concentrations in power plant or internal combustion engine exhausts. this instrument would be capable of monitoring transients in emission with a resolution… More

ULTRAVIOLET FLUORESCENCE DETECTION OF UNDERGROUND FUEL SPILLS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Terence E. Parker
Award Amount: $49,929.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a fuel tank leak monitor based on the absorption/fluorescence properties of hydrocarbon fuels. This monitor would be buried next to fuel tanks in "tank farms" and would provide a direct indication of fuel leaks in the field. The Phase I effort will be… More

Oxygen Atom Source for Low Orbit Simulation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: George E Caledonia
Award Amount: $49,871.00
Abstract:
We propose to provide a custom design of labortary facility for low Earth orbit material testing which incorporates a fast oxygen atom source capable of operation over the velocity range of -5 to 11 km/s with flux greater than 5 x 10(15) cm-2 s-1 over a beam diameter exceeding 10 cm. The beam… More

A FEASIBILITY STUDY FOR AN ELECTRON GUN FOR A 5 MEGAWATT FREE ELECTRON LASER USING A SHEET BEAM

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Michael E Read
Award Amount: $75,000.00
Abstract:
A feasibility study of the generation of a sheet electron beam appropriate for a 5 mw cw, 150 ghz free electron laser (fel) amplifier is planned in phase i. the beam would have an energy of approximately 860 kev, and a current of 30 a. the electron gun, which will be a non-immersed planar pierce… More

A REAL-TIME AIRBORNE LEAD MONITOR FOR USE IN FIRING RANGES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Karl W. Holtzclaw
Award Amount: $50,006.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) describes a program that will design, build, and test a simple, compact, and reliable monitor for airborne lead with specific application to indoor firing ranges. This instrument will provide the unique capability of real-time monitoring of lead levels on the range. It… More

PULSE REVERSE CURRENT ELECTRODEPOSITION OF COMPOSITE COATINGS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Barbara E Wyslouzil
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The research is developing a novel method for producing composite coatings with strong compositional gradients. such coatings have proven extremely useful because their physical properties change continuously with depth. composite coatings provide a smooth transition between disparate materials such… More

A HYPERVELOCITY SOURCE FOR SEMICONDUCTOR ETCHING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Alan Gelb
Award Amount: $49,999.00
Abstract:
Researchers are developing a high flux, high velocity (3 to 8 km/s) chlorine atom beam for etching semiconductors. conventional dry etching systems are based on ion-assisted processes that can lead to device damage and degradation. neutral chlorine beam etching systems are under development but are… More

Initiated-Event Model of Statistical Point Processes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Thomas J. Manuccia
Award Amount: $78,578.00
Abstract:
This proposal seeks to introduce a new statistical methodology for event- history data to the mental health community. This model processes paired lists of event times to discern microscopic patterns in event timing, and is called the Initiated Event Model (IEM). The goals of the underlying model,… More

Imaging Fabry-Perot Infrared Spectroradiometer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: William J. Marinelli
Award Amount: $50,000.00

Evaluation of Plume Impingement Effects

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: George E. Caledonia
Award Amount: $49,946.00

HIGH ACCURACY FLOW CONTROLLER FOR PROCESS CONTROL OF CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Karen L Carleton
Award Amount: $49,997.00

Disposable Optical Ozonesonde for Airborne Stratospheric and Tropospheric Ozone Measurements by Small Balloons

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: W.T. Rawlins
Award Amount: $49,511.00

Pulsed Vortex Generator Jets for Active Control of Flow Separation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Keith Mcmanus
Award Amount: $50,000.00

Compact, Vacuum Ultraviolet Light Source Based Upon Dielectric-Barrier Discharge Technology

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Lawrence G. Piper
Award Amount: $50,000.00

Optical Waveguide Solar Energy System for Lunar Material Processing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Takashi Nakamura
Award Amount: $49,100.00

Compact Diode-Laser-Based Inlet and Exhaust Mass-Flow Flight Instrument

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Mark G. Allen
Award Amount: $49,972.00

Optical Diagnostics for Solid Rocket Motor Nozzles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Evan R. Pugh
Award Amount: $49,333.00

MEASUREMENT OF MERCURY AND OTHER TRACE METALS IN COMBUSTION GASES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Lawrence G Piper
Award Amount: $75,000.00

DIRECTED ENERGY DAMAGE ASSESSMENT AND REPAIR

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: William T. Laughlin
Award Amount: $394,288.00
Abstract:
A methodology for understanding directed energy weapon damage to army aircraft, and techniques for assessment and repair of that damage are proposed. existing models for high power laser interactions with materials and targets will be used to model failure modes of already damaged components. a… More

Pulsed Vortex Generator Jets for Active Control of Flow Separation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Keith Mcmanus
Award Amount: $460,464.00
Abstract:
A program for the development of a flow actuator for active control of flow separation on flight surfaces is proposed. The actuators will be used to modulate flow through discrete jets located on the aerodynamic surface. These jets (known as Vortex Generator Jets or VGJ's) produce streamwise and… More

Imaging Fabry-Perot Infrared Spectroradiometer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: William J. Marinelli
Award Amount: $344,982.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to demonstrate the application and enhance the spectral range of a novel, infrared, spectral imager based on its; demonstrated infrared, imaging, Fabry-Perot interferometer concept. The system permits real-time spectral and spatial analysis of tactical… More

MEASUREMENT OF MERCURY AND OTHER TRACE METALS IN COMBUSTION GASES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Lawrence G Piper
Award Amount: $599,998.00
Abstract:
It is planned to investigate the application of active nitrogen energy transfer (anet) fluorescence excitation to the detection of mercury in exhaust stack effluents from coal burning powr plants. the innovation is to apply dielectric-barrier discharge technology to generate active nitrogen at… More

Smart Holmium Laser for Endoscopic Lithotripsy

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: David Rosen
Award Amount: $80,147.00
Abstract:
An optical feedback control system for the pulsed holmium: YAG surgical laser will be developedto enhance its safety for endoscopic lithotripsy. The system will enable rapid, intrapulse discriminationof, and selective energy delivery to, calculi versus surrounding soft tissue. This technological… More

Fast Densification of Carbon-Carbon Composites

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Victor Dicristina
Award Amount: $59,248.00
Abstract:
Carbon-Carbon composites are used in a variety of applications such as thermal protection systems, satellite structures, turbine engine components, and aircraft brakes. The cost of these carbon-carbon components are generally high due to the long process times required to achieve fully densified… More

Fluorine Atom Beam Hyper-Thinning of Silicon

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Alan Gelb
Award Amount: $58,331.00
Abstract:
We propose to develop a fluorine atom source for hyper-thinning "as-built" silicon wafers and separated integrated-circuit devices. This neutral-beam approach, based upon our fast atom sample tester (FAST) technology, does not produce high-energy ions; thus, it avoids the bombardment damage and the… More

TOMOGRAPHIC MAPPING OF COMPRESSOR ENTRANCE FACE DENSITY AND STATIC TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Mark G Allen
Award Amount: $59,942.00
Abstract:
This Phase I SBIR proposal describes a program to experimentally demonstrate the feasibility of a diode laser-based instrumentation system for simultaneous measurement of the static temperature and density distribution at the compressor entrance face (CEF) of a turbo/turbofan test article. High… More

Processing and Display of Correlations in Multineuron EV

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Thomas Manuccia
Award Amount: $80,162.00
Abstract:
We will develop a device for multineuron extracellular electrophysiology recording that willprovide experimentalists with a near real-time display of the correlations in firing within such large groupsof neurons. The device will be placed in the typical laboratory equipment chain after signal… More

Microwave-Driven Plasma Spraying

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Michael E. Read
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
A new method of producing a hot plasma/gas stream for "plasma spraying powdered materials is proposed. The method uses microwaves to produce and heat the plasma. The objective of the program is to experimentally demonstrate the new method and establish scaling to commercially interesting powers. The… More

NEUTRAL PH PEROXIDE GENERATOR

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Everett B Anderson
Award Amount: $65,000.00
Abstract:
The continued replacement of hypochlorite with ecologically-compatible hydrogen peroxide requires a neutral, on-site peroxide source. presently, the only available on-site technology is the electrochemical production of caustic (ph 14) peroxide. the high ph and high cost (due principally to sodium… More

TOXIC MATERIALS PARTITIONING DURING PULVERIZED COAL COMBUSTION: MEASUREMENT AND PRODUCTION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Lawrence E Bool Iii
Award Amount: $75,000.00
Abstract:
Of the 189 species designated as toxic air pollutants by the clean air act amendments (caaa), 37, including 11 metals, are found in effluent streams of coal-fired power plants. future regulations may require utility operators to carefully monitor and reduce emissions of these toxic metals. … More

CERAMIC MICROCARRIERS FOR MAMMALIAN CELL CULTURE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Shin G Kang
Award Amount: $65,000.00
Abstract:
Many different approaches are being studied for the cultivation of mammalian cells. one promising technique for obtaining high cell densities and, therefore, high rates of productivity is cell adhesion to high surface area substrates. current generation cell adhesion substrates are expensive,… More

FLAME MONITORING AND OPTIMIZATION OF COAL-FIRED BURNERS BASED ON FREQUENCY SPECTRA ANALYSIS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Mark J Khesin
Award Amount: $75,000.00
Abstract:
This project will explore the development of a new method for characterizing and optimizing performance of coal burners, by analyzing frequency spectra of coal flames obtained from the existing flame scanners. most industrial and utility boilers are presently equipped with flame monitoring devices… More

DEVELOPMENT OF AN INNOVATIVE, LOW COST, CONTINUOUS PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF NANOSCALE SILICON CARBIDE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Joseph J Helble
Award Amount: $75,000.00
Abstract:
Advanced electric power generation systems that are under development must generate high gas temperatures to improve cycle efficiencies and minimize effects on the environment. these high temperatures will require the use of ceramic materials in all or part of the system. silicon carbide (sic) is… More

NOVEL KITS FOR TEACHING SCIENCE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Steven J Davis
Award Amount: $64,995.00
Abstract:
Investigators are incorporating a new, developing technology (diode lasers) and applying it to several disciplines (biology, chemistry, and physics) to address several important current real world problems. these inexpensive ($25) lasers, will be packaged into kits for student use. each student,… More

POLISHING OF POLYCRYSTALLINE DIAMOND FILMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: David B Oakes
Award Amount: $6,500.00
Abstract:
An innovative technique for the polishing of polycrystalline diamond films which uses a high flux, high translational energy (5 to 10 ev) atomic oxygen beam at glancing incidence to etch surface roughness is described. the method operates in a reactive etchant energy range, at high flux, that is… More

A SUBVISIBLE VOLCANIC DUST CLOUD IMAGER

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr David M Sonnenfroh
Award Amount: $75,000.00
Abstract:
This project will develop a design for a prototype airborne, remote, subvisible volcanic dust cloud sensor. this innovative, compact instrument is based on a passive, tuneable, infrared, imaging spectroradiometer. the sensor exploits differences in the particle absorption cross sections between… More

Advanced Composite Laminates for Forming High Temperature Superconducting Magnetic Shields

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: David Opie
Award Amount: $99,980.00
Abstract:
PSI proposed to develop a novel method for making large high temperature superconducting magnetic shields. There are many existing applications that need the high level of electro-magnetic isolation that is obtained with superconducting magnetic shields. For example, atomic frequency standards,… More

Compact, Low Cost Instrument for Simultaneous Temperature, Velocity, and H2O Density Measurements in a Supersonic Propulsion Exhaust Nozzle

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Mark G. Allen
Award Amount: $79,116.00

COMPACT, ULTRA-SENSITIVE NO2 FIELD MONITOR

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator: Mark G Allen
Award Amount: $49,992.00

Laser Illumination for High Speed Photography of Explosive Events

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Charles L. Goldey
Award Amount: $59,318.00

Rubidium Maser Development

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: David Opie
Award Amount: $79,534.00

Optical Waveguide Solar Energy System for Lunar Material Processing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Takashi Nakamura
Award Amount: $496,127.00

High-Speed, WEide Dynamic Range Airborne Water Sensor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Mark G. Allen
Award Amount: $70,000.00

Compact Diode-Laser-Based Inlet and Exhaust Mass-Flow Flight Instrument

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Mark G. Allen
Award Amount: $499,994.00

Lightweight Ozone Photometer for Balloons and Unmanned Aircraft

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: W. Terry Rawlins
Award Amount: $70,000.00

HIGH ACCURACY FLOW CONTROLLER FOR PROCESS CONTROL OF CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Karen L Carleton
Award Amount: $300,000.00
Abstract:
Researchers are developing a compact flow sensor for high accuracy semiconductor process control. this sensor is based on a new variation of infrared (ir) absorption spectroscopy called spectral correlation detection. the reactant concentration is quantified by ir absorption to control reactant flow… More

High-Speed, WEide Dynamic Range Airborne Water Sensor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Mark G. Allen
Award Amount: $599,974.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to demonstrate a flight qualifiable, wide dynamic range sensor for water vapor concentration measurements in the troposphere. The sensor is based on absorption measurements using a room temperature, tunable InGaAsP diode laser and a unique noise canceling detector… More

Lightweight Ozone Photometer for Balloons and Unmanned Aircraft

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: W. Terry Rawlins
Award Amount: $599,943.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to design, build, and test a laboratory pre-prototype of an optical absorption photometer for balloon-borne and unmanned aircraft sounding of the stratosphere and troposphere. The device will use short-path UV absorption and high-precision signal processing… More

Compact, Low Cost Instrument for Simultaneous Temperature, Velocity, and H2O Density Measurements in a Supersonic Propulsion Exhaust Nozzle

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Mark G. Allen
Award Amount: $741,000.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to demonstrate a low-cost, compact, rugged instrument for simultaneous measurements of static temperature, velocity, and H20 density in the exhaust nozzle of a supersonic propulsion engine. The measurements will be based on room temperature, tunable diode laser… More

Rubidium Maser Development

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: David Opie
Award Amount: $717,895.00
Abstract:
In this program we propose to investigate technical issues relevant to the construction of highly stable, miniature, atomic rubidium (Rb (superscript 87)) maser. We plan to investigate two versions of this maser, both to be built in the Phase II: the first is a full size version, and the second will… More

Reactive Spraying of Ceramics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Michael E. Read
Award Amount: $60,000.00
Abstract:
Phase I will develop a method of simultaneously making and plasma spraying ceramic powder to make ceramic coatings and near net shapes. Such a process will produce higher purity and density, and lower cost coatings and near net shapes than can be obtained with existing spray methods. The process… More

Diode Laser Magnetometer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Steven J. Davis
Award Amount: $77,330.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop the next generation of ultra-sensitive, optically pumped alkali vapor magnetometers. PSI proposes to utilize a tunable diode laser with fiber optic delivery system and a gas absorption cell to develop a rugged, lightweight, and compact… More

Space-Based Remote Sensing of Stratospheric/Tropospheric Ozone and Sulfur Dioxide for Aircraft Guidance Control

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: W. Terry Rawlins
Award Amount: $76,240.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to investigate the feasibility of detecting and monitoring ozone (O3) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) concentrations in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere (10 to 20 km) by measuring spectrally resolved backscattered solar UV radiance with a unique imaging… More

Combustor Efficiency Sensor for Hydrocarbon-Fueled High Speed Propulsion Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Mark G. Allen
Award Amount: $78,658.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop and demonstrate a combustion efficiency sensor based on simultaneous CO/CO2/H20 and temperature measurements for integration with aero-propulsion test stands at the Air Force Wright Laboratory. The sensor will derive from ongoing diode laser sensor… More

A Real-Time Monitor for Airborne Metal-Laden Particulate

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Lawrence G. Pipter
Award Amount: $69,939.00
Abstract:
We propose an in-situ real-time method whereby metal-laden aerosols can be processed to give a steady state concentration of metal atoms suitable for detection via atomic absorption spectrometry. Our method eliminates the need for extraction and concentration procedures and it employs inexpensive… More

Developments of Low-Cost Nanoscale Powders for Destructive Absorption Technology

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Joseph J. Helble
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Destructive adsorption technology (DAT) is a promising, environmentally-benign method for destroying hazardous and toxic waste materials. DAT, making use of high surface area nanoscale CaO and MgO as both reactants and catalysts, breaks down chlorinated organics, organophosphorus compounds, and… More

Controlled Growth of Thin Film Battery Electrodes by Pulsed Laser Deposition

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr William T. Laughlin
Award Amount: $79,820.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc and Tufts University Electro-Optic Technology Center propose to fabricate a robust lithium ion high energy density rechargeable battery using inorganic thin film technology. The proposed thin film electrode growth methods will provide well controlled film microstructures and… More

Medical Applications of Thermal Imaging (7125-330)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Mr. Robert Krech
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to develop a design for a second generation LWIR photovoltaic HgCdTe focal plane array thermal imaging system specifically configured for real-time medical diagnostic applications that will be fabricated and demonstrated in a Phase II effort. The proposed medical… More

Laser Illumination for High Speed Photography of Explosive Events

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Charles L. Goldey
Award Amount: $435,000.00
Abstract:
The proposed Phase I effort will establish the feasibility of laser illuminated high speed photography of large scale explosive events for utilization during operational field tests. Recent advances in laser systems suggest that short pulses (

COMPACT, ULTRA-SENSITIVE NO2 FIELD MONITOR

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator: Mark G Allen
Award Amount: $199,826.00
Abstract:
This proposal describes a program to develop a new type of no2 vapor sensor based on a room-temperature tunable diode laser absorption technique. recent advances in inexpensive, visible diode lasers, and ultra-sensitive detection circuitry now permit real-time monitoring of trace gaseous species… More

HEAVY METALS EMISSIONS CONTROL BY CO-FIRING MSW AND COAL

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Dr. Lawrence E. Bool, III
Award Amount: $65,000.00
Abstract:
Incineration of Municipal Solid Wastes (MSW) often results in the emission oftoxic heavy metals, such as lead and cadmium. Previous work has demonstrated theability of some aluminosilicates sorbents, including common coal-borne minerals,to capture lead and cadmium vapors and, thereby, prevent their… More

Adaptive Closed-Loop Systems For Control Of Combustor Pattern Factor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: K.r. Mcmanus , Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $70,000.00

Laser Light Source for Ultra-High Speed Photography of Explosive/Projectile Events

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: C. Goldey
Award Amount: $80,000.00

Optical Waveguide Solar Lighting System For Space-Based Plant Growing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Takashi Nakamura , Principal Research Scientist 3
Award Amount: $70,000.00

Biological Cell Analysis and Manipulation in a Quadrupole Trap

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Karen Carleton
Award Amount: $64,961.00

Optical Propagation Effects Simulations

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr. Merlin G. Miller
Award Amount: $70,000.00

Non-Intrusive Water Vapor Sensor for Industrial Process Flows

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Mark G. Allen
Award Amount: $79,993.00

Optical Heat Flux And Recession Instrumentation For Solid Rocket Motor Nozzles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: William T. Laughlin , Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $70,000.00

Thin Film Sensing Elements For Skin Friction Imaging Arrays

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: R. Daniel Ferguson
Award Amount: $70,000.00

Endoscopic Design Innovation to Enable Object Sizing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: David Rosen
Award Amount: $99,929.00

High Utilization Catalyst for the Direct Oxidation of Methanol in a Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Karen Jayne
Award Amount: $65,000.00

A Large Area Solar Simulator for Uniform and Continuous Illumination

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Alfred Ducharme
Award Amount: $74,968.00

Laser Light Source for Ultra-High Speed Photography of Explosive/Projectile Events

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: C. Goldey
Award Amount: $920,265.00
Abstract:
The proposed effort will establish the applicability of laser light as the illumination source in the high-speed photography of large scale ballistic and warhead field tests. Recent advances in laser systems suggest that when coupled to commercially available camera systems, their high energy… More

Marine Species Monitoring and Prediction System (7126-600)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Merlin G. Miller
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) and its partner, the Center for Marine Science, Environment and Technology (CMAST) at the University of Massachusetts at Dartmouth propose to develop a methodology and system for predicting the presence of large marine mammals and other relevant marine species in… More

