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Company Information:

Name: Decision Science Associates
Address: P.O. Box 969
Vienna, VA 22183 0096
Located in HUBZone: No
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: Yes
URL: N/A
Phone: (540) 349-5388

Award Totals:

Program/Phase Award Amount ($) Number of Awards
SBIR Phase I $2,287,093.00 37
SBIR Phase II $3,926,766.00 12

Award List:

TOWARDS A METHODOLOGY OF PLURAL ANALYSIS: MULTIPLE APPROACHES TO MODELING JUDGEMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1983 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Rex V. Brown , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $35,000.00

SOLDIER-MACHINE INTERFACE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1983 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $62,000.00

METHODOLOGY FOR MEASURING POPULATIONS OF INSTITUTIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Dr. rex v. brown , SENIOR ANALYST
Award Amount: $40,000.00
Abstract:
Although the art of estimating human populations is mature, institutional estimation relies on researchers' intuitions or ill-fitting adaptations of consumer research. this project is to develop a data gathering and analysis methodology for measuring features of a population of institutions (e.g.,… More

CONSENSUS THEORY AND EXPERT SYSTEMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Marvin S. Cohen
Award Amount: $84,000.00

EXPERIMENTAL DEVELOPMENT OF INFORMATION PORTRAYAL PRINCIPLES FOR DECISION AIDS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: James O. Chinnis, Jr
Award Amount: $74,968.00

SOLDIER-MACHINE INTERFACE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $392,615.00
Abstract:
Dsc proposes to conduct research related to the development of design guidelines for the optimumu allocation of cognitive tasks to the human and machine in computer-based army systems. out thesis is that mere capability of a machines: instead, the cognitive tasks allocated to the machine component… More

TOWARDS A METHODOLOGY OF PLURAL ANALYSIS: MULTIPLE APPROACHES TO MODELING JUDGEMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Rex V. Brown , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $200,008.00
Abstract:
This research addresses a major defect permeating the theory and practice of decision science. the modeling of uncertainity, choice and value for prescriptive purposes is typically singular, i.e., a single approach is used. indeed, decision theory has been largely silent on what to do when multiple… More

EXPERIMENTAL DEVELOPMENT OF INFORMATION PORTRAYAL PRINCIPLES FOR DECISION AIDS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: James O. Chinnis, Jr
Award Amount: $223,184.00
Abstract:
Among the major causes of resistance to the use of decision aids of the near-universal mismatch between a user's thought processing and the analytic model and constructs imposed on him by the computer. to correct this situation, design principles must be develop ed based on experimental… More

CONSENSUS THEORY AND EXPERT SYSTEMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Marvin S. Cohen
Award Amount: $86,000.00
Abstract:
A variety of alternative approaches have been proposed for inference in expert systems: bayesian probabilities, belief functions, fuzzy sets, and others. they differ in the concepts they seek to address in their normative justification, in ease of use, and psychological aptness for the purposes of… More

BEHAVIOR - QUANTITATIVE MODEL

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Stuart h rakoff
Award Amount: $59,561.00
Abstract:
The success of future army personnel programs rests on over one million individual decisions to enter or remain in the force which are made each year by current and potential army personnel. current approaches to understanding and predicting these individual decisions are limited by their failure to… More

ALTHOUGH MUCH RESEARCH HAS BEEN DONE ON DELINEATING WHAT SORTS OF COGNITIVE PROCESSES AND BIASES OPERATE IN MAKING CERTAINTY JUDGMENTS WITHIN VARIOUS DECISION MAKING CONTEXTS,THE IDEA OF TREATING THE TASK OF DECISION MAKING AS AN INDEPENDENT VARIABLE IN

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: John m leddo , ANALYST
Award Amount: $40,000.00
Abstract:
Although much research has been done on delineating what sorts of cognitive processes and biases operate in making certainty judgments within various decision making contexts,the idea of treating the task of decision making as an independent variable in and of itself and exploring what demands it… More

COGNITIVE PROCESSES IN DECISION MAKING UNDER UNCERTAINTY AND TIME STRESS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: James O Chinnis Jr
Award Amount: $69,810.00

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI) DEVELOPMENT FOR PILOT AID APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Marvin S Cohen
Award Amount: $69,977.00

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI) DEVELOPMENT FOR PILOT AID APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Marvin S Cohen
Award Amount: $480,000.00
Abstract:
The successful introduction of ai technology into air force avionics has been hindered by the need for real-time reasoning with incomplete and inconsistent data, integration of high level subsystems with systems for signal analysis, and an adaptive human-computer interface. dsc proposes to test the… More

THE SUCCESSFUL INTRODUCTION OF AI TECHNOLOGY INTO SHIPBOARD DECISION MAKING HAS BEEN HINDERED BY THE NEED FOR REAL-TIME REASONING WITH INCOMPLETE AND INCONSISTENT DATA, RESOLUTION OF CONFLICTS BETWEEN CONFLICTING OBJECTIVES, INTEGRATION OF HIGH LEVEL

