USA flag logo/image

An Official Website of the United States Government

Company Information:

Company Name: CFD Research Corporation
City: Huntsville
State: AL
Zip+4: 35806-
Woman-Owned: Yes
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
Website URL: http://www.cfdrc.com
Phone: N/A

Award Totals:

Program/Phase Award Amount ($) Number of Awards
SBIR Phase I $29,237,346.00 331
SBIR Phase II $101,734,128.00 156
STTR Phase I $5,826,671.00 61
STTR Phase II $15,360,972.00 23

Award List:

A COMPUTER CODE FOR FIRE PROTECTION AND RISK ANALYSIS OF NUCLEAR PLANTS.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NRC
Principal Investigator: Dr ashok k singhal , PRESIDENT
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The proposed research is to advance the state-of-the-art of deterministic risk analysis and fire protection methodology of nuclear power plants. a computer code, based on the use of a field (discretization) modeling technique, will be developed that has sufficient flexibility for accurate/realistic… More

MODELING OF TURBULENT SPRAY COMBUSTION IN LIQUID ROCKET ENGINE COMPONENTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Ashok k singhal
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Fundamental physics of the combustion processes in liquid rocket engines is very complex. recent advances in computational fluid dynamics (cfd) provide a basic mechanism for detailed analyses. the existence of cfd techniques increases the need of adequate models for physical processes, such as:… More

DEVELOPMENT OF SCRAMJET PERFORMANCE CORRELATIONS USING AN ADVANCED CFD CODE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Clifford e smith
Award Amount: $69,573.00
Abstract:
Compared to conventional turbojet/turbofan engines, the supersonic combustion ramjet (scramjet) is a more efficient propulsion system at high flight mach numbers and altitude. however, there are insufficient data to assess engine cycle payoffs. it is proposed to use a validated computational fluid… More

A COMPUTER MODEL FOR LIQUID JET ATOMIZATION IN ROCKET THRUSTCHAMBERS.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Andrzej J Przekwas
Award Amount: $50,000.00

A COMPUTER MODEL FOR LIQUID JET ATOMIZATION IN ROCKET THRUSTCHAMBERS.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Andrzej J Przekwas
Award Amount: $497,977.00
Abstract:
Liquid propellant atomization plays a dominant role in stable and efficient operation of rocket thrust chambers. despite the recent progress in computational fluid dynamics (cfd) and spray combustion modelling techniques, nosatisfactory approach has yet been developed for propellant atomization… More

CHARACTERIZATION OF FLAMHOLDER BLOWOUT IN GAS TURBINE AUGMENTORS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Clifford E Smith
Award Amount: $49,895.00
Abstract:
Gas turbine augmentors have historically experienced difficult maintaining combustion at high altitudes and low flight mach numbers. due to the lack of analytical tools, testing provides the princial means of improving a design for stability. such testing is expensive and time consuming, thus… More

VENTED NOZZLE CONCEPT FOR OPTIMUM PERFORMANCE OF LAUNCH VEHICLES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr Andrzej J Przekwas
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The vented nozzle is an innovative concept to aerodynamically modulate the nozzle flow area during flight of a launch vehicle and thus greatly improve the nozzle performance. it requires a large area ratio nozzle whose walls are vented through a series of springloaded check valves. this allows… More

AN ADVANCED DILUTION HOLE CONCEPT TO REDUCE PATTERN FACTOR IN GAS TURBINE COMBUSTORS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Clifford E Smith
Award Amount: $49,898.00

ADVANCED CFD METHODOLOGY FOR FAST FLOW TRANSIENTS ENCOUNTERED IN NON-LINEAR COMBUSTION INSTABILITY PROBLEMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr Andrzej J Przekwas
Award Amount: $50,000.00

ADVANCED CFD METHODOLOGY FOR FAST FLOW TRANSIENTS ENCOUNTERED IN NON-LINEAR COMBUSTION INSTABILITY PROBLEMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr Andrzej J Przekwas
Award Amount: $497,723.00
Abstract:
The rocket thrust chambers often experience combustion instabilities which may result in reduced performance, increased structural loads and ultimately in catastrophic engine failure. existing analytical methods are generally limited to linear-combustion instabilities. relatively little has been… More

RAPID MIX CONCEPTS FOR LOW EMISSION COMBUSTORS IN GAS TURBINE ENGINES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: H. Q. Yang , Project Engineer
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Innovative rapid mix concepts are proposed for rick burn/quick quench/lean burn (rql) gas turbine combustors applicable to future high-speed aircraft. conventional quick quench sections for circular flametube configurations have employed radial inflow holes or slots, and little mixing optimization… More

A MATHEMATICAL MODEL TO INVESTIGATE UNDERCUTTING AND TO OPTIMIZE WELD QUALITY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Clifford E. Smith , Mgr./application Projects
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The proposed research is aimed at providing plausible explanation(s) for the undercutting feature of welds. a mathematical model will be developed to simulate weld pool motion. particular emphasis will be placed on the variation of surface tension with temperature and local concentrations of oxygen… More

FUEL ATOMIZATION ANALYSIS FOR ADVANCED GAS TURBINE COMBUSTORS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Clifford E Smith
Award Amount: $49,980.00
Abstract:
Current state-of-the-art cfd spray combustion codes do not model the atomization process, and use empirically/arbitrarily prescribed droplet characteristics at the fuel injector exit. this critical shortcoming impeds the analysis of important aspects of gas turbine combustion. in phase i of this… More

MATHEMATICAL MODELING OF FLUID FLOW IN CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION AND PLASMA REACTORS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Dr Anantha Krishnan
Award Amount: $50,000.00

AN ADVANCED DILUTION HOLE CONCEPT TO REDUCE PATTERN FACTOR IN GAS TURBINE COMBUSTORS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Clifford E Smith
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
Of critical importance is advanced technology gas turbine combustors is the reduction of exit temperature non-uniformity, commonly known as pattern factor. a principal cause of temperature non-uniformity is the lack of penetration and mixing of dilution air in the combustor dilution zone. an… More

DEVELOPMENT OF A SCIENTIFIC VISUALIZATION TOOL

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr Andrzej Przekwas , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00

INTERGRATION OF COMBUSTOR AERODYNAMICS AND FUEL SPRAY TO INCREASE TURNDOWN FUEL-AIR RATIO IN SMALL GAS TURBINE COMBUSTORS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $50,000.00

VIRTUAL PROTOTYPING TOOLS FOR SEMICONDUCTOR FABRICATION EQUIPMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Anantha Krishnan , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00

PRESSURE-BASED HIGH ORDER TVD METHODOLOGY FOR DYNAMIC STALL CONTROL

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: H Q Yang , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00

INNOVATIVE FUEL INJECTOR/FLAMEHOLDER CONCEPT FOR RAMBURNERS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Mr Clifford E Smith , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00

DUAL AIRBLAST FUEL INJECTOR FOR SMALL GAS TURBINE ENGINES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Clifford E Smith , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,979.00

A PROBABILITY DENSITY FUNCTION (PDF) METHOD FOR TURBULENT REACTING FLOWS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $50,000.00

INNOVATIVE FUEL INJECTOR/FLAMEHOLDER CONCEPT FOR RAMBURNERS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Mr Clifford E Smith , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $319,119.00
Abstract:
Recent studies of turboramjet propulsion systems have identified the need of advanced, instream fuel injection/flameholder schemes for ramburners. this project proposes to develop a new, close-coupled fuel injector/flameholder concept whose distinguishing characteristic is a corrugated flameholder… More

PRESSURE-BASED HIGH ORDER TVD METHODOLOGY FOR DYNAMIC STALL CONTROL

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: H Q Yang , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $569,789.00
Abstract:
The quantitive prediction of the dynamics of separating unsteady flows, such as dynamic stall, is of crucial importance. this study proposes several new methodologies of solving 3-d navier-stokes equations with pressure-based algorithm in both stationary and moving (body-fixed) coordinates. the… More

DUAL AIRBLAST FUEL INJECTOR FOR SMALL GAS TURBINE ENGINES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Clifford E Smith , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
An advanced fuel injector with improved atomization and mixing characteristics is needed for current and advanced small gas turbine engines. in addition, due to higher combustor temperature rise and heat sink demands, the advanced injector must be capable of operating at higher fuel temperatures… More

DEVELOPMENT OF A SCIENTIFIC VISUALIZATION TOOL

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr Andrzej Przekwas , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $506,494.00
Abstract:
The recent advances in mathematical modeling of complex phenomena in continuum mechanics has led to large scale calculations involving extremely voluminous data sets (gigabyte regime). to effectively analyze these data sets, development of 3-d graphics software which employs state-of-the-art volume… More

A PROBABILITY DENSITY FUNCTION (PDF) METHOD FOR TURBULENT REACTING FLOWS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
Modeling methods developed for non-reacting turbulent flows are not able to capture important interactions of turbulence and combustion. an alternative approach solves an equation for the joint probability density function (pdf)of the local velocity and composition, instead of solving a set of… More

INTERGRATION OF COMBUSTOR AERODYNAMICS AND FUEL SPRAY TO INCREASE TURNDOWN FUEL-AIR RATIO IN SMALL GAS TURBINE COMBUSTORS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
This project will integrate combustor aerodynamics and fuel spray patterns to attain high turndown ratios without significantly modifying conventional combustor geometry. this will be accomplished by: the creation of two distinct zones within the combustor primary zone that are independently fueled;… More

FLUID STRUCTURE INTERACTIONS IN AORTIC ROOT PROSTHESES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Vinod B Makhijani
Award Amount: $49,996.00

INFLUENCE OF SUPERCRITICAL CONDITIONS ON PRECOMBUSTION CHEMISTRY AND TRANSPORT BEHAVIOR OF JET FUELS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Anantha Krishnan
Award Amount: $50,000.00

VIRTUAL PROTOTYPING TOOLS FOR SEMICONDUCTOR FABRICATION EQUIPMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Anantha Krishnan , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $249,947.00
Abstract:
The existing methodology of design and fabrication of semiconductor manufacturing equipment is an expensive and time consuming process. to keep pace with the rapidly advancing semiconductor industry, it is necessary to develop a computer based environment to quickly simulate the features of the… More

INFLUENCE OF SUPERCRITICAL CONDITIONS ON PRECOMBUSTION CHEMISTRY AND TRANSPORT BEHAVIOR OF JET FUELS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Anantha Krishnan
Award Amount: $317,935.00
Abstract:
Advanced engine technology and hypersonic flight speeds of future military aircrafts place increasing heat load on jet fuels. the increase in heat load push the operation of fuels into their supercritical regime. the performance of future aircraft will be seriously limited if fuels cannot be… More

RAMBURNER FUEL INJECTOR FOR ENDOTHERMIC FUELS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Mr S. Alan Spring
Award Amount: $49,012.00
Abstract:
For sustained high speed flight (Mach 3-6), recent studies have shown that endothermic fuels are required to cool aircraft systems. Such a cooling system would deliver fuel to the ramburner in varying amounts of liquid and gaseous phases. This project proposes to experimentally investigate and… More

Novel Inlet Protection System for Auxiliary Power Units

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Matthew E. Thomas
Award Amount: $49,690.00
Abstract:
The proposed Inlet Protection System (IPS) concept includes advanced T800 features and potential implementation of Electrostatic Particle Separation (EPS) technology. It is retrofitable into existing installations as well as integratable into future APU/SPU engines. CFDRC proposes an… More

Design of an Electronic Communication System for Enhanced Management

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Vinod B. Makhijani
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Fox, Jeffrey AWARDEE ORGANIZATION: Medical Opportunities, Inc. 2123 Jenkintown Road Glenside, PA 19038 TELEPHONE NUMBER: (215) 887-4640 AWARDEE NUMBER: 97-P-08002/3 The project seeks to develop an electronic communications system (Provider Path) which will allow medical… More

Acoustic Interactions with Spray Combustion in Liquid Propellant Rocket Thrust Chambers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Maciej Pindera
Award Amount: $50,000.00

Virtual Design Tools for Thermo-Fluid Analysis of Liquid Rocket Engine Thrust Chambers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Yong Lai
Award Amount: $50,000.00

Innovative Variable Geometry Fuel-Air Premix Tube for Low NOx Gas Turbine Combustors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: D. Scott Crocker
Award Amount: $50,000.00

AN INNOVATIVE AIR-TURBO ROCKER (ATR) SCRAMJET PROPULSION SYS AND SUPPORTING DESIGN APPROACH

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Mr Matthew Thomas
Award Amount: $50,000.00

Microscopic and Macroscopic Modeling of Layer Growth Kinetics and Morphology in Vapor Deposition Processing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Anantha Krishnan
Award Amount: $50,000.00

Tacital Missile Air Turbo Rocket Propulsion System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Matthew E. Thomas
Award Amount: $50,000.00

Study of Cavitation in Mechanical Heart Valve Prostheses

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Vinod B. Makhijani
Award Amount: $50,000.00

STUDY OF CAVITATION IN MECHANICAL HEART VALVE PROSTHESES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Vinod B. Makhijani
Award Amount: $50,000.00

DRAG REDUCTION ON AN EJECTION SEAT DURING HIGH SPEED EJECTION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr Andrzeji J Przekwas
Award Amount: $66,752.00
Abstract:
The performance capability of emergency escape seats is limited at high airplane speeds and low altitudes by the occurrence of windblast injuries. current state-of-the-art seats, at speeds of 600 keas expose the occupant to forces beyond physically tolerable limits, due to large drag forces acting… More

AN INNOVATIVE AIR-TURBO ROCKER (ATR) SCRAMJET PROPULSION SYS AND SUPPORTING DESIGN APPROACH

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Mr Matthew Thomas
Award Amount: $375,000.00
Abstract:
Development of combined Air-Turbo-Rocket(ATC/Scramjet component technology suitable for numerous USAF propulsion missions is proposed. Preliminary component design will focus on attaining fully throttleable boost and sustain thrust, vehicle speeds from Mach 0 to 8, and range as required. Activities… More

FLUID STRUCTURE INTERACTIONS IN AORTIC ROOT PROSTHESES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Vinod B Makhijani
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
Cardiac surgery often involves replacement of the natural aortic valve, or the aortic root and ascending aorta, or both, with the corresponding prostheses. blood flow through the aortic valve is influenced the the corresponding flow field in, and around, the aortic root. there exists the need for a… More

NOVEL HIGH VELOCITY-FINE WATER MIST NOZZLE FOR AIRCRAFT FIRE SUPPRESSION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dan A. Nicholaus
Award Amount: $69,840.00
Abstract:
Water is an attractive halon-alternative extinguishing agent for fire suppression. This SBIR proposes to develop a twin-fluid water nozzle that produces spray with a Sauter Mean Diameter less than 20 microns, and discharges water droplets at high velocities (equivalent to 500 m/s) to enhance… More

Study of Cavitation in Mechanical Heart Valve Prostheses

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Vinod B. Makhijani
Award Amount: $404,000.00
Abstract:
Cavitation is believed to cause damage to tilting disk mitral mechanical heart valves (MHVs). Previous studies have indicated that this phenomenon may be dominant during MHV closure. The "squeeze-flow" field between the closing occluder and valve housing, water hammer pulse at closure and the… More

An Advanced Wave Rotor Design for Low-NOx Turbine Engines

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Clifford E. Smith
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
A novel wave rotor topping cycle, which incorporates a Rich burn- Quick mix-Lean burn (RQL) combustor integrally coupled with a wave rotor, is proposed in this SBIR project. This cycle has the potential of significantly lower NOx levels than demonstrated RQL combustors, plus higher engine… More

A UNIFIED CONSERVATIVE INTERFACE TREATMENT FOR ARBITRARILY OVERSET AND PATCHED MULTI-ZONE GRIDS IN COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Z J Wang
Award Amount: $65,000.00
Abstract:
In the field of computational fluid dynamics (cfd), a multizonal approach greatly simplifies the resolution of complex geometrical details and the application of different flow physics in different zones of the flow domain. previous multi-zonal patched and overlapped approaches suffered from one or… More

Acoustic Interactions with Spray Combustion in Liquid Propellant Rocket Thrust Chambers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Maciej Pindera
Award Amount: $498,057.00

Validated Simulation Tools for Plasma Reactor Synthesis

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Anantha Krishnan
Award Amount: $100,000.00

Fully Conservative Chimera Approach for Structured and Unstructured Grids in Computational Fluid Dynamics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Z.J. Wang
Award Amount: $70,000.00

DRAG REDUCTION ON AN EJECTION SEAT DURING HIGH SPEED EJECTION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr Andrzeji J Przekwas
Award Amount: $50,000.00

Monorotor for Air Turborocket (ATR) Engine

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Matthew E. Thomas
Award Amount: $60,000.00

Unstructured Density-Based CFD Methodology for Gas Turbine Combustor Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Curtis R. Mitchell
Award Amount: $70,000.00

CAVITATION IN MECHANICAL HEART VALVE PROSTHESES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Vinod B. Makhijani
Award Amount: $404,000.00

Monorotor for Air Turborocket (ATR) Engine

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Matthew E. Thomas
Award Amount: $743,065.00
Abstract:
Recent CFDRC studies have demonstrated the advantages of developing back to back radial/mixed flow monorotor technology fully integratable between an ATR tailored solid fuel gas generator (SFGG) and a high heat release combustion chamber. To achieve an ATR Isp over 1500 seconds, the turbine half… More

Fully Conservative Chimera Approach for Structured and Unstructured Grids in Computational Fluid Dynamics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Z.J. Wang
Award Amount: $600,000.00
Abstract:
In the field of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), a multi-zonalapproach greatly facilitates adequate representation of complexgeometry and different flow physics in different parts of theflow domain. Previous multi-zonal patched and overlappedappro

Unstructured Density-Based CFD Methodology for Gas Turbine Combustor Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Curtis R. Mitchell
Award Amount: $600,000.00
Abstract:
Innovative unstructured, density-based CFD methodology will be developed in this project applicable to low-speed, turbulent reacting flows. In Phase I, the feasibility of using finite rate kinetics in an unstructured CFD environment will be addressed. An existing unstructured, density-based,… More

Low Cost Solid Fueled Air-Turbo-Rocket Propulsion for M31 Variant Supersonic Sea Skimming Target

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Mr. Matthew E. Thomas
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Preliminary CFDRC assessment indicates the proposed low cost solid fueled Air- Turbo-Rocket (ATR) can exceed current Navy requirements for an affordable supersonic expendable aerial target propulsion system. Existing vehicle/propulsion/trajectory software and system/component design experience will… More

Electrostatic Atomization for Industrial Spray Combustion

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator: Mr. Matthew E. Thomas , Group Leader
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The proposed electrostatic atomization process has been successfully applied within the diesel injection and paint spray industries to generate a priori specifiable droplet-size distributions with near uniform droplet dispersivity. Energetically efficient droplet development with electronically… More

Validated Simulation Tools for Plasma Reactor Synthesis

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Anantha Krishnan
Award Amount: $376,826.00
Abstract:
Plasma assisted processing techniques are widely used in many industries to synthesize materials at low process temperatures. Stringent precision requirements for devices and the demand for low cost manufacturing techniques emphasize the need for optimizing plasma reactors. Numerical simulation… More

Numerical Model for Ultrasonic Blood Flow Meters

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Maciej Pindera
Award Amount: $99,995.00
Abstract:
Ultrasonic Doppler flow measurement devices have enabled a non-intrusive evaluation of blood characCurrent correlations of volumetric blood flow rate to Doppler shift frequency are based on very simpand flow models. The interactions between the ultrasonic beam and whole blood flow is complicated… More

Mitral Mechanical Heart Valve Dynamics and Cavitation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Vinod Makhijani
Award Amount: $100,000.00

Advanced Computational Model for Rocket Plume Effects on Escape System Aerodynamic Characteristics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Sami D. Habchi
Award Amount: $70,000.00

An Adaptive Hybrid (Cartesian-Prism) Grid and Flow Solver for Navier-Stokes Equations

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Z.J. Wang
Award Amount: $65,000.00

Virtual Thermal Packaging and Testing of MCMs

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Andrzej Przekwas
Award Amount: $100,430.00

ADVANCED COMPUTATIONAL MODEL FOR AIRCRAFT CANOPY TRAJECTORY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Sami D. Habchi
Award Amount: $70,129.00

Numerical Simulation of Surface Pressure Fluctuations in Complex Geometries

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr. Andy D. Leonard
Award Amount: $70,000.00

Low Cost, Hot Gas Throttling Valve, for Solid Fuel Based, Expendable, Tactical Missile Propulsion Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Matthew E. Thomas
Award Amount: $69,958.00

An Integrated Fluid-Structure And Heat Transfer Analysis Methodology For Brush Seals

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Mahesh M. Athavale , Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00

Lean Direct Fuel Injector For Low Nox Advanced Subsonic Technology Gas Turbine Combustors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: D. Scott Crocker , Sr. Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00

An Adaptive Probability Density Function Method For Turbulent Supersonic Combustion Simulations

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Andy D. Leonard , Sr. Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00

Coupled Fluid-Structure Model For Improved Evaluation Of Vestibular Function During In-Flight Conditions

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Vinod B. Makhijani , Project Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00

A Joint Experiment/Computational Study of Endothermic Chemistry In Aviation Fuels

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Anantha Krishnan
Award Amount: $80,000.00

Tacital Missile Air Turbo Rocket Propulsion System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Matthew E. Thomas
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
An innovative approach is proposed for the development of a low cost Air Turbo Rocket (ATR) propulsion system by using Off-the-Shelf (OTS) component technology. The proposed ATR propulsion system will be capable of delivering up to 500 lbf boost thrust and 265 lbf of fully throttlable sustained… More

Virtual Thermal Packaging and Testing of MCMs

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Andrzej Przekwas
Award Amount: $366,065.00
Abstract:
In recent years, major advances have been made in nearly all areas of microelectronics development, including silicon technology, software development, and chip architecture. The one key area that has been more-or-less neglected however is packaging. The technology of packaging minature electronics… More

Numerical Simulation of Surface Pressure Fluctuations in Complex Geometries

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr. Andy D. Leonard
Award Amount: $600,000.00
Abstract:
Surface pressure fluctuations due to turbulent flow over submerged bodies can cause vibration in the surface of the body which, in turn, may radiate noise. In order to predict the structural vibrations responsible for the acoustic radiation, the wavenumber/frequency spectrum of the pressure… More

Advanced Computational Model for Rocket Plume Effects on Escape System Aerodynamic Characteristics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Sami D. Habchi
Award Amount: $600,000.00
Abstract:
The proposed project will develop and adapt existing state-of-the-art computational tools for accurate prediction of ejection seat aerodynamic characteristics including rocket plume effects. The resultant CFD code will be based on the solution of the full Navier-Stokes equations with advanced… More

A Joint Experiment/Computational Study of Endothermic Chemistry In Aviation Fuels

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Anantha Krishnan
Award Amount: $749,060.00
Abstract:
High performance military aircraft operating in the hypersonic regime produce large heat loads that can only be managed with endothermic fuels. However, the current knowledge of endothermic chemistry in fuels and its effects over a range of aircraft flight conditions is extremely limited. The… More