Identification and Removal of Conformal Coatings

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: William T. Laughlin
Award Amount: $68,174.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inco (PSI) proposes to design and demonstrate a compact laser system for the removal of conformal coatings from electronic printed circuit boards prior to repair which is suitable for installation on a Navy ship. The system will be a self contained stand alone unit requiring … More

Radiation-Hardened Composites for Space Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Prakash B. Joshi
Award Amount: $97,304.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences, Inc. (PSI) and our subcontractor Textron Systems Division (TSD) propose to develop multifunctional, compact (thin), yet low-mass, composites for applications to space systems on small satellites. In addition to providing mechanical strength for structural enclosures, these… More

A Rapid, Controlled and Selective Etching Tool for Bonded Wafer Processing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: David Oakes
Award Amount: $98,985.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences, Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop an etching tool based upon its patented Fast Atom Sample Tester (FAST) technology that addresses a critical processing problem faced by manufacturers of Bonded wafers. The fabrication process for bonded wafers results in a 5 mm wide strip of… More

Thermal Imager-Based Device for Detecting Fuel Tank Leaks

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: David I. Rosen
Award Amount: $78,635.00
Abstract:
An innovative R&D effort is proposed to develop a novel, low cost and portable optical imaging device to enhance the detection of fuel tank leaks. The proposed device would exploit the latest in sensitive, cost-effective, uncooled thermal imaging technology developed largely under DOD sponsorship. … More

Heat Flux Gauged Instrumented, Articulated Manikin

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Peter E. Nebolsine
Award Amount: $69,958.00
Abstract:
In this Phase I program, Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) and its sub contractor, First Technology Safety Systems, Inc. (FTSS), propose to demonstrate the technology necessary to develop an advanced instrumented thermal manikin for use in the quantitative assessment of burn hazards and the… More

A Simple LIBS-Based Instrument for the Detection of Lead

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Karl W. Holtzclaw
Award Amount: $69,219.00
Abstract:
Building on our previous experience in pulsed-discharged-based optical diagnostics, Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) will construct, calibrate, and deliver a prototype, real-time monitor for lead. Employing laser-induced breakdown spectrometry (LIBS), the prototype will allow quantitative lead… More

Development of a Compact, Underwater Acoustic Intensity Probe (7126-550)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop an engineering prototype of an underwater acoustic intensity probe which is described in US Patent #5,392,258. The proposed effort is to bring the probe from a pre-prototype unit as described in the patent, through prototype development and… More

Endoscopic Design Innovation to Enable Object Sizing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: David Rosen
Award Amount: $551,862.00
Abstract:
We will seek to develop a simple, low-cost, low-spatial profile, easy to implement optical scheme fassessing image feature dimensions via an endoscope. The scheme to be developed is one which provideinformation in addition to the angular information normally available via conventional endoscopes.… More

Design of an Axially-Modulated, Cusp Injected, Large Orbit Gyrotron for Linear Collider Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Michael E. Read , Area Manager
Award Amount: $74,976.00
Abstract:
41308 November 20, 1996 Physical Sciences, Inc. This project will study the suitability of the Axially-Modulated, Cusp-Injected, Large Orbit Gyrotron (AMCILOG) configuration for linear collider applications. The AMCILOG has the potential for producing… More

TURBINE EXHAUST PARTICULATE DETECTION BY LASER-INDUCED INCANDESCENCE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: W. Terry Rawlins , Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $69,998.00

Real Time Monitor for the Laser-Based Coatings Removal System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Mark E. Faser , Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $74,999.00

SBIR PHASE I: Development of a Low Cost Production Process for Low Carbon Content, Submicron Scale High Temperature Superconductors (HTSC) Powders

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Shin Kang
Award Amount: $74,999.00

Missing Title

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Steven J. Davis , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $336,122.00

A NEW METHOD FOR ROCKET NOZZLE MATERIALS EVALUATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: William T. Laughlin , Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $69,992.00

Arena Test Fragment Field Evaluation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Peter E. Nebolsine
Award Amount: $99,979.00

A ROLL BEARING WITH DYNAMIC LOAD SENSING FOR WIND TUNNEL VIRTUAL FLIGHT TESTING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: John C. Magill
Award Amount: $79,397.00

OPTICALLY SWITCHED MICROELECTRODE ARRAY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $100,000.00

Airborne Hyperspectral Imager

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: William J. Marinelli
Award Amount: $96,566.00

Compact, Airborne Laser Multigas Sensor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. David M. Sonnenfroh , Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $74,970.00

AIRBORNE MULTISPECTRAL FIRE SENSOR

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: William J. Marinelli , Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $70,000.00

Optical Heat Flux And Recession Instrumentation For Solid Rocket Motor Nozzles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: William T. Laughlin , Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $577,245.00

High Resolution Miniature AMEL Display for Simulation HMDs

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Michael E. Read , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $411,040.00

Mixing Diagnostics for Gas Turbine Combustors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Mark G. Allen
Award Amount: $99,329.00

Closed-loop Control System for Improved Combustor Stability and Performance

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Keith R. Mcmanus
Award Amount: $68,196.00

Optical Propagation Effects Simulations

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr. Merlin G. Miller
Award Amount: $748,309.00
Abstract:
A concept is proposed for the laboratory simulation of optical propagation effects including transmission and turbulence. Discrete optical components are used to produce the effects of greatest importance to many optical system: extinction, scintillation, jitter, and image distortion/beam spreading.… More

Non-Intrusive Water Vapor Sensor for Industrial Process Flows

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Mark G. Allen
Award Amount: $749,619.00
Abstract:
An in-situ sensor is described for non-intrusive water vapor measurements in industrial process flows. Based on an existing room-temperature diode laser source, prototype versions have demonstrated room temperature applications with over four orders of magnitude linear dynamic range and limiting… More

Arena Test Fragment Field Evaluation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Peter E. Nebolsine
Award Amount: $742,230.00
Abstract:
The current system (VALTS) used to characterize the fragment field during warhead arena tests has several serious short comings. Significant ambiguity occurs because the spatial resolution of the current screens is modest and does not allow a unique association of a pulse with a retrieved fragment.… More

Compact, Airborne Laser Multigas Sensor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. David M. Sonnenfroh , Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $600,443.00
Abstract:
40091 November 8, 1996 Physical Sciences, Inc. Current sensors on unmanned aircraft, used to measure greenhouse gases (such as H2O, CO2, CH4, and N2O) in the atmosphere, require extensive (crygenic) cooling. This project will develop a gas sensor which… More

Closed-loop Control System for Improved Combustor Stability and Performance

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Keith R. Mcmanus
Award Amount: $742,961.00
Abstract:
This proposal describes a novel active control system to improve the stability of low-NOx gas turbine combustors. The control scheme is based on using inlet fuel flow modulation to influence the unsteady mixing and heat release processes in the combustor to provide real-time control over combustion… More

Use of Novel, Low-Cost Additives to Improve Sorbent Efficiency for Control of Mercury Emissions in Coal-Fired Power Plant Flue Gases

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Mr. Joseph R. Morency , Senior Research Scientist
Award Amount: $74,996.00
Abstract:
109 Use of Novel, Low-Cost Additives to Improve Sorbent Efficiency for Control of Mercury Emissions in Coal-Fired Power Plant Flue Gases--Physical Sciences Inc., 20 New England Business Center, Andover, MA 01810-1022; Mr. Joseph R. Morency, Principal Investigator Mr. George E. Caledonia,… More

Airborne Hyperspectral Imager

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: William J. Marinelli
Award Amount: $745,421.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop and demonstrate quantitative Planar Laser-Induced Fluorescence (PLIF) imaging techniques for high-pressure gas turbine combustors. The development and demonstration experiments will be conducted in an optically-accessible combustor designed… More

Mixing Diagnostics for Gas Turbine Combustors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Mark G. Allen
Award Amount: $743,131.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop and demonstrate quantitative Planar Laser-Induced Fluorescence (PLIF) imaging techniques for high-pressure gas turbine combustors. The development and demonstration experiments will be conducted in an optically-accessible combustor designed to… More

A ROLL BEARING WITH DYNAMIC LOAD SENSING FOR WIND TUNNEL VIRTUAL FLIGHT TESTING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: John C. Magill
Award Amount: $749,999.00
Abstract:
We propose to develop a gas bearing balance technology for high fidelity virtual flight testing of missiles in the wind tunnel. To perform such tests, a means of measuring low and high frequency loads at the bearing must be developed, as well as a means of providing high pressure air to the test… More

Cancer Therapy and Detection With Diode Lasers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Steven J. Davis
Award Amount: $98,603.00
Abstract:
The treatment and detection of cancer via photodynamic therapy (PDT) is one of the most promising and exciting applications of visible wavelength diode lasers. In PDT, a laser is used to initiate a photochemical reaction that causes cancer cell necrosis. Since early trials in 1977, more than 5000… More

Optics Health Monitoring

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: David T.rosen
Award Amount: $98,701.00
Abstract:
A research and development effort is proposed to investigate and develop instrumentation for automatic, non-intrusive and real-time monitoring of the "health" of optical components in high energy laser (HEL) systems. The objective is: 1) to determine measurable characteristics of the components… More

Spall Fragment Field and surface Deformation Characterization System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Peter E Nebolsine
Award Amount: $99,751.00
Abstract:
New and innovative holography cinematography techniques described in this proposal will meet the challenging quantitative spatial and temporal requirements of the solicitation over the designated volume and time span. PSI proposes the use of repetitively pulsed holography/holographic interferometry… More

Advanced Imaging for Surface Ship Self Protection (7126-580)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Merlin G. Miller
Award Amount: $69,990.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) and its subcontractor Pacific Advanced Technologies (PAT) propose to determine the feasibility of an advanced high quality imaging system for threat detection and identification in support of surface ship self protection. Low flying threats which pop-up over the… More

Simulation Technique for Plasma Processing of Chemical Waste

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Harmut H. Legner , Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $74,973.00
Abstract:
74 Simulation Technique for Plasma Processing of Chemical Waste--Physical Sciences Inc., 20 New England Business Center, Andover, MA 01810-1022; (508) 689-0003 Dr. Harmut H. Legner, Principal Investigator Mr. George E. Caledonia, Business Official DOE Grant No. DE-FG02-97ER82455 Amount: … More

Corrosion Resistant Bipolar Plates for PEM Fuel Cells

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Michael C. Kimble , Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $74,989.00
Abstract:
91 Corrosion Resistant Bipolar Plates for PEM Fuel Cells--Physical Sciences Inc., 20 New England Business Center, Andover, MA 01810; (508) 689-0003 Dr. Michael C. Kimble, Principal Investigator Mr. George E. Caledonia, Business Official DOE Grant No. DE-FG02-97ER82454 Amount: … More

Uniform Diode Laser Illuminator

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Steven J. Davis
Award Amount: $97,116.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a novel, hand-held, IR illuminator with the capability of producing beams of variable divergence angles. We offer two complementary approaches that will be thoroughly tested in Phase I. One approach is based upon a novel reflective optic that… More

High Energy Laser Testing of Thermal Protection Materials with a New Diagnostic

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: William T. Laughlin
Award Amount: $149,994.00
Abstract:
The Department of Defense and their contractors are currently limited in their ability to fabricate high temperature thermal protection and structural materials and include those materials in new aerospace vehicle designs without risk of thermally induced material failures which might compromise the… More

Novel Interferometry for Small Arms Scoring

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Gary E. Galica
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. proposes a small arms scoring system based on a unique and innovative application of interferometry. The system is precise enough to satisfy the accuracy requirements of the Army Test and Evaluation Command and is immune from temperature and humidity effects. Any caliber… More

Uniform Diode Laser Illuminator

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Steven J. Davis
Award Amount: $98,710.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences, Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a novel, hand-held, IR illuminator with the capability of producing beams of variable divergence anges. We offer two complentary approaches that will be thoroughtly tested in Phase I. One approach is based upon a novel reflective optic that… More

Ultra-Wideband, Thin Microwave Absorbers Based on Metal-Infused Nanoparticle Clusters (7147-100)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Michael E. Read
Award Amount: $69,962.00
Abstract:
The goal of the proposed program is to realize novel materials that effectively absorb microwave radiation over the entire X- and Ku-Band frequency ranges (8 to 18 GHz), with thicknesses down to those that are appropriate for paints. The characteristics will be achieved through the development… More

Automated Sound Velocity Profiling System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Peter E. Nebolsine
Award Amount: $99,419.00
Abstract:
The development of an innovative, affordable and automated system for near-surface, real-time, remote sound velocity profiler to measure the velocity of a transmitted acoustic pulse as a function of depth is proposed. Alternative technologies for environmental sampling will be explored and a… More

Nonintrusive Sensor for Gas Turbine Smoke Emissions

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Keith R. Mcmanus
Award Amount: $99,396.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to demonstrate the feasibility of laser-induced incandescence (LII) as a commercializable optical sensor package for the detection of carbon soot particles in engine exhaust plumes. The specific innovation proposed here are to develop calibration methods for… More

Real Time Monitor for the Laser-Based Coatings Removal System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Mark E. Faser , Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $749,823.00
Abstract:
40714 November 12, 1996 Physical Sciences, Inc. Pulsed-CO2 laser systems are used to remove contaminated lead-based paint and two-part epoxy coatings from the surface of DOE facilities. These systems have the advantage of complete coatings removal with… More

Structural Health Monitoring Using Fiber Optic Sensing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Steven A. Africk
Award Amount: $69,961.00
Abstract:
A system for structural health monitoring of ships using fiber optic sensors will be developed. The baseline system to be investigated is a proprietary spread spectrum interrogation system under development by Lucent Technologies, which will support monitoring of strain, temperature, and potentially… More

A High Flux Atom Beam Tool for Semiconductor Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Alan H. Gelb
Award Amount: $59,963.00
Abstract:
As electronic device sizes decrease, ion-damage will preclude the use of plasma-based tools for many processing steps and charge-free processing will be required. Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a neutral high flux, high fluence atom beam source for charge-free semiconductor… More

Adaptive Multispectral ATR

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: William J. Marinelli
Award Amount: $99,992.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to show the feasibility of using a novel, spectrally-selective IR imager for the passive standoff detection of chemical agents and hazardous chemicals. The concept is based on the insertion of a tunable etalon into the field-of-view of an IR imaging system. … More

Characterization of Metastable Beam Sources

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator: Lawrence G. Piper
Award Amount: $49,989.00
Abstract:
We propose a 6 month program during which we will develop and demonstrate an approach for generating well-characterized atomic and molecular beams of metastable species. Such beam sources are necessary for the microelectronics and plasma processing industries because they would provide a valuable… More

SBIR Phase I: Frequency-Quadrupled Diode Laser Atomic Absorption-Based Flux Controller

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: William Kessler
Award Amount: $74,997.00

Compact Optical Trace Gas Flux Sensor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: David M. Sonnenfroh , PRINCIPAL RESEARCH SCIENTIST
Award Amount: $69,996.00

Closed-Loop Flow Control System For Improved High Angle-Of-Attack Maneuverability

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Keith R. Mcmanus , PRINCIPAL SCIENTIST
Award Amount: $69,996.00

AIRBORNE MULTISPECTRAL FIRE SENSOR

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: William J. Marinelli , Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $599,970.00

Near-Ir Diode Laser Sensors For Combustor Emissions Monitoring And Control

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Mark G. Allen , PRINCIPAL RESEARCH SCIENTIST
Award Amount: $69,978.00

Optical Air Mass Flux Sensor For Flight Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Mark G. Allen , PRINCIPAL RESEARCH SCIENTIST
Award Amount: $69,978.00

TURBINE EXHAUST PARTICULATE DETECTION BY LASER-INDUCED INCANDESCENCE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: W. Terry Rawlins , Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $599,945.00

Space Validation Of Variable Absorptivity And Emissivity Themal Control Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Prakash B. Jashi , PRINCIPAL RESEARCH SCIENTIST
Award Amount: $69,971.00

STABILIZED IMAGING FOR THE SCANNING LASER OPHTHALMOSCOPE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Ferguson, r daniel
Award Amount: $99,997.00

Optical Monitor For Combustion Efficiencies In Scramjet Pulse Facilities

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: W. Terry Rawlins , PRINCIPAL RESEARCH SCIENTIST
Award Amount: $69,991.00

SBIR Phase I: Improved Microwave Absorbing Insulator- Conductor Composites with Tailored Frequency Response

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Michael Read
Award Amount: $74,987.00

High Utilization Catalyst for the Direct Oxidation of Methanol in a Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Karen Jayne
Award Amount: $299,965.00

Germanium Strip Detector System For X-Ray And Gamma-Ray Spectrometry And Imaging

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Willi Schwarz , PRINCIPAL SCIENTIST ENGINEER
Award Amount: $69,226.00

A NEW METHOD FOR ROCKET NOZZLE MATERIALS EVALUATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: William T. Laughlin , Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $506,035.00

SBIR Phase I: Synthesis of Carbon Nitride Thin Films

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Alan Gelb
Award Amount: $74,998.00

AIRBORNE HEAVY METAL MONITOR

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Mark E. Fraser
Award Amount: $97,162.00

Radiation-Hardened Composites for Space Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Prakash B. Joshi
Award Amount: $637,186.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences, Inc. (PSI) and our subcontractor Textron Systems Division (TSD) propose to develop multifunctional, compact (thin), yet low-mass, composites for applications to space systems on small satellites. In addition to providing mechanical strength for structural enclosures, these… More

A Rapid, Controlled and Selective Etching Tool for Semiconductor Processing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: David Oakes
Award Amount: $369,956.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences, Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop an etching tool based upon its patented Fast Atom Sample Tester (FAST) technology that addresses a critical processing problem faced by manufacturers of Bonded wafers. The fabrication process for bonded wafers results in a 5 mm wide strip of… More

Diode Laser Instrument for Cancer Therapy

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Steven J. Davis
Award Amount: $594,079.00
Abstract:
The treatment and detection of cancer via photodynamic therapy (PDT) is one of the most promising and exciting applications of visible wavelength diode lasers. In PDT, a laser is used to initiate a photochemical reaction that causes cancer cell necrosis. Since early trials in 1977, more than 5000… More

Optics Health Monitoring

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: David T.rosen
Award Amount: $744,858.00
Abstract:
A research and development effort is proposed to investigate and develop instrumentation for automatic, non-intrusive and real-time monitoring of the "health" of optical components in high energy laser (HEL) systems. The objective is: 1) to determine measurable characteristics of the components… More

Control of Mecury Emissions from Fossil Fuel-Fired Power Plant

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Harmut H. Legner , Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $726,257.00
Abstract:
74 Simulation Technique for Plasma Processing of Chemical Waste--Physical Sciences Inc., 20 New England Business Center, Andover, MA 01810-1022; (508) 689-0003 Dr. Harmut H. Legner, Principal Investigator Mr. George E. Caledonia, Business Official DOE Grant No. DE-FG02-97ER82455 Amount: … More

Corrosion Resistant Bipolar Plates for PEM Fuel Cells

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Michael C. Kimble , Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $744,815.00
Abstract:
91 Corrosion Resistant Bipolar Plates for PEM Fuel Cells--Physical Sciences Inc., 20 New England Business Center, Andover, MA 01810; (508) 689-0003 Dr. Michael C. Kimble, Principal Investigator Mr. George E. Caledonia, Business Official DOE Grant No. DE-FG02-97ER82454 Amount: $74,989 Fuel… More

Tunable LIDAR Receiver

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Steven J. Davis
Award Amount: $490,010.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a novel, hand-held, IR illuminator with the capability of producing beams of variable divergence angles. We offer two complementary approaches that will be thoroughly tested in Phase I. One approach is based upon a novel reflective optic that… More

Automated Remote Sensing Sound Velocity Profiler

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Peter E. Nebolsine
Award Amount: $743,614.00
Abstract:
The development of an innovative, affordable and automated system for near-surface, real-time, remote sound velocity profiler to measure the velocity of a transmitted acoustic pulse as a function of depth is proposed. Alternative technologies for environmental sampling will be explored and a… More