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Marvin s cohen
Award Amount: $74,886.00
Abstract:
The successful introduction of ai technology into shipboard decision making has been hindered by the need for real-time reasoning with incomplete and inconsistent data, resolution of conflicts between conflicting objectives, integration of high level subsystems with systems for signal analysis, and… More

AVIONICS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr marvin s cohen
Award Amount: $74,876.00
Abstract:
The successful introduction of ai technology into air force avionics has been hindered by the need for human-computer interfaces which represent information in ways that are compatible with the pilot's preferred means of representing information and making decisions. dsc's hypothesis is that recent… More

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE FOR COMMAND AND CONTROL

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr Marvin S Cohen
Award Amount: $79,886.00

SPECIFYING TESTING AND EVALUATING C3I SYSTEMS THAT EMPLOY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Jacob W Ulvila
Award Amount: $65,617.00

A PERSONALIST APPROACH TO ESTIMATING POPULATIONS OF INSTITU-TIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Rex V. Brown
Award Amount: $40,000.00

A PERSONALIST APPROACH TO ESTIMATING POPULATIONS OF INSTITUTIONS APPLIED TO MARKET RESEARCH

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $40,000.00
Abstract:
When a businessman or other decision maker needs an estimate (say, of sales of a new industrial product), and hehas access to rich and varied information, but limited resources he normally makes heavy use of judgement in his enquiry. personalist (bayesian) statistics provides a logical framework to… More

AN INTEGRATED FRAMEWORK FOR KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION AND ACQUISITION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $40,000.00
Abstract:
Many diverse methods of knowledge representation have been used by ai researchers. none appear powerful enough to capture the diverse types of knowledge that people possess nor do they appear flexible enough to support the acquisition of knowledge. the proposed project will develop a knowledge… More

COMPUTERIZED DECISION SUPPORT FOR RESOURCE ALLOCATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Jacob W Ulvila
Award Amount: $58,460.00

A FORMAL APPROACH TO TEACHING CHILDREN DECISION-MAKING SKILLS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Rex V Brown Phd
Award Amount: $50,000.00

COGNITIVE PROCESSES IN DECISION MAKING UNDER UNCERTAINTY AND TIME STRESS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: James O Chinnis Jr
Award Amount: $62,000.00
Abstract:
Greater understanding is needed to cognitive processes which are most affected by uncertainty and time stress. we propose to develop a framework of cognitive structures and processes related to decision making under uncertainty and time stress, select an appropriate army testbed, and conduct a… More

COMPUTERIZED DECISION SUPPORT FOR RESOURCE ALLOCATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Jacob W Ulvila
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
Dcs proposes to develop a computer-based decision aid to support resource allocation decision making in the research, development, test, and evaluation environment. this decision aid will incorporate the best methods for categorizing, prioritizing, and allocating resources to the most promising… More

SPECIFYING TESTING AND EVALUATING C3I SYSTEMS THAT EMPLOY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Jacob W Ulvila
Award Amount: $400,000.00
Abstract:
The objective of this proposed research is to develop new methods of testing and evaluation that are appropriate for c3i systems that employ artificial intelligence (ai). the approach will be to develop a multiattribute utility (mau) analysis of performance that fully and meaningfully characterizes… More

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE FOR COMMAND AND CONTROL

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr Marvin S Cohen
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
The modern battfield calls for high-stakes decisions and judgments in an increasingly complex environment characterized by high volumes of uncertain, incomplete, and often inconsistent information. in the future, intelligent computerized systems capable of adaptive learning will become necessary as… More

USER INTERACTION WITH SELF-LEARNING SYSTEMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Martin a tolcott
Award Amount: $59,981.00
Abstract:
Military interest in artificial intelligence (ai) and expert systems is growing in response to needs for reducting manpower-intensive tasks and providing aid to decision makers whose informationprocessing capabililties are being overtaxed. the cutting edge of research on expert systems concerns… More

GENERATING ROBUST PLANS IN ADVERSARIAL ENVIRONMENTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Kathryn b laskey
Award Amount: $62,546.00
Abstract:
Decision science consortium, inc. (dsc) proposes to engage in an innovative research program to design and implement an adversarial planning system that is able to reason about the persistence over time of an adversary's belief and intentions. specifically, this system will utilize either a… More

TECHNIQUES FOR DEVELOPING EXECUTIVE DECISION AND THINKING SKILLS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr john m leddo
Award Amount: $59,967.00
Abstract:
The army has long recognized that a critical part of its leader development process is instilling in executives the required decision-making and thinking skills. the different major military educational institutions have instituted executive training programs, each of which has developed its own… More

CONCEPTUAL MODELS OF UNIT PERFORMANCE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Stuart h rakoff
Award Amount: $59,974.00
Abstract:
Overall performance of army units is the product of a complex interaction of a myriad of unit characteristics and environmental factors. while army subject-matter expers (especially commanders) are able to maje judgments about the relative quality of units, no metric now exists which can be applied… More

AN AUTOMATED TRAINING SYSTEM FOR BUILDING EXPERTISE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: John leddo
Award Amount: $59,975.00
Abstract:
Computer-based tutorial systems have now become effective trainers in a number of domains. many good systems are modeled after theories of human learning and knowledge representation. however, such systemstypically assume a limited view of human knowledge, hence limiting their applicability to… More