Low Cost, Hot Gas Throttling Valve, for Solid Fuel Based, Expendable, Tactical Missile Propulsion Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Matthew E. Thomas
Award Amount: $600,000.00
Abstract:
Recent studies by CFD Research Corporation (CFDRC) have shown that pintel, rotating sleeve/iris and butterfly variable flow control concepts offer the most promise. During Phase I CFDRC will collaborate with Atlantic Research Corporation to synergize this program with an ongoing SBIR Phase II… More

Low Cost, High Pressure, Electric Metering Centrifugal Pump for Liquid Fueled, Expendable, Tactical Missile Propulsion Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Matthew E. Thomas
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
An electrically driven high head rise centrifugal pump is proposed. Ongoing component technology development indicates this system will be required to meet next generation expendable Air-Turbo-Ramjet (ATR), Liquid Fuel RamJet (LFRJ) and turboJet missile propulsion engine requirements. During Phae I… More

A time-Dependent Non-Linear Free Surface Wave Simulator for Military Application

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Samuel A. Lowry
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
A three dimensional numerical simulator of nearshore waves is proposed. The simulator will assist military commanders in the planning of naval operations, including amphibious assaults. The transient, non-linear wave patterns in shallow waters are to be modelled using a Navier Stokes Computational… More

Virtual Integrated Sensors and Data Fusion for Model Based Control In Intelligent Processing of Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Maciej Pindera
Award Amount: $99,000.00
Abstract:
Significant progress has been made in recent years (through DARPA and industry initiatives) in developing real-time, on-line, model-based control systems to improve the productivity and flexibility of the US semiconductor industry. However, none of these initiatives have addressed the design of… More

Software Tools for Static Analysis of Pointer Usage

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator: Mr. Gerry Kingsley , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Mistakes made by programmers in the use of pointer variables and dynamic memory allocation is a significant cource of software errors. The development of a suite of tools to aid in the detection of these errors is addressed. These tools will operate both statically and dynamically in order to… More

On-Chip Transport of Biological Fluids in MEMS Devices

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Ashok K. Singhal Ph.d.
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The true impact of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) can be considerabl accelaerated by adequate guidance to users for the correct and effective use of this rapidly deveoping and fairly intricate technology. The proposed project is designed to meet tis very challenge. The Phase I study will focus… More

Pressure-Based Finite Volume Unstructured Solution - Adaptive CFD Code for Heat Transfer and Pollutant Dispersal

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Andrzej J. Przekwas
Award Amount: $70,000.00

AN INTERFACE PROTOCOL & GENERIC REMESHING ENVIRONMENT FOR DEFORMABLE & MOVING BODY SIMULATIONS USING ANY FLOW SOLVER SYSTEM

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Gary S. Hufford , Project Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00

An Adaptive Probability Density Function Method For Turbulent Supersonic Combustion Simulations

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Andy D. Leonard , Sr. Engineer
Award Amount: $597,201.00

On-Chip Transport of Biological Fluids in MEMS Devices

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Anantha Krishnan
Award Amount: $99,000.00

SBIR PHASE I: A Global Multi-Grid GMRES Scheme for an Adaptive Cartesian/Prism Flow Solver on Distributed Memory Machines

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Z.J. Wang
Award Amount: $75,000.00

Rapid-Mix Fuel Injector for High Temperature Combustor Applicable to Turboshaft Engines

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr. D. Scott Crocker
Award Amount: $70,000.00

A High Fidelity Simulation Environment for Thermo-Fluid-Mechanical Design of MEMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Andrzej Przekwas
Award Amount: $99,000.00

Lean Direct Fuel Injector For Low Nox Advanced Subsonic Technology Gas Turbine Combustors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: D. Scott Crocker , Sr. Engineer
Award Amount: $600,000.00

ADVANCED COMPUTATIONAL MODEL FOR AIRCRAFT CANOPY TRAJECTORY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Sami D. Habchi
Award Amount: $600,000.00
Abstract:
The proposed project will provide state-of-the-art computational tools for comprehensive simulation of a jettisoned aircraft canopy during an emergency egress. The proposed methodology uses an existing CFD code for detailed aerodynamic analysis of the canopy near and away form the aircraft. From… More

On-Chip Transport of Biological Fluids in MEMS Devices

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Anantha Krishnan
Award Amount: $980,000.00
Abstract:
The objective of the project is to develop, validate and demonstrate a simulation tool for the design of microfluidic systems in biological Micro-Electro-Mechanical System (MEMS) devices. The Phase I work will develop models for the flow of biological fluids in components (such as channels, valves,… More

Pressure-Based Finite Volume Unstructured Solution - Adaptive CFD Code for Heat Transfer and Pollutant Dispersal

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Andrzej J. Przekwas
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
Modern simulation tools will contribute to increased safety and provide strategic advantage i nthe area of environmental protection for combat vehicle crews, military battlefield installations, such as shelters, hospitals or command and control units, and for mission-critical electronics. An… More

A Distributed Architecture for Parallel CFD Visualization

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Jeroen Van Der Zijp
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Large-scale scientific and engineering simulations currently being performed on high-end parallel computers have exceeded the capabilities of present visualization systems. The proposed system utilizes distributed object technologies (OMG CORBA) to perform parallel, distributed visualization of… More

Rapid-Mix Fuel Injector for High Temperature Combustor Applicable to Turboshaft Engines

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr. D. Scott Crocker
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
Conventional fuel injection approaches may not be adequate to meet the unique demands of the JTAGG II Rick-burn/Quick-Mix/Lean Burn (RQL) combustor. A rapid mix fuel injector with innovative features designed to meet the fuel-air preparation requirements of the rich-zone of an RQL combustor is… More

A High Fidelity Simulation Environment for Thermo-Fluid-Mechanical Design of MEMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Andrzej Przekwas
Award Amount: $375,000.00
Abstract:
The MEMS technology is a fast growing, emerging discipline with significant commercial potential. Typically, the analysis techniques for modeling the transport and fluid flow phenomena associated with MEMS devices utilize very basic fluid dynamics principles or rely on the semi-empirical… More

Mitral Mechanical Heart Valve Dynamics and Cavitation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Vinod Makhijani
Award Amount: $750,002.00
Abstract:
Occluder dynamics and valve hemodynamics in mechanical heart valves (MHV's) are strongly coupled. Wdevelop a numerical fluid-structure interaction model for predicting leaflet dynamics as a functionphysiologic flow rates in-tilting disk mitral MHV's. The Influence-Coefficient method, which we… More

Gap Effects and Actuator Post Influence on Missile Control Fin Design

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Mark J. Ostrander
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
A CFD methodology is proposed, based on the grid oversetting approach, that will assess both control fin gap effects and the presence of the actuator post. The chimera method is technically mature and perfectly suited to the ultimate goal of au During Phase I, the proposed approach will be… More

A Coupled Navier-Stokes/Full Potential Methodology for the Aerodynamic Study of Unsteady Airfoil Geometries in Unsteady Flow

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Nathan S. Hariharan
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project proposes a coupled Navier Stokes/Full Potential (NS/FPE) solution methodology for the study of unsteady flow analyses of next-generation helicopter airfoils. The principle behind NS/FPE approach is to divide the physical space being solved… More

An Automated Viscous Unstructured Adaptive Cartesian Grid Generation Method for Complex Geometries

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Z.j. Wang
Award Amount: $69,159.00
Abstract:
An automated viscous Cartesian grid generation method will be developed in this SBIR project to handle complex geometries. Given a well-defined geometry (e.g. in NURBS format), an advancing front (AF) algorithm will be employed to triangulate In Phase I, the above methodology will be… More

Adaptive Multiscale Simulation Tools for Thermo-Optoelectronic Design of VCSEL Arrays

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Andrzej Przekwas
Award Amount: $99,000.00
Abstract:
Advances in optoelectronic devices, vertical cavity surface Emitting Lasers (VCSEL) in particular, have opened up many new possibilities for high density, 2D arrays of sources and detectors that can be applied in a broad range of applications. While remarkable progress has been made by physicists… More

Implicit Pressure And Density Based Solution Methodologies For All Speed Flows On Distributed Memory Machines

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Z.J. Wang , GROUP LEADER
Award Amount: $69,458.00

SBIR PHASE I: A Global Multi-Grid GMRES Scheme for an Adaptive Cartesian/Prism Flow Solver on Distributed Memory Machines

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Z.J. Wang
Award Amount: $300,000.00

AN INTERFACE PROTOCOL & GENERIC REMESHING ENVIRONMENT FOR DEFORMABLE & MOVING BODY SIMULATIONS USING ANY FLOW SOLVER SYSTEM

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Gary S. Hufford , Project Engineer
Award Amount: $599,677.00

Monte Carlo Modeling Of Surface Morphology During Sic Film Growth

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Phillip J. Stout , PROJECT ENGINEER
Award Amount: $70,000.00

An Automated Viscous Unstructured Adaptive Cartesian Grid Generation Method for Complex Geometries

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Z.j. Wang
Award Amount: $779,972.00
Abstract:
An automated viscous Cartesian grid generation method will be developed in this SBIR project to handle complex geometries. Given a well-defined geometry (e.g. in NURBS format), an advancing front (AF) algorithm will be employed to triangulate In Phase I, the above methodology will be… More

Adaptive Multiscale Simulation Tools for Thermo-Optoelectronic Design of VCSEL Arrays

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Andrzej Przekwas
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Advances in optoelectronic devices, vertical cavity surface Emitting Lasers (VCSEL) in particular, have opened up many new possibilities for high density, 2D arrays of sources and detectors that can be applied in a broad range of applications. While remarkable progress has been made by physicists… More

Next Generation CFD Code for Spray Combustion Simulations

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $74,963.00
Abstract:
Despite major advances in CFD technology over the past two decades, simulation of industrial spray combustion systems remains challenging due to difficulties in modeling various droplet physical phenomena and in dealing with the geometrical complexity. The proposed study will develop a 3-dimensional… More

Multi Pulse laser Ignition for Ultra Cold Turboshaft Engine Starting

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Matthew E. Thomas
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Recent CFDRC and Los Alamos National Lab CRADA research activity has demonstrated 100% JTAGG fuel injector ignition reliability at fuel tesperatures approaching -10 F using precisely controlled multiple pulse formatting of a single 150 mj laser discharge. This level of performance is achievable… More

Development and Validation of a CFD/Controls Based Tool for Low cost Pintle Motor Design

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Mark J. Ostrander
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Development of a software system incorporating accurate transient an simulations coupled with advanced valve control logic is proposed to aid in the design and analysis of axial pintle valve systems for low cost tactical motors. Due to strong current commercial software capability and similar… More

Multiple Laser Pulse Ignition for Ultra Cold Starting of CI Engines

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Ashok Singhal
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The demonstration of CI engine injector ignition using multiple laser energy pulsing at cold soak conditions approaching -40F is proposed. This level of ignition performance will be demonstrated using a 150 mj Nd:YAG laser, low cost fiber optics, and quartz windows to minimize cost and packaging. … More

ELECTROSTATIC ATOMIZER FOR PRECISION DROPLET SIZE AND DISPERSION CONTROL

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $74,970.00

A Validated Computational Model to Enable Real Time Control of the Pulsed OMCVD Process for Heteroepitaxy of Compound Semiconductors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $69,963.00

SBIR Phase I: Computational Optimization of Magnetic Resonance Flow Imaging

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Han-Ming Wu
Award Amount: $99,951.00

Intelligent Solution Optimization Using Artificial Neural Networks Applied to Numerical Flow Solvers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $70,000.00

An Adaptive Hybrid (Cartesian-Prism) Grid and Flow Solver for Navier-Stokes Equations

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Z.J. Wang
Award Amount: $399,849.00

A First-Principles Based High Order Discontinuous Galerkin Methodology for Rotorcraft Flowfield Studies

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $69,997.00

LES Software for Predicting and Controlling Combustion Dynamics in High Performance Gas Turbine Combustors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Clifford Smith
Award Amount: $99,857.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $599,787.00

Air-Turbo-Rocket for Minimum Cost High Speed Vehicle Propulsion

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: John Bossard
Award Amount: $98,904.00

Radiation-Hardening Design Tools for Modern Semiconductor Microelectronics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Marek Turowski
Award Amount: $99,965.00

Next Generation CFD Code for Spray Combustion Simulations

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $299,952.00
Abstract:
Not Available Despite major advances in CFD technology over the past two decades, simulation of industrial spray combustion systems remains challenging due to difficulties in modeling various droplet physical phenomena and in dealing with the geometrical complexity. The proposed study will develop a… More

Prediction and Control of Twin-Tail Buffet of Fighter Aircraft

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Essam sheta
Award Amount: $99,879.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Mark J Ostrander
Award Amount: $749,997.00

An Advanced CAD Tool for Quantum Device Simulation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Phillip Stout
Award Amount: $69,961.00

An Advanced Computational Simulation Tool

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Samuel Lowry
Award Amount: $99,972.00

Large Eddy Simulations (LES) of Gas-Particle Flows

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Ram Avva
Award Amount: $99,951.00

Low Frequency, High Amplitude Fuel Modulator to Enhance Lean Blowout and Reduce Emissions in AST Combustors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dan Nickolaus, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $69,926.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $0.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $749,960.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $0.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $479,980.00

A computational and Experimental Investigation of Transient Nonlinear Viscous Aeroelastic Effects

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: Texas A&m University
Principal Investigator: Essam F Sheta
Award Amount: $99,975.00
RI Contact: N/A

LES Software for Predicting and Controlling Combustion Dynamics in High Performance Gas Turbine Combustors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Steven M. Cannon
Award Amount: $742,956.00

Head Conduction in Thin Films: Modeling and E

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Sandip Mazumder
Award Amount: $99,975.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Phillip J. Stout, Senior Research Engineer
Award Amount: $98,877.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: David L. Black, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $99,973.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Matthew E. Thomas
Award Amount: $119,932.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Marek Turowski, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $99,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Shivshankar Sundaram
Award Amount: $99,890.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: William Coirier, Group Leader
Award Amount: $99,831.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: D. S. Crocker, Group Leader/Engineering
Award Amount: $69,928.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Nahthan Hariharan, Project Engineer/Research
Award Amount: $69,958.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Shivshankar Sundaram
Award Amount: $0.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Shivshankar Sundaram
Award Amount: $399,946.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Phillip Stout
Award Amount: $99,947.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Samuel Lowry
Award Amount: $0.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Samuel Lowry
Award Amount: $399,985.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Research Institution: Pennsylvania State University
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $99,984.00
RI Contact: N/A

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: H.q. Yang, Principal Scientist/Research
Award Amount: $69,936.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Mark J. Ostrander
Award Amount: $0.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Mark J. Ostrander
Award Amount: $749,795.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Matthew E. Thomas
Award Amount: $119,967.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dan Nickolaus, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $0.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dan Nickolaus, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $599,901.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Vladimir Kolobov
Award Amount: $99,984.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: UNIV. OF CALIFORNIA-RIVERSIDE
Principal Investigator: Carl J. Wordelman, Project Engineer/Research
Award Amount: $99,975.00
RI Contact: Ruben Gomez

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Mahesh M. Athavale, Group Leader/Research
Award Amount: $98,989.00

Prediction and Control of Twin-Tail Buffet of Fighter Aircraft

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Essam Sheta, RESEARCH SCIENTIST
Award Amount: $499,931.00
Abstract:
The Phase I work has clearly demonstrated the feasibility of the Multi-Disciplinary Computing Environment (MDICE) for prediction and control of twin-tail buffet of fighter aircraft. Several flow control methodologies have been proposed and appliedsuccessfully to a generic fighter aircraft to reduce… More

Secure Architecture for Integrated Circuit and Packet Switching Applications (SAINCaP)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Matthew Thomas, Group Leader/Director
Award Amount: $729,966.00
Abstract:
CFDRC's Phase I effort laid the foundation to successfully build and test an automatically-controlled prototype gel mixing system. The addition of a load cell and linear potentiometer to the AMCOM mixing rig enabled the integration of CFDRC's controlsystems technology to the mixing process. … More

Compact, High Power Microwave Antenna (HPMA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: M.e. Thomas, Group Leader/Director
Award Amount: $729,961.00
Abstract:
During Phase I CFD Research and Charged Injection Corporation demonstrated Electrostatic Atomization (EA) is capable of reducing fuel pressurization requirements while simultaneously improving cylinder combustion processes. This technology is now matureenough to improve the fuel consumption of… More

Heat Reduction in Semiconductors by Phonon Annihilation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: UNIV. OF CALIFORNIA-RIVERSIDE
Principal Investigator: Carl J. Wordelman
Award Amount: $497,705.00
RI Contact: Ruben Gomez
Abstract:
The objective of this project is to develop multiscale simulation tools for coupled carrier-phonon transport in micro/optoelectronic devices and to explore novel concepts of phonon engineering for heat removal and termal management in advancedsemiconductor devices. The phase I effort resulted in a… More

Modeling and Diagnostics of Gel Propellant Mixing and Combustion

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Matthew Thomas, Director, Special Project
Award Amount: $119,967.00
Abstract:
The capability to experimentally characterize the flow patterns of gel engine mixing and combustion, as well as validate numerical simulation technology that predicts detailed engine operation, is proposed. The Phase I analysis methodology will be basedon 1) advanced gel rheology behavior… More

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Ralph DeMasi
Award Amount: $499,965.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project will provide a commercial software tool that integrates reactor scale, (pre)sheath transport, and feature scale models for comprehensive analysis of thermal chemical vapor deposition and low pressure plasma processes in integrated… More

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Ralph DeMasi
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project will provide a commercial software tool that integrates reactor scale, (pre)sheath transport, and feature scale models for comprehensive analysis of thermal chemical vapor deposition and low pressure plasma processes in integrated… More

SBIR Phase I: A New Approach to Particle Characterization: The Probability Density Function Propagation (PDFP) Model

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: David Black
Award Amount: $99,984.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will develop an innovative particle transport and dispersion model called the Probability Density Function Propagation (PDFP) models, and implements the model into a commercial code. The PDFP model tracks the Probability Density Function… More

New Design Technologies for Radiation Hardened Microelectronics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Marek Turowski, Group Leader/Research
Award Amount: $99,701.00
Abstract:
Radiation-hardening by design (RHBD) allows to use available commercial fabrication lines of high performance circuits, but the radiation-hardened (rad-hard) devices and cells require larger area, higher-power consumption, and slower performance. CFDRC incollaboration with Mission Research (David… More

SBIR Phase I: Integrated Gas Phase - Surface Reaction Simulator for Plasma Etch and Chemical Vapor Deposition Process Development

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Ning Zhou
Award Amount: $99,943.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will develop state-of-the-art computational models to accurately simulate the next generation of plasma-etch tools for SiO2 and low-k dielectric materials. Modeling tools necessary to address these challenges are not currently available,… More

SBIR Phase I: ADVANCED NONGRAY RADIATION MODEL COUPLED WITH A CFD CODE FOR LARGE-SCALE FIRE AND COMBUSTION APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Sandip Mazumder
Award Amount: $99,944.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I study is aimed toward demonstrating the feasibility of using the correlated k-distribution approach, in conjunction with the control-angle discrete ordinates method (CA-DOM), for accurate and fast simulation of non-gray radiative transport in… More

High Energy Density Metallic Mechanical Alloys for New Explosives and Incendiary Devices with Controllable Explosion Parameters

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: William Coirier, Group Leader/Research
Award Amount: $99,986.00
Abstract:
The overall objective of the Phase I is to demonstrate and validate the concept of a Hierarchically-based, Solution Adaptive Mesh Refinement (HAMR) gasdynamics solver to predict unsteady blast wave propagation within a dense urban environment. This veryunique type of gasdynamics equations solver is… More

Automated, Parametric Geometry Modeling and Grid Generation for Turbomachinery Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Research Institution: Pennsylvania State University
Principal Investigator: Vincent J. Harrand
Award Amount: $0.00
RI Contact: Dr. Budugu Lakshminarayana
Abstract:
The objective of this proposal is to develop a highly automated software system for rapid geometry modeling and grid generation for turbomachinery applications. The proposed system features a graphical user interface for interactive control, a direct interface to commercial CAD systems, support for… More

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Isabel Zambrano
Award Amount: $499,884.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project will further develop, validate and demonstrate a Computer-Aided Design (CAD) tool for plasma equipment/processes using a non-statistical Boltzmann solver for the analysis of charged particle kinetics. Phase I implemented a new Boltzmann… More

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Isabel Zambrano
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project will further develop, validate and demonstrate a Computer-Aided Design (CAD) tool for plasma equipment/processes using a non-statistical Boltzmann solver for the analysis of charged particle kinetics. Phase I implemented a new Boltzmann… More

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Shivshankar Sundaram
Award Amount: $99,968.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I (SBIR) project will demonstrate the feasibility and value of advanced simulation methodology for the prediction of biomolecular binding on the surface of microspheres used in biosensing applications. Models in current use employ many ad-hoc… More

Flip Chip Hermetic Packaging of RF MEMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Enchao Yu, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $98,955.00
Abstract:
RF MEMS technology, MEMS switches in particular, hold great promise for wireless communication and sensor systems. Military systems, such as RF seekers and ground-based radars, are the most likely first platforms for advanced RF MEMS. Excellent MEMSswitching devices have recently been developed, but… More

Comprehensive Atomization/Spray Module for Advanced CFD Combustion Codes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: D. Scott Crocker
Award Amount: $99,969.00
Abstract:
Accurate CFD predictions of atomization/spray characteristics are vital to the successful design of gas turbine, rocket, and internal combustion engines. To achieve this capability, it is necessary to establish a comprehensive model for each spray sub-process. CFD Research Corporation (CFDRC) and… More

Modeling and Diagnostics of Gel Propellant Mixing and Combustion

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: John Bossard, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $729,384.00
Abstract:
"In Phase I, CFDRC demonstrated a one-of-a-kind transient bipropellant spray combustion modeling capability for gel propulsion. A single element spray rig was fabricated and tested with inert gels to qualitatively characterize the gel spray pattern for thenumerical simulations. CCD photography and… More

New Design Technologies for Radiation Hardened Microelectronics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Marek Turowski, Group Leader
Award Amount: $744,702.00
Abstract:
"Radiation-hardening by design (RHBD) permits the use of available commercial fabrication lines of high performance circuits, but the radiation-hardened (rad-hard) devices and cells are usually associated with a larger area, higher-power consumption, andslower performance. CFDRC in collaboration… More

Development of Boundary Vorticity Dynamics Based Closed Loop Flow Control

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: DrRobert W. Tramel, Senior Engineer/Research
Award Amount: $69,990.00
Abstract:
In this proposal closed loop control design tools will be developed using three key ingredients. These methods are (i) neural network based control methods, (ii) boundary vorticity based flow control strategies, and (iii) a reduced order numerical scheme that solves an asymptotic high Reynolds… More

Interstage Turbine Burner for High Performance, Fuel Efficient Gas Turbine Engines