Low Cost Fine Particulate Stack Monitor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Mr. Joseph Morency , Senior Research Engineer
Award Amount: $74,968.00
Abstract:
50324-98-I Low Cost Fine Particulate Stack Monitor--Physical Sciences Inc., 20 New England Business Center, Andover, MA 01810-1077; (978) 689-0003 Mr. Joseph Morency, Principal Investigator Mr. George E. Caledonia, Business Official DOE Grant No. DE-FG02-98ER82642 Amount: $74,968 The inhalation… More

Mobile Solar DAT Reactor for In-Situ DNAPL Remediation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Constance L. Senior , Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $74,990.00
Abstract:
50328-98-I Mobile Solar DAT Reactor for In-Situ DNAPL Remediation--Physical Sciences Inc., 20 New England Business Center, Andover, MA 01810-1077; (978) 689-0003 Dr. Constance L. Senior, Principal Investigator Mr. George E. Caledonia, Business Official DOE Grant No. DE-FG02-98ER82641 Amount: … More

Detection of Metals in Soil by Spark Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Amy J.R. Hunter , Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $74,976.00
Abstract:
50327-98-I Detection of Metals in Soil by Spark Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy--Physical Sciences Inc., 20 New England Business Center, Andover, MA 01810-1077; (978) 689-0003 Dr. Amy J.R. Hunter, Principal Investigator Mr. George E. Caledonia, Business Official DOE Grant No.… More

Polymeric Agent Decontamination System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: Mitchell R. Zakin
Award Amount: $69,977.00
Abstract:
The threat of military and terrorist deployment of chemical weapons has increased alarmingly in recent years. A universal decontamination system is required for safe and effective neutralization of standard and thickened chemical warfare agents (G, V, and H). The system must be non-toxic,… More

Polymeric Toxicity Test

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Mitchell R. Zakin
Award Amount: $99,997.00
Abstract:
Rapid and accurate assessment of the toxicity of environmental contaminants and other hazardous species, including military-unique chemicals such as warfare agents, remains a significant challenge. Current methodologies are slow, expensive, and require sophisticated laboratory instrumentation. … More

Diode Laser-Based Evanescent Wave Fiber Optic Sensor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: William J. Kessler
Award Amount: $99,507.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop and demonstrate an ultra-sensitive, compact, and versatile evanescent wave, fiber optic sensor for detecting chlorinated hydrocarbons in air, water or headspace matrices. The sensor will be built around the emerging technology in room temperature… More

Detection of Persons with Mild, Intermittent Asthma

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Mitchell A. Zakin
Award Amount: $69,998.00
Abstract:
An R&D effort is proposed to develop a rapid, inexpensive method to detect asthma in military recruit applicants, especially those suspected of mild or moderate disease. The proposed method will build upon a large and evolving body of research which strongly implicates increased levels of nitric… More

Tunable Vibration Absorber System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Fred Kern
Award Amount: $69,997.00
Abstract:
In Phase I a system for structural hull vibration reduction using tunable vibration absorbers will be developed which can reduce the radiated noise of small underwater vehicles using minimum weight, volume and energy. This system will use minimal power for tuning control and monitoring in comparison… More

system for Directional Blast Pressure Measurement

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Charles L. Goldey
Award Amount: $99,934.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop the capability for the Air Force Development Test Center (AFDTC), Eglin AFB to measure true blast wave pressure which meets the specific requirements of the solicitaion. PSI will show in this Phase I program the feasibility of making the… More

REGENERATIVE MICRO-FUEL CELL FOR UAVS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael C. Kimble
Award Amount: $99,953.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovative Research Phase I Project develops a compact regenerative proton exchange membrane fuel cell. The design approach for this project is specific to the development of an electrolyzer and fuel cell unit giving an energy storage capability greater than 250 W-hr/kg. A… More

Polymer Microsensor System for Chemical Agent Detection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr. Mitchell R. Zakin
Award Amount: $98,537.00
Abstract:
While the threat of chemical and biological weapon deployment has increased alarmingly in recent years, the sensitive and specific detection of chemical warfare (CW) agents remains a significant challenge. To achieve maximum effectiveness, small inexpensive sensors are required for deployment in a… More

Multi-Pulsed Laser Illumination for Imaging

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Charles L. Goldey
Award Amount: $99,088.00
Abstract:
The Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), Eglin AFB requires high temporal rate data from dynamic experiments in their effort to move to physics model from empirical based models. High resolution image data for fragment/target material dynamics and characterization is a key technology area that… More

Lightweight Structural Composites

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Hartmut H. Legner
Award Amount: $64,438.00

Higher Energetic PEM Fuel Cells

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $64,090.00

Spark Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy for Detection of Metals in Groundwater and Soil

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $69,990.00

Light-weight Structural Materials with Integral Radiation Shielding, Thermal Control and Electronics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $68,896.00

Active Combustion Control Using Micro-Fabricated Sensors and Actuators

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $69,986.00

Closed-Loop Flow Control System For Improved High Angle-Of-Attack Maneuverability

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Keith R. Mcmanus , PRINCIPAL SCIENTIST
Award Amount: $597,109.00

Dynamic Stall Control on Rotorcraft

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $69,997.00

SBIR Phase I: Development of a Hypervelocity Neutral Beam Tool for Selective, Damage-Free and Anisot

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Michael Kimble
Award Amount: $99,928.00

Germanium Strip Detector System For X-Ray And Gamma-Ray Spectrometry And Imaging

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Willi Schwarz , PRINCIPAL SCIENTIST ENGINEER
Award Amount: $594,457.00

CLOSED SYSTEM GLYCEROLIZER FOR DONATED BLOOD

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Zakin, Mitchell R
Award Amount: $99,994.00

Optical Air Mass Flux Sensor For Flight Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Mark G. Allen , PRINCIPAL RESEARCH SCIENTIST
Award Amount: $599,941.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Peter E Nebolsine
Award Amount: $480,499.00

Polymeric Detector System for Treaty Verification

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Mitchel Zakin
Award Amount: $99,990.00

Advanced Submarine Coatings

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Steven Africk
Award Amount: $68,952.00

Electrochemical In-line Fuel Analyzer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Michael Kimble
Award Amount: $69,469.00

Automatic Extractive Flow Injection Analysis for Perchlorate Sensing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Mark Fraser
Award Amount: $99,036.00

A Low Peak Power Differential Absorption LIDAR System for Remote Characterization of Chemical Vapor Plumes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Christopher Gittins
Award Amount: $95,737.00

High Flux Source for Halogen Atoms and Diode Laser Dignostics for Advanced Iodine Lasers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Steven Davis
Award Amount: $98,650.00

Consumable Spacecraft Materials and Structures for Orbital Propulsion

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Prakash Joshi
Award Amount: $96,840.00

Novel Fiber Networked Diod Laser-Based Fire Detection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $74,985.00

Air Launched Single Soldier Deployment Vehicle

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Thomas Vaneck
Award Amount: $98,841.00

Infrared Standoff Bio-Agent Discrimination

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: William Marinelli
Award Amount: $99,999.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Mitchell R Zakin
Award Amount: $749,995.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Mitchell A Zakin
Award Amount: $749,758.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Charles L Goldey
Award Amount: $743,416.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael C Kimble
Award Amount: $743,127.00

Low-Cost Science Education Kits for Elementary and Middle Schools

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Steven Davis
Award Amount: $99,968.00

High Temperature Inductive Turbine Blade Tip Clearance Sensor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Fred Kern
Award Amount: $99,517.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Mitchell R Zakin
Award Amount: $749,447.00

Handheld Laser-Based Sensor for Remote Detection of Gas Leaks

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $69,992.00
Abstract:
Not Available A Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) architecture is proposed that is specifically designed for digital signal processing (DSP) applications. It is called the PDPA (Programmable Data Path Array) architecture and is characterized by the following features: specific support for data… More

Fabrication of Chemically Specific Sensor Coatings

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Mitchell Zakin
Award Amount: $99,935.00

Advanced Carbon Nanotube Membrane for Direct Methanol Fuel Cell

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Karen Jayne
Award Amount: $99,975.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $0.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $749,870.00

Quantum Cascade Based Field Flux Sensor (7168-490)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: David M. Sonnenfroh, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $69,985.00

Raman Imaging Diagnostics for Practical Combustors (7168-550)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Jonathan H. Frank, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,985.00

Point Sensor Network for Hydrazine Monitoring (7168-540)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Mitchell R. Zakin, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $69,997.00

Novel and Efficient Calibration Lamps (7168-500)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Steven J. Davis, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $69,965.00

Flourescence Coding of Plastics fo r Enhanced Identification and Sorting

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $69,893.00
Abstract:
Not Available The extreme conditions that a high performance fighter aircraft must operate in lead to harsh vibroacoustic environments that the various aircraft electronics and the precision optics of an airborne laser weapon must survive. Standard practice for reducing the effects of these… More

PORTABLE LINE SCANNING LASER OPHTHALMOSCOPE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: R. D. Ferguson
Award Amount: $98,034.00
Abstract:
Not Available It is proposed to develop a cost-effective innovative Built-in Active Sensing Structural Diagnostic (BASSD) system for monitoring the integrity and for detecting damage in composite structures, particularly the invisible impact damage. The development of the BASSD system is primarily… More

DYNAMIC ENHANCEMENT OF DIALYSIS EFFICIENCY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Steven A. Africk
Award Amount: $97,679.00
Abstract:
Not Available When a parachute malfunctions, it is critical that the jumper deploy the reserve parachute quickly to ensure that the reserve canopy has adequate time to inflate and slow his descent. Minimum container opening altitudes above the ground for recreational skydivers are at least 2000… More

HIGH FREQUENCY GYROKLYSTRON FOR PULSED EPR SPECTROMETRY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Michael E. Read
Award Amount: $99,347.00

RAPID METHOD FOR BACTERIAL SCREENING OF DONATED BLOOD

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: David I. Rosen
Award Amount: $101,934.00

HIGH RESOLUTION GAMMA CAMERA FOR SPECT IMAGING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Willi G. Schwarz
Award Amount: $99,912.00
Abstract:
Not Available With federal laws mandating inclusion of handicapped children in public schools to the maximum extent possible, many young disabled children are now in classrooms in which communication and interaction with their nonhandicapped peers can be extremely difficult and limited. There are… More

Space-Qualified Optical Components for Solar Plant Lighting

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Research Institution: Lawrence Livermore Laboratory
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $96,789.00
RI Contact: N/A

Light Electro-Optical Active Reflectivity Device (LEOPARD) Technology

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Prakash Joshi
Award Amount: $119,940.00
Abstract:
Not Available Traditional training in recovery from out of control flight situations will not be possible in modern military training aircraft. In addition a safe method of spatial disorientation training is increasingly important. The Navy has a training centrifuge that is potentially capable of… More

underwater High Speed Laser Illumination and Imaging System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Peter Nebolsine
Award Amount: $69,981.00
Abstract:
Not Available Technological advancements projected for the 2025 period will potentially give the pilot a substantial increase in targeting and weapons delivery capability. In addition to technology, the 2025 force structure, warfighting strategy, platform capability and platform mission roles form… More

A Diode Laser Sensor for High Precision Measurement of Terrestrial CO2 Sources and Sinks

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $99,996.00
Abstract:
Not Available The painting, stripping, and repainting processes for existing aircraft account for 70-90% of the U.S. Air Force's generation of hazardous wastes and air pollution. The costs for paint repaint maintenance of aircraft range from ~$250,000 for a C-135 to ~$1 million for a C-5. Due to… More

Design of High Speed High Endurance Mine Warfare Craft (7129-120)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Fred Kern
Award Amount: $69,731.00
Abstract:
Not Available Electromagnetic probes covering frequency bands of kHz to tens of GHz are known to detect corrosion, cracks, and flaws hidden under paint and other materials. These probes, however, are not uniquely responsive towards corrosion. The nonlinear response of the corrosion products could… More

A Multispectral Fluorescence and Reflectance Probe for In-situ Characterization of Benthic Environments (7129-050)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Charles Mazel
Award Amount: $69,796.00
Abstract:
Not Available Mountain Wave, Inc. proposes to investigate the development of an automated security mode verification scheme that would allow independent verification that a group of networked untrusted workstations with embedded encryption is configured properly. This scheme will include the… More

AIRBORNE HEAVY METAL MONITOR

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Amy J. Bauer
Award Amount: $749,870.00

Polymeric Detector System for Treaty Verification

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Mitchell R. Zakin
Award Amount: $749,990.00

Electrochemical In-line Fuel Analyzer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Michael B. Frish
Award Amount: $744,458.00

A Low Peak Power Differential Absorption LIDAR System for Remote Characterization of Chemical Vapor Plumes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Christopher M. Gittins
Award Amount: $731,477.00

High Flux Source for Halogen Atoms and Diode Laser Dignostics for Advanced Iodine Lasers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Steven J. Davis
Award Amount: $734,200.00

Infrared Standoff Bio-Agent Discrimination

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: William J. Marinelli
Award Amount: $749,887.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Research Institution: Sandia National Laboratories
Principal Investigator: Dr. Michael B. Frish, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $0.00
RI Contact: N/A

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Dr. Amy Hunter
Award Amount: $0.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Dr. Amy Hunter
Award Amount: $294,980.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: UNIV. OF ARIZONA
Principal Investigator: Thomas W. Vaneck, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,990.00
RI Contact: Lee Anne Peters

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Dr. Michael B. Frish
Award Amount: $0.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Dr. Michael B. Frish
Award Amount: $294,804.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: John C. Magill, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $99,962.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Hartmut H. Legner, Principal Res. Scientist
Award Amount: $99,789.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Gary E. Galica, Principal Res. Scientist
Award Amount: $94,592.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: John Lennhoff, Principal Res. Scientist
Award Amount: $99,935.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator: Willi Schwarz, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $74,934.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Thomai Panagiotou, Research Scientist
Award Amount: $99,982.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Amy Hunter, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,904.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Amy Hunter, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,922.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: William G. Lawrence, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,913.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Michael E. Read, Manager
Award Amount: $99,907.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: R. D. Ferguson
Award Amount: $0.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: R. D. Ferguson
Award Amount: $435,279.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Prakash B. Joshi, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $69,875.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: W. T. Rawlins, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $69,999.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Keith R. McManus, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $69,998.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: R. D. Ferguson
Award Amount: $106,462.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Mark G. Allen
Award Amount: $99,960.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Christopher M. Gittins, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $97,210.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Mark G. Allen, Manager, Aeropro. Tech.
Award Amount: $99,924.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Steven A. Africk, Prin. Research Scientist
Award Amount: $99,879.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Thomas W. Vaneck, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,911.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: David I. Rosen
Award Amount: $106,444.00
Abstract:
Not Available BioTraces has developed a super-sensitive technique called Multi Photon Detection (MPD) which improves the sensitivity of biological assays. The development of MPD enabled methods for sequencing very low amounts of protein material will be the focus of th

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Karen Jayne
Award Amount: $99,979.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: David M. Sonnenfroh, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $0.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: David M. Sonnenfroh, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $749,758.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: R. D. Ferguson
Award Amount: $99,735.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Constance L. Senior
Award Amount: $69,926.00
Abstract:
Not Available A low cost high energy density lithium-ion battery system is proposed based on doped Mn-based cathode material and low cost domestic graphite in 1M LiPF6 electrolyte with ternary carbonate-based organic solvents. A series of modified Mn-based lithium intercalation compounds will be… More

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: David M. Sonnenfroh, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $0.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: David M. Sonnenfroh, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $599,624.00

Light Electro-Optical Active Reflectivity Device (LEOPARD) Technology

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Prakash B. Joshi
Award Amount: $729,613.00

Astronaut Fuel Cell Power Generator

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Michael C. Kimble, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $69,993.00
Abstract:
A 150W fuel cell power generator is proposed using Physical Sciences Inc.'s tubular proton exchange membrane technology to provide power to an astronaut during extravehicular activities. The generator will operate for 12 hours at 12 V and have an energy density of 250 W-hr/kg, approximately 2.5… More

Lo Noise Infrasonic Sensor System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Fred Kern, Principal Research Scien
Award Amount: $739,152.00
Abstract:
The project goal is to develop an alternative infrasound monitoring system with piezoelectric sensors for use under the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. These sensors will have several advantages over the microbarograph system that forms the baseline forthe IMS. As an all-electronic system, the… More

A Low Cost, High Capacity Storage Module for Data Grids in Particle Physics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: David M. Sonnenfroh, Group Leader
Award Amount: $99,865.00
Abstract:
65421 Trace species such as ammonia (NH3) and nitric acid (HNO3) vapor are involved in several important chemical cycles that impact the radiative balance of the troposphere. Both are involved in aerosol formation, and nitric acid impacts ozone chemistry by serving as a sink for nitrogen oxides.… More

Active Control of Fan Noise Using Distributed Phased Pulsed Flows

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Fred R. Kern, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $69,917.00
Abstract:
A program for the development of an active pulsed flow noise control solution for turbomachinery noise caused by rotor wake interactions with stators is proposed. The system utilizes an array of pulsed jet flows near the leading edges of several stator blades to generate volume velocity sources to… More

Carbon Nanotube Emitters for the Mitigation of Spacecraft Charging

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Michael C. Read, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $69,571.00
Abstract:
This proposal is to develop emitters based on carbon nanotubes to gently discharge spacecraft. These emitters require no power or gas, and could replace plasma contactors now used on spacecraft. They are based on oriented arrays of carbon nanotubes bonded to a conducting backing. Carbon nanotubes… More

Sensor for SOx Species by Ultra-Sensitive IR Quantum Cascade Laser Absorption

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: W. 1. Rawlins, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $599,242.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a compact, portable, ultrasensitive SO2/SO3 sensor system based on quantum cascade laser absorption in the 7 to 9 ¿m spectral region. The sensor will have applications in laboratory and combustor test stand measurements related to the development… More

Advanced Diagnostics and Analytic Tools for HF/DF Laser Technology

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Steven Davis, VP, Applied Optics
Award Amount: $99,659.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop two sensitive diagnostics for HF chemical laser development:. a) a novel patented, multispectral imager; Adaptive Infrared Imaging Spectroradiometer (AIRIS) and b) Planar Laser Induced Fluorescence (PLIF).In Phase I we will design, assemble,… More

Advanced Concepts for the Chemical Oxygen-Iodine Laser

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Steven Davis, VP, Applied Optics
Award Amount: $99,455.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to investigate and demonstrate the feasibility of two enabling technologies to radically improve the chemical efficiency of chemical oxygen iodine lasers (COILs). We propose to examine three potential methods forproducing flows of atomic iodine that would… More

Nontoxic Biodegradable Nanomaterials and Biomaterials Signature Reduction

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Susan Pasco, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $119,526.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop biodegradable obscurants operating over a wide wavelength range (infrared to millimeter wave) using variants of an electroactive polymer. High aspect ratio fibers of the polymer in the size range necessaryto provide broad spectrum coverage will be… More

Methods for Routine Bacterial Screening of Donated Blood

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: David I. Rosen
Award Amount: $0.00

Methods for Routine Bacterial Screening of Donated Blood

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: David I. Rosen
Award Amount: $277,317.00

Nonlinear Transmission of Laser Radiation for Eye and Sensor Protection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Mitchell Zakin, Group Leader,Life Science
Award Amount: $69,913.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop improved solid-state optical-limiting devices incorporating reverse saturable absorber (RSA) materials. Optical limiting (OL) occurs when the optical transmission of a material decreases with increasinglaser fluence. OL materials can thus strongly… More

Novel Technology for In-Space Manufacture of Thin Membranes for Solar Sails

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: John D. Lennhoff, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $69,925.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences, Inc. (PSI) has developed a novel method of producing thin film membranes for solar sails, based upon an adapted literature method. The PSI process has been used to make highly reflective membranes with an areal density of 0.125 g/m2. The Gossamer design for very lightweight solar… More

Biological Agent Detection System for Field Use

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Joseph R. Morency, Principal Scientist and Engineer
Award Amount: $99,753.00
Abstract:
65271 Regulations to control the emission of mercury from coal fired power plants will soon be implemented. Although much current research has focused on modifications of activated carbon injection to remove the mercury from power plant flue gas, no technology has been developed to accomplish… More

Development of Data Processing Scheme for Plastic Identification Instruments

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Constance L. Senior, Group Leader, Chemical Processing
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
60608 Rapid and accurate identification of the type of plastic waste during sorting operations is essential for producing good quality recycled products at competitive prices. Although instruments are available for automated sorting of plastics, they have not been universally adopted. Even… More