A FORMAL APPROACH TO TEACHING CHILDREN DECISION-MAKING SKILLS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Rex V Brown Phd
Award Amount: $371,000.00
Abstract:
Personalized decision analysis (pda), based on the maximization of subjective expected utility, is academically well established as a normative model of decision making. practitioners working on real decisions have recently developed variants that have proven to be useful prescriptive tools for… More

A PERSONALIST APPROACH TO ESTIMATING POPULATIONS OF INSTITU-TIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Rex V. Brown
Award Amount: $225,000.00
Abstract:
When a businessman or other decision maker needs an estimate(say, of sales of a new industrial product) and he has ac- cess to rich and variedinformation but limited resources he normally makes heavy use of judgement in his enquiry. personalist(bayesian) statistics provides a logical frame- work to… More

AERONAUTICAL HUMAN FACTORS RESEARCH

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Marvin S Cohen
Award Amount: $49,983.00

AERONAUTICAL HUMAN FACTORS RESEARCH

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Marvin S Cohen
Award Amount: $486,959.00
Abstract:
The successful introduction of advanced avionics technology into commercial cockpits is hindered by the lack of understanding of how best to interface such capabilities with the knowlege representations and processing strategies utilized by pilots. traditional human factors concerns must be… More

ADVANCED DEEP-STRIKE CRUISE MISSILE AUTONOMOUS TARGET-SCENE INTERPRETATION AND DECISION MAKING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Kathryn B Laskey
Award Amount: $60,069.00
Abstract:
Advances in automated image understanding and decision aids have created a vast new potential for support of strategic and tactical operations. the non-monotonic probabilist (nmp), developed by members of the proposed project team, is a unique generic inference framework which is domain independent… More

MATHEMATICAL MODELS FOR ELICITATION IN BAYESIAN REGRESSION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Kathryn B Laskey , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,965.00
Abstract:
This research program will develop and extend the mathematical theory underlying the elicitation of probability distributions for use in bayesian regression analyses. incorporating expert opinion in the form of probability distributions is essential in applications for which available data are… More

Cost Benefit Analysis Tool for C4 Information Modeling

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Jacob W. Ulvila
Award Amount: $48,449.00
Abstract:
DSA proposes to develop a cost benefit analysis tool for command, control, communications, and computer (C4) systems. This tool will incorporate the best combination of methods from the fields of economic analysis, decision analysis, and optimization into a comprehensive functional/economic… More

A Quantitative Method for Trading Off Dependability with Other System Attributes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Jacob W Ulvila
Award Amount: $49,638.00
Abstract:
This research is aimed at producing a dependable system design prototype. It will serve as a testbed for research on the integration of dependability automation suport into the systems design process by assisting designers in quantifying tradeoffs between dependability and other system attributes.… More

A Decision Support Tool for Development Planning

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Jacob W. Ulvila
Award Amount: $49,446.00
Abstract:
Decision Science Associates, Inc. (DSA) proposed to develop and demonstrate an automated decision support tool for long-range acquisition planning. This tool will support the assessment and prioritization of system concept alternatives and supporting technologies based on military operational… More

Analog Devices to Develop Decision Skills

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Rex V. Brown
Award Amount: $49,987.00
Abstract:
Adolescents make health, lifestyle and other decisions which can affect them and others over their entire lives. Research has found them often to be seriously misguided. A method exists to counter decision making deficiencies-personalized decision analysis (PDA)-but its acceptance outside a circle… More

Methods for Pre-Flight Risk Assessment in Army Aviation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Jacob W. Ulvila
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Decision Science Associates, Inc. (DSA) proposes to design and prototype an automated decision aid for the assessment of pre-flight risk by Army rotorcraft pilots. This aid will support the rapid assessment of risk based on readily available information. Phase I consists of 4 tasks. In Task 1 we… More

Risk Reduction Management System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Jacob W. Ulvila
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
This proposal presents a system dynamics model of the weapons development and acquisition process. The system dynamics modeling methodology differs from conventional modeling techniques in that is easily incorporates the non-linear feedback linkages and decision-making functions that are so… More

Software Quality Decision Support System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Jacob W. Ulvila
Award Amount: $78,842.00
Abstract:
This research is aimed at producing a software quality decision support system to assist managers in making programmatic and technical decisions concerning software projects. Phase I is proposed in three tasks. In Task 1, we will identify important factors in a decision support system. This will… More

Software Metrics Decision Support System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Jacob W. Ulvila , VICE PRESIDENT
Award Amount: $69,230.00

Analog Devices to Tech Deaf Adolescents Decision Skills and to Aid Their Career Planning

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: ED
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $50,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Jacob Ulvila
Award Amount: $100,000.00

SBIR Phase I: Management Tool for Software Development Risk and Uncertainty

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Jacob Ulvila
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project from Decision Science Associates (DSA) has the goal of developing a decision support tool that combines methods from software measurement, Bayesian statistics, and multiattribute utility theory (MAU). This tool will support a software manager's… More