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: D. Scott Crocker, Senior Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
"The inter-stage turbine burner is an innovative and revolutionary concept for increased specific thrust and low emissions while maintaining or improving cycle efficiency through increased overall pressure ratio. Heat addition in the turbine burner betweenthe high pressure and low pressure turbine… More

High Resolution Simulation of Liquid Jet Ejection and Aerosolization for Chemical/Biological Defense

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: D.Scott Crocker, Senior Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $99,940.00
Abstract:
"High resolution modeling of the ejection of liquid payloads is needed to compliment and improve the design of weapons that will inject neutralization agents into clouds of hazardous chemical or biological agents. A high fidelity model, which currently doesnot exist (especially for relatively large… More

SBIR/STTR Phase I:Development of Reduced Engineering Models for Prediction of Growth of Ternary III-V Semiconductor Materials Grown by MetalOrganic Vapor Phase Epitaxy

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Sandip Mazumder
Award Amount: $99,988.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I study is aimed toward development of an efficient procedure for predicting growth of ternary III-V semiconductor materials grown by Metal Organic Vapor Phase Epitaxy (MOVPE). These techniques are now used extensively in the semiconductor… More

Combustion LES Software For Improved Emissions Predictions of High Performance Gas Turbine Combustors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Steven M. Cannon, Group Leader
Award Amount: $69,974.00
Abstract:
"Turbulent-combustion emissions modeling (NOx, CO, UHC and smoke) of military gas turbine combustors is a very difficult challenge. Although current RANS steady-state modeling can provide trends, it fails to give quantitatively - accurate predictions ofemissions. A more accurate way to model… More

SBIR/STTR Phase II: Development of Integrated Fluid/Solid/Bio-Kinetic Simulation Software for the Characterization of Microsphere-based Bio-analytic Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Shivshankar Sundaram
Award Amount: $499,948.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project will develop and customize advanced simulation software for the design and optimization of microsphere and cell-based assays. Current assay design by trial and error is slow, unreliable, expensive, and a bottleneck for multiplexed,… More

SBIR/STTR Phase II: Development of Integrated Fluid/Solid/Bio-Kinetic Simulation Software for the Characterization of Microsphere-based Bio-analytic Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Shivshankar Sundaram
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project will develop and customize advanced simulation software for the design and optimization of microsphere and cell-based assays. Current assay design by trial and error is slow, unreliable, expensive, and a bottleneck for multiplexed,… More

Interstage Turbine Burner for High Performance, Fuel Efficient Gas Turbine Engines

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: D. Scott Crocker, Senior Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $739,839.00
Abstract:
"The inter-stage turbine burner is an innovative and revolutionary concept for increased specific thrust and low emissions while maintaining or improving cycle efficiency through increased overall pressure ratio. Heat addition in the turbine burner betweenthe high pressure and low pressure turbine… More

Advanced Physical Design Tools for 3-Dimensional Integrated Circuits

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Marek Turowski, Group Leader
Award Amount: $98,927.00
Abstract:
"Three-dimensional (3-D) integrated circuits (ICs) can significantly improve circuit performance and offer the promise of integrating various technologies (memory, logic, RF, mixed-signal, optoelectronics)within a single block. Lack of 3-D design tools andheat dissipation from vertically stacked… More

Multiscale Design Tools for Non-Homogeneous Microfluidic Biochips with Electronic/Optical Readout

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Mahesh Athavale, Group Leader/Research
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
"The overall objective of the project is to develop commercial quality, validated, multi-scale and multi-physics modeling and design tools for macroparticle/cells and macromolecule-laden flows in microdevices under the influence of hydrodynamic, thermal,chemical, AC/DC electric, optical and… More

Multiscale Design Tools for Non-Homogeneous Microfluidic Biochips with Electronic/Optical Readout

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Mahesh Athavale, Group Leader/Research
Award Amount: $749,974.00
Abstract:
"The overall objective of the project is to develop commercial quality, validated, multi-scale and multi-physics modeling and design tools for macroparticle/cells and macromolecule-laden flows in microdevices under the influence of hydrodynamic, thermal,chemical, AC/DC electric, optical and… More

CONTROL OF SEMICONDUCTOR EPITAXY BY APPLICATION OF AN EXTERNAL FIELD

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: University of Michigan
Principal Investigator: Samuel A. Lowry, Director/Advanced Technology
Award Amount: $99,924.00
RI Contact: Jill Oviatt
Abstract:
"The quality of semiconductor thin-film grown by vapor phase epitaxy is strongly dependent on the growth conditions. The diffusion of adatoms on the flat surface is largely responsible for the quality of the film. The diffusion rate is directly related tothe bond energy of adatoms. Recent… More

Low Emissions, Affordable Fuel Injector for High Performance Military Gas Turbines

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Daniel A. Nickolaus, Senior Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $69,980.00
Abstract:
"CFD Research Corporation (CFDRC) will develop an advanced low emissions fuel injector for military engines that is based on CFDRC's lean direct fuel injector technology. The design produces a unique flame pattern caused by a bifurcated flow pattern, inwhich the pilot airflow separates from the… More

Improved Turbulent-Combustion CFD Modeling for High Fuel-Air Ratio Combustor Analysis

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: David L. Black, Group Leader
Award Amount: $69,990.00
Abstract:
"Current CFD combustion codes are not capable of predicting CO and H2 emissions in high performance military combustors with high-power operating conditions approaching stoichiometric. To provide this important capability, advanced turbulent-combustionmodels with multi-step chemistry are required. … More

Coupled VSTOL and Ship Air Wake Turbulent Flow Simulation Model

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: James A. Keenan, Group Leader/Aeromechanic
Award Amount: $69,963.00
Abstract:
"A computational approach, utilizing a polyhedral unstructured Navier-Stokes flow solver with a Cartesian and chimera/overset grid technology, is proposed for solving ship airwake and VSTOL ground effect flows. The unstructured flow solver allows for anymesh topology around complex aircraft and ship… More

An Integrated Framework for High-Fidelity Multi-Disciplinary Analysis of Rotorcraft

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Robert W. Tramel, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
"An integrated framework is proposed for high-fidelity multi-disciplinary analysis of rotorcraft and tail surface aerodynamic and aeroelastic interactions. A novel multi-resolution technique is proposed for efficient capturing of the rotor wakes. A waveletcompression is used to store the flowfield… More

SIMULATION OF ANGIOGENESIS-TUMOR DYNAMICS AND TREATMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Maciej Z. Pindera
Award Amount: $124,881.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the U.S. Despite very active research in the area, the number of deaths related to cancer has not fallen significantly in the past decade. A major problem associated with the development of effective treatments is… More

DEVELOPMENT OF IMPROVED PEDIATRIC SPACER FOR INHALERS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Shivshankar Sundaram
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Over 50 % of drug leaving a metered dose inhaler (MDI) never reaches the patient and instead is deposited with in the pacer. There is also a very high degree of dependence of drug delivery on the combination of drug/spacer/patient factors. Detailed understanding… More

DEVELOPMENT OF IMPROVED PEDIATRIC SPACER FOR INHALERS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Shivshankar Sundaram
Award Amount: $1,054,346.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Over 50 % of drug leaving a metered dose inhaler (MDI) never reaches the patient and instead is deposited with in the pacer. There is also a very high degree of dependence of drug delivery on the combination of drug/spacer/patient factors. Detailed understanding… More

Combustion LES Software For Improved Emissions Predictions of High Performance Gas Turbine Combustors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: David Black, Group Leader
Award Amount: $749,974.00
Abstract:
The development of new military gas turbine combustors that produce low emissions of CO, NOx, and unburned hydrocarbons (UHC) is a difficult challenge for designers. Simulation tools that predict emissions are needed to reduce the cost of producingimproved, low emissions combustor designs. In this… More

High Resolution Simulation of Liquid Jet Ejection and Aerosolization for Chemical/Biological Defense

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: D. Scott Crockert, Senior Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $749,944.00
Abstract:
High resolution modeling of the aerosolization process for relatively large liquid jets is needed to quantify the dispersion of hazardous chemical or biological agents from damaged/punctured containers. A second application is the prediction of thedistribution of neutralization agents injected into… More

Advanced Physical Design Tools for 3-Dimensional Integrated Circuits

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Marek Turowski, Manager Microelectronics
Award Amount: $374,997.00
Abstract:
Three-dimensional (3-D) integrated circuits (ICs) can significantly improve circuit performance and offer the promise of integrating various technologies (memory, logic, RF, mixed-signal, optoelectronics)within a single block. Lack of 3-D design tools andheat dissipation froThree-dimensional (3-D)… More

Atmospheric pressure non-equilibrium plasma optimization for efficient generation of UV radiation and active radicals

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: OLD DOMINION UNIV.
Principal Investigator: Vladimir Kolobov, Manager/Plasma Technology
Award Amount: $99,967.00
RI Contact: M. Laroussi
Abstract:
Atmospheric pressure non-equilibrium plasma sources are being actively developed for a variety of industrial and military applications. Many of these applications employ ultraviolet (UV) radiation or active species (radicals) generated by the plasma. Theefficiency of plasma sources depends on the… More

Unified Kinetic Approach for Simulations of Gas Flows in Rarefied and Continuum Regimes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Vladimir Kolobov, Manager/Plasma Technologi
Award Amount: $99,939.00
Abstract:
During trans-atmospheric flight, a spacecraft passes through both rarefied and continuum flow regimes, which are often described by different physical models. This project aims to develop a unified computer code that can automatically switch betweenkinetic and continuum models while maximizing… More

An Advanced Numerical Tool for Simulating and Optimizing Spray Cooling in Micro-Gravity

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Samuel A. Lowry, Director/Advanced Technol
Award Amount: $99,972.00
Abstract:
CFDRC proposes to develop a numerical simulation tool uniquely capable of modeling spray cooling concepts for micro-gravity applications. The tool will include effects that are critical in microgravity and cannot be thoroughly investigated using gravitydominated ground-based experiments. The… More

Multiscale Software Tool for Controls Prototyping in Supersonic Combustors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Maciej Pindera, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $99,933.00
Abstract:
The project objective is to develop an integrated, hierarchical design tool for simulation of unsteady flows and prototyping of flow control strategies in high-speed combustors. The project directly addresses a need for mixed-dimensionality rapidprototyping software allowing system-level analysis… More

Low Emissions, Affordable Fuel Injector for High Performance Military Gas Turbines

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Daniel Nickolaus, Senior Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $749,986.00
Abstract:
In this Phase II SBIR effort, CFD Research Corporation (CFDRC) will continue development of an advanced low emissions fuel injector for military engines that is based on CFDRC's lean direct fuel injector technology. The design produces a unique flamepattern caused by a bifurcated flow pattern, in… More

Practical CFD Models for Predicting Lean Blowout and Ignition in Gas Turbine Combustors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Steven M. Cannon, Group Leader/Combustion L
Award Amount: $99,976.00
Abstract:
Current steady-state CFD combustion codes cannot predict transient combustion phenomena such as lean blowout (LBO) and ignition in gas turbine combustors. In this SBIR, we propose to develop an innovative analytical capability so that the combustordesigner can address operability issues. The key… More

Fluidic System Optimization For Active Core Exhaust Control in High Bypass Ratio Turbofan Engines

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Mark Ostrander, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $99,968.00
Abstract:
Elimination of diverter valve sensitivity to core exhaust backpressure fluctuations will be critical to the success of future fluidic exhaust nozzle control technology enhancement programs. During Phase I extensive analysis of the pilot valve size,injection configuration and feed losses, as well as… More

Comprehensive Atomization/Spray Module for Advanced CFD Combustion Codes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / STTR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Research Institution: University of Wisconsin-Madison
Principal Investigator: Scott D. Crocker, Sr. Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $499,170.00
RI Contact: Charles L. Hoffman
Abstract:
CFD Research Corporation (CFDRC) and the University of Wisconsin-Madison (UWM) have teamed in this STTR project to develop and validate an atomization/spray module that more accurately models many of the complex physical processes involved in spray combustion. Accurate predictions of… More

Axial Pintle Controlled Constant Volume Combustion Bipropellant Pulsed Rocket Motor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: UNIV. OF ALABAMA-HUNTSVILLE
Principal Investigator: Matthew E. Thomas, Director/Special Projects
Award Amount: $99,969.00
RI Contact: Valerie Seaquist
Abstract:
Idealized analysis has shown that, for the same propellant supply pressure, higher performance can be obtained in a constant-volume combustion device than the traditional constant pressure rocket. CFDRC proposes an effort consisting of multiple levels ofanalysis, followed by design and testing of a… More

Laser Lethality Assessment via Advanced Multi-Physics Simulation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Alton J. Reich, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $69,952.00
Abstract:
Directed energy weapons are being developed for both short and long term introduction into the U.S. arsenal for boost phase missile defense. A key to understanding the effectiveness of these weapons is a tool to assess modes of missile failure. Fracturemechanics based models exist, but under… More

3-D Modeling of Rocket Motor Plume Effects Through Adaptive Viscous Cartesian Analysis

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Peter A. Liever, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $69,987.00
Abstract:
We propose to utilize the combination of a projection-based viscous cartesian grid approach with an anisotropic grid generation and adaptive refinement scheme to create an innovative missile-plume aerothermal flowfield simulation tool. The viscous adaptiveCartesian approach will enable automatic,… More

Advanced Crew Escape System Simulation Tool for Future Launch Vehicles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Peter Liever, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,917.00
Abstract:
A computational technique that utilizes an innovative tightly coupled combination of CFD, 6-DoF and blast wave simulation methods is proposed for the analysis of crew escape systems for future launch vehicles. An existing high-fidelity simulation program, well validated for military crew escape… More

Hierarchical Thermal Management Prototyping Design Tool for Ground Vehicles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Mahesh Athavale, Group Leader
Award Amount: $69,939.00
Abstract:
The project objective is to develop an integrated, hierarchical flow and thermal design tool for rapid virtual prototyping of military and commercial ground vehicles. Reduced scale flow+thermal modeling of components will be done with innovative use ofartificial neural nets (ANNs), which will be… More

Design of a Rheometer for Time-Dependent Gel Rheology

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Matthew E. Thomas, Manager, Special Projects
Award Amount: $119,880.00
Abstract:
The key to the successful dissemination of gel propulsion is a comprehensive understanding of the gel rheological flow properties that affect atomization, combustion, and throttling performance. Time-dependent non-Newtonian phenomenological models will beexamined and compared with existing AMCOM/TRW… More

Development of a High Fidelity PC Based Simulator for Modeling the Atmospheric Transport and Dispersion of Nuclear, Chemical, Biological, and Radiolog

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: William Coirier, Group Leader
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
A simulation tool is proposed to model and simulate the wind fields, turbulence fields, and the unsteady dispersion of NCBR substances in urban areas on the building to city blocks scale. This Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)-based approach has beenshown to accurately simulate the urban wind and… More

Development of a High Fidelity PC Based Simulator for Modeling the Atmospheric Transport and Dispersion of Nuclear, Chemical, Biological, and Radiolog

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: William Coirier, Group Leader
Award Amount: $749,959.00
Abstract:
A simulation tool is proposed to model and simulate the wind fields, turbulence fields, and the unsteady dispersion of NCBR substances in urban areas on the building to city blocks scale. This Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)-based approach has beenshown to accurately simulate the urban wind and… More

Artificial Neural Net Chemistry Module for Large Eddy Simulations

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Steven Cannon, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,923.00
Abstract:
Combustion Large Eddy Simulation (LES) is a vastly improved method of modeling turbulent-combustion in gas turbine combustors, and will provide improved emissions/instability prediction capability of UEET combustors. It is widely recognized that one of the best subgrid turbulence-combustion models… More

Using Electrical Resistivity Techniques to Monitor the Long-Term Health of Sub-Surface Reactive Barriers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Wesley L. Bratton
Award Amount: $99,989.00
RI Contact: Ed Bodily
Abstract:
72571B03-I Reactive subsurface barriers for groundwater remediation require systems to ensure that the barrier is continuous along its length (without any breaks or holes) and that it continues to remediate the groundwater passing through the barrier. Electrical resistivity measurements made… More

Using Partitioning Tracer Technology to Characterize Contaminated Pipelines

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Research Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Joseph W. Maresca
Award Amount: $69,996.00
RI Contact: Joseph L. Devary
Abstract:
70607B02-II Improved technologies are needed to assist in the decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) of facilities used to support nuclear weapons production. In particular, a cost-effective approach is required to determine whether or not piping systems are contaminated and if so, to determine… More

A Novel, Microfabricated, Electro-Immuno, Integrated Sensor-Sampler for Bioagent Collection and Detection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Kapil Pant, Project Engineer
Award Amount: $69,935.00
Abstract:
Current technologies for biodetection employ typically large, cumbersome, power-guzzling and expensive devices. Integration of separate sampler and detection units often poses problems. They are not flexible enough for adapting to different threatscenarios, and are not capable of monitoring for a… More

Rapidly Throttleable Oxygen Generation Using Microwave Plasma Decomposition of Rod Fed Perchlorates

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: MASSACHUSSETS INSTITUTE OF TECH.
Principal Investigator: Matthew E. Thomas, Director/Special Projects
Award Amount: $69,939.00
RI Contact: M. McGonagle
Abstract:
Elimination of high pressure and cryogenic propellant storage and feed systems for undersea vehicle fuel cells is of interest to the Navy. CFDRC proposes the development of a rechargeable oxygen generator based on microwave plasma decomposition ofsolid-state lithium perchlorate. The generator will… More

Advanced CFD Software for Improving Durability of Turbine Inlet Guide Vanes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: David L. Black, Group Leader/Combustor An
Award Amount: $69,960.00
Abstract:
In high F/A military gas turbine combustors such as JSF, localized pockets of carbon monoxide (and perhaps hydrogen) can exit the combustor, causing severe cooling challenges for designers of turbine inlet guide vanes. Instead of cooling the vane, coolingair can actually interact with the hotpath… More

SBIR Phase I: A Simulation Tool for the Prediction of Performance of Liquid-Feed Direct Methanol Fuel Cells

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Sandip Mazumder
Award Amount: $99,949.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project focuses on the development of commercial software, based on computational fluid dynamic (CFD) techniques, to predict performance of liquid-feed direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC). While computational modeling of fuel cells has been… More

Accelerated Monte Carlo Methods for Rarefied Gas Dynamics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Vladimir Kolobov, Manager/Plasma Technology
Award Amount: $98,991.00
Abstract:
Monte Carlo simulations of rarefied gas dynamics are important for many applications. This project aims to substantially accelerate Monte Carlo (MC) algorithms and develop a rigorous and efficient computer code applicable for a wide range of Knudsen numberfrom rarefied to continuum flow regimes.… More

Advanced Computational Simulations Tool for Missile Plumes Transient Events Prediction

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Peter Liever, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $69,992.00
Abstract:
This proposal offers an innovative and efficient computational simulation tool for the prediction of missile plume transient events and associated missile unsteady flow fields. The proposed solution will enable simulating the complete range of flowfieldtransient effects resulting from time-dependent… More

Drag &Drop, Multiphysics & Neural Net-based Lab-on-Chip Optimization Software

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: S. Krishnamoorthy, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,981.00
Abstract:
The overall objective of this project is to develop a drag and drop, component library (fluidic lego) based, system simulation and optimization software for entire lab-on-chip systems. Current approaches for biochip system design are either very inefficient (trial-and-error based) or time-consuming… More

Design of a Rheometer for Time-Dependent Gel Rheology

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Roberto DiSalvo, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $729,978.00
Abstract:
Simulation of time-dependent rheological behavior in an advanced Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) environment revealed that inclusion of a structural parameter within a modified empirical power law expression is capable of predicting the flowcharacteristics of thixotropic gels. Validation of the… More

Computationally Assisted Electronic Hardening

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Marek Turowski, Manager/Microelectronics
Award Amount: $69,618.00
Abstract:
Reliable and sensitive aerial defense applications (missile seekers, avionics, remote sensing) demand that electronic components be resistant to ionizing radiation from nuclear weapons and upper atmosphere/terrestrial sources. CFDRC, in collaboration withHoneywell and Vanderbilt University, is… More

Multi-Resolution Tool for Rapid Evaluation of New Propulsion and Vehicle Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Maciej Z. Pindera, Principal Engineer/Resear
Award Amount: $99,957.00
Abstract:
The project objective is to develop an integrated, hierarchical, multi-resolution tool for comprehensive prototyping and evaluation of new propulsion systems together with the launch vehicle systems. The overall vehicle system and its adjuncts will betreated as a collection of interacting software… More

High Quality E-beam Generation by Advanced Multipurpose Pseudospark Switch

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Stelu Deaconu, Project Engineer
Award Amount: $99,962.00
Abstract:
CFD Research Corp. proposes the development of an Advanced Multipurpose Pseudospark Switch (AMPS) e-beam source capable of efficiently generating high average/peak current, bright electron beams. The improvement in e-beam quality (over a classicalpseudospark) stems from the inductive preionization… More

Practical CFD Models for Predicting Lean Blowout and Ignition in Gas Turbine Combustors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: David L. Black
Award Amount: $749,963.00
Abstract:
Current steady-state CFD combustion codes cannot predict transient combustion phenomena, such as Lean BlowOut (LBO) and ignition in gas turbine combustion systems (e.g. main combustors, interstage turbine burners, and augmentors). In this SBIR, we propose to develop an innovative analytical… More

An Advanced Numerical Tool for Simulating and Optimizing Spray Cooling in Micro-Gravity

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Samuel A. Lowry
Award Amount: $749,977.00
Abstract:
Under AFRL SBIR Contract F33615-03-M-2384 Phase I, CFDRC has developed and demonstrated the foundation of a comprehensive code for modeling spray cooling hardware for micro-gravity applications. The code includes effects that are critical in micro-gravity and cannot be thoroughly investigated using… More

Multiscale Software Tool for Controls Prototyping in Supersonic Combustors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Maciej Z. Pindera
Award Amount: $737,303.00
Abstract:
The project objective is to develop an integrated, hierarchical design tool for simulation of unsteady flows and prototyping of flow control strategies in high-speed combustors. An advanced simulation environment will be used to allow full accounting of the interaction of… More

Unified Kinetic Approach for Simulations of Gas Flows in Rarefied and Continuum Regimes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Vladimir Kolobov
Award Amount: $749,997.00
Abstract:
Flow fields characterized by the simultaneous presence of continuum and rarefied regimes arise in many important applications, including re-entry of aerospace vehicles and micro-fluidics. This project aims to develop a commercial Unified Flow Solver (UFS) that automatically switches between and… More

Multiscale Tumor Model for Cancer Treatment Prototyping

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Maciej Z. Pindera
Award Amount: $749,934.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the U.S. Despite very active research in the area, the number of deaths related to cancer has not fallen significantly in the past decade. A major problem associated with the development of effective treatments is… More

A Novel, Microfabricated, Electro-Immuno, Integrated Sensor-Sampler for Bioagent Collection and Detection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Kapil Pant, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $599,935.00
Abstract:
We propose to develop and demonstrate a compact, low cost/power, high-sensitivity, integrated sensor-sampler that provides vastly superior performance while concomitantly achieving drastic size/weight reduction. The overall device is expected to be of shoebox size, to operate with AC/DC power, to… More