In-line Hydraulic Fluid Contamination Multi-Sensor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Michael White, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,945.00
Abstract:
A novel three-stage optical multi-sensor for contamination of aerospace hydraulic fluid is proposed. This device will measure particulate contamination concentration and size distribution, allowing accurate alarm thresholding in accordance with existingmilitary specifications for particulates in… More

Modeling & Simulation for Combined Target Effects

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Hartmut Legner, Prin. Research Scientist
Award Amount: $69,881.00
Abstract:
Directed energy weapon (DEW) systems can potentially become an important part of war fighting for the Army. Although much is known about the effects of millimeter/microwaves (HPMs), acoustics, and laser/white light on materials and entire systems, nogeneral purpose computational tool exists to… More

Develop and Demonstrate Inflatable Reflector Technology

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: John Lennhoff, Principal Research Scient
Award Amount: $99,975.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) responds to the Air Forces need to demonstrate the viability of inflatable optics deployed from picosatellites. The PSI PicoSat Inflatable ((PSI)2) will be designed to provide surface metrology data during optic inflationpressure changes, and through eclipse. PSI will… More

SBIR Phase I - A Source for High Rate Growth of Gallium Nitride Films

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Michael Read
Award Amount: $99,981.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project is for the development of a neutral, high flux/fluence nitrogen atom beam source for application to the high rate growth of III-V nitride semiconducting materials over large areas. The proposed source is based on Physical Sciences Inc.'s… More

Development of Optical Host Materials with High Laser Damage Thresholds

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dennis Pacheco, Principal Res. Scientist
Award Amount: $99,915.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a high-damage-threshold host material for high-power or high-fluence optical applications. The goal is to produce a material which has a damage threshold at least an order of magnitude higher than that forpolymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), and which… More

Flame/Thermal Protective Fabric Test Apparatus

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Richard Barnard, Scientist/Engineer
Award Amount: $119,934.00
Abstract:
In this Phase I program, Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a prototype testing apparatus to evaluate protective clothing fabrics for military procurement approval and test the protective performance of commercial fabrics. PSI's designincludes an IR radiant heat source, skin… More

Interference Suppression Techniques Development for Future Combat Scenarios

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Peter Nebolsine, Prin. Research Scientist
Award Amount: $69,860.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc.(PSI) proposes to develop a fiber optic position measurement system for multi-line towed array applications. PSI's proprietary approach for fiber optic position measurement system sources and receivers will meet the requirements ofthe solicitation each with a very compact… More

Dynamically Optimized Team Performance

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Hartmut Legner, Principal Res. Scientist
Award Amount: $69,912.00
Abstract:
An innovative program is proposed to exploit the dramatic drag reduction potential of microbubble layers on high-speed undersea vehicles. Under the turbulent flow conditions experienced by torpedoes, microbubble drag reduction is capable of providing themaximum friction drag benefit. Previous… More

Thin Film, Variable Reflectance Materials for Solar Sail Control

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Prakash B. Joshi, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $600,000.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to develop electrochromic devices which controllably and reversibly change their solar reflectance for applications as solar sail control surfaces. The devices will be very thin, and consume power only during reflectance change. They will be deposited directly onto… More

Thin Film, Variable Reflectance Materials for Solar Sail Control

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Prakash B. Joshi, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to develop electrochromic devices which controllably and reversibly change their solar reflectance for applications as solar sail control surfaces. The devices will be very thin, and consume power only during reflectance change. They will be deposited directly onto… More

Novel Method for Continuous, In-Situ Measurement of Alkali in Biomass Gasification

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Amy Hunter, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
60445 Biomass is an attractive alternative to fossil fuels and other renewable energy resources in many markets. However, biomass power generation will not be widely adopted until control measures for alkalis are in place, because they are corrosive to turbine blades. This project will… More

Development of Data Processing Scheme for Plastic Identification Instruments

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Constance L. Senior, Group Leader, Chemical Processing
Award Amount: $566,806.00
Abstract:
60608 Rapid and accurate identification of the type of plastic waste during sorting operations is essential for producing good quality recycled products at competitive prices. Although instruments are available for automated sorting of plastics, they have not been universally adopted. Even… More

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator: Willi G. Schwarz, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
The goal of the proposed program is to develop detectors for X-ray fluorescence that have enhanced efficiency and energy resolution for low energy (

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator: Willi G. Schwarz, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $290,000.00
Abstract:
The goal of the proposed program is to develop detectors for X-ray fluorescence that have enhanced efficiency and energy resolution for low energy (

Directed Energy Weapons (DEW) Vulnerability and Lethality Analysis

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Hartmut Legner, Principal Res. Scientist
Award Amount: $749,681.00
Abstract:
Directed energy weapons (DEWs) are becoming an integral part of war fighting for the Air Force, but no general purpose computational tool exists to evaluate DEW lethality or susceptibility. The goal of this project is to remedy this situation bydeveloping the Directed Energy Weapon Analysis Tool or… More

LARYNGEAL ENDOSCOPE WITH CALIBRATED SIZING FUNCTION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: David I. Rosen
Award Amount: $99,668.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (Verbatim from the Applicant's Abstract): Laryngeal videoendoscopy combined with stroboscopy is now a mainstay for clinically assessing how the larynx functions to produce voice. Evaluation of the video imagery is currently limited to subjective visual judgments that… More

Scintillator-Based, Charged-Particle, Imaging Spectrometer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Gary Galica, Principal Research Scient
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to develop and test an innovative, lightweight, multi-configuration sensor to monitor the space weather environment. PSI's scintillator-based sensor is ideally suited to monitoring the lower energy (20 to 1000 keV) chargedparticle environment. The PSI sensor design… More

Scintillator-Based, Charged-Particle, Imaging Spectrometer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Gary Galica, Principal Research Scient
Award Amount: $726,750.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to develop and test an innovative, lightweight, multi-configuration sensor to monitor the space weather environment. PSI's scintillator-based sensor is ideally suited to monitoring the lower energy (20 to 1000 keV) chargedparticle environment. The PSI sensor design… More

Novel Method for Continuous, In-Situ Measurement of Alkali in Biomass Gasification

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Amy Hunter, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $700,000.00
Abstract:
60445 Biomass is an attractive alternative to fossil fuels and other renewable energy resources in many markets. However, biomass power generation will not be widely adopted until control measures for alkalis are in place, because they are corrosive to turbine blades. This project will… More

Sensor for SOx Species by Ultra-Sensitive IR Quantum Cascade Laser Absorption

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: W. 1. Rawlins, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a compact, portable, ultrasensitive SO2/SO3 sensor system based on quantum cascade laser absorption in the 7 to 9 ¿m spectral region. The sensor will have applications in laboratory and combustor test stand measurements related to the development… More

Force-Metric Free-Rotating Wire Suspension Mount for Wind Tunnel VFT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: John Magill, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to construct, test, and deliver a wire suspension system to support a model in a wind tunnel while permitting free rotation about three axes. A three-component balance integrated into the mount will measure loads on themodel. The device will enable Virtual Flight… More

Directed Energy Weapons (DEW) Vulnerability and Lethality Analysis

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Hartmut Legner, Principal Res. Scientist
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
Directed energy weapons (DEWs) are becoming an integral part of war fighting for the Air Force, but no general purpose computational tool exists to evaluate DEW lethality or susceptibility. The goal of this project is to remedy this situation bydeveloping the Directed Energy Weapon Analysis Tool or… More

Quantum Cascade Laser Detection of Surface Contaminants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Christopher Gittins, Principal Research Scient
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop and demonstrate a novel approach for the sensing of chemically contaminated material using recently emergent Quantum Cascade (QC) laser technology. The focus of the Phase I effort was the detection ofpersistent (non-volatile) chemical agents such as… More

Force-Metric Free-Rotating Wire Suspension Mount for Wind Tunnel VFT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: John Magill, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $600,000.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to construct, test, and deliver a wire suspension system to support a model in a wind tunnel while permitting free rotation about three axes. A three-component balance integrated into the mount will measure loads on themodel. The device will enable Virtual Flight… More

Quantum Cascade Laser Detection of Surface Contaminants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Christopher Gittins, Principal Research Scient
Award Amount: $740,860.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop and demonstrate a novel approach for the sensing of chemically contaminated material using recently emergent Quantum Cascade (QC) laser technology. The focus of the Phase I effort was the detection ofpersistent (non-volatile) chemical agents such as… More

Colorimetric Sensors for End-of-Service-Life Indicators for Mask Filters

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: John Lennhoff, Principal Research Scient
Award Amount: $69,944.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences, Inc. (PSI) has developed a novel method for the patterned deposition of a fiberized adhesive. This fiberized adhesive will be used to laminate conventional fabrics and electrospun chemical/biological warfare (CBW) agent barriermembranes, with minimal effect on fabric… More

Implementation of Biomimetic Precision Flight in Autonomous Air Vehicles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: University of Arizona
Principal Investigator: Thomas W. Vaneck, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $497,942.00
RI Contact: Lee Anne Peters
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) and the University of Arizona (UA) propose to investigate, evaluate, and apply the sensory schemes, neural processing, and behavioral strategies of flying insects to the problem of maneuvering flight of an Unmanned Air Vehicle(UAV). We will develop computational models… More

Global Positioning Satellite (GPS) Receiver Test Bed Development

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Peter E. Nebolsine, Principal Research Scient
Award Amount: $580,659.00
Abstract:
"The proposed Phase II program will develop a prototype for thedynamic simulation/generation of GPS signals from the antennas ona reentry body (RB) during reentry. A prototype of the GPSReceiver Test Bed System will developed and delivered that willproduce GPS signals that are equivalent to those… More

Novel Concepts for Chemical Oxygen Iodine Lasers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Steven J. Davis, VP, Advanced Optics
Award Amount: $741,711.00
Abstract:
In this Phase II proposal Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) describes a program to develop and demonstrate a novel class of chemical oxygen iodine lasers (COIL) that would eliminate the need for consuming the singlet oxygen energy source to produce atomiciodine. Our concept would also allow the iodine… More

Advanced Diagnostics for HF Lasers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Steven J. Davis, VP, Applied Optics Enterp
Award Amount: $949,716.00
Abstract:
In this Phase II SBIR we propose to develop and deliver a versatile and unique device called the Adaptive Infrared Imaging Spectroradiometer (AIRIS) designed specifically for HF chemical lasers. The AIRIS will be an automated system that will allowdetailed, spectrally and spatially resolved images… More

Soldier Outerwear/Uniform Burn Hazard Protection Evaluation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Peter Nebolsine, Manager, Innovative Techn
Award Amount: $729,964.00
Abstract:
Proper protective clothing offers the potential of significant reduction of battlefield casualties due to flame/thermal hazards. However, current procedures for testing the flame/thermal protective performance of military clothing fabric samples areunsatisfactory for routine automated evaluations. … More

Development of Optical Host Materials with High Laser Damage Thresholds

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dennis P. Pacheco, Principal Research Scient
Award Amount: $749,635.00
Abstract:
In Phase I, we synthesized a number of acrylic-based materials covering a wide range of chemical structures and material properties. These candidates were damage-tested in order to demonstrate laser-hardened formulations and understand the relationshipbetween polymer structure and laser damage… More

Demonstration of Inflatable Reflector Technology for Picosatellite Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: John D. Lennhoff, Principal Research Scient
Award Amount: $749,891.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) responds to the Air Force need to demonstrate the viability of inflatable optics deployed from picosatellites as well as the need to space validate the computer thermal, optical and mechanical models of their performance. InPhase I, the PSI PicoSat Inflatable was… More

Polymeric Composites as Non-Toxic Obscurant Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Susan Pasco, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $729,037.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop biodegradable obscurants operating over the infrared wavelength range using variants of an electroactive polymer. High aspect ratio fibers and flakes of the polymeric material in the size range necessary toprovide full coverage of the infrared… More

Detection of Liquids on Surfaces using Long Wave Infrared Hyperspectral Imaging Spectroradiometer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Christopher M. Gittins, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $99,967.00
Abstract:
Not Available "Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to augment AIRIST, its LWIR hyperspectral imaging spectrometer technology, to enable polarization-selected imaging. The resulting spectrometer will enable the detection of surface contamination based on enhancedreflectivity of either s-polarized or… More

Fiber Optic Position Measurement System for MLTA

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: John C. Magill, Principal Research Scient
Award Amount: $743,575.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop and deliver an all-optical position measurement system (PMS) to determine the relative position of lines in a multi-line sonar array. The measurement scheme will determine the distance between points on thearray lines using acoustic propagation… More

Broadly Tunable Mid-Infrared Laser

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Douglas J. Bamford
Award Amount: $99,954.00
Abstract:
70051 Selective detection techniques for gas-phase species are needed by energy-intensive industries to improve process efficiency and ensure worker safety. The most commonly used analytical technique, gas chromatography, does not allow processes to be controlled in real time because… More

Compact, Rugged, Quantum Cascade Laser-Based Field Sensor for Carbon Isotope Measurements

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: David Sonnenfroh
Award Amount: $99,951.00
Abstract:
70127 The fate of the CO2 produced by fossil fuel burning depends on the ability of the oceans and the terrestrial biosphere to act as sinks for this increasing burden. The magnitudes of these sinks are still somewhat uncertain. Precise knowledge of the partitioning into these sinks has… More

Novel Technology for In-Space Manufacture of Thin Membranes for Solar Sails

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: John D. Lennhoff, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences, Inc. (PSI) has developed a novel method of producing thin film membranes for solar sails, based upon an adapted literature method. The PSI process has been used to make highly reflective membranes with an areal density of 0.125 g/m2. The Gossamer design for very lightweight solar… More

Novel Bonding Process for CBW Protective Electrospin Fabric Laminates

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: John Lennhoff, Principal Research Scient
Award Amount: $729,991.00
Abstract:
A Phase I SBIR effort conducted by Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) has developed a novel method for the patterned electrospun deposition of a moisture cured polyurethane adhesive. This nanofiberized adhesive was used to laminate conventional fabrics with noeffect on fabric moisture permeability and… More

Advanced Chemical Iodine Lasers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: David B. Oakes, Principal Research Scient
Award Amount: $69,995.00
Abstract:
"Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop and test a novel chemical atomic iodine laser based on vibrational to electronic (V-E) energy transfer. We will develop and exercise a detailed kinetic model to assist in the design of experiments that willalso be part of the Phase I effort. We… More

Thermal Stress Management of Infrared (IR) Windows

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Hartmut H. Legner, Principal Res. Scientist
Award Amount: $69,965.00
Abstract:
"One of the major challenges in the development of high velocity interceptor missiles is the need to provide a method of keeping the infrared window cool enough to allow target tracking. Several active window cooling techniques are under investigation,however, these must address the twin challenges… More

Effectiveness of RP and CW Lasers for Target Damages

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: William T. Laughlin, Mgr. Thermal Technologies
Award Amount: $69,991.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes an experimental and analysis program to determine the relative advantages or limitations of two different high-energy laser waveforms for inflicting lethal damage to metal aerospace targets. Repetitively pulsed (RP)and continuous wave (CW) waveforms will be… More

Rapid RF Switching Conducting Polymers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: John D. Lennhoff, Principal Research Scient
Award Amount: $69,974.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to further develop its conductive polymer (CP) ink jet printing technology for application to microwave shutter construction. The working electrode switchable polymer element of microwave shutters is typicallydeposited using electrochemical techniques which… More

PORTABLE LINE SCANNING OPHTHALMOSCOPE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: R. D. Ferguson
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop and commercialize a new type of ophthalmoscope based upon the principles of the confocal Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscope (SLO). Though the confocal SLO has many valuable diagnostic… More

PORTABLE LINE SCANNING OPHTHALMOSCOPE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: R. D. Ferguson
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop and commercialize a new type of ophthalmoscope based upon the principles of the confocal Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscope (SLO). Though the confocal SLO has many valuable diagnostic… More

High Energy Composite Cathodes for Lithium Ion Batteries

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Kevin C. White, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,966.00
Abstract:
"Physical Sciences Inc. proposes the fabrication of novel composite cathode materials for lithium ion batteries based on vanadium pentoxide and conducting polymers. These composite electrodes are expected to utilize the polyvalent intercalation capabilitiesof V2O5, allowing access to all four of the… More

SBIR Phase I: Fast Response Sensor for Airborne Biological Particles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Amy J. Hunter
Award Amount: $99,992.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project proposes to develop a novel, electro-optical sensor capable of capturing single airborne particles and analyzing their compositions on a time scale of a few minutes. The sensor concept is based on a previously developed innovative… More

Reconfigurable Logic for Imaging Processing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Robin Coxe, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,022.00
Abstract:
"Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to demonstrate the feasibility of reconfigurable computers for image processing on future satellite platforms. A pipelined, inherently parallel procedure such as image processing is conducive to an approach based onfield-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) with… More

Novel Bonding Process for CBW Protective Electrospin Fabric Laminates

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: John Lennhoff, Principal Research Scient
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
A Phase I SBIR effort conducted by Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) has developed a novel method for the patterned electrospun deposition of a moisture cured polyurethane adhesive. This nanofiberized adhesive was used to laminate conventional fabrics with noeffect on fabric moisture permeability and… More

Application of Quantum Cascade Lasers to High Explosive Detection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: David J. Cook, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,050.00
Abstract:
"Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop and demonstrate a chemically-specific standoff sensor for detection of explosive materials within sealed containers, buildings, or clothing. Differential absorption LIDAR (DIAL) methodology will be used toprovide chemical specificity. Our… More

Smokes Originating From Biological Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: Mitchell R. Zakin, Principal Res. Scientist
Award Amount: $69,977.00
Abstract:
"Smokes for electromagnetic obscuration are important in military operations. With the advent of the September 11 terrorist attacks in New York City, increased attention is being focused on the urban environment as a potential target for terroristactivities, including dispersal of biological… More

Remote Surface Contamination Sensor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: Christopher M. Gittins, Principal Res. Scientist
Award Amount: $69,998.00
Abstract:
"While stand-off detection of chemical and biological warfare (CBW) agents is a critical component of CBW defense, the military has no established capability for stand-off detection of liquid agents on surfaces. Low vapor pressure chemical agents such asVX can persist on surfaces and pose a lethal… More

Periodically Poled Stoichiometric Lithium Tantalate for Nonlinear Optical Frequency Conversion

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Douglas J. Bamford, Principal Res. Scientist
Award Amount: $98,576.00
Abstract:
"The Air Force needs non-linear optical crystals which can efficiently convert radiation at the wavelengths of solid-state lasers into radiation at other wavelengths. Existing materials which have the desired non-linear conversion efficiency have othershortcomings, including vulnerability to… More

Rapid Detection and Mapping of UXOs and Munitions Contaminants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Susan T. Pasco, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,915.00
Abstract:
"Unexploded ordnance (UXO) such as TNT, HMX and RDX from buried landmines and waste munitions are a threat to both military and civilian populations. Detection of UXO can be accomplished by using a highly luminescent material whose luminescent propertieschange upon interaction with a target… More

Modular Micro-Satellite Bus

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Prakash B. Joshi, Principal Research Scient
Award Amount: $98,917.00
Abstract:
"Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) and MicroSat Systems Inc. (MSI) propose concepts for revolutionary small spacecraft that are physically modular, technologically reconfigurable, and can be integrated with payloads within 24 hours. These capabilities will beachieved by (a) developing multifunctional… More

Advanced Rocket Propulsion Technologies

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Hartmut H. Legner, Princ. Research Scientist
Award Amount: $99,989.00
Abstract:
"Laser beam propulsion is an alternative launch system with substantial potential for reducing the cost of placing satellites in orbit. This unique form of propulsion can also be used to move vehicles at high speeds within the atmosphere and in space.Recent ground-based RP 10.6 ¿m laser… More

Novel Materials for Spacecraft Thermal Control Coatings Technologies

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Prakash B. Joshi, Princ. Research Scientist
Award Amount: $99,118.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop innovative variable-reflectance polymeric devices with on-demand controllable solar absorptivity (alpha) and IR emissivity (epsilon). The goal of the program (Phase I and II) is to design and demonstrate aprototype device with broadly variable… More

New Electrode Materials for Batteries and Fuel Cells

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Karen D. Jayne, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $68,900.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a novel process to making proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) electrodes using carbon nanofibers. The innovation put forth in this proposal is the use of electrospinning to fabricate a nanoscalefiber network with both the interconnectivity and… More

Control of Mercury and Other Pollutants in Coal Gasification Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Joseph Morency
Award Amount: $99,992.00
Abstract:
70033 Coal gasification has been under development for several years as a desirable means of power generation, with higher efficiency and lower emissions compared to current power-producing technologies. However, an effective method for controlling the emission of toxic metals such as mercury… More

Plasma and Photoionization Approaches for Combustion Initiation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: Ohio State University Research Foundation
Principal Investigator: Shawn Wehe, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,940.00
RI Contact: David B. Doty
Abstract:
"The proposed research will analyze the effect of radical production by non-equilibrium plasmas on the ignition characteristics of methane-air flows. We will develop a plasma ignition module using transverse radio frequency (RF) discharge. Previously,unique stable non-equilibrium RF plasmas have… More

Novel Technology for In-Space Manufacture of Thin Membranes for Solar Sails

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: John D. Lennhoff, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $600,000.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences, Inc. (PSI) has developed a novel method of producing thin film membranes for solar sails, based upon an adapted literature method. The PSI process has been used to make highly reflective membranes with an areal density of 0.125 g/m2. The Gossamer design for very lightweight solar… More

Optical Components for Space Based Solar Plant Lighting System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Taskash Nakamura, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $69,982.00
Abstract:
Development of key components for the Optical Waveguide (OW) Solar Plant Lighting System is proposed. In this system, solar radiation is divided into two spectral components: photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) spectra (400 nm < lambda < 700 nm); and non-PAR spectra (lambda < 400 nm, lambda >… More

Nanoscale Cathode Materials for High Capacity Li Ion Batteries

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Kevin C. White, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,926.00
Abstract:
Lithium ion batteries suffer from low specific capacity and capacity fade during cycling due to a range of causes. The Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) innovation will provide the low cost fabrication of a nanostructured morphology for metal oxide cathodes that is expected to significantly improve their… More

Terahertz (THz) - Frequency Differential-Absorption Spectrometer for Remote Biological Agent Detection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: The Regents of The University of Ca
Principal Investigator: David J. Cook, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,994.00
RI Contact: Jyl Baldwin
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI), in conjunction with the University of California, Berkeley proposes to develop and demonstrate a biochemical-specific standoff sensor for detection of biological warfare agents (BWAs). Differential absorption LIDAR (DIAL)methodology will be used to provide chemical and… More

Conjugated Polymers as Lightweight, Efficient Photovoltaic Devices

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Susan T. Pasco, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,945.00
Abstract:
Lightweight, low cost efficient photovoltaic devices are needed for use in platform technologies for Earth Science. To be technically feasible, these photovoltaic arrays must have efficiencies that are comparable to or greater than those of amorphous silicon with low areal densities. Polymeric… More

Novel Methods for Real-time in situ Analysis of Lubricants, Coolants, Hydraulic Fluids, and Fuels for Condition Based Maintenance

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Michael A. White, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,958.00
Abstract:
"A novel three-stage optical multi-sensor for condition monitoring of working fluids is proposed. This device combines several detection modalities developed by Physical Sciences Inc. into a compact, powerful tool for acquiring quantitative information onthe status of a fluid. The proposed device… More

Autonomous Extended Depth of Field for Imaging Sensors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: R.Daniel Ferguson, Principal Research Scient
Award Amount: $69,924.00
Abstract:
"Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a closed loop focus control system based upon interactions of the human visual system with a novel NVD optical design. The common feature of existing auto-focus systems is that they depend directly in someway on some information contained in the… More

Remote Thermographer to Measure Skin Temperatures

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: William J. Marinelli, VP, Sensors & Materials
Award Amount: $69,996.00
Abstract:
"Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI), in conjunction with Spectral Sciences Inc. (SSI), proposes to develop a multispectral thermal imaging system, operating in the wavelength range from 7.6 to 10.5 mm, for the measurement of skin temperature to within ¿ 1 deg Cat ranges to 1 km. The multispectral… More

Biology-Inspired Propulsion

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Bruce D. Anderson, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,971.00
Abstract:
"Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop marine propulsion concepts that employ biologically inspired aerodynamic mechanisms to enhance propulsor thrust and decrease the propeller rotation rate necessary to maintain a specified forward speed.Flying animals take advantage of three unsteady… More

TRAINING SIMULATOR FOR EPIDURAL NEEDLE INSERTION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Bruce D. Anderson
Award Amount: $100,077.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In the Phase I program, Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a training simulator for epidural catheter insertion that combines features of physical and virtual reality simulation. The simulator will consist of a commercially available model of human… More

LARYNGEAL ENDOSCOPE WITH CALIBRATED SIZING FUNCTION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: David I. Rosen
Award Amount: $735,378.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Laryngeal videoendoscopy combined with stroboscopy is now a mainstay for clinically assessing how the larynx functions to produce voice. Evaluation of the video imagery is currently limited to subjective visual judgments that can result in diminished reliability.… More

LARYNGEAL ENDOSCOPE WITH CALIBRATED SIZING FUNCTION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: David I. Rosen
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Laryngeal videoendoscopy combined with stroboscopy is now a mainstay for clinically assessing how the larynx functions to produce voice. Evaluation of the video imagery is currently limited to subjective visual judgments that can result in diminished reliability.… More

SBIR/STTR Phase II: A Source for High Rate Growth of Gallium Nitride Films

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Michael Read
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase II Project will develop a neutral, high flux/fluence nitrogen atom beam source for application to the high rate growth of III-V nitride semi-conducting materials over large areas. The proposed source is based on proprietary MID-JET technology. This… More

SBIR/STTR Phase II: A Source for High Rate Growth of Gallium Nitride Films

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Michael Read
Award Amount: $493,649.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase II Project will develop a neutral, high flux/fluence nitrogen atom beam source for application to the high rate growth of III-V nitride semi-conducting materials over large areas. The proposed source is based on proprietary MID-JET technology. This… More

NANOPROBES FOR MOLECULE-SPECIFIC CONTRAST ENHANCEMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Leyun Zhu
Award Amount: $99,970.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Development of nano-Raman probes that will facilitate the detection of Raman scattering of individual molecule is proposed. The proposed phase I research will focus on the rational design of a nanoparticle system and analyte-nanoparticle complex. The… More

Sled Vehicle Aerodynamic Load Prediction Capability

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Hartmut H. Legner, Principal Res. Scientist
Award Amount: $99,918.00
Abstract:
"A rapid aerodynamic load and heat transfer prediction tool for high-speed sled vehicles is proposed. This new engineering model is aimed at meeting a need that is currently unavailable for the engineers operating the Holloman High Speed Test Track (HHSTT)in New Mexico. It is identified as the… More

Explosive-Specific Mine Detection Using Nuclear Technologies for Countermine Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: William Schwarz, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,887.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a real-time nuclear detection system for explosives in mines. Mounted on a vehicular platform, this mine detection sensor will be capable of supporting tactical countermine operations as a confirmatory oreven primary sensor system. The advanced mine… More

ULTRA SENSITIVE MONITOR FOR SINGLET OXYGEN

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Steven J. Davis
Award Amount: $99,920.00
Abstract:
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a promising cancer treatment. PDT uses the affinity of photo-sensitizers such as hematoporphyrin derivative (HPD) and other compounds to be selectively retained in malignant tumors in malignant tumors. When tumors, pre-treated with the photosensitizer, are irradiated… More

Monolithic Optical Limiters

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Mitchell Zakin, Manager, Life Sciences Gr
Award Amount: $729,985.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences, Inc. proposes to develop improved solid-state optical limiting devices (dual tandem and graded density limiters) incorporating reverse saturable absorber (RSA) materials. Optical limiting (OL) occurs when the optical transmission of amaterial decreases with increasing laser… More

High Energy Composite Cathodes for Lithium Ion Batteries

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Kevin C. White, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $749,070.00
Abstract:
In Phase I Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) demonstrated the fabrication of novel composite cathode materials for lithium ion batteries based on vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) infused with a conducting polymer. These composites showed capacities of 350 Ah/kg -over 2 times the capacity of commercially… More

Periodically-Poled, Damage-Resistant Optical Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Douglas J. Bamford, Principal Research Scient
Award Amount: $749,235.00
Abstract:
The Air Force needs non-linear optical crystals which can efficiently convert radiation at the wavelengths of solid-state lasers into radiation at other wavelengths. Existing materials which have the desired non-linear conversion efficiency haveshortcomings, including vulnerability to optical… More

THz Sensor for Explosives Detection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: David J. Cook, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $741,314.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a standoff DIAL sensor for high explosive detection that utilizes newly developed THz-frequency Quantum Cascade Laser technology. This sensor will be optimized for sensing explosives behind concealingmaterials. Potential applications include… More

Selectable Wide-Range Epsilon and Alpha Thermostate via Electronically-Controlled Reflectance (SWEATER) for Spacecraft

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Prakash B. Joshi, Manager, Aerospace Scienc
Award Amount: $746,097.00
Abstract:
Thermal control is a critical issue for space-based systems. Continual temperature swings lead to component failures. Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) and its subcontractor ILC Dover have developed SWEATER device technology that employs thin-film, variablesolar absorbance, and variable infrared… More

Bio-Forensic Assays

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: Mitchell Zakin, Manager, Life Sciences Gr
Award Amount: $729,686.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to develop a robust field-deployable assay for detection of biological pathogens (spores, viruses, bacteria) in complex aqueous samples. Our approach involves the combination of several novel technologies for enhancing thesensitivity, specificity, and dynamic range… More

Reconfigurable Logic for HyperspectralImaging Processing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Robin Coxe, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $746,167.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop and test a Remotely Reconfigurable Integrated Processing Platform ([RIP]^2), a radiation-tolerant, self-monitoring digital signal processor based on reconfigurable field-programmable gate array (FPGAs). InPhase I, we demonstrated the radiometric… More

Technologies for Elimination of Hyrdazine in Aerospace Power

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Lawrence G. Piper, Principal Research Scient
Award Amount: $99,915.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc., Honeywell and ATK Tactical Systems propose to develop an environmentally benign monopropellant source to be used in aircraft Emergency Power Units (EPUs). The proposed system uses a catalyst to control the rate of decomposition ofa monopropellant. We anticipate that our… More

Conductive Polymers/Elastomers as Gap Treatment Material for Aircraft

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: UNIV. OF FLORIDA
Principal Investigator: John D. Lennhoff, Group Leader, Materials Technologie
Award Amount: $99,819.00
RI Contact: John Reynolds
Abstract:
Physical Sciences, Inc. (PSI) and their research partners, Prof. John Reynolds, and the Signatures Management group at Lockheed Martin, propose to develop an advanced gap treatment material by forming conductive solid-state interpenetrating networks(SS-IPN) in a polythioether matrix using a high… More

Compact Quantum Cascade Laser-Based Field Sensor for CO2 Isotope Measurements

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: David Sonnenfroh
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
70127S02-II Measurement of atmospheric concentrations of stable CO2 isotopes can provide new understanding of the dynamics of CO2 exchange between the atmosphere and terrestrial ecosystems on several scales. On the local scale, such measurements enable the study of net ecosystem exchange of… More

Compact Quantum Cascade Laser-Based Field Sensor for CO2 Isotope Measurements

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: David Sonnenfroh
Award Amount: $749,992.00
Abstract:
70127S02-II Measurement of atmospheric concentrations of stable CO2 isotopes can provide new understanding of the dynamics of CO2 exchange between the atmosphere and terrestrial ecosystems on several scales. On the local scale, such measurements enable the study of net ecosystem exchange of… More

Singlet Oxygen Detector for Photodynamic Therapy

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Steven J. Davis
Award Amount: $753,546.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a promising cancer treatment. PDT uses the affinity of photosensitizers such as hematoporphyrin derivative (HPD) and other compounds to be selectively retained in malignant tumors. When tumors, pretreated with the photosensitizer,… More

Destruction of Chemical/Biological Warfare Agents using a Portable Microwave Emitter

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael E. Read, Manager, Electromagnetic
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. proposes a program for the development of a system to generate, transmit and apply pulsed microwaves to biological agents on aircraft surfaces. The system will produce fields up to 100 kV/m over an area of 100 cm^2 at a frequency of1.35 GHz and deliver the radiation at… More

Low Cost IR Windows for High Stress Environments

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Hartmut H. Legner, Princ. Research Scientist
Award Amount: $69,934.00
Abstract:
A revolutionary sparse aperture IR window for the extreme thermodynamic environments encountered by atmospheric interceptors is proposed. The novel window consists of a window bed material that provides passive cooling during the exposure to thehypersonic environment and sparsely distributed… More

Broadly Tunable Mid-IR Hydrocarbon Sensor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Douglas J. Bamford
Award Amount: $749,970.00
Abstract:
70051S02-II Selective detection techniques for gas-phase species are needed by energy-intensive industries to improve process efficiency and ensure worker safety. The most commonly used analytical technique, gas chromatography, does not allow processes to be controlled in real time because… More

Advanced Chemical Iodine Lasers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: William J. Kessler, Principal Research Scient
Award Amount: $68,806.00
Abstract:
In this Phase I proposal Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) describes a program to develop and demonstrate a diagnostic for imaging atomic iodine peak absorption/gain and translational temperature for chemically pumped atomic iodine lasers. This diagnostic willprovide a unique, sensitive tool for… More

AOTF Based Imaging Sensor for Enhanced Stand-off Chemical Detection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: Bogdan R. Cosofret, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,986.00
Abstract:
In this proposal, Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) outlines the development of an acoustic-optic tunable filter (AOTF) for imaging spectroscopy in the 8 to 11 micron thermal infrared spectral region. In this region, where strong emission from field stops andvignetting can significantly increase the… More

Improved Efficiency and Stability in Lightweight Polymeric Photovoltaic Devices

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Susan Gardner, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,876.00
Abstract:
Polymeric photovoltaic devices are attractive for NASA?s space and terrestrial applications because of their light weight and low production cost. However, current devices suffer from instability and short lifetimes. The stability and lifetime of polymeric photovoltaic devices can be extended by… More

Broadly Tunable Mid-IR Hydrocarbon Sensor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Douglas J. Bamford
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
70051S02-II Selective detection techniques for gas-phase species are needed by energy-intensive industries to improve process efficiency and ensure worker safety. The most commonly used analytical technique, gas chromatography, does not allow processes to be controlled in real time because… More

SBIR Phase I: Mid-Infrared Diode Laser Sensor for Pharmaceutical Manufacturing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: William Kessler
Award Amount: $99,996.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovative Research Phase I project addresses an immediate need for a real-time means of endpoint monitoring solvent drying processes in pharmaceutical manufacturing. The specific innovation is the combination of a novel, broadly tunable, mid-infrared diode laser source with… More

Fluorescence Imagery for Rapid Estimates of the Distribution and Abundance of Coral Recruits

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator: Charles H. Mazel, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $74,969.00
Abstract:
There is a need for improved techniques for investigation of coral recruitment and survivorship. Fluorescence has the potential to be an enabling technology to extend the study of recruitment to smaller (more recently settled) specimens in natural habitats. Our objectives are to: create a novel,… More

Unconventional Space Power

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Jeffrey L. Boehme, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $98,954.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop new electrochemical supercapacitor materials for high power space applications that will complement current photovoltaic/battery space power systems. PI will synthesize polymeric supercapacitor materialsthat will provide double the energy density of… More

Infrasonic Frequency Seismic Sensor System for Pipeline Integrity Management

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOT
Principal Investigator: Gary Galica
Award Amount: $99,910.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences, Inc. in cooperation with the NYSEARCH committee of the North East Gas Association proposes to develop an infrasonic gas pipeline evaluation network that uses low frequency seismic/acoustic (0.1 to 100 Hz) sensor technology to proactively detect and warn of unauthorized activity… More

Solar Thermal Technologies for Orbit Transfer Vehicles and Space Mobility

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Takashi Nakamura, Principal Research Scient
Award Amount: $99,994.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to develop an innovative solar thermal propulsion system for application to orbit change and mobility for small spacecrafts. In the proposed system solar radiation is collected by the concentrator which transfers theconcentrated solar radiation to the optical… More

Robust Open Systems Architecture Surface and Underwater Vehicles Stern Launch/Recovery System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Fred R. Kern, Principal Research Scient
Award Amount: $69,911.00
Abstract:
Conventional Launch and Recovery systems do not function automatically, at high ship speeds and in moderate sea states. The proposed system utilizes a unique concept of a deployable, largely open, flexible,

Sensors for condition monitoring of hydraulic fluids

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Michael A. White, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,878.00
Abstract:
A novel, miniaturized optical multi-sensor for in-situ condition monitoring of hydraulic fluids in air vehicles and ground support equipment is proposed. This device combines several detection modalities including light absorption spectroscopy and lightscattering techniques developed by Physical… More

Retinal Tracking for Enhances OCT Imaging

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: R. D. Ferguson
Award Amount: $639,149.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI), with support from Carl Zeiss Ophthalmic Systems (CZOS), has successfully completed a Phase I research program demonstrating the feasibility of combining Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) and patented PSI retinal tracking technology.… More

MWIR Laser-Based Breath Sensor for Asthma Grading

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: David I. Rosen
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Elevated levels of NO and CO in exhaled breath have been implicated as markers of airway inflammation in asthma. Combined with simultaneous measurements of exhaled CO2, Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a compact, low-cost sensor capable of… More

MWIR Laser-Based Breath Sensor for Asthma Grading

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: David I. Rosen
Award Amount: $732,909.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Elevated levels of NO and CO in exhaled breath have been implicated as markers of airway inflammation in asthma. Combined with simultaneous measurements of exhaled CO2, Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a compact, low-cost sensor capable of… More

Retinal Tracking for Enhances OCT Imaging

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: R. D. Ferguson
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI), with support from Carl Zeiss Ophthalmic Systems (CZOS), has successfully completed a Phase I research program demonstrating the feasibility of combining Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) and patented PSI retinal tracking technology.… More

Novel Raman Method for Molecular Analysis of Tissue

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Leyun Zhu
Award Amount: $99,975.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The proposed project is to develop a vibrational spectroscopic system that can obtain good signal to noise ratio (S/N) Raman spectra in the presence of strong fluorescence. For many tissue samples the presence of strong native fluorescence prohibits molecular… More

Man-Portable, High-Resolution Gamma-Ray Spectrometer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Willi G. Schwarz, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,766.00
Abstract:
The detection and identification of threats due to the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) or associated special materials is of increasing importance to national security. The goal of the proposed program is to develop a man-portable,battery-operated gamma-ray spectrometer for the… More

Safe Packaging of Ammonia for Compact Hydrogen Sources (7263-470)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Quinn Horn, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $729,994.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to build a safe, low pressure ammonia storage and delivery system using Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs) as adsorption materials. MOFs are self assembled organic inorganic hybrid materials that are low density,nanoporous crystalline solids. In the Phase I… More

Safe Packaging of Ammonia for Compact Hydrogen Sources

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: John D. Lennhoff, Group Leader, Materials T
Award Amount: $119,871.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to demonstrate the utility of using Metal Organic Framework (MOF) materials for the safe, low pressure storage of ammonia. MOF's are self assembled organic inorganic hybrid materials that are low density, nanoporouscrystalline solids. The exact structure of… More

Ultrapure, Spherical, Monodisperse, Unagglomerated Nanopowders for Infrared Window Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Edward J. Salley, Senior Research Scientist
Award Amount: $69,929.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to fabricate high quality ceramic nanoparticles using an electrostatically controlled spray process. Although the commercial production of nanoparticles has steadily increased over the last several years, the use ofnanoparticles for optical ceramic fabrication… More

Advanced Battery Technology

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Quinn Horn, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,072.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to produce nanoscale solid-state, non-woven fabric batteries. This fabric battery technology can be applied to wide range of non-aqueous primary and secondary lithium battery chemistries, including both ambient and thermalbatteries. The mechanical flexibility of… More