Drag & Drop, Mixed-Methodology Based Lab-on-Chip Design Optimization Software

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: S. Krishnamoorthy, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $599,960.00
Abstract:
The overall objective is to develop a ?mixed-methodology?, drag and drop, component library (fluidic-lego)-based, system design and optimization tool for complex lab-on-a-chip systems. Experiments-based design is expensive and time-consuming. Full multiphysics simulations, while successful in… More

Multi-Physics, Multi-Scale CFD Modeling for Shock Effects on Droplet Interaction and Chemical Reaction

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: D. S. Crocker, Technical Fellow
Award Amount: $99,929.00
Abstract:
Multi-physics and multi-scale modeling is required for simulating the neutralization of chemical and biological agents in a liquid drop cloud environment that may be subjected to shock waves. Required physics include drop coalescence, breakup, mixing, liquid volume chemistry, and biological particle… More

Development of a Unified Stochastic-Hydrodynamic Simulation EnviRonment (USHER) for Biological Agent Neutralization and Defeat

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Jerry W. Jenkins, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $99,985.00
Abstract:
The overall objective of this proposal is to design, develop and demonstrate an integrated "Virtual Numerical Laboratory" (USHER) for simulational evaluation of biological agent defeat strategies. Traditional Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) calculations of agent neutralization, based on… More

Propellant Gelation for Enhanced THAAD DACS Operability

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Mark J. Ostrander, Project Engineer
Award Amount: $99,992.00
Abstract:
MON25 and MMH propellant gelation offers enhanced maintainability and storability while reducing toxicity and minimizing combustion instabilities within combustion chambers of the THAAD DACS. Adaptation of CFDRC's proven churn mixing process for reduced temperature operation will be completed to… More

CAD Framework for Coupled Electromagnetic and Circuit Simulation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Marek Turowski, Manager/Microelectronics
Award Amount: $98,993.00
Abstract:
Electromagnetic (EM) effects are becoming increasingly important issue for the performance of electronic systems. It is necessary to develop computer-aided design (CAD) tools to identify and correct problems early in the design process. Therefore, CFDRC with University of Washington (UW) and Orora… More

Enhancement and Optimization of a Lobed Mixer for AAAV

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Alton J. Reich, Project Engineer
Award Amount: $69,996.00
Abstract:
CFDRC proposes to reduce the thermal and acoustic signatures of the AAAV engine exhaust with a minimal loss in installed engine performance by designing, optimizing and testing a passive, lobed mixer/ejector system. A design, analysis and test cycle based upon accurate and validated Computational… More

Multidisciplinary Virtual Simulation Environment for Missile Interception

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Peter A. Liever, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $99,913.00
Abstract:
The overall objective of this effort is to develop a multidisciplinary virtual environment for modeling and simulation of the processes undertaken in typical missile interception program. In the proposed technology, computational modules for external missile aerodynamics, six-degrees-of-freedom,… More

Multi-Scale (nano-to-device), Multi-Physics Software For Design of Nanobiosystems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Jerry Jenkins, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,990.00
Abstract:
Nanobiotechnology is a rapidly advancing frontier of science with great potential for beneficial impact on society. However, successful design of these systems is an extremely complex, laborious task with large failure rates. Current models describing the molecular behavior are too slow… More

Multiscale Model of Lung Injury and Personnel Protection from Blast Overpressures in Confined Areas

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Andrzej J. Przekwas, Sr. Vice President/Resear
Award Amount: $98,980.00
Abstract:
A high fidelity multiscale computational biophysics toolset will be developed to simulate the blast wave propagation throughout a fully defined model of the human thorax and lung alveoli. Medical imagery data, such as MRI and CT, will be used to create a 3D geometry and computational mesh model of… More

Laser Ignition of Hydrocarbon Rocket Engine Combustion Chambers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Matthew E. Thomas, Director/Special Projects
Award Amount: $99,907.00
Abstract:
Development of electro-optically controlled, rapidly multiplexed laser induced plasma to ignite one or more preburner or main-chambers, synchronize multiple chamber firings, and dampen impending combustion instabilities is proposed. CFDRC has teamed with Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) to… More

Compact Absorption Cooling Cycle Apparatus for Exhaust Gas Water Recovery

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Roberto Salvo, Group Leader/Special Proj
Award Amount: $69,977.00
Abstract:
Supplying potable water to troops in the field is a significant hurdle requiring complex logistics and specialized equipment. Operational units already have an untapped source of water in the exhaust from their engines. The challenge is to efficiently cool the exhaust below the dew point and… More

High Order Wavelet-Based Multiresolution Technology for Airframe Noise Prediction

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Essam F. Sheta, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,975.00
Abstract:
An integrated framework is proposed for efficient prediction of rotorcraft and airframe noise. A novel wavelet-based multiresolution technique and high-order accurate WENO scheme is proposed for efficient capturing of noise sources and unsteady flowfield. A wavelet compression is used to store the… More

An Efficient and Accurate Calculation Procedure for Atmospheric Radiation Transport

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Sandip Mazumder, Manager
Award Amount: $69,998.00
Abstract:
This Phase I SBIR project is aimed toward the development of a novel computational procedure that will allow accurate and fast prediction of radiative fluxes and transmission losses within the earth's atmosphere. The proposed calculation procedure is expected to be several orders of magnitude faster… More

CFD Fuel Injector Design Tool Featuring Unsteady Atomization and Turbulent-Combustion Models

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: D. S. Crocker, Technical Fellow
Award Amount: $99,979.00
Abstract:
Fuel injectors play a vital role in the performance of high performance gas turbine combustion systems. This is especially true in advanced combustion concepts that may rely on active control strategies and fuel pulsation. Current combustion CFD codes cannot accurately predict unsteady… More

Bio-CAD Tools for DNA Computing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Zbigniew Sikorski, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $99,963.00
Abstract:
Emerging interdisciplinary field of biomolecular computing explores new paradigms to perform calculations using molecules. Simulation/design tools are required for development of the molecular computing algorithms and its biophysical bio/nanotechnology implementation. In Phase I, CFDRC together with… More

Turbo-Hybrid-Rocket Propulsion for Small Launch Vehicle Operations

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Matthew E. Thomas, Director/Special Projects
Award Amount: $99,925.00
Abstract:
CFDRC, in conjunction with support from Orbital Sciences, Allison Advanced Development Corporation and NASA Ames Research Center proposes a novel Turbo-Hybrid Rocket (THR) for the first stage of a responsive and cost-effective small launch vehicle system. This work will leverage CFDRC's extensive… More

A Novel Microfluidic Device for Fully Automated Extraction of RNA from Cell Cultures

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Shivshankar Sundaram, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,959.00
Abstract:
Differential gene expression by RNA profiling is a universal and critical step in space biology experiments, which seek to link specific molecular events with disease phenotypes. Current RNA preparation methods are tedious, require substantial astronaut time, and necessitate exposure to toxic… More

NOVEL MICROFLUIDIC BASED BIO-INSPIRED BATTERY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: Brown University
Principal Investigator: S. Krishnamoorthy, Manager/Biomedical Technology
Award Amount: $0.00
RI Contact: G. T. Palmor
Abstract:
Our Phase II goal is to develop (model, design, fabricate and test) a miniaturized biofuel cell capable of generating energy from biomass to power the OFW sensor suite. Phase I goals were successfully met by demonstrating a prototype using glucose as fuel. In contrast to conventional technologies,… More

Microfluidic Chip and Software for Microvascular Studies

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Balabhaskar Prabhakarpandian
Award Amount: $99,950.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Particle adhesion to tissue (vascular endothelium) depends critically upon particle/cell property (size, receptors), scale/geometric features of vasculature (diameter, bifurcation etc.) and local hemodynamic factors (stress, torque etc.). Current, in-vitro… More

SBIR Phase I: Anatomically & Physically Realistic, Multi-Dimensional Simulation Software for Respiratory Drug Delivery

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Shivshankar Sundaram, PI
Award Amount: $999,897.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project proposes to develop anatomically and physically realistic simulation software for respiratory drug delivery by applying computational fluid dynamics methods from the aerospace industry. The commercial application of this project will be to… More

Interactive Tool for Healing of Geometric Models for Mesh Generation Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Vincent J. Harrand, Director/Software Technol
Award Amount: $69,934.00
Abstract:
The availability of perfect or water tight CAD geometry is imperative for mesh generation purposes. Unfortunately, many CAD software vendors are not interested in solving geometry data exchange issues, resulting in poor IGES/STEP interface implementations. In practice, if the imported geometry turns… More

Novel Thrombectomy Catheter for Ischemic Stroke

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Guiren Wang
Award Amount: $171,318.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The goal of the proposed study is to design, fabricate and test an optimal thrombectomy catheter for treatment of ischemic stroke. The size/extent of ischemic damage following a stroke may be dramatically reduced (and the time window for IV-tPA extended) by… More

Active Control of Lean Blowout Using an ANN-Based On-Line Direct Controller

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: David L. Black, Group Leader
Award Amount: $69,952.00
Abstract:
Combustor Lean Blowout (LBO) is a significant challenge in modern military gas turbine combustors. LBO can occur either during rapid engine deceleration or during operation at idle conditions with water/steam ingestion. Current practice is to design adequate safety margins to avoid the onset of… More

Nano-Catalytic Particle Synthesis for Heterogeneous Combustion in Compact High-Thrust to Weight Ratio Propulsion Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: AShok Gidwani, Project Engineer
Award Amount: $69,999.00
Abstract:
This Phase I SBIR project is aimed toward the synthesis of nanoscale hybrid metallic fuel/catalyst particles and demonstration of the feasibility of catalytic combustion of conventional fuels using the synthesized nanocatalyst particles. In Phase I, nanoparticles of Al/Al2O3 and Al/Al2O3/Cu-CuO with… More

Ram Air Turbine Driven Power and Cooling Unit for Enhanced EA-18 Pod Effectiveness

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Alton J. Reich, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $79,930.00
Abstract:
A new airborne electronic warfare pod is being developed for the EA-18 aircraft that will be entering service to replace the aging EA-6B. This new pod demands significantly higher power capacity than the current ALQ-99 pod while simultaneously operating over a much wider speed and altitude range. … More

A Novel, Low Power, High Throughput, High Efficiency, Scalable Electrostatic Bioaerosol Sampler

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DHS
Principal Investigator: Kapil Pant, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $99,948.00
Abstract:
Current bioaerosol monitoring strategies rely on inertia-based sampling and suffer from high power consumption and low efficiency limitations. In contrast, our overall objective is to design and demonstrate a novel electrostatic sampler that provides dramatic improvements including low power… More

Advanced CFD Software for Improving Durability of Turbine Inlet Guide Vanes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: David L. Black, Group Leader
Award Amount: $749,986.00
Abstract:
In high F/A military gas turbine combustors such as JSF, localized pockets of carbon monoxide and hydrogen can exit the combustor, causing severe cooling challenges for designers of turbine inlet guide vanes. Instead of cooling the vane, cooling air can interact with the hotpath flow to release heat… More

Development of a Unified Stochastic-Hydrodynamic Simulation EnviRonment (USHER) for Biological Agent Neutralization and Defeat

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Jerry W. Jenkins, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $749,953.00
Abstract:
The overall objective of this effort is to design, develop and demonstrate an integrated "Virtual Numerical Laboratory" for evaluation of biological agent defeat strategies. The simulation framework will integrate a novel, stochastic description of agent-neutralizer interactions/distribution with an… More

Multiscale Model of Lung Injury and Personnel Protection from Blast Overpressures in Confined Areas

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Andrzej J. Przekwas, Sr. Vice President/CTO
Award Amount: $749,808.00
Abstract:
Explosive devices are the preferred weapon in the majority of terrorist attacks and cause of major injuries to soldiers and civilians. Military medics and future first responders must be educated in the unique blast injury pathophysiology to make decisions in diagnosis, resuscitation, and treatment… More

Laser Ignition of Hydrocarbon Rocket Engine Combustion Chambers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Matthew E. Thomas, Director/Propulsion and P
Award Amount: $746,558.00
Abstract:
Phase I research successfully: 1) demonstrated a prototype fiber-optic coupled laser initiator, 2) analytically and experimentally characterized a single element GOx/CH4 laser ignition process and 3) assessed commercial grade optics/windows, including structural/thermal evaluation of an in-chamber… More

High Order Wavelet-Based Multiresolution Technology for Airframe Noise Prediction

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Essam F. Sheta, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $599,923.00
Abstract:
We propose to develop a novel, high-accuracy, high-fidelity, multiresolution (MRES), wavelet-based framework for efficient prediction of airframe noise sources and acoustic propagation. In Phase I, 2D and 3D models of MRES methodology were developed. An acoustic analogy module based on Ffowcs… More

CFD Fuel Injector Design Tool Featuring Unsteady Atomization and Turbulent-Combustion Models

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: David L. Black, Manager
Award Amount: $649,905.00
Abstract:
Fuel injectors play a vital role in the performance of high performance gas turbine combustion systems. However, current combustion CFD codes cannot accurately predict spray/atomization and turbulent-combustion processes. In this SBIR project, CFD Research Corporation (CFDRC) proposes to develop and… More

Bio-CAD Tools for DNA Computing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Zbigniew Sikorski, Project Engineer
Award Amount: $749,919.00
Abstract:
The project objective is to develop an integrated software environment for hierarchical prototyping/analysis of hardware for DNA computers and DNA self-assembly. Emerging interdisciplinary field of biomolecular computing explores new paradigms to perform calculations and to design computing… More

A Novel Electrokinetics-Driven, Integrated Microfluidic Cartridge for Sample Preparation from Complex Matrices

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DHS
Principal Investigator: Kapil Pant
Award Amount: $99,931.00
Abstract:
Sample preparation has been recognized as the single most important challenge to be faced in the development of detect-to-warn (DTW) systems (NRC, 2005). Available commercial sample preparation technologies are expensive, slow (30 min to 2 hours) and require trained laboratory technicians for… More

A Novel, Bio-inspired Advanced Microfluidic Power System (BioAMPS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: S. Krishnamoorthy, Manager
Award Amount: $119,914.00
Abstract:
Our objective is to develop (model, design, fabricate and test) a novel, Bio-inspired Advanced Microfluidic Power System (BioAMPS) to extract energy from biofuels. Unlike conventional technologies, BioAMPS will be compact/lightweight, require little or no logistical support (re-supply), reusable… More

Wavelet-Based Vorticity Transport Technology for Rotorcraft Flowfield Analysis

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Essam Sheta, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $69,970.00
Abstract:
A hybrid Eulerian vorticity transport/Navier-Stokes methodology is proposed for the accurate prediction of unsteady rotorcraft vortical flow features with particular attention to the efficient transport of rotor wake vorticity to the farfield with minimal dissipation. High-fidelity Navier-Stokes… More

A Novel, Bio-inspired Advanced Microfluidic Power System (BioAMPS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: S. Krishnamoorthy, Manager, Biomedical Techn
Award Amount: $729,967.00
Abstract:
Our overall objective is to develop (design, fabricate, demonstrate) a Bio-inspired Advanced Microfluidic Power System (BioAMPS) to extract energy from biofuels. We successfully met all Phase I goals and demonstrated a novel, proprietary enzymatic cathode and a microbial anode. We enhanced electron… More

Multiresolution Thermal Design/Signature Management Tool for Vehicle Electronics Packages

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Mahesh Athavale, Manager, Microsystems/Turbomachiner
Award Amount: $69,924.00
Abstract:
The overall objective of this project is to develop a multiresolution, hierarchical flow-thermal software design tool for thermal management and designs of vehicle electronics packages, and interface it with TACOMs analysis code, MuSES. The coupled codes will provide a powerful tool for thermal… More

A Novel Microfluidic Device for Fully Automated Extraction of RNA from Cell Cultures

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Shankar Sundram, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $599,903.00
Abstract:
Obtaining high quality, intact RNA from cells is an ubiquitous need in the pursuit of space biology. Our overall objective is to develop and commercialize a microfluidics based miniaturized platform (MED-RNA) that can fully automate the complex process of RNA isolation. Starting from harvested whole… More

Ram Air Turbine Driven Power and Cooling Unit for Enhanced EA-18 Pod Effectiveness

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Matthew E. Thomas, Director/Propulsion&Power
Award Amount: $538,516.00
Abstract:
CFDRC has completed preliminary design of a next generation Ram Air Turbine (RAT) suitable for operation in the Navy's next generation electronic warfare pod. The RAT will be capable of delivering 60 KVA at a sea level flight speed of 280 knots. The unit will also be capable of providing adequate… More

Active Control of Lean Blowout Using an ANN-Based On-Line Direct Controller

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: David Black, Group Leader
Award Amount: $453,327.00
Abstract:
Combustor Lean BlowOut (LBO) is a significant challenge in modern military gas turbine combustors. LBO can occur either during rapid engine deceleration or during operation at idle conditions with water/steam ingestion. Current practice is to design adequate safety margins to avoid the onset of… More

Non-Dissipative LES Design Tool for Turbulent Combustion and Acoustics Analysis of Gas Turbine Combustors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Paul Dionne, Senior Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $99,993.00
Abstract:
Combustion Large Eddy Simulation (LES) is a very promising approach for resolving acoustics in turbulent-reacting flows. CFD Research Corporation (CFDRC) has successfully developed and validated state-of-the-art Combustion LES software (CFD-ACE+) to analyze gas turbine acoustics, using unstructured… More

Image/Model Based System for Optimized Helmet Design

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: COLUMBIA UNIV.
Principal Investigator: Andrzej J. Przekwas, Sr. Vice President/CTO
Award Amount: $99,983.00
RI Contact: Mel Rodriguez
Abstract:
Military helmets are designed based on costly and time consuming laboratory ballistic tests, firing range, and forensic data. Until now advanced medical imaging and computational modeling tools have not been adequately utilized in the design and optimization of military helmets. The overall… More

Shipboard Chem-Bio Agent Spread Modeling for Damage Control

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Mahesh M. Athavale, Manager, Turbomachinery
Award Amount: $69,929.00
Abstract:
The overall objective of this project is to develop a system-level prognostic modeling tool for predictions of the spread of chemical/biological agents in shipboard air systems. The intent is to integrate the tool with existing DC systems. The proposed system will be modeled as a set of interacting… More

Real-time, Three-dimensional, Visualization Software for Current and Next Generation Consequence Assessment Models

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: William J. Coirier, Manager/Research
Award Amount: $99,982.00
Abstract:
A visualization package is proposed for the real time visualization of three-dimensional, time-varying hazards data generated by existing and next generation hazard and consequence assessment software. The Hazard Prediction Assessment Capability (HPAC) software will be used as a representative… More

Understanding and Mitigating Adverse Health Effects in Space Using A System Physiology Software

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: S. Krishnamoorthy, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,957.00
Abstract:
NASA's vision for Space Exploration aims for human interplanetary missions that have significant challenges on crew health and safety including fluid shifts, and post-flight orthostatic intolerance. A predictive software tool that advances the understanding of underlying biofluid dynamics is… More

Improved Mixed-Mode Simulation Tools for Radiation Hardening of Nanoscale Semiconductor Integrated Circuits

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Marek Turowski, Manager, Microelectronics
Award Amount: $99,893.00
Abstract:
Strategic DoD satellite and missile systems (Space Based Radar, Space Tracking Surveillance Systems) operate in harsh radiation environments, and will be increasingly based on novel sub-100-nm semiconductor technologies and highly complex circuits. In order to ensure interruption-free operation,… More

Development and Validation of a Model for Gelled Hypergolic Reactions

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Matthew E. Thomas, Director/Propulsion&Power
Award Amount: $69,947.00
Abstract:
A model that characterizes the flow patterns within gelled hypergolic reaction chambers, and its rigorous validation with prior and current engine development data, is proposed. Phase I modeling will leverage recent breakthroughs associated with hypergolic gel combustion stochastic turbulent… More

Improved High-Fidelity Forecasting Capability using Combined Mesoscale and Microscale Models

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: William J. Coirier, Manager/Research
Award Amount: $99,925.00
Abstract:
We propose to evaluate the improvement of atmospheric transport and dispersion model accuracy by synergistically combining mesoscale (NWP) and microscale (CFD) models in a manner suitable for an operational environment. The feasibility of a fully-coupled, combined, operational model will be… More

SBIR Phase I: Multi-Scale Computational Environment for Combinatorial Technologies: Bridging Disparate Length and Time Scales

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Alexsey Vasenkov, Dr
Award Amount: $99,973.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I research project will develop software for emerging combinatorial technologies. The feasibility of the proposed approach will be investigated for plasma-assisted growth of carbon nanotubes. Combinatorial technologies have been developed to grow… More

A Comprehensive Modeling Tool for Cold Hearth Melting Processes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: H. Q. Yang, Chief Scientist
Award Amount: $99,984.00
Abstract:
CFDRC proposes to develop a comprehensive, high fidelity commercial quality simulation tool for modeling the Cold Hearth Melting (CHM) processing of Titanium alloys. The code will accurately predict the transient temperature distribution, flow patterns, skull shape, species evaporation, and particle… More

Enhanced Ultra Compact Combustion Using Electrostatic Charging

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Matthew E. Thomas, Director/Propulsion & Power
Award Amount: $99,861.00
Abstract:
CFD Research has demonstrated improved atomization, mixing control and lower emissions using an electrostatic charged air-blast fuel injector retrofitable within the RR501-K U.S. Navy Shipboard gas turbine engine. Without altering current configurations electrostatic fuel injection and combustion… More

A New Method for Automation and Optimization of the Curve Fit Kinetics Generating Process

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Karl Meredith, Project Engineer
Award Amount: $99,989.00
Abstract:
Hydrocarbon combustion chemical kinetics are extremely complex, with detailed reaction mechanisms typically consist of thousands of reaction steps and hundreds of species. However, most reacting flow CFD simulations can only afford reduced global mechanisms with standard Arrhenius rates. … More

Advanced Multidisciplinary Tool for Dynamic Loads Analysis of Aerospace Vehicles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Essam Sheta, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $99,981.00
Abstract:
Modern aerospace vehicles operate at high angles of attack and perform aggressive maneuvers, which lead to flow separation, turbulence, high dynamic loads problems such as buffet and flutter. Accurate CFD model-based simulation of these problems requires careful attention to fluid-grid movement,… More

Determination of Influence Boundaries in CFD from Acoustic Intensity Distribution

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: H. Q. Yang, Chief Scientist
Award Amount: $99,958.00
Abstract:
Using influence region technique in CFD has the advantage of simpler grid generation, fast computing time, and the facility of multiple equation sets or multiple flow solvers. We propose to develop a first principal based, graphic interactive method for the determination of influence boundaries. … More

An Integrated Laser Based Rocket Chamber Ignition and Wall Diagnostics System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Matthew E. Thomas, Director/Propulsion & Power
Award Amount: $99,940.00
Abstract:
Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) has matured to the level that direct measurement of internal rocket engine chamber species and temperatures is feasible. Laser Induced Spark Technology has matured to the level that it is now under consideration as the fundamental ignition source in… More