Advanced Chemical Iodine Lasers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Research Institution: OHIO STATE UNIV.
Principal Investigator: Shawn D. Wehe, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,030.00
RI Contact: Valerie Delmonico
Abstract:
The team of Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) and Ohio State University (OSU) proposes to develop and test a novel method for electrical production of singlet molecular oxygen for application to an atomic iodine transfer laser. OSU has developed a supersonic,low pressure discharge and applied it to… More

Novel Methods for Real-time in situ Analysis of Lubricants, Coolants, Hydraulic Fluids, and Fuels for Condition Based Maintenance

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Michael White, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
A novel real-time, in-line, optical multi-sensor has been developed to monitor contaminants in hydraulic fluid based on industry-accepted principles of laser obscuration particle counting and infrared spectroscopy. The device concept has been proven inlaboratory testing wherein particulate… More

Novel Methods for Real-time in situ Analysis of Lubricants, Coolants, Hydraulic Fluids, and Fuels for Condition Based Maintenance

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Michael White, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $449,797.00
Abstract:
A novel real-time, in-line, optical multi-sensor has been developed to monitor contaminants in hydraulic fluid based on industry-accepted principles of laser obscuration particle counting and infrared spectroscopy. The device concept has been proven inlaboratory testing wherein particulate… More

Hand-held, Standoff Chemical-Biological Hazard Detector

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / SOCOM
Principal Investigator: William J. Marinelli
Award Amount: $99,966.00
Abstract:
In this proposal Physical Sciences Inc. outlines the innovative adaptation our tunable filter technology to meet SOCOM's need for a man-portable standoff chemical/biological agent sensor. This technology has been successfully tested by the U.S. Armyduring chemical simulant releases conducted at the… More

Mid-IR Biogenic Trace Gas Sensor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Mark G. Allen
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The role of trace reactive gases in regulating complex biological functions such as vasorelaxation, neurotransmission, and inflammation has received considerable attention in the biomedical research community, including the Nobel Prize in Medicine for research on… More

Real-Time Three-Dimensional Motion Control Tracker

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Daniel X. Hammer
Award Amount: $102,233.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Image artifacts arising from object motion represent one of the largest challenges for the development of diagnostic clinical instrumentation. Real-time correction of motion-induced image artifacts is especially important in the development of systems with… More

Mid-IR Biogenic Trace Gas Sensor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Mark G. Allen
Award Amount: $749,772.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The role of trace reactive gases in regulating complex biological functions such as vasorelaxation, neurotransmission, and inflammation has received considerable attention in the biomedical research community, including the Nobel Prize in Medicine for research on… More

Continuous, Automated, Mandibular Distractor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: John C. Magill
Award Amount: $99,933.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION: Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to partner with clinicians in the Harvard Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery to develop an innovative device for distraction osteogenesis (DO) of the mandible. DO taps the bone regeneration ability of the body to fill a bone gap that is… More

Modular Micro-Satellite Bus

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Prakash Joshi, Principal Research Scient
Award Amount: $749,972.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. and MicroSat Systems Inc. propose to develop modular, reconfigurable small spacecraft that can be assembled within 7 days and integrated with payloads within 24 hours. In Phase I we developed spacecraft architectures and technology concepts that would (i) enable rapid modular… More

Plasma and Photoionization Approaches for Combustion Initiation [revised 6/23/2004]

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: Ohio State University
Principal Investigator: Shawn D. Wehe, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $496,303.00
RI Contact: N/A
Abstract:
The proposed effort will develop and test a prototype plasma-enhanced ignition module for gas turbine engines in a full-scale gas-turbine combustor. Fundamental studies of the non-thermal ignition phenomenon discovered in Phase I will be employed to optimize its properties for gas turbine combustor… More

Technologies for Elimination of Hyrdazine in Aerospace Power

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Lawrence G. Piper
Award Amount: $749,995.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc., Honeywell and ATK Tactical Systems propose to develop and demonstrate key components of an environmentally benign monopropellant system to be used in aircraft Emergency Power Units (EPUs). The proposed system uses an initiator and a catalyst to control the rate of… More

Destruction of Chemical/Biological Warfare Agents using a Portable Microwave Emitter

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael E. Read
Award Amount: $749,981.00
Abstract:
PSI proposes a program for the development of a system to generate, transmit and apply pulsed microwaves to biological agents on aircraft surfaces. The system will produce fields up to 100 kV/m over an area of 100 cm^2 at a frequency of about 3 GHz or 8 GHz and deliver the radiation at distances to… More

Solar Thermal Technologies for Orbit Transfer Vehicles and Space Mobility

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Takashi Nakamura
Award Amount: $744,434.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to develop an innovative solar thermal propulsion system for application to orbit change and mobility for small spacecrafts. In the proposed Phase II program an engineering system will be built and tested. In the proposed system solar radiation is collected by… More

Fluorescence Imager for Rapid Estimates of the Distribution and Abundance of Coral Recruits

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator: Charles H. Mazel, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $299,208.00
Abstract:
New methods are needed to help marine scientists conduct studies of the processes limiting or promoting coral recruitment and survivorship. The small size and low visual contrast of coral recruits in natural settings make them difficult to impossible to locate efficiently. Many coral recruits… More

High Spatial and Temporal Resolution Velocimetry Measurements for Microfluidic Devices

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: Brown University
Principal Investigator: Shawn Wehe, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $99,999.00
RI Contact: Norman J. Hebert
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) and Brown University propose to develop and demonstrate a system for the measurement of fluid velocities in close proximity fo solid surfaces in microfluidic and micropropulsion devices. The instrument couples the Total Internal Reflection Fluorescent Microscopy (TIRFM)… More

Focused Delivery of Laser Energy to the Eye Using Adaptive Optics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Daniel X. Hammer, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,849.00
Abstract:
Characterization of the mechanisms of retinal damage from ultrashort pulsed lasers requires measurement and correction of ocular aberrations because many prevalent non-linear optical effects dominate this regime. Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to construct an adaptive optics system to deliver… More

Advanced Chemical Iodine Lasers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Research Institution: Ohio State University
Principal Investigator: Shawn D. Wehe, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $749,742.00
RI Contact: James F. Ball
Abstract:
The team of Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) and Ohio State University (OSU) proposes to develop and demonstrate a novel electrically generated singlet oxygen to atomic iodine laser. In Phase I we developed and demonstrated a novel discharge method for production of singlet molecular oxygen and… More

Energetic Polymeric Nanomaterials for Satellite Power Systems Design

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Bryan V. Bergeron, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,961.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a flexible, solid-state, photovoltaic device, for spacecraft with inflatable solar arrays and high altitude airships. Typically, the I3-/I- redox mediator, and Ru(dcbH2)(NCS)2 sensitizer are used for liquid based dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC). … More

Active Calorimetry Development for Testing of Active Thermal Control Coatings and Devices

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Prakash B. Joshi, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,906.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to develop a calorimeter designed specifically for accurately measuring the solar absorbance (alpha) to long wavelength infrared emittance (epsilon) ratio, alpha/epsilon, of spacecraft thermal control coatings that can actively and controllably change their alpha or… More

Advanced Chemical Iodine Lasers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: W. T. Rawlins, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,991.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to demonstrate the generation of singlet oxygen, O_2(a^1 delta), by a novel high-power, high-throughput, microwave induced plasma jet, as a potential source for an electrically pumped, recyclable chemical oxygen-iodine laser (COIL) system. The discharge concept… More

Reconfigurable Environmentally Aware Computing Technology for Earth Observing Systems (7284-060)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Robin L. Coxe, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,916.00
Abstract:
Over the past decade, many research groups have developed reconfigurable computing systems built from Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) for on-board processing of remote sensing data. Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to exploit the run-time reconfiguration capabilities of SRAM-based FPGAs… More

A Rugged, Quantum Cascade Laser-Based Cavity Enhanced Spectrometer for Highly Sensitive Trace Gas Measurements in Troposphere

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Michelle L. Silva, Dr.
Award Amount: $99,946.00
Abstract:
75549-Trace species in the atmosphere, such as carbon monoxide, nitric oxide, formaldehyde, and ethylene, can affect the production of ozone in the troposphere and also impact regional air quality. In particular, the quantification of carbon monoxide, a tracer of human activity, can aid high… More

Reconfigurable Computing for Missile C4I

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Robin L. Coxe, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,809.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to design and demonstrate a Reconfigurable Computing Appliance for Smart Munitions (RCA-SM) to be embedded in future weapons systems. The RCA-SM hardware will be optimized for Command, Control, Communications, Computers, and Intelligence (C4I) applications,… More

Cellular Persistence and Stability (CEPAS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: Anthony A. Ferrante, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $69,968.00
Abstract:
Under conditions of environmental stress many non-spore-forming bacteria are able to enter an alternative metabolic state in which the cells are viable but are not cultivable on artificial media under laboratory conditions. The cells in that viable-but-not-culturable (VBNC) state may remain… More

Reactive Materials as Lethality Enhancers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Brian K. Decker, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,899.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. and ATK Thiokol, Inc. propose to develop new classes of energetic structural composites and fabrication methods for components of Theater Missile Defense missiles, interceptors, and kill vehicles. Two major classes of reactive material will be developed: (1) high strength… More

A "Smart Skin" Array for Reconfigurable Hypersonic MHD Effects

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: John F. Kline, Principal Research Scient
Award Amount: $98,983.00
Abstract:
Research Support Instruments, Inc. (RSI), with the aid of Princeton University, proposes to use an innovative sensor/actuator package to provide a critical component for multifunctional hypersonic vehicle structures. An integrated array of microfabricated pressure sensors and ionizers will provide… More

Ultra High Temperature Composite SDACs Components

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Frederick S. Lauten, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,939.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) has been developing ultra-high temperature composites that are demonstrating little or no erosion at temperatures above 4200oF while being impinged by highly oxidizing gas streams. These results indicate that the PSI materials are promising candidates for advanced… More

Multi-Metal Monitoring System Based Upon Spark-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Amy J. Hunter, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $69,988.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences, Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a multi-metals emissions monitor to support Title V permitting of large air pollution source based upon its patented spark-induced breakdown spectroscopy (SIBS) technology. Work prior to Phase I has shown that this technique is capable of… More

On-Line Aircraft Fuel Tank Oxygen Sensor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Richard T. Wainner, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,991.00
Abstract:
Military aircraft protect fuel tanks from explosion following ballistic impact by reducing the O2 content of the gases in the head space above the fuel, conventionally known as ullage, from typical ambient levels of 21% to about 9%. Reliable sensors are needed to monitor and control the ullage O2… More

Terahertz Quantum Cascade Laser-Based Sensors for Hypersonic Flows (7274-050)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Joel M. Hensley, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,874.00
Abstract:
Ground test facilities are used by NASA to simulate the conditions present during flight at hypersonic velocities, to test thermal protection materials for existing spacecraft and develop new hypersonic aircraft. To ensure the accuracy and usefulness of ground test results, the state of the gas in… More

Instrumentation for Monitoring Breath Biomarkers for Diagnosis of Health, Condition, Toxic Exposure, and Disease

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: Johns Hopkins Univeristy
Principal Investigator: David Rosen, Manager, Medical Technologies
Award Amount: $99,996.00
RI Contact: Donna V. Helm
Abstract:
Detecting the presence and levels of endogenously produced molecules in expired breath is a promising technology with potential for non-invasive monitoring of warfighter health, physiologic condition, and toxin/radiation exposure. Until now, exploiting this potential has been limited by the lack of… More

Low-power, Confocal Imaging of Protein Localization in Living Cells (7214-150)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Anthony A. Ferrante, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,847.00
Abstract:
The proposed technology genetically labels intracellular structures and visualizes protein interactions in living cells using a compact, confocal microscope with solid-state laser illumination. The proposed innovation will allow advanced study of cellular biology in microgravity environments. The… More

Non-Invasive Physiological Monitoring

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: R. D. Ferguson, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $98,732.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc (PSI) proposes to develop non-invasive sensors for measurement of vital statistics with compact, head-mounted tracking-stabilized optical diagnostics through the eye. PSI's unique approach to retinal tracking is the key enabling technology. The potential benefits of continuous… More

SBIR Phase II: Multi-Frequency Low-Multipath Small Antennas for High Accuracy GPS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Francesca Scire-Scappuzzo, Ms
Award Amount: $99,838.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II research project will consist of the design, development, and manufacturing of a novel low-multipath GPS antenna for high accuracy applications. This antenna prototype utilizes two key technologies: (1) a new design of GPS antennas using… More

Self-Regulating, Variable Area, Passive Radiator for Nanospacecraft Thermal Control

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Prakash B. Joshi, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $98,952.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) and MicroSat Systems Inc. (MSI) propose a heat dissipation radiator suitable for a nanosatellite thermal control system. This unique approach utilizes a variable area bellows that can be self-regulated depending on internal (electronic components) heat generation and… More

Novel System for Automation of Zebrafish Lipid Assays

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Anthony A. Ferrante
Award Amount: $179,577.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The zebrafish, Danio rerio, has become widely accepted as a useful model for vertebrate development. There is strong interest in developing zebrafish as a model organism for use in high throughput drug discovery assays. Thus far, true high throughput screening in… More

Breath Test to Rapidly Evaluate 2D6 Enzyme Activity

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Mitchell R. Zakin
Award Amount: $407,802.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): One important consequence of inter-individual variability in drug disposition and response is the risk of adverse drug reactions. In the case of pharmacogenetic variability, genotypic and phenotypic characterization of individual patients or patient… More

Metal Organic Framework Adsorbents for Fuel-Cell Relevant Small Molecules

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: University of Michigan
Principal Investigator: John D. Lennhoff, Manager, Materials Technologies
Award Amount: $99,952.00
RI Contact: Omar M. Yaghi
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to utilize 2 dimensional and 3 dimensional Metal Organic Framework (MOF) structures for the selective adsorption of small contaminant molecules from a hydrogen feed stream. These contaminants include carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulfide, and ammonia. Proton… More

Anti-Microbial Nanoparticles Composed of a Magnetic Core and Covered with Photocatalytic TiO2

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Edward Salley, Senior Research Scientist
Award Amount: $119,904.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to utilize reverse micelles as constrained nanoreactors for controllably fabricating magnetically extractable, anti-microbial nanoparticles. A 20 nm diameter nanoparticle composed of a magnetite core surrounded by a titanium dioxide (anatase phase) shell will… More

Aircraft Carrier Catapult Cylinder Slot Gap Measurement

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Michael A. White, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,742.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes the development of an advanced, self-propelled, aircraft-launch catapult gap measurement instrument to replace aging and obsolete gap measurement devices currently in use by the US Navy Aircraft Carrier fleet. Current equipment is unreliable, bulky, difficult… More

Extended Range Optical Underwater Imaging

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Karl D. Moore, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,935.00
Abstract:
Underwater laser line imaging systems in the past were designed and built to provide the best performance possible using the technology available at the time. Typically these designs have either emphasized range-gated or synchronous scanning technology to reduce scatter, i.e., using time-of-flight… More

On-Orbit Assembly of a Universally Interlocking Modular Spacecraft (7224-110)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Prakash B. Joshi, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,994.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. and Advanced Solutions, Inc. propose a novel approach for on-orbit assembly of a modular spacecraft using a unique universal, intelligent, electromechanical interface (AUTOCONNECT) on surfaces of individual modules. AUTOCONNECT not only provides mechanical fastening between… More

SBIR Phase I: Mass Flux Sensor for Pharmaceutical Manufacturing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: William Kessler, PI
Award Amount: $99,881.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project addresses an immediate need for a real-time means for measuring vapor phase water mass flux in pharmaceutical and biotechnology manufacturing. The specific innovation is the combination of low-pressure vapor phase water concentration and… More

Development of Micro-Scale Laser Technology

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Shawn D. Wehe, Principal Research Scient
Award Amount: $99,973.00
Abstract:
In this Phase I SBIR, the team of Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) propose to develop the design for and perform key feasibility tests for a micro-scale chemical oxygen iodine laser (COIL). The design is based upon micro-electromechanical systems… More

Anti-Microbial Nanoparticles Composed of a Magnetic Core and Covered with Photocatalytic TiO2

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Edward Salley, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $729,973.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) has utilized reverse micelles as constrained nanoreactors to controllably fabricate magnetically-extractable, anti-microbial nanoparticles for the purpose of disinfecting wounds. A nanopowder, consisting of 25 nm diameter particles and composed of a magnetite core… More

Reactive Tungsten Alloy For Inert Warheads

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Brian K. Decker, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,988.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. and ATK Thiokol, Inc. propose to develop novel high-density tungsten-based reactive composites for application to inert kinetic energy munitions. These materials will be inert such that they do not reduce the projectile's Insensitive Munitions compliance. Their critical… More

Synthesis of Energetic PrePolymers of Varying BAMO and NMMO or PGN Content and Structure

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Sterling Chaffins, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,886.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop new synthetic techniques for end capping oxetane copolymers with BAMO. Our novel approach will utilize the development of a modified BAMO derivative that adds a single molecular unit of BAMO to the end of the polymer chain. By this new method,… More

Infrasonic Frequency Seismic Sensor System for Pipeline Integrity Management

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOT
Principal Investigator: George E. Caledonia, President and CEO
Award Amount: $748,308.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc (PSI) is working with the NYSEARCH suborganization of the Northeast Gas Association (NGA) to develop the Proactive Infrasonic Gas Pipeline Evaluation Network (PIGPEN) system to detect and warn of third-party damage before it occurs. PIGPEN uses low frequency seismic/acoustic… More

Training Simulator for Epidural Needle Insertion

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: John C. Magill
Award Amount: $748,557.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In this Phase II program, Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a training simulator for epidural catheter insertion that combines features of a physical model and virtual reality simulation. The physical model will consist of a human torso… More

Robust Stern Launch and Recovery System for UUVs, USVs and Manned Underwater and RHID-Type Vessels [7285-021]

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Fred R. Kern, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $451,155.00
Abstract:
Conventional Launch and Recovery systems do not function automatically, at high ship speeds and in moderate sea states. The proposed system utilizes a unique concept of a deployable, largely open, flexible, "belt" conveyor ramp that can operate through and below the water surface in the wake of the… More

Active Calorimetry Development for Testing of Active Thermal Control Coatings and Devices

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Prakash B. Joshi, Manager, Aerospace Scienc
Award Amount: $749,924.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to develop a calorimeter designed specifically for accurately measuring the solar absorbance (alpha) to infrared emittance (epsilon) ratio, alpha/epsilon, as well as alpha and epsilon, of spacecraft thermal control coatings that can actively change their alpha or… More

Focused Delivery of Laser Energy to the Eye Using Adaptive Optics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Daniel X. Hammer, Principal Research Scient
Award Amount: $749,999.00
Abstract:
Characterization of retinal damage mechanisms from ultrafast lasers requires measurement and correction of ocular aberrations because non-linear optical effects dominate this regime. Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) has successfully completed a Phase I program to show feasibility and initiate the… More

Multi-Metal Monitoring System Based Upon Spark-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Amy J. Hunter, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $224,877.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences, Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a multi-metals emissions monitor to support Title V permitting of large air pollution source based upon its patented spark-induced breakdown spectroscopy (SIBS) technology. Work prior to Phase I has shown that this technique is capable of… More

On-Line Aircraft Fuel Tank Oxygen Sensor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Richard T. Wainner, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $749,909.00
Abstract:
The goal of this project is to develop a product for use in monitoring oxygen in aircraft fuel tank ullage space and controlling fuel inerting systems. Phase I demonstrated the feasibility of such as sensor, based on safe non-contact optical laser technology. In the proposed Phase II effort,… More

Terahertz Quantum Cascade Laser-Based Sensors for Hypersonic Flows (7275-020)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Joel M. Hensley, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $599,268.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to design, build, test, and deliver to NASA a THz wavelength absorption sensor for continuous monitoring of atomic oxygen concentration in hypersonic flowfields. In a successful Phase I effort, PSI developed a THz wavelength Quantum Cascade Laser (QCL) at 63.2… More

Real-Time Three-Dimensional Motion Control Tracker

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Daniel X. Hammer
Award Amount: $751,939.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Physical Sciences Inc. has successfully completed a Phase I program that demonstrated the feasibility of three-dimensional tracking for motion stabilization. The developed system extends the capabilities of our patented, high-speed, non-imaging tracker… More

Low-power, Confocal Imaging of Protein Localization in Living Cells (7215-010)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Anthony A. Ferrante, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $599,797.00
Abstract:
The proposed innovative technology addresses the need to understand and develop countermeasures for the skeletal and cardiovascular changes to astronauts during prolonged exposure to microgravity environments. During the proposed program we will apply our innovative functional imagery approach,… More

SBIR Phase II: Multi-Frequency Low-Multipath Small Antennas for High Accuracy GPS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Francesca Scire-Scappuzzo, Ms
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II research project will consist of the design, development, and manufacturing of a novel low-multipath GPS antenna for high accuracy applications. This antenna prototype utilizes two key technologies: (1) a new design of GPS antennas using… More

Continuous, Automated, Mandibular Distraction Device

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: John C. Magill
Award Amount: $754,150.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI), in partnership with clinicians in the Massachusetts General Hospital Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, proposes to continue development of an innovative device for performing distraction osteogenesis (DO) of the mandible.… More

Next Generation Sensor for High Precision Measurements of CO2

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: David M. Sonnenfroh, Dr.
Award Amount: $99,966.00
Abstract:
78706S Trace species such as carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and methane are important in the carbon cycle of the atmosphere and in global climate change. Highly precise measurements of these species are important to carbon cycle studies and global warming research. New, compact, low… More

Electroactive Polymer Separator to Protect from Overcharging in Lithium Ion Batteries(PSI 7265-240)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Aron , Dr.
Award Amount: $99,851.00
Abstract:
78277S Overcharging of lithium-ion batteries is currently compromising the lifetime of hybrid electric vehicle battery packs. This project will develop an electroactive polymer separator that will improve the ability of a lithium-ion battery to tolerate overcharging. The electroactive polymer… More

Novel Raman Probes for Intracellular Spectroscopy of Signaling Pathways (PSI-7265-230)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Mitchell R. Zakin, Dr.
Award Amount: $99,995.00
Abstract:
79728S The real-time intracellular monitoring of signaling pathways represents the next step in the elucidation and control of complex biological processes at the molecular level. Contrast agents or probes are required for molecular targeting and visualization of individual signaling events. … More

Imaging Sensor Constellation for Tomographic Chemical Plume Mapping

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Bogdan R. Cosofret, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $119,669.00
Abstract:
In this proposal, Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) outlines the development of an imaging system which passively tracks and quantifies chemical clouds via computed tomography. The system proposed by PSI will be capable of imaging in the 8-11 micron region with a spectral resolution of 8-10 cm^-1, and an… More

External Cavity Stabilized LWIR QCL [7275-200]

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Joel M. Hensley, Dr.
Award Amount: $99,924.00
Abstract:
78057S Lasers based on quantum cascade (QC) gain media represent a powerful new tool for optical detection in the infrared spectral region, needed to help detect the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. They have been demonstrated to be reliable, compact, efficient, bright sources of… More

On-Orbit Assembly of a Universally Interlocking Modular Spacecraft (7225-020)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Prakash B. Joshi, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $599,967.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. and Advanced Solutions, Inc. propose a novel approach for on-orbit assembly of a modular spacecraft using a unique universal, intelligent, electromechanical interface (AUTOCONNECT) on surfaces of individual modules. AUTOCONNECT not only provides mechanical fastening between… More

New Ferrocene Based Anticorrosion Formula for Concrete Steel Rebars

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Kevin C. White, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,965.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to demonstrate the anticorrosion efficacy of a steel surface treatment based on a chemically bound ferrocene analog. The proposed ferrocene based surface treatment will limit corrosion rates on steel rebar in the aggressive sea-water saturated concrete pore… More

Spray Deposition of Aerogels as Thermal Barriers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: STATE UNIV. OF NEW YORK
Principal Investigator: Aron Newman, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,923.00
RI Contact: Sanjay Sampath
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) and our collaborators (Southern Research Institute, the State University of New York at Stony Brook, and two aerospace contractors) will design, develop, and experimentally evaluate the performance of a cost-effective spray process for applying aerogels as thermal… More

Immunotoxicity Monitoring Method for Unknown Noxious Exposures (IMMUNE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Mitchell R. Zakin, Area Manager, Life Sciences
Award Amount: $99,997.00
Abstract:
In this proposal we describe the development of a technology (nanoCyl) that can assay multiple protein biomarkers in small sample volume physiological fluids. It offers the potential for a novel immune assessment tool that can be deployed in the field for the rapid assessment of exposure of troops… More

Field-Deployable Imaging System to Assess Potential Retinal Injuries

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: MASSACHUSETTS GENERAL HOSPITAL
Principal Investigator: R. D. Ferguson, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $99,996.00
RI Contact: Johannes F. de Boer
Abstract:
Advanced imaging technologies now exist to detect the tissue changes that occur due to retinal laser injuries that may not be visible with fundus photography. Very recent developments at Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) and the Wellman Center for Photomedicine have made it possible to combine these… More

Quantum Cascade Laser-Based Local Oscillator for Terahertz Astronomy (7275-070)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Joel M. Hensley, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,994.00
Abstract:
Scientists at JPL measure radiation emitted in the far-infrared (or terahertz) region of the spectrum to study the history of the universe and the Earth's atmosphere. The most commonly used detection technique is frequency mixing between that emission and a local oscillator operating at a frequency… More

Oscillatory Neuromorphic Computing for Robotics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Edward A. Rietman, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $89,995.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to develop an oscillator-based neurocomputer for associative memory and sensor fusion. The oscillatory-neurocomputer exploits the properties of nonlinear oscillators to form Central Pattern Generators (CPGs). CPGs are common elements throughout the entire nervous… More

Field-Deployable Imaging System to Assess Potential Retinal Injuries

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: MASSACHUSETTS GENERAL HOSPITAL
Principal Investigator: R. D. Ferguson, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $749,760.00
RI Contact: Barbara A. Steele
Abstract:
Advanced imaging technologies now exist to detect tissue changes that occur due to retinal laser injuries not discernable with fundus photography. Recent developments at Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) and the Wellman Laboratories of Photomedicine (MGH/Harvard) have made it possible to combine new… More

Novel System to Automate Zebrafish Angiogenesis Assays

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Anthony A. Ferrante
Award Amount: $129,723.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The zebrafish, Danio rerio, has become widely accepted as a model for human disease. There is strong interest in developing zebrafish as a model organism for use in high throughput drug discovery assays. Advantages of using zebrafish in drug discovery include… More

Advanced Algorithms for Exploitation of Space-Based Imagery

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Christopher M. Gittins, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $99,975.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. and its subcontractor, SAIC-Boulder, propose to implement and evaluate two novel pattern recognition methods to mitigate cluster noise and enhance the contrast between targets and backgrounds in an automatic target recognition (ATR) applications. The proposed methods are… More

An Innovative Confined Space Blast Wave Measurement System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Paul Cataldi, Senior Research Scientist
Award Amount: $119,514.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop an innovative blast wave measurement system that will characterize the three-dimensional nature of the blast inside an enclosed space. The innovation of our approach is in the design of the sensor modules that provide three-directional time resolved… More

Nutrient Sensor for Observing Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator: Kophu Chiang, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $74,948.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) will design an optical sensor to provide a cost-effective and ruggedized solution to the detection of nutrient loading for long deployment periods in the ocean environment. The proposed sensor is based on an existing instrument that has been already been developed and… More

Enhanced Scattering of Trapped Energetic Electrons in the Inner Magnetosphere

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Gary E. Galica, Group Leader, Radiation Technologie
Award Amount: $99,934.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to develop a High Energy Imaging Particle Spectrometer (HIPS) to act both as a diagnostic for Radiation Belt Remediation flight experiments and also as an operational space-weather threat sensor. HIPS directly supports AFRLs SWx payload and CYGNUS RBR payloads. … More

Variable Electrochromic Devices (VEDs) for Space Simulation Testing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: John D. Lennhoff, Manager, Materials Technology Group
Award Amount: $99,987.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to fabricate two electrochromic (EC) devices during the proposed Phase I program. PSI will fabricate an EC infrared reflector based on poly(alkyl-propylene dioxythiophene) (alkyl-ProDOT). PSI has several alkyl-PProDOT compounds in stock from past EC programs… More

Radio Communication Through The Hypersonic Plasma Sheath

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Hartmut H. Legner, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $99,985.00
Abstract:
Hypersonic transatmospheric vehicles will become an important component of operations for the Air Force in the future. These new maneuvering aerospace vehicles will encounter many technology hurdles that were never faced by ballistic re-entry vehicles. The trajectory times will be thousands rather… More

Submersible In-Situ Grain Sizing Device

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator: Chris Templeman, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $74,947.00
Abstract:
A novel, miniaturized optical sensor for in-situ monitoring of underwater sediment grain size is described. This device employs light scattering measurement techniques previously developed by Physical Sciences, Inc. (PSI) for the U.S. Navy in a compact, powerful tool for acquiring quantitative… More

Active Damping System to Attenuate Structural Dynamic Effects in Wind Tunnel Tests

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: John C. Magill, Principal Research Engineer
Award Amount: $99,950.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to develop an active damping system to attenuate structural dynamics in wind tunnel mounts. These structural oscillations are driven by aerodynamic loads, and can diminish the quality of wind tunnel data and limit the speeds at which tests can be conducted safely. … More

Edge-pumped Composite Power Amplifiers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Kevin F. Wall, Senior Research Scientist
Award Amount: $99,956.00
Abstract:
Advanced amplifier designs that are durable, efficient, light weight, and compact are required for the next generation heterodyne laser radar systems such as the Advanced Discriminating Ladar Technology Program. We propose to address the need for improved amplifier technology through the use of a… More

Composite-cavity ring laser for missile defense coherent LADAR

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: John Flint, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $99,935.00
Abstract:
The Q-Peak Division of Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to develop an innovative composite-cavity ring laser that will improve significantly on the performance of non-planar ring oscillators (NPRO), without requiring an amplifier, and which is amenable to space qualification or other high-reliability… More

New Energetic Solid Propellant Ingredients

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Research Institution: LAWRENCE LIVERMORE NATIONAL LABS
Principal Investigator: Ana Racoveanu, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,989.00
RI Contact: Phil Pagoria
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI), and its team members, propose to synthesize and characterize a new energetic furoxan oxidizer with high energy and low sensitivity. PSI has teamed with Lawrence Livermore National Lab, Energetic Materials Center and Aerojet Corp., Energetic Materials Group on the… More

New Energetic Solid Propellant Ingredients

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Research Institution: UNIV. OF IDAHO
Principal Investigator: Bryan V. Bergeron, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,983.00
RI Contact: Jean'ne M. Shreeve
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) and the University of Idaho Chemistry Department (U. Id.) propose to synthesize and characterize new solid propellant ingredients. The materials will contain very high nitrogen content within the chemical structure, thereby ensuring a large energy release. Energy… More

A Water Sealant with Anti-microbial Functionality Developed for Concrete Surfaces and Deposited by Electrophoresis (7265-060)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Edward J. Salley, Sr. Research Scientist
Award Amount: $99,953.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to electrophoretically deposit a coating of lithium silicate and photoactive titanium dioxide nanoparticles onto concrete providing a totally inorganic, room-temperature cured, concrete sealant. This coating scheme will be shown to not only reduce water permeability… More

Multiplexed Drug Discovery Assay for Neurodegeneration

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Anthony A. Ferrante
Award Amount: $313,859.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Huntington's Disease is one member of a family of neurodegenerative diseases caused by expansion of polyglutamine (poly-Q) tracts in otherwise unrelated proteins. Proteins containing more than 40 consecutive glutamine residues form intracellular aggregates… More

AOTF Based Imaging Sensor for Enhanced Stand-off Chemical Detection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Bogdan R. Cosofret, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $729,668.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to develop a multispectral imaging system for operation in the 8-11 micron infrared region based on the use of a new type of acousto-optic tunable filter (AOTF). The system will be used to remotely identify and track threat agent and toxic industrial chemical clouds… More

High Spatial and Temporal Resolution Velocimetry Measurements for Microfluidic Devices

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: BROWN UNIV.
Principal Investigator: Joel M. Hensley, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $749,996.00
RI Contact: Norman J. Hebert
Abstract:
Microscale and nanoscale fluid engineering is an emergent technology with applications in many areas including micro-gas turbine engines, space propulsion, biotechnology, and materials processing. Uncertainties in the near-wall velocity flow and in the exact nature of the fluid-solid boundary… More

Ultra High Temperature Composite SDACs Components

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Frederick S. Lauten, Principal Research Scient
Award Amount: $749,866.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) has developed ultra-high temperature composites that demonstrate minimal erosion at temperatures above 4200 deg F during impingement by highly oxidizing gases, indicating they are promising candidates for advanced rocket components. During the Phase I program, PSI… More

Instrumentation for Monitoring Breath Biomarkers for Diagnosis of Health, Condition, Toxic Exposure, and Disease

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: JOHNS HOPKINS UNIV.
Principal Investigator: David I. Rosen, Manager, Medical Technolo
Award Amount: $749,923.00
RI Contact: N/A
Abstract:
Detecting the presence and levels of endogenously produced molecules in expired breath offers potential for non-invasive monitoring of warfighter health, physiologic condition, and toxin/radiation exposure. Until now, exploiting this potential has been limited by a lack of suitable technology for… More

Laser-based Sensor for routine, High Precision, Field Measurements of Ambient CO2

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: David M. Sonnenfroh, Dr.
Award Amount: $749,902.00
Abstract:
Trace species such as carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and methane are important in the carbon cycle of the atmosphere and in global climate change. Highly precise measurements of these species are important to carbon cycle studies and global warming research. New, compact, low maintenance, and… More

Electroactive Polymer Separator to Protect from Overcharging in Lithium Ion Batteries

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Aron Newman, Dr.
Award Amount: $749,882.00
Abstract:
Battery packs for hybrid electric vehicles need to be low cost and have a 15-year lifetime. However, the cycle life of lithium-ions cells, which are configured in series, is reduced by the overcharging of individual cells. The current method of overcharge control, which uses external control… More

Novel System for Automation of Zebrafish Lipid Assays

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Anthony A. Ferrante
Award Amount: $888,309.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The zebrafish, Danio rerio, has become widely accepted as a useful model for vertebrate development. There is strong interest in developing zebrafish as a model organism for use in high throughput drug discovery assays. Thus far, true high throughput screening in… More

Imaging Sensor Constellation for Tomographic Chemical Plume Mapping

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Bogdan R. Cosofret, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $729,974.00
Abstract:
In this SBIR effort Physical Sciences Inc (PSI) has proposed to develop a sensor constellation that can be used to determine the size (length, width, and height), location, and detailed concentration distribution of chemical agent simulant clouds released on test ranges. The system proposed by PSI… More

External Cavity Stabilized LWIR QCL

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Joel M. Hensley, Dr.
Award Amount: $749,911.00
Abstract:
Lasers based on quantum cascade (QC) gain media represent a powerful new tool for optical detection in the infrared spectral region, needed to help detect the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. They have been demonstrated to be reliable, compact, efficient, bright sources of spectrally… More

Portable System for Deployment Toxicology

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: David B. Fenner, Principal Research Scient
Award Amount: $749,924.00
Abstract:
The Phase I program at PSI has successfully met and exceeded its first goal by multiplexed assay of 12 cytokines in simulants and whole human saliva, at clinically significant concentrations as low as 5 pg/ml with microplate technology. A survey of the medical literature and communications with Dr.… More

Advanced Algorithms for Exploitation of Space-Based Imagery

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Christopher Gittins, Principal Research Scient
Award Amount: $749,831.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to develop statistically-based algorithms for detection of spectrally-structured targets via unsupervised analysis of hyperspectral imagery and to develop a software tool for image analysts based on those algorithms. The proposed analysis algorithms are suitable for… More

Enhanced Scattering of Trapped Energetic Electrons in the Inner Magnetosphere

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Gary Galica, Group Leader, Radiation T – (978) 689-0003
Award Amount: $1,878,426.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to continue the development of the High Energy Imaging Particle Spectrometer (HIPS) to act both as a diagnostic for wave-particle interaction flight experiments and also as an operational space-weather threat sensor. HIPS directly supports the SWx and WPIx… More

An Innovative Confined Space Blast Wave Measurement System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Paul Cataldi, Senior Project Specialist
Award Amount: $729,918.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop an innovative blast wave measurement system that will characterize the three-dimensional nature of an explosive blast inside an enclosed space. The innovation of our approach is in the design of the sensor modules that provide three-directional time… More

Variable Electrochromic Devices (VEDs) for Space Simulation Testing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: John D. Lennhoff, Manager, Materials Techno
Award Amount: $749,991.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) has fabricated two electrochromic (EC) devices during a Phase I SBIR program. Several EC infrared reflectors were fabricated using electroactive polymers and a series of EC infrared beam combiners were constructed using tungsten oxide (WO3) thin films. These devices… More

Wet Film Thickness Sensor/Device for Navy Platforms

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: David J. Cook, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,910.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop and demonstrate a sensor technology for non-contact thickness measurements of freshly applied wet marine paint. This sensor is intended for eventual integration into APACTS (Automated Paint, Application, Containment, and Treatment System), which has… More

Advanced, Field-deployable Hybrid Imaging Ophthalmodynamometry System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: R. D. Ferguson, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $69,958.00
Abstract:
Noninvasive measurement of the intracranial pressure (ICP) would be a valuable addition to combat casualty care. Recent studies have shown that approximately 60% of military casualties in Iraq sustain some level of brain injury. These brain injuries range from mild to traumatic, and ICP is an… More

Rapid Road Edge Detection Based on Biomimetic Image Processing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: William B. Agassounon, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $119,973.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a fast-response sensor system for road edge detection and rollover prevention, which incorporates our unique, ultra-fast image processing algorithm based on insect vision. The proposed system consists of: (1) A camera system comprising a monochrome… More

NDE of Composite Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: David J. Cook, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,999.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop and demonstrate a sensor technology for non-destructive inspection of composites used for aircraft construction. This sensor is intended for inspection and maintenance of aircraft. This sensor will operate at Far-IR wavelengths (THz frequencies)… More

Commercial Methods for Production of Orientation Patterned GaAs

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: UNIV. OF MASSACHUSETTS
Principal Investigator: David B. Fenner, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $99,994.00
RI Contact: Hongwei Sun
Abstract:
The Air Force desires development of a commercial production source for nonlinear optical (NLO) gallium arsenide semiconductor crystals with orientation patterning, i.e., OP-GaAs. The need for these materials is driven primarily by applications for NLO laser frequency converters in Infrared Counter… More

Near-infrared Diffuse Optical Imaging for Noninvasive Monitoring of Cortical Spreading Depression

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: MASSACHUSETTS GENERAL HOSPITAL
Principal Investigator: Chad E. Bigelow
Award Amount: $99,904.00
RI Contact: Barbara Steele
Abstract:
Cortical spreading depression (CSD) is a region of transient electrical and metabolic failure that propagates through peri-lesional brain tissue. Although characteristics of CSD have been shown to be relevant to injury outcome, subdural electrode measurements currently in use restrict monitoring… More

New Ionic Salts for Green Insensitive Munitions Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Bryan V. Bergeron, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $119,844.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI), University of Idaho Chemistry Department (U. Id.), and ATK Thiokol (ATK) propose to model, synthesize, characterize, and combust new solid ingredients as green substitutes for RDX and AP. The materials contain very high nitrogen content within the chemical structure,… More

Carbon Nanotube IR Detectors and Arrays

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: David B. Fenner, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $60,095.00
Abstract:
The Army desires MWIR and LWIR imaging sensors for missile seekers with performance emphasis on low input power, small aperture, light weight and affordability, well beyond conventional semiconductor detectors. This Phase I proposal by PSI describes a comprehensive program to develop practical IR… More

Developing Insensitive Munitions Technology for Missile Defense

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Ana Racoveanu, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,975.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) and its team member, Aerojet, propose to evaluate Insensitive Munitions (IM) compliant propellants for large diameter SRMs by using a novel energetic mixed furazan plasticizer with low sensitivity, good energy and good density. It is recognized that "energy… More