A Coupled Transport and Fate Model for Health and Environmental Effects

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: William J. Coirier, Manager
Award Amount: $99,998.00
Abstract:
A coupled transport, fate and human effects model is proposed that may be used to better understand and minimize the occupational exposure encountered during the maintenance of aircraft and other associated weapons systems while improving their operational efficiency. In Phase I a Computational… More

Intelligent Gas Sampling Probe with Internal Diagnostics and Control Capabilities

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: David Black, Manager
Award Amount: $99,828.00
Abstract:
For the characterization of reacting flows, it is essential to obtain accurate species measurements. Obtaining accurate measurements is difficult, due to bias introduced by continued reaction in the sample lines. A sample probe is needed that can reliably quench reactions at the probe tip,… More

High Energy, Low Temperature Gelled Bi-Propellant Formulation for Long-Duration In-Space Propulsion

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Roberto Di Salvo, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,914.00
Abstract:
Development of a candidate bi-propellant system consisting of a gelled hydrocarbon fuel coupled with a highly energetic gelled oxidizer suitable for outer planetary missions is proposed. Theoretical calculations suggest that this innovative combination can meet NASA's propulsion requirements for low… More

Computational Design Tool for the Synthesis and Optimization of Gel Formulations (SOGeF)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: NEW JERSEY INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Principal Investigator: Roberto Di Salvo, Group Leader
Award Amount: $99,994.00
RI Contact: Norma Rubio
Abstract:
Gel propulsion systems combine the best characteristics of solid and liquid propellants. The gel system stores like solid propellant, but flows like a liquid when pressurized, enabling throttle and restart capability similar to liquid propellants. An enabling technology for the further advancement… More

Development of Neural Protectants Against Organophosphorus Compound Toxicity

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Jerry W. Jenkins, Group Leader
Award Amount: $69,948.00
Abstract:
We propose to develop a novel methodology to systematically develop therapeutic compounds for treatment of organophosphate (OP) induced neurotoxicity. A core hypothesis is that combined temporal measurement and computational analysis of cellular processes is needed to understand neurotoxicity and… More

Aeroelastic Simulation Tool for Inflatable Ballute Aerocapture

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Peter A. Liever, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,965.00
Abstract:
This project will develop a much-needed multidisciplinary analysis tool for predicting the impact of aeroelastic effects on the functionality of inflatable aeroassist vehicles. High-fidelity computational modules for fluid dynamics, heat transfer, structural dynamics, and dynamic motion will be… More

Improved Understanding of Space Radiation Effects on Exploration Electronics by Advanced Modeling of Nanoscale Devices and Novel Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Research Institution: Vanderbilt University
Principal Investigator: Marek Turowski, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,994.00
RI Contact: Jennifer Swann
Abstract:
Future NASA space exploration missions will use nanometer-scale electronic technologies which call for a shift in how radiation effects in such devices and materials are viewed. The energy deposition by ionizing particles (so called single event effects) can no longer be treated as an average… More

Novel Miniaturized, Electrothermal Activated, Optically Controlled, Highthroughput Noninvasive Drug Infusion Pump

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Guiren Wang, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $99,959.00
Abstract:
Our objective is to develop a novel, compact, lightweight, and disposable Micropump for safe and precise delivery of pharmacological agents and drugs. The proposed technology will couple recently reported electrokinetic phenomena, electrothermal flow, with an inline flow sensor based on… More

Portable Near Infrared Detection of Blast Lung Injury

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Zbigniew Sikorski, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
Rapid noninvasive detection of blast lung injury is of great interest for forward military medical care, homeland defense, and civilian trauma. Near Infrared and Diffuse Optical Spectroscopy (NIRS, DOS) are novel techniques that can penetrate non-invasively through the thorax/lungs, detect air/blood… More

Portable Near Infrared Detection of Blast Lung Injury

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Zbigniew Sikorski, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $729,959.00
Abstract:
Rapid noninvasive detection of blast lung injury is of great interest for forward military medical care, homeland defense, and civilian trauma. Near Infrared and Diffuse Optical Spectroscopy (NIRS, DOS) are novel techniques that can penetrate non-invasively through the thorax/lungs, detect air/blood… More

Portable Near Infrared Detection of Blast Lung Injury

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Zbigniew Sikorski, Research Engineer
Award Amount: $99,893.00
Abstract:
Broadband Diffuse Optical Spectroscopy (DOS) is a novel technique to quantitatively measure bulk tissue absorption and scattering spectra in the near infrared. DOS is potentially an ideal Primary Blast Lung Injury (PBLI) monitoring technique. The overall objective of this project is to model, test,… More

A Novel Electrokinetics-Driven, Integrated Microfluidic Cartridge for Sample Preparation from Complex Matrices

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DHS
Principal Investigator: Kapil Pant, Group Leader – (256) 726-4800
Award Amount: $749,996.00
Abstract:
Sample preparation has been recognized as the single most important challenge to be faced in the development of detect-to-warn (DTW) systems (NRC, 2005). Available commercial sample preparation technologies are expensive, slow (30 min to 2 hours) and require trained laboratory technicians for… More

Microfluidic Chip and Software for Microvascular Studies

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Balabhaskar Prabhakarpandian
Award Amount: $924,352.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Particle adhesion to tissue (vascular endothelium) depends critically upon particle/cell property (size, receptors), scale/geometric features of vasculature (diameter, bifurcation, etc.) and local hemodynamic factors (stress, torque etc). Currently, this is… More

Nano-Catalytic Particle Synthesis for Heterogeneous Combustion in Compact High-Thrust to Weight Ratio Propulsion Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Ashok Gidwani, Project Engineer
Award Amount: $451,647.00
Abstract:
Under NAVAIR Contract N683535-04-C-0240 Phase I, CFDRC has demonstrated the feasibility and advantages of using copper catalyst coated energetic nanoparticles to assist in heterogeneous cold start combustion for high-thrust propulsion applications. The feasibility studies were carried out using… More

Image/Model Based System for Optimized Helmet Design

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: COLUMBIA UNIV.
Principal Investigator: Andrzej Przekewas, Sr. Vice President
Award Amount: $749,967.00
RI Contact: Olga Carr
Abstract:
Recent statistics from Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) show that significant proportion of soldiers injured in blast explosion endure traumatic brain injury (TBI). At the same time our understanding of TBI mechanisms and protection against kinetic and blast

Non-Dissipative LES Design Tool for Turbulent Combustion and Acoustics Analysis of Gas Turbine Combustors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Paul Dionne, Senior Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $749,891.00
Abstract:
Combustion LES is a high fidelity CFD method that can analyze transient/acoustic challenges that previously were impossible to analyze with conventional CFD. However, excessive calculation times hinder the use of LES as an effective design tool. To make LES more practical, we propose to develop… More

Real-time, Three-dimensional, Visualization Software for Current and Next Generation Consequence Assessment Models

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: William J. Coirier, Manager, Defense Applicat
Award Amount: $353,250.00
Abstract:
We propose to develop a forward-deployable, three-dimensional visualization capability suitable for incorporation into web-based, next-generation consequence assessment models, such as the Joint Effects Model (JEM) and the Integrated Weapons of Mass Destruction Toolset (IWMDT). The thin-interface,… More

Improved Mixed-Mode Simulation Tools for Radiation Hardening of Nanoscale Semiconductor Integrated Circuits

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Marek Turowski, Manager/Microelectronics
Award Amount: $353,250.00
Abstract:
Strategic DoD satellite and missile systems (Space Based Radar, Space Tracking Surveillance Systems) operate in harsh radiation environments, and will be increasingly based on novel sub-100-nm semiconductor technologies and highly complex circuits. To ensure interruption-free operation, accurate… More

Improved High-Fidelity Forecasting Capability using Combined Mesoscale and Microscale Models

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: William J. Coirier, Manager/Defense Applicati
Award Amount: $746,427.00
Abstract:
We propose to improve the accuracy and capability of Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) and Atmospheric Transport and Dispersion (ATD) models by performing a tight, downscale/upscale coupling of a community NWP forecasting system, WRF, with a special purpose, urban-to-microscale Computational Fluid… More

A Comprehensive Modeling Tool for Cold Hearth Melting Processes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Hq Yang, Chief Scientist
Award Amount: $749,971.00
Abstract:
Under AFRL Contract FA8650-05-M-5214 Phase I, CFDRC has developed and demonstrated the foundation of a comprehensive code for modeling the Cold Hearth Melting (CHM) processing of Titanium alloys. The code includes effects that accurately predict the transient temperature distribution, flow… More

An Integrated Laser Based Rocket Chamber Ignition and Wall Diagnostics System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Matthew E. Thomas, Director/Propulsion&Power
Award Amount: $749,907.00
Abstract:
CFDRC proposes the integration of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) with its maturing Laser Induced Spark (LIS) technology for rocket chamber and ultimately in-flight engine health monitoring. During Phase I CFDRC and the University of Tennessee Space Institute (UTSI) completed… More

Advanced Multidisciplinary Tool for Dynamic Loads Analysis of Aerospace Vehicles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Essam Sheta, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $596,894.00
Abstract:
Aerospace vehicles that perform aggressive maneuvers are subject to several dynamic loads problems such as buffet and flutter. Unsteady computational aeroelastic simulations of these problems require careful attention to the physical modules of fluid and structures, as well as, to the… More

Multiresolution Thermal Design/Signature Management Tool for Vehicle Electronics Packages

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Maciej Z. Pindera, Manager/Systems Simulatio
Award Amount: $729,889.00
Abstract:
We propose to develop a multi-resolution software tool for thermal design and management of heat generated in vehicles by multiple electronics packages in close proximity. The software will interface with industry-standard thermal-signature code, MuSES (in collaboration with ThermoAnalytics) for… More

A New Method for Automation and Optimization of the Curve Fit Kinetics Generating Process

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Karl Meredith, Project Engineer
Award Amount: $749,874.00
Abstract:
Run-time and convergence requirements limit practical Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) combustion simulations to simplified chemistry, such as multi-step global kinetic mechanisms. Current methods available for generating reduced global mechanisms are tedious, and the resultant mechanisms often… More

A Coupled Transport and Fate Model for Health and Environmental Effects

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: William J. Coirier, Director/Defense Applicat
Award Amount: $690,880.00
Abstract:
We propose to develop a Health and Environmental Risks Assessment Capability (HERAC) that will allow Air Force personnel and related contractors to develop actionable, scientifically based, health and environmental risks assessments of maintenance tasks upon aircraft and other weapons. Presently, no… More

Optimized Quantum Dot Superlattice Structures for Ultra-High Efficiency Photovoltaic Cells and Photodetectors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: UC-RIVERSIDE
Principal Investigator: Alex Fedoseyev, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $99,926.00
RI Contact: Tim Lefort
Abstract:
Higher efficiency solar cells are needed to reduce solar-array mass, volume, and cost. In this project we propose to develop: (i) a concept of the novel quantum dot superlattice (QDS) solar cells, which are estimated to be more efficient and radiation tolerant than conventional multi-junction solar… More

Novel Volume of Solid Technology for Nonlinear Aeroelastic Stability Analysis

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: UCLA
Principal Investigator: H. Q. Yang, Chief Scientist
Award Amount: $99,891.00
RI Contact: Chih-Ming Ho
Abstract:
Morphing technology enables aerospace vehicles to achieve a broader range of operational modes. Computational aeroelastic and design analysis tools of these vehicles must be able to handle arbitrarily large deformations and shape changes. Innovative Volume of Solid technology is proposed to cast… More

New Methods of Controlling Electron Kinetics and Plasma Chemistry in Pulsed Discharges of Electronegative Gases

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: OHIO STATE UNIV.
Principal Investigator: Vladimir Kolobov, Manager
Award Amount: $99,915.00
RI Contact: Cyndy Bonsignore
Abstract:
A number of modern technologies utilize unique properties of highly non-equilibrium plasmas produced by electric discharges in molecular gases. Electron kinetics and vibrationally excited molecules define key chemical reactions in these plasmas. The goal of this project is to utilize the non-local… More

Novel Solar Cell Nanotechnology for Improved Efficiency and Radiation Hardness

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Marek Turowski, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,997.00
Abstract:
Significant improvements in photovoltaic materials and systems are required to enable future exploration missions. This SBIR project, involving two innovative organizations: CFD Research Corporation (CFDRC) and University of California Riverside (UCR), has two major objectives: 1) develop and… More

Calibration and Use of Site-Specific Urban Weather Observations Data using Microscale Modeling

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: William J. Coirier, Manager/Defense Applications
Award Amount: $99,984.00
Abstract:
We propose to develop a capability to correct and calibrate intra-urban sited meteorological stations data for subsequent use by NWP, ATD and force protection models. This new capability will provide a number of related innovations, including: a standalone software capability to assist in the siting… More

SBIR Phase I: Enabling Low-Temperature Synthesis of Vertically Aligned Carbon-Nanotubes by Selective Heating of Catalyst

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Alexsey Vasenkov, Dr
Award Amount: $99,532.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will develop a new process of low-temperature synthesis of aligned carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and nanofibers (CNFs). CNTs/CNFs are widely studied for manufacturing of novel nanomaterials and nanodevices. The prospects of this… More

Computer Aided Design Tools for Extreme Environment Electronics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Marek Turowski, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,950.00
Abstract:
This project aims to provide Computer Aided Design (CAD) tools for radiation-tolerant, wide-temperature-range digital, analog, mixed-signal, and radio-frequency electronic components suitable for operation in the extreme environments of the Moon, Mars, and other deep space destinations. All such… More

Novel Stability Model and Flameholder Concept for Modern Augmentors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: GEORGIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Principal Investigator: Cliff Smith, Manager
Award Amount: $99,996.00
RI Contact: Tim Lieuwen
Abstract:
Static stability is a major challenge for modern augmentors that feature close-coupled fuel injection/flameholders operating at low pressures and high inlet velocities, inlet temperatures and vitiation levels. Reduced dilatation and baroclinic vorticity effects at augmentor conditions cause large… More

Data Integrity in Network Environments and Storage (DINES)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Michael Lee, Combustion Engineer
Award Amount: $99,936.00
Abstract:
In this SBIR program, CFDRC will develop and implement an innovative, multi-tiered data integrity software system named DINES to guarantee data integrity in the GIG-NCES environment. DINES uses digital signatures to guarantee the integrity of the data and meta-data, and provides mechanisms to… More

Development of Improved Performance, Low Toxic Hypergolic Fuel for Replacing Monomethylhydrazine

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Debasis Sengupta, Sr. Research Scientist
Award Amount: $69,966.00
Abstract:
Monomethylhydrazine (MMH) is a widely employed fuel in hypergolic, bipropellant systems. Negative aspects of this fuel are its high toxicity and carcinogenic effects. Although gelling of fuel has solved many technical problems, its toxicity and carcinogenic nature is still a major concern. The… More

Simulation Tool to Rapidly Design, Optimize, and Prototype Microfluidic Devices

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: S. Krishnamoorthy
Award Amount: $166,486.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): With the increasing use of microfluidics-based technologies in life sciences, the community is challenged with delivering customized and optimized prototypes at low cost and turn-around times. Current simulation- based design tools are computationally expensive… More

High-Fidelity Modeling Tools for Bone Conduction Communication Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: GEORGIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Principal Investigator: Andrzej Przekewas
Award Amount: $99,989.00
RI Contact: Shelly Ziegler
Abstract:
Warfighters increasingly rely on radio communication equipment to ensure safety, mission effectiveness, and situational awareness. Current military communication gear involves headphones and acoustic microphones. Unfortunately, headphones cover the ears and deteriorate detection and localization of… More

Weather Encounter Software Modeling Environment using Climatological and High-Resolution Weather Data

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Bill Coirier, Manager
Award Amount: $69,900.00
Abstract:
Weather encounter models for missile and flight vehicle system requirements are presently based upon simplistic and often misrepresentative conditions, particularly with respect to the spatial and probabilistic depictions of rain, ice, snow, dust and other particulates. We propose to address this… More

Novel Nanofluidics-Based Sensor System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: S. Krishnamoorthy, Manager
Award Amount: $98,861.00
Abstract:
We propose to develop a novel nanofluidic-based biosensor system that precisely detects and quantifies the biological threat agent. This handheld portable device will consume little power, be ruggedly constructed, use tiny sample volumes, and be UAV-mountable. No commercially available system uses… More

Integration of Advanced Inlet Particle Separator and Barrier Filtration Technologies for Turboshaft Engine Operation in Severe Sand Environments

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Matthew Thomas, Director/Propulsion & Power
Award Amount: $69,937.00
Abstract:
Continuing military operations in sand environments have created an immediate need for the integration of advanced inlet particle separator technology and low-pressure drop Z screen barrier filters. CFDRC has teamed with Rolls Royce Liberty Works (RRLW - developer of a highly efficient advanced IPS… More

High Energy, Low Temperature Gelled Bi-Propellant Formulation for Long-Duration In-Space Propulsion

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Robert DiSalvo, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $599,937.00
Abstract:
The use of gelled propellants for deep space planetary missions may enable adoption of high performance (Isp-vac>360 sec) propellant combinations that do not require power-intensive heating and stirring cycles before firings, and whose handling and safety characteristics are close to stated goals of… More

A Systems Biology Approach to Enable Safe Administration of Mefloquine

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: VANDERBILT UNIV.
Principal Investigator: Jerry Jenkins
Award Amount: $99,975.00
RI Contact: Michael Aschner
Abstract:
The objective of this effort is to apply a systems-biology-centered methodology for the identification of subcellular mechanisms of mefloquine neurotoxicity, with the goal of developing a genetic profile to identify individuals predisposed to mefloquine neurotoxicity. The core hypothesis is that… More

Computational Design Tool for the Synthesis and Optimization of Gel Formulations (SOGeF)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: NEW JERSEY INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Principal Investigator: Roberto Di Salvo, Manager
Award Amount: $750,000.00
RI Contact: Norma Rubio
Abstract:
Gel propulsion systems combine the best characteristics of solid and liquid propellants. The gel system stores like solid propellant, but flows like a liquid when pressurized, enabling throttle and restart capability similar to liquid propellants. An ena

Novel Electrostatics-based Sampler for Bioaerosol Collection in Small Analysis Volumes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DHS
Principal Investigator: Kapil Pant, Group Leader
Award Amount: $99,918.00
Abstract:
Current bioaerosol monitoring and evaluation systems are largely based on collection of airborne pathogens in a liquid medium, followed by the detection of the targets of interest. While available aerosol collection technologies employ large collection volumes, biosensors are capable of processing… More

Aeroelastic Simulation Tool for Inflatable Ballute Aerocapture

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Peter A. Liever, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $599,857.00
Abstract:
This project will develop a much-needed multidisciplinary analysis tool for predicting the impact of aeroelastic effects on the functionality of inflatable aeroassist vehicles in both the continuum and rarefied flow regimes. In this integrated multi-physics multi-disciplinary computing environment,… More

Improved Design of Active Pixel CMOS Sensors for Charged Particle Detection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Marek Turowski, Dr.
Award Amount: $99,997.00
Abstract:
The Department of Energy (DOE) nuclear physics program requires advancements in detector instrumentation electronics. Improvements are needed with respect to the energy, position, and timing resolution; sensitivity; speed; low power; and dynamic range. Emerging, monolithic charged-particle and… More

An Integrated Modeling Framework for Predictive Airman Performance

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Andrzej Przekewas, Sr. Vice President
Award Amount: $99,901.00
Abstract:
The overall objective of the proposed project is to develop an integrated bioinformatics software framework for intelligent analysis of biomedical databases, generation of geometrical models for simulations from medical images, and modeling of human biomechanical and physiological performance. In… More

Probabilistic Methodology for Establishing Test Requirements in a Gas-Turbine System Development and Demonstration (SDD) Program

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Ray Fuller, Manager/Combustion Systems
Award Amount: $99,813.00
Abstract:
The most prohibitive factor in the development of a new gas turbine engine is the cost of testing. Substantial reductions in development test costs are possible if test requirements are optimized using probabilistic methodologies. CFDRC will demonstrate a probabilistic methodology, which… More

Combined Linear/Nonlinear Reduced-Order Analysis Tool for Predicting Dynamic and Static Instabilities in Gas Turbine Augmentors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: David Black, Manager/Combustion Research
Award Amount: $99,974.00
Abstract:
Combustion stability is an important concern in the design and operation of advanced gas turbine augmentors. Engineering design tools are needed that predict potential instabilities in a timely and affordable manner. In this SBIR, a novel, physics-based, reduced-order analysis tool that predicts… More

Advanced Nongray Radiation Module in the LOCI Framework for Combustion CFD

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Research Institution: Mississippi State University
Principal Investigator: Sarm Rani, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,921.00
RI Contact: Marc McCeu
Abstract:
In this STTR, an innovative, efficient and high fidelity computational tool to predict radiative heat transfer will be implemented in the LOCI framework. Radiative heat transfer in rocket engine combustion can play a significant role in determining engine performance and combustor wall heat loading.… More

Air-Turbo-Rocket Propulsion for Small Launch Vehicle Operations

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Matthew E. Thomas, Director/Propulsion&Power
Award Amount: $99,915.00
Abstract:
As a result of its maximum air-breathing specific thrust and Isp, inherent fly-back capability and propellant commonality with upper stage boosters, the ATR is the optimal air breathing first stage booster to support minimized recurring launch costs. During Phase I CFDRC will examine the benefits… More

Controlled Environmental Reaction Chamber for Measurement of Volatile Particles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dan Nickolaus, Senior Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Current aircraft engine test measurement techniques cannot measure Volatile Particles (VP) that are formed downstream of a jet engine. In this SBIR, we propose to develop a Controlled Environmental Reaction Chamber (CERC) that can become a standardized method for measuring VP. CERC will withdraw an… More

Pharmacological Strategies for Prevention and Treatment of Noise-Induced Hearing Loss

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Rodrigo Teixeira, Program Manager
Award Amount: $69,979.00
Abstract:
Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is a tremendous burden to the military. The sense of hearing is not only considered the most important survival sense for both the soldier, the monetary cost of NIHL amounts to approximately $1 billion per year in disability payments. We propose a hybrid computer… More

Development of a Database Management System to Enable Rapid, Efficient Assay Design for Use in Detection and Diagnosis of Human Exposure to Biological

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: Jerry Jenkins, Group Leader
Award Amount: $69,951.00
Abstract:
The primary objective of this effort is to design and develop a database management system (DBMS) and enable the integrated interpretation of the vast amounts of genomic and proteomic data in proper biological context. This DBMS will enable the development of diagnostic assays for human exposure to… More

A Microfluidic System for Affinity Reagent Generation and Assay Development for High-Throughput Biomarker Validation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Aditya Bedekar, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $69,911.00
Abstract:
Protein biomarkers are finding increasing application in Force Health Protection and health surveillance. However, very few biomarkers have been verified and validated. This deficiency has been ascribed primarily to availability of reagents (affinity probes). There is a need for assays to measure… More

Accurate Insensitive Munitions Modeling Tool Coupling Detailed Chemical Kinetics and Physical Models

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Karl Meredith, Project Engineer
Award Amount: $99,973.00
Abstract:
Understanding the response of solid rocket motors under cookoff and projectile impact scenarios is important to the safety of the military's weapon arsenal. In this SBIR, CFDRC, teamed with Merrill Beckstead of Brigham Young University (BYU), propose to develop an improved modeling tool for… More

Development Novel High-Performance Solid Propellants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Debasis Sengupla, Senior Research Scientist
Award Amount: $99,913.00
Abstract:
CFDRC proposes to develop some novel high performance solid propellant that will meet the requirement of Integrated High Payoff Rocket Propulsion Technology (IHPRPT) Phase III goals. The propellants will enhance the performance of space access vehicles, strategic, tactical and missile defense… More

A High Throughput Screening Approach Enabling Sustainable Discovery of Novel Lead Compounds from Natural Product Extracts

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: VANDERBILT UNIV.
Principal Investigator: Jerry Jenkins, Group Leader
Award Amount: $99,897.00
RI Contact: David Wright
Abstract:
We propose the development of a high-throughput screening platform to facilitate the discovery of lead compounds from natural product extracts (NPEs). The proposed effort encompasses (a) utilization of NPEs from novel sources (cave organisms) with rich chemical diversity, (b) development of assays… More

An Advanced Modeling Tool for Prediction and Alleviation of Turbopump Cavitation Instabilities

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: H. Q. Yang, Chief Scientist
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
We propose to develop an advanced modeling tool to predict and to alleviate cavitation related turbopump instabilities. An existing "full cavitation model" developed by the proposing team and used in commercial CFD codes will be used as the starting point. The model will be improved by: a)… More

Model Independent First Principle Method for Prediction of Heat of Condensation/Sublimation of Solid Propellant

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Debasis Sengupla, Senior Research Scientist
Award Amount: $99,886.00
Abstract:
Prediction of accurate heats of formation of solid propellant has tremendous implication in theoretically evaluating the performance of new generation solid propellants. While state-of-the-art quantum mechanical methods can accurately calculate the heat of formation in the gas phase, heat of… More

Close-Coupled Fuel Injector/Flameholder Concept Featuring Direct Fuel Injection Into Flameholder Wake

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Clifford E. Smith, Vice President
Award Amount: $149,887.00
Abstract:
Close-coupled fuel injector/flameholders used in modern augmentors face difficult challenges in static stability due to higher airflow velocities and higher levels of vitiation than past augmentors. In addition, close-coupled fuel injection schemes typically employ jet-in-crossflow methods to… More

Advanced Nano-Particle Fuel Gel Formulations for Tactical Bipropulsion Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Roberto DiSalvo, Manager Propulsion and Power
Award Amount: $69,961.00
Abstract:
CFD Research Corporation (CFDRC) in conjunction with the New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) propose to develop a fuel gel based on the Army's most current tertiary amine MMH replacement fuel. We will develop a novel technology for the production of nanoparticles by employing the supercritical… More

Nanoelectrokinetic, Label-free Sensor for Toxic Industrial Chemical Detection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Shivshankar Sundaram, Vice President Biomedical Branch
Award Amount: $98,919.00
Abstract:
We propose to develop a novel nanofluidic, label-free sensor to detect the presence of ultra-low levels of Toxic Industrial Chemicals (TICs) in aqueous environmental samples. The envisioned handheld sensor will be hand-portable, be ruggedly constructed, support remote operation and be UAV-mountable.… More

Improved Models and Tools for Prediction of Radiation Effects on Space Electronics in Wide Temperature Range

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Marek A. Turowski, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,942.00
Abstract:
All NASA exploration systems operate in the extreme environments of space (Moon, Mars, etc.) and require reliable electronics capable of handling a wide temperature range (-180ýýC to +130ýýC) and high radiation levels. To design low-temperature radiation-hardened (rad-hard) electronics and… More

Novel Solar Cell Nanotechnology for Improved Efficiency and Radiation Hardness

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Marek K. Turowski, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $599,985.00
Abstract:
Significant improvements in photovoltaic materials and systems are required to enable NASA future exploration missions. In this project, CFD Research Corporation (CFDRC) with University of California Riverside (UCR), Rochester Institute of Technology, and International Photonics will: 1) develop… More

Non-Destructive Detection and Separation of Radiation Damaged Cells in Miniaturized, Inexpensive Device

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Research Institution: Temple University
Principal Investigator: Shankar E. Sundaram, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,988.00
RI Contact: N/A
Abstract:
There is a clear and well-identified need for rapid, efficient, non-destructive detection and isolation of radiation damaged cells. Available commercial technologies are expensive, require core facilities and use destructive methods. We propose to develop and demonstrate a novel fully automated,… More

Numerical Simulation of Rocket Exhaust Interaction with Lunar Soil

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Research Institution: University of Florida
Principal Investigator: Peter W. Liever, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,990.00
RI Contact: N/A
Abstract:
Rocket plume impingement may cause significant damage and contaminate co-landed spacecraft and surrounding habitat structures during Lunar landing operations. Under this proposed SBIR program, CFDRC and the University of Florida will develop an innovative high-fidelity simulation system for… More

Enhanced Ultra Compact Combustion Using Electrostatic Charging

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Matthew E. Thomas, Director, Propulsion and
Award Amount: $749,552.00
Abstract:
Phase I analysis, testing and related research demonstrated charged fuel injection can reduce emissions, improve stability and enhance ignition in ultra compact combustion chambers and augmentor installations. Specific milestones to be achieved during Phase II include: (a) Further examination of… More

Advanced Nongray Radiation Module in the LOCI Framework for Combustion CFD

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / STTR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Research Institution: Mississippi State University
Principal Investigator: Sarma L. Rani, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $599,913.00
RI Contact: N/A
Abstract:
Radiative heat fluxes are important in the design of launch vehicles for Project Constellation. In this Phase II STTR, CFDRC and its partner Mississippi State University will develop an innovative, comprehensive, high fidelity radiation module in the LOCI CFD framework that will enable NASA to… More

Integration of Advanced Inlet Particle Separator and Barrier Filtration Technologies for Turboshaft Engine Operation in Severe Sand Environments

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Matthew E. Thomas, Director, Propulsion and
Award Amount: $729,918.00
Abstract:
Continuing military operations in sand environments have created an immediate need for the integration of advanced inlet particle separator technology and low-pressure drop barrier filters. CFDRC has teamed with Rolls Royce Liberty Works (RRLW - developer of a highly efficient advanced IPS… More

Probabilistic Methodology for Establishing Test Requirements in a Gas Turbine System Development and Demonstration Program

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Clifford E. Smith, Vice President
Award Amount: $749,917.00
Abstract:
There is a pressing need in the gas turbine community for advanced simulation-based methodologies that can reduce test requirements for gas turbine component/engine qualification. Currently, no such simulation methodology exists that is statistically accurate and employs high-fidelity simulations to… More

Multi-Resolution Design Tool for Two-Phase Heat Transfer and Fluidic Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATOR
Principal Investigator: Vernon Cole, Manager, Chemical & Materials Techn
Award Amount: $69,838.00
RI Contact: Kenneth Kelly
Abstract:
The Navy's vision for an integrated electric warship implies generation of large amounts of energy for weaponry and sensors, with consequent challenges for thermal and power management system optimization. A predictive, rapid, accurate thermal analysis design tool will enable design of the critical… More

An Integrated Modeling Framework for Predictive Airman Performance

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Andrzej J. Przekwas, Senior Vice President Res
Award Amount: $749,931.00
Abstract:
We believe that the future of human body testing in military and civilian applications is in using a new generation of "dummies" - "virtual humans". This project will develop an integrated 3D Java framework for a user interactive Virtual Body framework, which can serve as a Virtual Body for… More

Development of Polarizable Forcefields For Ionic Liquids

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: WASHINGTON UNIV. SCHOOL OF MED
Principal Investigator: Debasis Sengupta, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,904.00
RI Contact: Jay W. Ponder
Abstract:
Ionic liquids (ILs) are being considered as potential candidates for variety of applications, such as green propellants, solvents and biomedical applications. Therefore, there is a critical need to design novel ILs with desired properties. Simulation techniques, such as molecular dynamics, have the… More

A Computational Framework for Multiscale Simulations of Weakly Ionized Plasmas

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: UNIV. OF WISCONSIN - MADISON
Principal Investigator: Vladimir Kolobov, Manager, Plasma Technology
Award Amount: $99,895.00
RI Contact: Diane Barrett
Abstract:
The goal of the proposed research is to develop a unified computational framework integrating adequate physical models for simulating complex non-equilibrium plasmas. Plasma dynamics is characterized by disparate spatial and temporal scales each described by appropriate physical models. The project… More

Computational Tool for Aerothermal Environment Around Transatmospheric Vehicles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Vladimir L. Kolobov, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,836.00
Abstract:
The goal of this Project is to develop a high-fidelity computational tool for accurate prediction of aerothermal environment on transatmospheric vehicles. This computational tool will be based on the Unified Flow Solver (UFS) developed at CFDRC for hybrid simulations of rarefied, transitional and… More

Optimized Quantum Dot Superlattice Structures for Ultra-High Efficiency Photovoltaic Cells and Photodetectors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: UNIV. OF CALIFORNIA, RIVERSIDE
Principal Investigator: Alex Fedoseyev, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $749,865.00
RI Contact: Mayela Castillo
Abstract:
Higher efficiency solar cells are needed to reduce solar-array mass, volume, and cost. This project proposes: (i) Reliable, validated models for simulation, analysis, and design of Quantum Dot Superlattice (QDS) based nano-materials for high-efficiency, radiation-hardened photovoltaic cells and… More

High-Fidelity Modeling Tools for Bone Conduction Communication Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: GEORGIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Principal Investigator: Andrzej J. Przekwas, Senior Vice President Research
Award Amount: $749,828.00
RI Contact: Bruce N. Walker
Abstract:
Warfighters increasingly rely on radio communication equipment to ensure safety, mission effectiveness, and situational awareness. Current military communication gear involves headphones and acoustic microphones. Unfortunately, headphones cover the ears and deteriorate detection and localization of… More

SBIR Phase II: Enabling Low-Temperature Synthesis of Vertically Aligned Carbon-Nanotubes by Selective Heating of Catalyst

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Alexsey D. Vasenkov, PhD
Award Amount: $499,820.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase II project will develop, validate, and demonstrate a new technology for a low-temperature synthesis of vertically-aligned carbon nanotubes (VACNTs) and nanofibers (VACNFs). The low-temperature manufacturing process is critical to decrease the cost and… More

Novel Electrostatics-based Sampler for Bioaerosol Collection in Small Analysis Volumes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DHS
Principal Investigator: Kapil Pant, Group Leader Biomedical Technology – (256) 726-4871
Award Amount: $749,942.00
Abstract:
Current biodetection systems first collect airborne pathogens in a liquid, followed by detection While aerosol sampling technologies have been driven to protecting larger spaces, requiring large liquid collection volumes (several ml), state-of-the-art biosensors have been moving to ultra-low… More

Multiscale Modeling for Melt Infiltration Process in Ceramic Matrix Composite (CMC) Manufacturing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Ashok Gidwani, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $99,983.00
Abstract:
CFDRC proposes to develop a comprehensive, high-fidelity commercial quality simulation tool for modeling the melt infiltration process in Ceramic Matrix Composite (CMC) manufacturing. The code will accurately predict the transient melt infiltration process with tightly-coupled detailed physics-based… More

High Performance Computing for Rotorcraft Structural Dynamics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Paul J. Dionne, Senior Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $69,990.00
Abstract:
High fidelity computational analyses using solid-fluid interaction models are becoming an important aspect of rotorcraft analysis and design. The large size of these models (potentially millions of degrees of freedom) makes parallelization necessary for reasonable turn-around times. The fluid… More

Enabling the Modeling and Destabilization of Terror Networks using a Novel Rule-Based Boolean Pseudo-Dynamic Approach

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Jerry Jenkins, Group Leader, Biomedical Tech
Award Amount: $99,945.00
Abstract:
The primary objective of this effort is to design and develop a platform enabling the analysis of terror networks using a novel systems-biology based Boolean Pseudo-Dynamics (BPD) framework. This platform will involve development of strategies to identify the critical individuals within the terror… More

Solid Propellant Thrust Control Using a Movable Nozzle

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Mark Ostrander, Group Leader
Award Amount: $99,997.00
Abstract:
Thrust management in a SRM-powered missile system allows the missile to successfully engage a wider range of targets, and a given propulsion option to be applicable across a range of missile platforms. Thrust control in a SRM is performed by controlling the choked throat area at the nozzle throat. … More

Development of a Database Management System to Enable Rapid, Efficient Assay Design for Use in Detection and Diagnosis of Human Exposure to Biological

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: Jerry Jenkins, Manager, Biomedical Techn
Award Amount: $749,913.00
Abstract:
Increases in amount and diversity of high-throughput data presents tremendous organizational and analysis challenges to researchers. Our objective in this effort is to address these challenges by designing and implementing a database management system (cipherDB) for the storage, management,… More

An On-Chip Nano-Plasmonics Based Urine Protein Assay Cartridge

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Research Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Principal Investigator: JianJun Wei, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,993.00
RI Contact: N/A
Abstract:
Long-term exposure to microgravity and radiation during space exploration can pose a critical threat to the health of a flight crew. Real-time monitoring of urine protein levels is an effective way to follow the onset and progress of many diseases and guide the prompt selection of proper therapy.… More

Fuel/Oxidizer Injector Modeling in Sub- and Super-Critical Regimes for Deep Throttling Cryogenic Engines

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Research Institution: Mississippi State University
Principal Investigator: Sarma L. Rani, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,971.00
RI Contact: N/A
Abstract:
Accurate CFD modeling of fuel/oxidizer injection and combustion is needed to design and analyze liquid rocket engines. Currently, however, there is no mature modeling capability for liquid fuel/oxidizer injectors in LOCI-Chem, used by NASA and its contractors to analyze rocket engines. In this… More

Model Independent First Principles Method for Prediction of Heat of Condensation/Sublimation of Solid Propellant

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Debasis Sengupta, Senior Research Scientist
Award Amount: $749,965.00
Abstract:
Designing next generation propellants requires an a priori prediction of their properties. Heat of sublimation is one such property that is required to theoretically estimate specific impulse. The state-of-art approach for estimating heat of sublimation is based on model compounds and empirical… More

Numerical Simulation of Rocket Exhaust Interaction with Lunar Soil

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / STTR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Research Institution: University of Florida
Principal Investigator: Peter Liever, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $599,998.00
RI Contact: N/A
Abstract:
Rocket plume impingement can cause significant damage and contaminate co-landing spacecraft and surrounding habitat structures during lunar landing operations. CFDRC and the University of Florida will develop an innovative simulation system for predicting surface erosion and debris transport caused… More

Aeroservoelastic Modeling

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Essam Sheta, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,980.00
Abstract:
CFDRC proposes to develop, validate and demonstrate a comprehensive aeroservoelastic analysis framework for aerospace vehicles by enabling coupled interactions between multi-physics simulation modules with variable fidelity for flexible structures, aerodynamics, flight dynamics, and embedded smart… More

A Nonlinear Reduced Order Method with Overset Adaptive Cartesian/Unstructured Grid for Moving Body Simulations

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: H. Q. Yang, Chief Scientist - Research
Award Amount: $79,925.00
Abstract:
An innovative hybrid nonlinear reduced order method (ROM) for deforming unstructured mesh and overset Cartesian grid for moving body problems is proposed. Utilizing the properties of a maximum 6 degrees of freedom (DOF) of a moving body, the proposed method computes the grid deformation using… More

Aerodynamic Lift and Drag Characteristics of Irregularly Shaped Fragments

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Peter Liever, Manager, Aeromechanics
Award Amount: $98,603.00
Abstract:
An innovative aerodynamic database generation methodology is proposed for arbitrary fragment shapes. This will be achieved with automated CFD methods, using the framework of the Unified Flow Solver (UFS). The UFS features an Adaptive Mesh and Algorithm Refinement (AMAR) procedure for seemlessly… More

An Integrated Optimization System for Lightening the Load of Warfighters

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: STANFORD UNIV.
Principal Investigator: Alex Zhou, Research Scientist
Award Amount: $69,959.00
RI Contact: Scott Delp
Abstract:
Warfighters are increasingly relying on technology equipment to ensure safety, mission effectiveness, and situational awareness. This equipment increases the capabilities of warfighters but also adds to their weight burden. This excess load could cause significant stress on the musculoskeletal… More

Accurate Insensitive Munitions Modeling Tool Coupling Detailed Chemical Kinetics and Physical Models

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Samuel F. Owens, Senior Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $749,991.00
Abstract:
Understanding the response of solid rocket motors under cook-off conditions is important to the safety of the military's weapon arsenal. In this SBIR, CFDRC, teamed with Merrill Beckstead of Brigham Young University (BYU) and ATK Launch Systems, proposes to develop a software toolkit for simulating… More

Characterization and Mitigation of Radiation Effects in High-Speed Compound Semiconductor Microelectronics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Marek Turowski, Manager, Microelectronics
Award Amount: $99,996.00
Abstract:
For ultra high speed applications in DoD satellite systems, devices and circuits fabricated from III-V semiconductor compounds offer significant advantages over silicon-based technology in terms of operating speed and power. However, the uncertainty in single-event-effect (SEE) response of compound… More

SPANS: Software Protection using Anti-tamper and Network Security

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Michael E. Lee, Computer Scientist
Award Amount: $99,984.00
Abstract:
US software is constantly being attacked by enemies in attempts to reverse engineer the software to extract useful information, military secrets, and intellectual property. This SBIR proposes a solution to this problem: multiple software guards and a secure, efficient communication channel for the… More

Viscous Cartesian Flow Solver with AMR Capabilities for Automated Flow Simulation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: GEORGIA TECH RESEARCH CORP.
Principal Investigator: Robert Arslanbekov, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,999.00
RI Contact: R. P. Hart III, Esq.
Abstract:
The computational grid generation process remains a troublesome bottleneck in development of aerodynamic databases for complex geometries and multi-body configurations. The ability of Cartesian-grid based methods to perform automatic mesh generation and dynamic mesh adaptation allows for… More

Hybrid Approach for Multi-Scale Modeling of Radiation Transfer in Three-Dimensional Non-Gray Media

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: OHIO STATE UNIV.
Principal Investigator: Sarma Rani, Project Engineer
Award Amount: $99,915.00
RI Contact: Sandip Mazumder
Abstract:
In this STTR project, an efficient and high-fidelity computational module to predict non-gray radiative transfer will be developed and validated. The proposed hybrid approach to solve the radiative transport equation (RTE) is a combination of the spherical harmonics (PN) method and the Monte-Carlo… More

Novel Nanofluidics-Based Sensor System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Kapil Pant, Manager, Biomedical Techn
Award Amount: $374,903.00
Abstract:
We propose to develop a nanofluidics-based biosensor system for detection and quantitation of biological threat agents. The proposed system will harness the potential of recently discovered nanofluidic phenomena, not possible in microfluidic/capillary systems, to enhance rapid and sensitive sample… More

Weather Encounter Software Modeling Environment using Climatological and High-Resolution Weather Data

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Bill Coirier, Senior Research Scientist
Award Amount: $728,996.00
Abstract:
We propose to develop a practical tool to construct missile weather encounter system requirements definitions and perform system performance evaluations using gridded, regional, high-resolution climatological data produced from the Climate-based Four-Dimensional Data Assimilation system (CFDDA). The… More

Close-Coupled Fuel Injector/Flameholder Concept Featuring Direct Fuel Injection Into Flameholder Wake

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Michael Wymore, Senior Combustion Enginee
Award Amount: $749,891.00
Abstract:
Close-coupled fuel injector/flameholders used in modern augmentors face difficult challenges in static stability due to higher airflow velocities and higher levels of vitiation than past augmentors. In addition, close-coupled fuel injection schemes typically employ jet-in-crossflow methods to… More

Air-Turbo-Rocket Propulsion for Small Launch Vehicle Operations

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Matthew E. Thomas, Director, Propulsion and
Award Amount: $749,956.00
Abstract:
During Phase I CFDRC defined the performance and a roadmap for reduced operational costs of existing and new launch platforms using a Bi-propellant Air-Turbo-Rocket (BATR) as first stage propulsion. Specific applications include the Orbital Sciences Pegasus launch vehicle and an innovative Nano… More

Near-Infrared Nanopolymer Agents for Real-Time, In Vivo Imaging of Tumor Margins

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $99,977.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Optical imaging as a noninvasive diagnosis technique is a highly promising tool for real-time, in-vivo detection of tumor margins during breast-conserving surgery. This can decrease false-negative diagnoses and local re currences of the cancer that occur after… More

Improved Models and Tools for Prediction of Radiation Effects on Space Electronics in Wide Temperature Range

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Marek Turowski, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $599,878.00
Abstract:
All NASA exploration systems operate in the extreme environments of space and require reliable electronics capable of handling a wide temperature range (-180ýýC to +130ýýC) and high radiation levels. To design low-temperature radiation-hardened (rad-hard) electronics and predict circuit and… More

A Simulation Tool to Enable Identification of Critical Network Interactions Using

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $99,571.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): One of the main challenges in the discovery of intracellular biomarkers and identification of therapeutic targets is the lack of a mechanistic understanding of the complex underlying pathways. The tremendous increase in both the quantity and diversity of… More

Practical Multi-Step Turbulent-Combustion Model for Fuel-Flexible Gas

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Clifford Smith, Mr.
Award Amount: $99,997.00
Abstract:
DOE¿s FutureGen Initiative involves the development and demonstration of fuel-flexible gas turbine combustors that burn fuels with high hydrogen concentrations (e.g. syngas or pure hydrogen). Combustion goals include high efficiency and low emissions (NOx < 2 ppmv). Advanced Large Eddy Simulation… More

Aerodynamic Lift and Drag Characteristics of Irregularly Shaped Fragments

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Peter Liever, Aerophysics Manager
Award Amount: $749,883.00
Abstract:
An innovative aerodynamic database generation methodology is proposed for arbitrary missile fragment shapes. This will be achieved with automated CFD methods, using the framework of the Unified Flow Solver (UFS). UFS automatically creates and adapts Cartesian computational grids for arbitrary shapes… More

A Hybrid Computational Approach for Control Surfaces with Geometric Proximity

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: H.q. Yang, Chief Scientist, Research
Award Amount: $99,910.00
Abstract:
An innovative hybrid computational approach is proposed for constructing and deforming grids for moving and control surfaces with geometric proximity. The proposed approach utilizes a reduced order method (ROM) for deforming unstructured meshes and Overset Cartesian grid method for large… More

High Power Enzymatic Fuel Cell with Complete Oxidation of Fuel for Small Power System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Vojtech Svoboda, Research Engineer
Award Amount: $99,994.00
Abstract:
Our objective is to develop a high power enzymatic fuel cell (EFC) with complete oxidation of fuel, thereby delivering a state-of-the-art power supply for low power military systems. The proposed EFC will leverage ongoing research at both CFDRC and Saint Louis University to provide a… More