WBS Edge-Effect Dissassociation Detected by LIF

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: UNIV. OF CALIFORNIA
Principal Investigator: Amy J. Ray Bauer
Award Amount: $99,888.00
RI Contact: Steven Buckley
Abstract:
The problem of detecting hazardous trace species rapidly and sensitively is a difficult spectroscopic problem. Potentially, this problem might be solved with an elemental detection method such as LIBS combined with a molecular detection method. Laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) might be a candidate… More

Enhanced Visual Obscurant and Rapid Dispersal System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / SOCOM
Principal Investigator: Alan Gelb, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $99,949.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc (PSI) proposes to develop non-toxic obscurants based on the use of particle size engineering to optimize their extinction cross sections in the infrared region and the possible incorporation of wavelength selective absorbers into non-toxic FDA-approved host materials. The… More

Protection of Flight Termination Systems from Directed Energy

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: William T. Laughlin, Manager, Thermal Technology
Award Amount: $69,937.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes the development of methods to protect the Flight Termination Systems (FTS) of missile targets which are to be flown and irradiated by future directed energy weapons systems during their test and evaluation. The missiles will be exposed to high power laser and… More

New Ionic Salts for Green Insensitive Munitions Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Bryan V. Bergeron, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $729,998.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI), ATK Thiokol (ATK), and Toxikon (Tox) propose to study new energetic ingredients as substitutes for RDX. The compounds will have similar performance to that of RDX. The innovative ingredients will be synthesized and analyzed for purity. Reaction yields will be optimized.… More

Innovative Ceramic Matrix Composite (CMC) Joining and Attachment Technology

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Fred Lauten, Manager, Advanced Composi
Award Amount: $79,641.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) will work with our team members to develop significantly less costly methods of attaching ceramic matrix composite (CMC) components to metal structures in jet turbine engines for JSF and other military platforms. We will demonstrate the ability to braze CMCs to… More

Quantum Cascade-Based THz Laser

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: David J. Cook, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,764.00
Abstract:
Compact, electrically-efficient, room-temperature, tunable, and narrow-frequency sources of coherent THz emission are desired for many DoD missions, including sensing, ranging, and communications. Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) is leading the integration of THz wavelength quantum cascade lasers in… More

Variable Size, Repeatedly Deployable, Ultra-lightweight Space Targets [7286-160]

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Prakash B. Joshi, Manager, Aerospace Sciences
Award Amount: $99,970.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a Microsatellite-based Target System (MTS) that can form and deploy extremely lightweight, hollow, spherical targets with good radar and optical reflectivity. The system will be capable of deploying single or multiple spherical targets from small… More

Innovative Light-Activated Solid State Optical Material for Broadband Sensor Protection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dennis P. Pacheco, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $69,978.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop an all-solid-state optical limiter for the protection of both mobile military optical systems (e.g., tank periscopes) as well as the human eye. These broadband sacrificial elements will attenuate laser radiation throughout the visible by the rapid… More

Rapid Road Edge Detection Based on Biomimetic Image Processing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: William Agassounon, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $729,941.00
Abstract:
Many soldiers' lives and expensive equipment are lost annually due to rollover of Army vehicles. A recent Combat Readiness Center report revealed that a main cause of rollover is the driver's inability to assess rollover threat (e.g., cliff, soft ground, water) on the passenger side of the vehicle. … More

Improved Aircraft Marker Lighting System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: John D. Lennhoff, Area Manager, Materials T
Award Amount: $69,956.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences, Inc. (PSI) proposes to demonstrate a dual emission lighting system that can operate near both the scotopic maximum sensitivity of 507 nm and the night vision goggle (NVG) radiant sensitivity maximum of ~825 nm (for non-visible). The switchable dual emission luminosity device is… More

Field-Worthy UV Backscatter Lidar for Cirrus Studies

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: David M. Sonnenfroh, Dr.
Award Amount: $99,870.00
Abstract:
Cirrus clouds are an important element in atmospheric radiative transfer and impact both climate and climate change. In recent years, the spatial coverage and frequency of cirrus clouds has been increasing. Therefore, new instrumentation is needed to measure the occurrence and spatial extent of… More

DEVELOPEMENT OF A PROCESS END POINT MONITOR FOR LYOPHILI

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: William Kessler
Award Amount: $99,995.00

Insensitive Nanomaterial-Impregnated Solid Rocket Propellant

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Bryan V. Bergeron, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,976.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop and test new solid rocket propellant formulations that incorporate innovative oxidizer/fuel nanocomposites in binders. The energy release rates of the highly exothermic nanocomposite reactions will be increased due to the intimate contact between the… More

Algorithms for Discriminator Damage Assessment

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Peter Nebolsine, Manager, Innovative Technologies
Award Amount: $99,878.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) and its subcontractor Corvid Technologies propose an innovative physics based approach to define and develop radar and EO/IR algorithms to assess damage to targets in post-intercept debris clouds and extract targets following non-lethal intercepts. Approaches to optimize… More

Laser Sensor for High Sensitivity Atmospheric Absorption Measurements

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: David M. Sonnenfroh, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $99,768.00
Abstract:
Development of a high energy laser weapon for point defense of Navy surface ships requires increased knowledge of mechanisms leading to thermal blooming during propagation in the marine atmosphere. Specifically, more detailed knowledge of absorption by water aerosols is needed. Recent research has… More

Innovative Solid Rocket Motor Design for Insensitive Munitions

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Research Institution: UNIV. OF ILLINOIS URBANA-CHAMPAIGN
Principal Investigator: Allan Dokhan, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,986.00
RI Contact: Stephen K. Rugg
Abstract:
It is proposed to investigate an innovative mitigation technique for insensitive munitions through a new rocket motor case design. The proposed study will focus upon developing a motor case with sympathetic responses to unplanned thermal stimuli. This particular motor case design will be according… More

Transmission and Distribution of Photosymthetically Active Radiation (PAR) for Biomass Production in Exploration Missions [7216-050]

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Takashi Nakamura, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,977.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a plant lighting system which collects, transmits and distributes photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) for biomass production in planetary and transit missions. In this system, solar light or electric lamp light is collected by reflector optics… More

Automated Screening System for Modifiers of Cardiac Output in Zebrafish

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Anthony A. Ferrante
Award Amount: $299,980.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The zebrafish, Danio rerio, has become widely accepted as a model for human disease. Small molecule screens have been performed to identify both modifiers of normal cardiovascular processes and modifiers of cardiovascular disease. High-throughput systems under… More

Innovative Plume Signature Methodology for Low Thrust Propulsion Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: David B. Oakes, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $99,993.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a unique experimental facility and methodology for developing accurate, validated plume codes for low thrust propulsion systems operating at high altitudes. The facility will include small-scale thrusters and a hypervelocity oxygen atom source (6 to… More

Innovative Selective Nanocatalysts in Hydrocarbon RBCC Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: PURDUE UNIV.
Principal Investigator: Bryan V. Bergeron, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,939.00
RI Contact: Kendall Thornson
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) and Purdue University (PU) propose to synthesize, characterize, and investigate the efficiency, reactivity, and selectivity of new nanocatalysts in hydrocarbon fuel liquid for RBCC applications. The nanocatalysts will have higher surface area/volume compared to… More

3-D EBG Structures with Carbon Nanotube Composites for Advanced Conformal Antennas

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Francesca Scire-Scappuzzo, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,978.00
Abstract:
In this SBIR Army project Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to model, demonstrate, fabricate, and test a new EBG structure designed to enhance the performance of conformal antennas thanks to its intrinsic 3D geometry suitable to curved surfaces. To further improve the antenna performance a new… More

High Speed CMC Laser Machining

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIV.
Principal Investigator: John W. Steinbeck, Principal Research Scient
Award Amount: $69,976.00
RI Contact: Kevin L. White
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a high speed laser machining process for ceramic matrix composites. The recent development of high rate, high pulse power lasers and the non-contact nature of the PSI process minimize the damage typical of other laser machining processes. It also… More

Rapid Concentration of Particles in Large Volumes of Fluid

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: WESTERN NEW ENGLAND COLLEGE
Principal Investigator: Edward A. Rietman
Award Amount: $99,964.00
RI Contact: Jerry A. Hirsch
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. proposes an innovative approach to rapidly concentrate (1000:1) bacterial spores from large volumes of water for identification. The technique is based on acoustophoresis - the separation of particles with sound. Since the technology has already been demonstrated on a small… More

Frequency Agile LIDAR Receiver for Chem-Bio Sensing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: Christopher M. Gittins
Award Amount: $69,916.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc., in conjunction with its subcontractor, Vtech Engineering Corp., proposes to develop an ultra low noise receiver module for direct detection LWIR lidar systems. The proposed receiver concept is compatible with emerging LWIR source technologies, e.g., optical parametric… More

High Resolution Imaging Endoscopic Probe

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Nicusor V. Iftimia
Award Amount: $170,663.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This proposal addresses the need for a minimally invasive high resolution imaging technology for cancer pre-conditions, cancer screening, diagnosis, and progression. Currently, imaging modalities such as radiography, magnetic resonance imaging, computed… More

Fiber Optic CMC Health Monitoring System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: John W. Steinbeck, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $99,997.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a fiber optic ceramic matrix composite health monitoring system that can provide real-time diagnostics and system health prognoses for operating engine and other high temperature systems. Passive fiber optic sensors collect thermal radiation that is… More

Online Treatment of Subretinal Neovascular Membranes from Laser Eye Injury

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: BOSTON UNIV.
Principal Investigator: Daniel X. Hammer
Award Amount: $99,966.00
RI Contact: Deeba Hussein
Abstract:
Subretinal neovascular membranes (SRNM) are a deleterious complication of laser eye injury and retinal diseases such as age-related macular degeneration, choroiditis, and myopic retinopathy. The membranes are difficult to treat with conventional photocoagulation because they form near the fovea… More

Retinal Hemodynamic Imaging with Tracking Doppler Flowmetry

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: R. D. Ferguson
Award Amount: $159,864.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to combine new and existing retinal imaging technologies to yield powerful new dye-free, functional imaging capabilities to ocular blood flow. We have previously demonstrated a new technique called tracking Doppler flowmetry… More

A Singlet Molecular Oxygen Imaging Sensor for Photodynamic Therapy

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Seonkyung Lee
Award Amount: $149,079.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a promising cancer treatment. PDT uses the affinity of photosensitizers such as hematoporphyrin derivative (HPD) and other compounds to be selectively retained in malignant tumors. When tumors, pretreated with the photosensitizer,… More

Single Shot OCT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Daniel X. Hammer
Award Amount: $99,988.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT) has revolutionized the methodology of low coherence interferometry for biomedical imaging applications. SDOCT detects signal from every range gate in a focal volume simultaneously, allowing ultra-high… More

Image-guided intervention system for pancreatic cancer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Nicusor V. Iftimia
Award Amount: $299,915.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This proposal addresses a need for an improved technology for both screening and treatment of patients with cystic neoplasms of the pancreas. Currently, percutaneous and endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) technology is used as a first… More

Field Rugged, Portable H2O2 Monitor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Mickey B. Frish, Area Manaager, Industrial Sensors
Award Amount: $69,977.00
Abstract:
This SBIR project will support the development of a field-portable instrument for monitoring and controlling hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) concentration during building decontamination after accidental or purposeful exposure to hazardous biological materials. The goal of Phases I through III is to… More

Refractory Composites for Reactor Applications (PSI-7266-290)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: John W. Steinbeck, Dr.
Award Amount: $99,950.00
Abstract:
Generation IV, Gas-Cooled Fast Reactor (GFR) nuclear systems require the development of new high strength materials capable of operating at 1000 C. Ferritic/martensitic steels, previously used as reactor materials, cannot be used successfully in this temperature regime. This project will develop a… More

Remote Personnel Assessment

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Andrew O. Wright, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,990.00
Abstract:
Individuals posing safety and security threats, or those intent on subterfuge and deception during interrogation, often exhibit abnormal values of key vital signs: heartbeat rate, respiration rate, and galvanic skin response (GSR). Technology is needed to cost-effectively measure these parameters… More

Electroactive, High Optical Quality Helmet Visors Proposal

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Jeffrey L. Boehme, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,934.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a variable optical transmission helmet visor of high optical quality. The visor system is composed of a thin-film electroactive device that covers the entire visor surface. An external electronic controller allows the pilot to tune the light… More

Combustion Database for Kerosene Fuels

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Douglas J. Bamford, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $99,930.00
Abstract:
The Air Force needs a better understanding of liquid fuel combustion to develop hypersonic aircraft which can rapidly deliver militarily important payloads to distant places. The Air Force also requires the development of multiple fuels to lower the risk associated with a supply interruption for any… More

Novel Dual-band Antennas for VHF-UHF Communications on Submarines

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Francesca S. Scappuzzo, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,340.00
Abstract:
Future RF communication technologies for US submarines require high antenna performance, such as increasing gain and multi-band/wide-band capability. Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to design, build, and test a novel dual-band antenna operating in both VHF (30 MHz-174 MHz) and UHF (225 MHz -… More

Laser-Based Diagnostics for Arc Heated Flows

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Douglas J. Bamford, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Arc jet facilities are crucial tools in the development of thermal protection materials for vehicles re-entering Earth's atmosphere. These facilities are designed to simulate the heat load experienced during re-entry. To ensure that the arc jet tests provide the desired conditions, the state of… More

Novel Triazole Based Plasticizer for Solid Propellants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Ana Racoveanu, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $99,982.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) and its team member, Aerojet, propose to synthesize a novel azido triazolic plasticizer with low sensitivity, good energy and good density. It is recognized that "energy compartmentalization" is critical to reducing the response of energetic propellants to unplanned… More

Protection of Target Telemetry, Communication and Control Systems from Directed Energy

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: William T. Laughlin, Area Manager, Thermal Technology
Award Amount: $99,923.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes the development of methods to protect the Target Telemetry Communication and Control Systems (TTCCS) of missile targets which are to be flown and irradiated by future directed energy weapons systems during their test and evaluation. The missiles will be exposed… More

Enhanced Stability and Penetration Depth in Deep Earth Penetrators

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Hart Legner, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $99,918.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc (PSI) proposes to enhance the performance of deep earth penetrators using fluid additives (gas, liquid) to mitigate the deleterious effects of interactions with natural and manmade heterogeneous target materials. In order to minimize these shear effects from the heterogeneous… More

Modeling Composite Material Response to Severe Thermal Environments

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: William T. Laughlin, Principal Research Scient
Award Amount: $69,852.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop an analytical model to predict the effects of short duration heating on the thermal, mechanical and electrical properties of composite materials. Verification of the model will be accomplished by employing a high power continuous wave laser as a… More

Multi-Hazard Sensor for Miners

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Michael B. Frish
Award Amount: $99,960.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health conducts activities to assure safe and healthful conditions for American workers. The mining industry presents particularly challenging safety and health needs. In particular, miners are continuously… More

CB Sensor Network Architecture Development Tool for Improved Probability of Cloud Intercept

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: Bogdan R. Cosofret, Prinicpal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,968.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to develop a software tool that is capable of defining the selection, composition, and placement of a constellation of standoff and point sensors for the protection of base facilities and forces deployed in the field. The constellation will be defined using an… More

Rapid Development of DNA Aptamers for Agent Identification, Tracking and Neutralization

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Anton Chestukhin, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,980.00
Abstract:
DNA aptamers are artificial nucleotide sequences that bind to target molecules with affinity and specificity similar to those of antibodies. High specificity, stability and low cost of aptamers make them superior modalities for detection of biodefense toxin and biological threat agents. Specific… More

Ice Hydrometeor Interactions in Shock Layers and Hot Material Surfaces

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Hartmut H. Legner, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $69,615.00
Abstract:
The proposed effort is a new, low-cost testing technique for ice hydrometeor impact on hot material surfaces simulating high-speed missile flight at altitude. This screening method will allow rapid evaluation of the performance of new radome materials and surface materials used on hypersonic… More

Thermal History Optical Readout (THOR) System for Condition Based Maintenance

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael A. White, Group Leader, Control & Automation
Award Amount: $99,928.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. proposes a novel and highly robust Thermal History Optical Reader (THOR) system concept capitalizing on mature optical, processing, and software technology developed by PSI and proven in the condition based maintenance field for both DoD and commercial applications. The… More

Inductive Catapult Elongation (ICE) smart sensor for Catapult Elongation Sensing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Michael White, Group Leader - Control and Automati
Award Amount: $79,942.00
Abstract:
The current technique for measurement of aircraft carrier catapult thermal elongation, while effective, is manpower intensive, slowly communicated, and potentially dangerous. Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes a powerful new enabling technology for sensing linear displacement of the catapult end… More

Rapid Concentration of Particles in Large Volumes of Fluid

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: WESTERN NEW ENGLAND COLLEGE
Principal Investigator: Edward A. Rietman, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $749,925.00
RI Contact: Bart Lipkens
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. proposes an innovative approach to rapidly concentrate (1000:1) bacterial spores from large volumes of water for identification. The problem we address is the limitation of modern biological pathogen detection capability, a solution to which is contaminant concentration to a… More

Novel Energetic Binder for Solid Propellants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Ana Racoveanu, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,923.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI), and its team member Aerojet, propose to synthesize and evaluate a novel energetic binder for solid rocket propellants with high energy and low sensitivity. The proposed polymeric binder is a candidate that is expected to perform better (higher Isp, density, oxygen… More

All-Radius Instant Emergency Strongback (ARIES) Pressurized Leak Arresting System for Emergency Pipe Repair Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Michael A. White, Group Leader, Control & Automation
Award Amount: $69,942.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes a new technology for emergency leak arresting aboard Navy vessels. The great variety of pipe configurations, such as elbows, tee's, valves, and mountings, compounded by the variety of possible leak geometries, such as deformed, jagged, or jutting, make the use… More

Advanced Coatings for Alane with Enhanced Stability

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Allan Dokhan, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,923.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to develop a higher performing solid propellant fuel by enhancing the stability of Aluminum Hydride (AlH3) by developing a novel coating around the energetic ingredient. Careful selection of the coating ingredient around the AlH3 will allow for revolutionary advances… More

Composite Case Improvement for Solid Rocket Motor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Research Institution: UNIV. OF ILLINOIS URBANA-CHAMPAIGN
Principal Investigator: Allan Dokhan, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $999,964.00
RI Contact: Stephen K. Rugg
Abstract:
It is proposed to develop, model, and demonstrate composite case materials with sympathetic responses to slow cookoff. In phase II, the proposed study will focus upon conducting subscale SCO testing on composite case materials and validate a physics based modeling and simulation tool. Subscale motor… More

Compact Diode Laser-based Magnetometer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: William J. Kessler, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $79,838.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovative Research Phase I project will combine ultra-sensitive absorption spectroscopy detection techniques and alkali atom optical gas pumping to produce an innovative Compact Magnetic Detection Set (CMDS). The CMDS will utilize a self oscillating magnetometer to produce a… More

Radar Debris Algorithms and Models for Discrimination

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Research Institution: JOHNS HOPKINS UNIV.
Principal Investigator: Edward A. Rietman, Principal Research Scientist
Award Amount: $99,998.00
RI Contact: C. J. Grant
Abstract:
We are proposing an innovative approach to sensor fusion and target recognition based on transductive inference with support vector machines. Our proposed algorithm will apply innovative discrimination to the fusion of sensor (feature) and contextual scenario information through the development of… More

Doppler Optical Coherence Tomography (DOCT) for High-Spatial Resolution Near-Wall Fluid Flow Characteristics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Kophu Chiang, Principal Research Scientst
Award Amount: $99,821.00
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop and demonstrate a novel, non-obtrusive system based on a Fourier Domain Doppler Coherent Optical Tomography (FD-DOCT) technique to measure the near-wall fluid velocity profile, skin friction and turbulence characteristics present in high Reynolds… More

Spray Deposition of Aerogels as Thermal Barriers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: STATE UNIV. OF NEW YORK
Principal Investigator: Aron Newman, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $499,992.00
RI Contact: Sanjay Sampath
Abstract:
Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop and fabricate affordable, aerogel-based thermal protection systems (TPS) for use on a variety of hypersonic vehicles and projectiles. The Phase II program is focusing on developing