Development of Novel Polynitrogen-based High-performance Solid Propellants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: UNIV. OF IDAHO
Principal Investigator: Debasis Sengupta, dxs@cfdrc.com
Award Amount: $99,887.00
RI Contact: Polly Knutson
Abstract:
In this STTR program, CFDRC, in collaboration with the University of Idaho, proposes to develop some novel high-performance polynitrogen energetic materials for propellant applications. The proposed materials contain amine substituted tetrazole-based heterocyclic cations. In order to enhance the… More

A Multidisciplinary Analysis Tool for Multi Systems Deployment

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Essam Sheta, Manager, Aeromechanics
Award Amount: $99,810.00
Abstract:
CFDRC proposes to develop, demonstrate and validate a multi-fidelity multi-disciplinary analysis tool for systems deployment and multi-body relative motion involving aerospace vehicles. A rigid body motion (6 DOF) model for systems deployment will be developed as a stand-alone module to be coupled… More

Wavelet-Based Vorticity Transport Technology for Rotorcraft Flowfield Analysis

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Essam Sheta, Manager Aeromechanics R&D
Award Amount: $779,916.00
Abstract:
Improved understanding of rotorcraft aerodynamics through numerical simulations requires accurate modeling approaches viable for large-scale computations. Conventional Navier-Stokes and Lagrangian methods have severe limitations in effectively dealing with the complexity and length-scales involved.… More

Pharmacological Strategies for Prevention and Treatment of Noise-Induced Hearing Loss

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Rodrigo Teixeira, Senior Research Scientist
Award Amount: $729,958.00
Abstract:
Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is a tremendous burden to the military. The sense of hearing is not only considered the most important survival sense for both the soldier, the monetary cost of NIHL amounts to approximately $1 billion per year in disability payments. The objectives for Phase I have… More

Benchmark Numerical Toolkits for High Performance Computing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Research Institution: The University of Texas at Austin
Principal Investigator: Ravi Kannan, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,965.00
RI Contact: N/A
Abstract:
Computational codes in physics and engineering often use implicit solution algorithms that require linear algebra tools such as Ax=b solvers, eigenvalue, optimization, or graph algorithms. Developers face major challenges in selecting linear algebra tools that can support their algorithms, numerical… More

High-Fidelity Gas and Granular Flow Physics Models for Rocket Exhaust Interaction with Lunar Soil

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Research Institution: University of Florida
Principal Investigator: Peter Liever, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,934.00
RI Contact: N/A
Abstract:
Soil debris liberated by spacecraft landing on the lunar surface may damage and contaminate surrounding spacecraft and habitat structures. Current numerical simulations of these events lack credibility because lunar environment complexities have never been captured in suitable models: the mixed… More

An Integrated Optimization System for Lightening the Load of Warfighters

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: Stanford University
Principal Investigator: Alex Zhou, Research Scientist
Award Amount: $499,925.00
RI Contact: Scott Delp
Abstract:
Warfighters rely on technological equipment to ensure safety, mission effectiveness, and situational awareness. This equipment increases the capabilities of warfighters but also adds to their weight burden. This excess load could cause significant stress on the musculoskeletal system and lead to… More

A Biomechanical-Physiological Model for Preclinical Investigation of Blast Wave TBI

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Andrzej Przekwas, Senior Vice President, Research
Award Amount: $99,912.00
Abstract:
Recent statistics from Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) show that 61% of soldiers injured in explosion blast events endure Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). The current understanding of TBI mechanisms is incomplete and is limiting the development of protection and therapeutic measures. Animal testing, in… More

Advanced data mining tool for feature detection in turbulent flow simulations

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: University of Illinois at Urbana-Ch
Principal Investigator: Sai Marella, Project Engineer
Award Amount: $99,913.00
RI Contact: Jiawei Han
Abstract:
While DNS of complex flow phenomena is a routine practice nowadays, the analysis tools lack the sophistication to utilize the abundance of data generated, for they are devoid of physics-based data extraction and feature-detection protocols. The current effort proposes an automated and intelligent… More

Tightly Coupled Aerothermoelastic Analysis Tool for Hypersonic Vehicle Structures

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Essam Sheta, Manager Aerospace and Defense Sys.
Award Amount: $99,972.00
Abstract:
A tightly coupled multi-physics framework is proposed for computational aerothermoelastic simulations of hypersonic aerospace vehicles. The multiphysics framework will be developed, validated and demonstrated by enabling variable degree of coupled interactions between non-linear flexible structures,… More

Unified Kinetic/Continuum Flow Solver with Adaptive Cartesian Mesh for Hypersonic Flows in the Earth Atmosphere

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: GEORGIA TECH RESEARCH CORP.
Principal Investigator: Vladimir Kolobov, Manager, Plasma Technology
Award Amount: $99,963.00
RI Contact: R. P. Hart III
Abstract:
The design of future hypersonic vehicles requires detailed understanding of flow regimes ranging from rarefied to continuum. Moreover, hypervelocity flows are characterized by high temperatures, excitation of vibrational level of molecules, nonequilibrium dissociation, and ionization. The goal of… More

A Comprehensive CFD Tool for Aerothermal Environment Around Space Vehicles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Vladimir Kolobov, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,968.00
Abstract:
The goal of this SBIR project is to develop an innovative, high fidelity computational tool for accurate prediction of aerothermal environment around space vehicles. This tool will be based on the Unified Flow Solver (UFS) developed at CFDRC for hybrid simulations of rarefied, transitional and… More

A Microfluidic System for Affinity Reagent Generation and Assay Development for High-Throughput Biomarker Validation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Aditya Bedekar, Group Leader Biomedical B
Award Amount: $729,962.00
Abstract:
Protein biomarkers are finding increasing application in Force Health Protection and health surveillance. However, very few biomarkers have been verified and validated to-date. This deficiency can primarily be ascribed to the scarcity of reagents (affinity probes). There is a need for assays to… More

Simulation Tool to Rapidly Design Optimize and Prototype Microfluidic Devices

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Yi Wang
Award Amount: $802,500.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Microfluidic technologies are an excellent candidate to achieve the goal set forth by NHGRI to reduce the total sequencing cost by two- or four-orders of magnitude from the current cost of sequencing a human-sized genom e. Microfluidic chips enable highly reduced… More

Novel MicroPower Source for Insect Based Sensor and Communication Platforms

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: Sameer Singhal, Manager, Biomedical Technology
Award Amount: $69,963.00
Abstract:
Our objective is to develop a novel micropower source, microsensor, and communication chip for integration with an insect, thereby delivering a state-of-the-art unmanned chemical detection device. The proposed biological fuel cell (Bio-FC) will leverage ongoing research at CFDRC and provide a… More

Characterization and Mitigation of Radiation Effects in High-Speed Compound Semiconductor Microelectronics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Marek Turowski, Director of Nano Electron
Award Amount: $749,982.00
Abstract:
The objectives of this task are to: 1. Characterization of both ionizing and displacement damage radiation effects in Metal Oxide Semiconductor (MOS) ultra-deep submicron (< 90nm) integrated circuits and compound semiconductor technologies and also to 2. Development and demonstration of… More

Nanoelectrokinetic, Label-free Sensor for Toxic Industrial Chemical Detection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Kapil Pant, Group Manager
Award Amount: $749,904.00
Abstract:
The overall objective of the effort is to develop a novel, label-free nanosensor to detect the presence of Toxic Industrial Chemicals (TICs) in aqueous samples. Our sensor exploits novel features of AC electrokinetics, available only at the nanoscale, to detect signatures of TICs rapidly and with… More

Characterization and Mitigation of Radiation Effects in Quantum Dot Based Nanotechnologies

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Alex Fedoseyev, Senior Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The objectives of this task include: 1. Characterization of both ionizing and displacement damage radiation effects in nano-technology microelectronics to include, but not be limited to, Metal Oxide Semiconductor (MOS) ultra-deep submicron (< 90nm) silicon based circuits, silicon-germanium… More

Functionally Graded Energy Absorbing Military Helmet Pads for Protection Against mTBI

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: X. G. Tan, Principal Engineer Research
Award Amount: $69,940.00
Abstract:
Military helmets are designed based on costly and time consuming laboratory ballistic tests, firing range data, and forensic data. Until now advanced computational modeling tools have not been adequately utilized in the design and optimization of military helmets. The overall objective of this… More

Prediction of Ignition Delay of Hypergolic Energetic Ionic Liquid

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Debasis Sengupta, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,938.00
Abstract:
In this program, CFDRC will develop a tool-kit for prediction of ignition delay of hypergolic energetic ionic liquids (EIL). Recently EILs have attracted considerable attention as next generation bipropellants to replace toxic monomethylhydrazine (MMH) Due to their low vapor pressures, they are… More

Computational Modeling Tools for Acoustic Test Fixture Manikin Design

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Debbie Reeves, Research Engineer
Award Amount: $69,976.00
Abstract:
Hearing Protection Devices (HPDs) are critical to the audiological fitness and mission safety of military personnel. Thorough, reliable, and mission-appropriate evaluation of HPDs needs sophisticated objective methods. Some Acoustic Test Fixtures (ATFs) are available for HPD research but they have… More

High Power and Capacity Anode for Thermal Battery

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Vojtech Svoboda, Research Engineer
Award Amount: $69,969.00
Abstract:
The present thermal battery technologies cannot currently meet future requirements that call for higher power and capacity with a smaller footprint. The principal avenue for increasing thermal battery specific energy is to identify and develop new electrode materials and electrolytes which provide… More

An Integrated Optical Diagnostic Analysis (IODA) Suite

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Shawn Ericson, Group Leader, Defense Applications
Award Amount: $69,999.00
Abstract:
An Integrated Optical Diagnostics Analysis (IODA) Suite is proposed for the unification of optical data for wind tunnel testing. While optical methods have paved the way for non-intrusive measurement of complex flow characteristics and corresponding model response in wind tunnel tests, a variety of… More

Enabling the Modeling and Destabilization of Terror Networks using a Novel Rule-Based Boolean Pseudo-Dynamic Approach

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Jerry Jenkins, Manager, Biomedical
Award Amount: $749,865.00
Abstract:
The overall objective of the Phase II effort is to design and implement the BANDIT software platform that utilizes structured and unstructured intelligence data for the creation, visualization, and quantitative analysis of terrorist networks. BANDIT will ultimately serve as an enabling technology… More

A Novel Microfluidic Device for Selection and Optimization of Drug Delivery Vehic

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Balabhaskar Prabhakarpandian
Award Amount: $157,928.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): We propose to develop and demonstrate a novel microfluidic device and assay for selection and optimization of drug delivery vehicles, specifically non-viral vectors for drug delivery to tumors. Tumor drug delivery is a complex phenomenon affected by several… More

A Novel Physicologically Realistic Microfluidic In-vitro Blood-brain Barrier Mode

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Balabhaskar Prabhakarpandian
Award Amount: $160,169.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The overall objective of this study is to develop a novel in vitro microfluidic platform to test a drug or delivery vehicle's ability to permeate the Blood-Brain Barrier (BBB). In contrast with current large-sized, stat ic incubation techniques, our proposed… More

Viscous Cartesian Flow Solver with AMR Capabilities for Automated Flow Simulation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: Georgia Tech Research Corporation
Principal Investigator: Robert Arslanbekov – (256) 726-4808
Award Amount: $749,993.00
RI Contact: R. P. Hart III, Esq.
Abstract:
The goal of this project is to develop and leverage the novel Normal Ray Refinement (NRR) methodology investigated in Phase I, and to apply it to an efficient and robust prototype adaptive Cartesian solver for automated simulations of viscous flows. The NRR approach will provide a substantial… More

Advanced Mediator Architectures for Efficient Electron Transfer in Enzymatic Fuel Cell Electrodes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: Michigan State University
Principal Investigator: Vojtech Svoboda, Research Engineer
Award Amount: $99,952.00
RI Contact: Lisa Somers
Abstract:
Our objective is to develop advanced mediator architectures for efficient electron transfer in enzymatic fuel cells (EFCs) for low power systems. The proposed EFC will leverage ongoing research at both CFDRC and Michigan State University to provide a fully-integrated lightweight, low-cost,… More

An Automated, High Throughput, Filter-Free Pathogen Preconcentrator

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: RTI International
Principal Investigator: Yi Wang, Group Leader
Award Amount: $99,977.00
RI Contact: Sonia Grego
Abstract:
Accurate real-time waterborne pathogen detection is of paramount importance to security of U.S. military forces and installations. Fieldable high-throughput pathogen concentration is a critical analytical need for enhanced detection performance. Existing concentration methods are time-consuming,… More

Multi Junction Solar cells for Satellite

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Research Institution: Rochester Institute of Technology
Principal Investigator: Alex Fedoseyev, Senior Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $99,913.00
RI Contact: Katherine A. Clark
Abstract:
Higher efficiency solar cells are needed to reduce mass, volume, and cost of DoD space missions. However, to achieve higher efficiency and radiation hardness of the best to date multi-junction photovoltaic (PV) devices, several challenges must be addressed. This project aims to develop: 1) Quantum… More

Development of Surface Reaction Mechanism for C-SiC-SiO2-Rubber Composite Oxidation in Extreme Oxidizing Condition

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: The Pennsylvania State University
Principal Investigator: Debassis Sengupta, Senior Principal Scientis
Award Amount: $69,969.00
RI Contact: David Richardson
Abstract:
The purpose of this STTR is to develop comprehensive detailed kinetics for oxidation of C-SiC-SiO2-rubber in extreme oxidizing environment. This material is used as a coating on the outer surface of Navy weapon systems. In order to predict the fate of this material under extreme conditions and… More

High-Fidelity Simulation of Hypersonic Weakly Ionized Plasmas with Dynamically Adaptive Mesh

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: Regents of the University of Michig
Principal Investigator: Vladimir Kolobov, Manager Plasma Technologies
Award Amount: $99,994.00
RI Contact: Krista L. Campeau
Abstract:
The goal of the proposed research is to develop advanced computational tool for high-fidelity simulations of hypersonic non-equilibrium plasmas. Octree adaptive Cartesian mesh will be used for automatic mesh generation and dynamic mesh adaptation to plasma properties, particularly important for… More

Ultrahigh Efficiency Quantum Dot Multi-photon Photovoltaics using Nipi Lateral Architecture

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: Rochester Institute of Technology
Principal Investigator: Alex Fedoseyev, Senior Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $99,932.00
RI Contact: Katherine A. Clark
Abstract:
Higher efficiency solar cells are needed to reduce solar array mass, volume, and cost for Air Force space missions. Intermediate-band quantum-dot (QD) solar cells can yield dramatically higher efficiencies than current multi-junction (MJ) technologies. However, several issues must be addressed to… More

Laser Induced Surface Improvement for Superior Wear Resistance in Extreme Conditions

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: University of Tennessee Space Insti
Principal Investigator: Richard Thoms, Manager
Award Amount: $99,992.00
RI Contact: William Hofmeister
Abstract:
The objective of this Phase I project is to evaluate the use of novel Laser Induced Surface Improvement (LISI) techniques to provide surface modification to substrate materials which will provide superior wear resistance in extreme conditions. The specific application of interest is the hypersonic… More

A Miniaturized Sensor for Microbial Monitoring of Spacecraft Water Environment

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Yi Wang, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,931.00
Abstract:
Accurate real-time microbial monitoring of water environment is of paramount importance to crew health as well as to ensure proper functioning and control of the life support system during space exploration. The existing methods are time-consuming and labor-intensive, and the devices used are bulky,… More

A Mesoscale Modeling Tool for Heterogeneous Explosives with Accurate Multi-Physics Models and Detailed Chemical Kinetics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Z. J. Chen, Senior Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $99,975.00
Abstract:
In the proposed SBIR project, CFDRC will develop an efficient, high-fidelity computational tool to simulate compaction wave propagation and the ensuing multi-physics phenomena in heterogeneous explosives (HEs), including the effects of shock wave on external targets. Physics that will be accurately… More

A Comprehensive CFD Tool for Aerothermal Environment Around Space Vehicles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Vladimir Kolobov, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $599,919.00
Abstract:
The goal of this SBIR project is to develop an innovative, high fidelity computational tool for accurate prediction of aerothermal environment around space vehicles. This tool will be based on the Unified Flow Solver (UFS) developed at CFDRC for hybrid simulations of rarefied, transitional and… More

Software for Automated Generation of Reduced Thermal Models for Spacecraft Thermal Control

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Yi Wang, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,875.00
Abstract:
Thermal analysis is increasingly used in thermal engineering of spacecrafts in every stage, including design, test, and ground-operation simulation. Current high-fidelity modeling and simulation tools are computationally prohibitive and not fully compatible to integrated, multi-physics (e.g.,… More

A Novel Microfludic Device for Drug Toxicity Studies

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: Balabhaskar Prabhakarpandian, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,998.00
Abstract:
Current drug discovery and development programs are severely limited by the expensive animal trials and oversimplified in vitro models. Results obtained from the in vitro models are not predictive of in vivo toxicity owing to significant difference in testing from the in vivo physiological… More

Computational Tool for Coupled Simulation of Nonequilibrium Hypersonic Flows with Ablation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Sarma L. Rani, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,999.00
Abstract:
The goal of this SBIR project is to develop a computational tool with unique predictive capabilities for the aerothermodynamic environment around ablation-cooled hypersonic re-entry vehicles. The framework for this tool will be developed such that all relevant models can be coupled to the LeMANS… More

Improved Design of Radiation Hardened, Wide-Temperature Analog and Mixed-Signal Electronics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Marek Turowski, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,907.00
Abstract:
NASA space exploration projects require avionic systems, components, and controllers that are capable of operating in the extreme temperature and radiation environments of deep space. To design wide-temperature radiation-hardened (rad-hard) electronics and predict characteristics and reliability in… More

Integrated Inflatable Ballute for Planetary Entry

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Essam Sheta, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,916.00
Abstract:
CFDRC and TRLA are proposing to develop, design, and test a mass-optimized isotensoid inflatable structure that makes maximum utilization of materials in providing tailored stiffness and rigidity for hypersonic entry vehicles. The proposed inflatable structure is a hybrid isotensoid pressure… More

Microfluidic Yeast-based Impedance Sensor for Food Monitoring

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Ketan Bhatt, Research Engineer
Award Amount: $99,916.00
Abstract:
Current methods for detecting toxicity in food are labor intensive, time-consuming and require access to sophisticated laboratory equipment. To overcome these limitations we propose to develop a novel, microfluidics yeast-based sensor system for detection of Toxic Industrial Chemicals (TICs) in… More

High-Fidelity Gas and Granular Flow Physics Models for Rocket Exhaust Interaction with Lunar Soil

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / STTR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Research Institution: University of Florida
Principal Investigator: Peter Liever, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $599,992.00
RI Contact: N/A
Abstract:
Current modeling of Lunar and Martian soil erosion and debris transport caused by rocket plume impingement lacks essential physics from the peculiar granular characteristics of highly irregular regolith particles. Current granular mechanics models are based on mono-disperse spherical particles… More

Microfluidic High-throughput Platform for Determining of Kinetic Constants of Enzyme Variants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: Ketan Bhatt, Research Engineer
Award Amount: $69,972.00
Abstract:
Molecular biology techniques allow generating combinatorial libraries of large number of enzyme variants. However, there is currently no technology available for screening the enzyme libraries for identifying variants with improved activity for the substrate. We propose to develop a novel,… More

Adaptive Cartesian/Immersed Interface Methodology for Micro Air Vehicle Flow Control with Electro-Hydrodynamic Forces

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Robert Harris, Project Engineer
Award Amount: $99,994.00
Abstract:
The design of future Micro Air Vehicles (MAVs) requires detailed understanding of unsteady flows around flexible lifting surfaces with strong interactions between separation and transition at low Reynolds numbers. Since flexure often involves large deformations exceeding the Kolmogorov scale by… More

Fully Coupled DNS Simulation of Flow Separation Control over MAV with Flexible Lifting Surfaces

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: H. Q. Yang, Chief Scientist
Award Amount: $99,997.00
Abstract:
Micro Air Vehicles (MAVs) are being considered for a wide range of roles from search-and-rescue in urban environments, military surveillance and reconnaissance, to planetary exploration. To accomplish these complex missions, a good understanding of complex flow physics involved in the flow… More

MSPECS: Mobile Storage Protection & Efficient Communication Security

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael Lee, Senior Software Engineer
Award Amount: $99,985.00
Abstract:
Mobile devices can provide many benefits to the warfighter, from health monitoring to navigation assistance. Since these uses will involve critical data in transit and at rest on the mobile device, securing the device is imperative. Existing techniques require too much overhead for mobile devices.… More

Model based analysis of sleep-wake cycle for early detection of mild TBI

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Madadevabharath Somayaji, Research Scientist
Award Amount: $99,981.00
Abstract:
The goal of this project is to develop a computational algorithm/model to detect subtle changes in neurobiology of sleep-wake cycle due to mild TBI. We aim to quantify early enough the subtle changes in sleep-wake disorder by correlating objective sleep quality measurements as model inputs to the… More

Efficient Computational Tool for Comprehensive Thermal Analysis of Military Ground Vehicles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Paul Dionne, Technical Fellow
Award Amount: $68,697.00
Abstract:
Including radiative heat transfer in full-vehicle thermal analysis simulations results in nonlinear equations with coefficient matrices that are dense, poorly conditioned, and difficult to solve. Further, calculating and storing view factors_needed for surface-to-surface radiative fluxes_is… More

A Biomechanical-Physiological Model for Preclinical Investigation of Blast Wave TBI

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Andrzej J. Przekwas, Senior VP Research and CT
Award Amount: $749,949.00
Abstract:
In Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) 61% of soldiers injured in explosion blast events experienced Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). The current incomplete understanding of TBI mechanisms limits the development of protection and therapeutic measures. Animal testing, in vitro study, and analysis of clinical… More

Novel MicroPower Source for Insect Based Sensor and Communication Platforms

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: Sameer Singhal, Manager, Biomedical Techn
Award Amount: $749,985.00
Abstract:
Our objective is to develop a novel micropower source to be integrated with a microsensor, and communication chip on an insect, delivering a state-of-the-art unmanned chemical detection device. The biological fuel cell (Bio-FC) power source will leverage ongoing research at CFDRC and provide a… More

Characterization and Mitigation of Radiation Effects in Quantum Dot Based Nanotechnologies

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Alex Fedoseyev, Senior Principal Engineer – (256) 726-4889
Award Amount: $749,996.00
Abstract:
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this task include: 1. Characterization of both ionizing and displacement damage radiation effects in nano-technology microelectronics to include, but not be limited to, Metal Oxide Semiconductor (MOS) ultra-deep submicron (<90nm) silicon based circuits,… More

Information System and User Model for Predictive Analysis of Nano-Material Attributes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Alex Vasenkov, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,913.00
Abstract:
This Phase I SBIR program will develop an information system and design a nano-Toolkit with data-mining and predictive models for accelerated risk assessment of engineered nanomaterial attributes. It was recently shown that nanomaterials used in warfighter technologies may be responsible for… More

A Physical and Virtual Head Phantom for Evaluating Human Performance using EEG Equipment

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Andrzej J. Przekwas, Sr. VP and CTO
Award Amount: $69,992.00
Abstract:
The goal of this project is to develop and deliver a rugged and portable human head/brain physical phantom that could be used for evaluation of existing and next generation EEG equipment. We will also develop, validate and deliver a virtual computational head phantom that could be used for… More

Desktop Application for Assessment of Environmentally Important Chemical Aspects of Military Compounds

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: David Newsome, Research Engineer
Award Amount: $69,996.00
Abstract:
The objective of this SBIR program is to integrate scientific programs and associated databases within a Graphical User Interface (GUI)-driven wrapper to facilitate their use by the Army to assess the fate and transport of munitions and their effect on human health. The GUI will help ease data… More

Ram Air Turbine Driven Power and Cooling Unit for Enhanced EA-18 Mission Effectiveness

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Matthew Thomas, Vice President Propulsion
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
CFDRC has completed demonstration of an 18 inch diameter submerged Ram Air Turbine (RAT) capable of generating 65 KW at an EA-18G sea level flight speed of 280 kcas while fitting within the confines of multiple Next Generation Jammer (NGJ) pod concepts under consideration by NAVAIR. In this effort… More

A Novel Power Chip for Opportunistic Energy Harvesting on Submarines

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Jianjun Wei, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $69,922.00
Abstract:
Our objective is to develop a novel, MEMS-based, durable power harvesting chip that is capable of gathering, converting and storing multiple natural energy sources, including optical and thermal radiation, microwave and millimeter electromagnetic waves, and vibrations, into usable electrical energy… More

Next Generation Helmet System for Marine Corps

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Vincent Harrand, Vice President Software T
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
CFDRC in collaboration with GENTEXr, manufacturer of the Marine Corps Lightweight helmet (LWH), Advanced Combat Helmet (ACH) and Development Test units of the new Enhanced Combat Helmet (ECH) will develop a Next Generation (Next-Gen) helmet for the Marine Corps ground forces that provides improved… More

Mitigation of Vehicle Crew Blast Injuries through Modeling and Simulation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Vincent Harrand, Vice President Software T
Award Amount: $69,999.00
Abstract:
Road-side mines and IEDs are the major thread to US military personnel riding in tactical wheeled vehicles. The development of mine protection systems to decrease the vehicle vulnerability and, more importantly, of their crew requires accurate assessment of the effects of blast on the vehicle, armor… More

Advanced Multiphase Lattice Boltzmann Method (LBM) for Modeling Fuel Injector Atomization in Aeroengine Combustors and Augmentors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Shiladitya Mukherjee, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $79,962.00
Abstract:
High fidelity, advanced multiphase models that capture details of the fuel-air interface evolution are essential to accurate prediction of fuel injection processes. Such simulations can lead to more accurate models or simulation capabilities to be used in design of aeroengine combustors and… More

Characterization and Mitigation of Radiation Effects in Nonplanar Nano-technology Microelectronics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Marek Turowski, Director of Nano Electronics
Award Amount: $99,964.00
Abstract:
OBJECTIVE: The successful outcome of this effort will support the use of ultra-deep submicron integrated circuits in DoD satellite systems that will result in very significant savings in weight, power and reliability for systems that include Space Radar, Space Tracking and Surveillance Systems,… More

An Integrated, Electrokinetics-Augmented Microfluidic Device for Forensic DNA Analysis

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Yi Wang, Senior Engineer
Award Amount: $99,935.00
Abstract:
OBJECTIVE: Develop a small, field portable forensic DNA capability that performs rapid DNA analysis for comparison against PC-based or Web-based forensic DNA databases. This device should be able to perform forensic DNA analysis on swabs collected from incident sites. DESCRIPTION: Forensic DNA… More

A Nanofluidic Nanoplasmonic Platform for Multiplexing Detection of Cancer Biomark

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Jianjun Wei
Award Amount: $179,445.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This project aims to develop a novel nanofluidic-nanoplasmonic platform to realize multiplexed monitoring of biological binding processes, specifically for detection of cancer biomarkers in bio-fluids. In contrast to cu rrent large-sized, cumbersome surface… More

Electrokinetic-based Microfluidic Universal Sample-Preparation (EMUS) Platform

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Ketan Bhatt, Research Engineer
Award Amount: $99,985.00
Abstract:
OBJECTIVE: To develop a process to universally extract and prepare samples in the field that will be made available to a detector for rapid detection and notification. DESCRIPTION: It should be noted that sample preparation is not synonymous with purification or even enrichment, although both are… More

Unified Kinetic/Continuum Flow Solver with Adaptive Cartesian Mesh for Hypersonic Flows in the Earth Atmosphere

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: Georgia Tech Research Corporation
Principal Investigator: Vladimir Kolobov, Manager, Plasma Technology
Award Amount: $749,921.00
RI Contact: R. Paul Hart III, Esq.
Abstract:
The design of future hypersonic vehicles requires detailed understanding of flow regimes ranging from rarefied to continuum. Hypervelocity flows are characterized by high temperatures, real gas effects, nonequilibrium chemistry, and ionization. The goal of this project is to develop unified… More

Quantum Mechanic Based Reactive Potentials for Rapid and Reliable Prediction Of Material Properties for Advanced fossil Energy Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Alex Vasenkov, Dr.
Award Amount: $99,999.00
Abstract:
This Phase I SBIR project will develop Quantum Mechanics (QM)-based reactive interatomic potentials for computer-aided development of novel materials for advanced fossil energy systems such as slagging gasifier and ultrasupercritical steam plant. Currently, the development of novel materials… More

SBIR Phase I:Physics Based Modeling, Design, and Optimization of Microalgae Growth Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Ashok Gidwani, PhD
Award Amount: $149,994.00
Abstract:
This SBIR Phase I project will develop software for comprehensive evaluation of algal production systems. Standard models from literature for fluid flow (mass, turbulence, momentum), energy, light distribution, photosynthesis, algae growth and concentration, gas transfer, and heat transfer will be… More

A Biomechanical-Physiological Model for Preclinical Investigation of Blast Wave TBI

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Andrzej J. Przekwas, Senior VP Research and CT – (256) 726-4815
Award Amount: $1,061,949.00
Abstract:
In Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) 61% of soldiers injured in explosion blast events experienced Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). The current incomplete understanding of TBI mechanisms limits the development of protection and therapeutic measures. Animal testing, in vitro study, and analysis of clinical… More

Computational Tool for Coupled Simulation of Nonequilibrium Hypersonic Flows with Ablation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Sarma Rani, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $599,980.00
Abstract:
The goal of this SBIR project is to develop a predictive computational tool for the aerothermal environment around ablation-cooled hypersonic atmospheric entry vehicles. This tool is based on coupling the relevant physics models to the LeMANS code for hypersonic flows and to the MOPAR code for… More

Integrated Inflatable Ballute for Planetary Entry

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Essam Sheta, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $599,878.00
Abstract:
CFDRC and TRLA are proposing to develop, design and test a highly scalable, mass-optimized inflatable structure that makes maximum utilization of materials in providing tailored stiffness and rigidity for hypersonic entry vehicles. The proposed inflatable structure is a hybrid pressure restraint… More

Software for Automated Generation of Reduced Thermal Models for Spacecraft Thermal Control

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Yi Wang, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $599,963.00
Abstract:
Thermal analysis is increasingly used in the engineering of spacecrafts at every stage, including design, test, and ground-operation simulation. Currently used high-fidelity modeling and simulation tools at NASA are computationally prohibitive and not fully compatible with integrated analysis of… More

Improved Design of Radiation Hardened, Wide-Temperature Analog and Mixed-Signal Electronics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Marek Turowski, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $599,897.00
Abstract:
NASA space exploration missions require the electronics for avionic systems, components, and controllers that are capable of operating in the extreme temperature and radiation environments of space and planetary surfaces. To design wide-temperature, radiation-hardened (rad-hard) electronics and… More

A Miniaturized Sensor for Microbial Monitoring of Spacecraft Water Environment

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Yi Wang, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $599,966.00
Abstract:
Accurate real-time microbial monitoring of water environment is of paramount importance to crew health as well as to ensure proper functioning and control of the life support system during space exploration. The existing methods are time-consuming and labor-intensive, and the devices used are bulky,… More

High-Fidelity Prediction of Launch Vehicle Liftoff Acoustic Fields

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Research Institution: University of Cincinnati
Principal Investigator: Abhijit Tosh, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,947.00
RI Contact: Yijun Liu
Abstract:
The high-intensity level acoustic load generated by large launch vehicle lift-off propulsion is of major concern for the integrity of the launch complex and the vehicle payloads. The currently practiced computational methods are unable to offer the reliability of both the noise generation mechanism… More

Hybrid Approach for Modeling Chemical Kinetics and Turbulence Effects on Combustion-Instability

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Ranjan S. Mehta, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,923.00
Abstract:
Combustion instabilities pose a significant technical risk in the development of liquid and solid rocket motors. Much of the effort in modeling combustion instabilities has focused either on systems-level tools, or use of detailed computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to simulate all the involved… More

Implicit Higher Order Temporal Differencing for Aeroacoustic and CFD Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Paul J. Dionne, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,804.00
Abstract:
This proposal presents a stand-alone implicit high order temporal differencing solver concept that will interface with research and commercial numerical analysis codes to provide unlimited temporal accuracy. While the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) market has mature products that solve a large… More

Free-Surface Modeling of Cryogenic Fluids Using a Higher-Order, Unstructured Grid Volume-of-Fluid (VOF) Method

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Sarma L. Rani, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,998.00
Abstract:
Accurate and efficient computational modeling of free-surface flows has numerous applications of current and future relevance to NASA. At present, NASA engineers use several commercial codes for modeling cryogenic fluids. However, the free surface modeling technologies in these codes need… More

Development of Predictive Software Tools to Construct and Analyze Dynamical Networks for GTL Systems Biology Knowledgebase

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Ravishankar R. Vallabhajosyula, Dr. – 256-327-0667
Award Amount: $149,953.00
Abstract:
Recent technological advances continue to accelerate the rate of data availability from a number of omics platforms such as genomics, proteomics, metabonomics and metabonomics. This has served as a driving force in efforts to develop novel predictive software tools that can model the underlying… More

Novel Dewatering Method for Cost Effective Harvesting of Microalgae Biomass

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: USDA
Principal Investigator: Richard Thoms, Manager, Materials and Processes – 256-726-4810
Award Amount: $99,991.00
Abstract:
A novel process is proposed which will allow continuous dewatering of algae growth culture in a device which is robust (no moving parts) and readily scalable through process parallelization. The process makes use of innovative passive (low energy input) flow control and does not need any chemical… More

An Accurate 3D Real-Time Simulation Tool for Generating Hardbody Thermal Histories

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Research Institution: Ohio State University
Principal Investigator: Yi Wang, Group Leader – (256) 327-0678
Award Amount: $99,928.00
RI Contact: Cyndy Bonsignore
Abstract:
Existing thermal analysis tools for optical signature generation are employed in an off-line manner, and are inadequate for new closed-loop real-time system simulations being pursued by MDA. This STTR project aims to develop and demonstrate an innovative simulation tool for the automatic generation… More

Physics Based Modeling Tools for Next-Generation Lithium Ion Battery Performance and Lifetime

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Research Institution: Washington University
Principal Investigator: Vernon Cole, Director – (256) 726-4852
Award Amount: $149,772.00
RI Contact: Dyanne Vitale
Abstract:
The MDA is developing satellite based systems that could benefit from ongoing developments in advanced materials for lithium ion batteries. Unfortunately, the driving applications for much of the new materials research have less abusive operational cycles than the frequent cycling, and sporadic… More

Highly-Scalable Computational Algorithms for Solving Aerostructural FSI Problems on Emerging Parallel Machine Architectures

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: Regents of the University of MI
Principal Investigator: Ravi Kannan, Research Engineer – (256) 726-4851
Award Amount: $99,967.00
RI Contact: Krista L. Campeau
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Traditional multidisciplinary solvers function by solving the individual governing equations on computer clusters. In the case of aero-elastic Fluid-Structures Interaction (FSI) simulations, individual solvers have disparate requirements for optimal performance. CFD codes use iterative… More

Integrated Warfighter-Centric Simulation Tools for Protective Equipment Design

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: The Johns Hopkins University
Principal Investigator: Xianlian Zhou, Sr. Research Scientist – (256) 726-4849
Award Amount: $79,929.00
RI Contact: Andrew Merkle
Abstract:
The overall objective of this work is to develop and integrate comprehensive modeling tools for virtual warfighters and personal protective equipment (PPE) to improve PPE designs. The integrated tools enable assessment of the impact of PPE on the mobility and survivability of warfighters. The focus… More

Design Requirements and Mission Planning for Hypersonic Munitions in Weather Environments

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: University of Alabama
Principal Investigator: Shawn Ericson, Group Leader – (256) 726-4821
Award Amount: $149,898.00
RI Contact: Lawrence Carey
Abstract:
CFDRC proposes the development of methodologies and tools for the integration of weather with multiple components of the hypersonic munitions life cycle process. The impact of weather on high speed projectiles is a complex multidisciplinary problem that can only be accurately estimated in operations… More

Design of Acoustic Metamaterials for Passive Hearing Protector

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Debbie Reeves, Senior Engineer – (256) 726-4994
Award Amount: $98,908.00
Abstract:
CFDRC proposes to develop new acoustic metamaterials, more specifically Locally Resonant Sonic Materials (LRSM), to be used in passive Hearing Protection Devices (HPD). LRSM derive their unique properties from resonators contained within each unit cell. Sound attenuation of finite size of LRSM is… More

High Fidelity Simulation Tools for Green Monopropellant Catalytic Thruster Degradation Mitigation and Performance Improvement

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Debasis Sengupta, Senior Principal Scientist – (256) 726-4944
Award Amount: $99,971.00
Abstract:
The U.S. Air Force is developing a catalytic thruster for advanced high density-specific impulse green monopropellants. The temperature and pressure generated in a green monopropellant thruster is much higher than with conventional hydrazine monopropellant, resulting in degradation of the catalyst.… More

Multiscale Modeling of Nano Effects on Major Human Organs in the Body

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Vineet Rakesh, Research Scientist – (256) 726-4839
Award Amount: $99,872.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Although nanomaterials have demonstrated potential for widespread applications, toxicology of these materials has not been thoroughly evaluated under different exposure scenarios. We propose to develop a comprehensive software tool integrating multidisciplinary physiology and systems… More

E-band Traveling Wave Tube Amplifier with Innovative Carbon Nanotube Cathode

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Alex Vasenkov, Principal Scientist – (256) 726-4886
Award Amount: $99,979.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Existing satellite communication devices use Travelling Wave Tube Amplifiers (TWTAs), which operate in the ultra-high frequency, super-high frequency, or extremely-high frequency bands. Because these TWTAs use thermionic cathodes, they are bulky and heavy, and take valuable volume and… More

Hypervelocity Aerodynamic Interaction of Ballistic Bodies

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Peter Liever, Technical Fellow Aeromechanics – (256) 726-4930
Award Amount: $99,957.00
Abstract:
The process of dispensing unguided submunition projectiles from weapons systems must result in stable projectile flight with high kinetic energy and even dispersion over the target area. This project will incorporate a solid body collision methodology into the existing Loci/CHEM coupled 6-DoF/CFD… More

A Software Tool for Predicting Neck Loads and Fatigue During Military Mission Tasks

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Xianlian Zhou, Sr. Research Scientist – (256) 726-4849
Award Amount: $69,915.00
Abstract:
The overall objective of the proposed project is to develop an interactive software tool for neck load prediction during warfighting posture and maneuvers. The software will be a validated simulation environment for predicting Warfighter"s neck loads during realistic and repetitive tasks… More

Minimization of Chronic Back Pain in Military Pilots and Vehicle Occupants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Phillip Whitley, Manager Research – (256) 726-4800
Award Amount: $149,960.00
Abstract:
Low back pain attributed to piloting military air vehicles is a significant operational and health problem. The major contributors of lumbar pain have been thought to be seating, task posture and vibration. As the asymptomatic pilot starts to experience pain, repeated painful episodes lead to pain… More

A Novel Hybrid Power Generator for Harvesting Multiple Ambient Energy Sources

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Jianjun Wei, Principal Scientist – (256) 327-0672
Award Amount: $79,939.00
Abstract:
The objective of this project is to develop and deliver an innovative power generation technology to replace the current thermal batteries used by the Fleet. We will leverage our newly discovered breakthrough in energy harvesting and deliver a hybrid power generator (HPG) that is capable of… More

BioPrep: A Novel Microfluidic Cartridge for Universal Bio-sample Preparation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Ketan Bhatt, Senior Research Engineer – (256) 327-0666
Award Amount: $69,998.00
Abstract:
A critical but often overlooked aspect of bioagent detection is rendering the complex environmental sample ready for detection. Commercially available sample preparation technologies are time-consuming, high cost and require trained personnel and sophisticated equipment for operation and thus are… More

Microfluidic High-throughput Platform for Determining Kinetic Constants of Enzyme Variants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Ketan Bhatt, Senior Research Engineer – (256) 327-0666
Award Amount: $749,815.00
Abstract:
Current high-throughput platforms rely on labeled substrates that produce detectable spectroscopic signals upon reaction for monitoring enzyme catalytic activity. Add to that the high price tag for these instruments, ranging from several hundred thousand to millions of dollars, and there is a clear… More

A Novel Microfludic Device for Drug Toxicity Studies

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Balabhaskar Prabhakarpandian, Principal Scientist – (256) 327-0665
Award Amount: $749,933.00
Abstract:
Current drug discovery and development efforts are severely limited by expensive animal trials and oversimplified in vitro models. Results obtained from in vitro models are not predictive of in vivo toxicity owing to significant difference from the in vivo physiological conditions. In this context,… More

Characterization and Mitigation of Radiation Effects in Nonplanar Nano-technology Microelectronics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Marek Turowski, Director of Nano Electron – (256) 726-4800
Award Amount: $747,727.00
Abstract:
Future high-performance integrated circuits in DoD satellite systems will require silicon-on-insulator (SOI) and non-planar nano-technology devices, such as MultiGate Field Effect Transistors (MuGFETs) or FinFETs, which can decrease pattern area of logic circuits below 50% of the conventional planar… More

Fully Coupled DNS Study of Flow Separation Control over MAV with Flexible Lifting Surfaces

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Hq Yang, Chief Scientist – (256) 726-4824
Award Amount: $749,996.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: The objective of this SBIR project is to develop and demonstrate a first-principles-based Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS) tool for the study of flow separation control over flexible lifting surfaces of Micro Air Vehicles (MAVs). The Phase I effort successfully adapted and validated a… More

Solid Propellant Thrust Control Using a Movable Nozzle

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Mark Ostrander, Group Leader – (256) 726-4876
Award Amount: $733,791.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: In Phase I, CFDRC examined concepts for thrust management of a SRM that moved the nozzle relative to a fixed pintle. A binary high/low thrust motor operating mode was selected and a heavy-wall test bed that used the pressure from the chamber to move the nozzle back and forth was… More

Prediction of Ignition Delay of Hypergolic Energetic Ionic Liquid

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Debasis Sengupta, Manager – (256) 726-4800
Award Amount: $1,239,433.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: In this program, CFDRC will develop and deliver a tool-kit for prediction of ignition delays (IDs) of hypergolic energetic ionic liquids (EILs). In Phase I, CFDRC has demonstrated the proof-of-principle by predicting IDs of EILs by using two methods: 1) Quantitative Structure Property… More

High Power and Capacity Anode for Thermal Battery

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Vojtech Svoboda, Senior Research Engineer – (256) 327-0681
Award Amount: $729,990.00
Abstract:
Available thermal battery technologies cannot currently meet future requirements that call for higher power and capacity with a smaller mass and footprint. The principal avenue for increasing thermal battery specific energy is to develop new electrode materials and electrolytes. The overall… More

An Electrochemical, Point-of-Care Detector for Reagent-free, In-situ Diagnostics of Pathogens

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Research Institution: Marilyn Haapapuro
Principal Investigator: Jianjun Wei, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $124,923.00
RI Contact: Marilyn Haapapuro
Abstract:
For long-term exploratory space travel, there will be a critical need for in-situ diagnosis and assessment of biological specimens from symptomatic astronauts, especially, disease pathogens (virus, bacterium, or fungus) and microbial contaminants. Hence, a real-time, non-culture-based microbial… More

A Multi-disciplinary Tool for Space Launch Systems Propulsion Analysis

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Research Institution: Mississippi State University
Principal Investigator: Robert Harris, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $124,955.00
RI Contact: Robyn Remstique
Abstract:
An accurate predictive capability of coupled fluid-structure interaction in propulsion system is crucial in the development of NASA's new Space Launch System (SLS). This STTR effort will develop a multi-disciplinary tool to improve CFD prediction capability in modeling coupled fluid structure… More

Computational Model for Electrode Erosion by High-Pressure Moving Arcs

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: Drexel University
Principal Investigator: Vladimir Kolobov, Technical Fellow – (256) 726-4847
Award Amount: $99,969.00
RI Contact: Ryan S. Chaiken
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: The goal of this project is to develop theoretical models for electrode erosion in high-pressure arcs and incorporate them into computational tools for simulations of arc heaters. The complexity of the electrode material removal process is associated with the multi-phase nature of the… More

A General-Purpose Software Tool for Multi-disciplinary Simulation Data Management and Learning

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: University of Alabama - Huntsville
Principal Investigator: Yi Wang, Group Leader – (256) 327-0678
Award Amount: $99,955.00
RI Contact: Gloria Greene
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: The overall goal of the proposed effort is to develop and demonstrate a general-purpose, fast, and reliable management and learning software tool for analyzing massive data sets generated by dynamic multi-disciplinary simulations. The salient elements of the software tool are: (1) an… More

Oriented Enzymatic Electrodes with Enhanced Charge Transfer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: UNM School of Engineering
Principal Investigator: Sameer Singhal, Dir, Micro Power&Sensing – (256) 327-0664
Award Amount: $99,886.00
RI Contact: Plamen Atanassov
Abstract:
Our objective is to develop a novel method for structurally orienting enzymes onto an electrode surface. The technology will significantly increase the electron transfer efficiency of the electrode and thereby enable a state-of-the-art energy source for low power military and commercial systems. … More

Molecular Modeling Driven Design of High Density Energetic Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: University of Idaho
Principal Investigator: Debasis Sengupta, Manager – (256) 726-4800
Award Amount: $149,899.00
RI Contact: Polly Knuraon
Abstract:
Development of next generation energetic materials has been slow primarily due to a lack of fundamental understanding of the physics and chemistry of these materials. The strategy for development historically has been a trial-and-error experimental approach which possesses considerable risk of… More

A Tactical Decision Support Tool for High Speed Projectiles in Adverse Weather Conditions

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: University of Alabama
Principal Investigator: Shawn Ericson, Group Leader – (256) 726-4821
Award Amount: $495,234.00
RI Contact: Lawrence Carey
Abstract:
High speed projectile launch decisions always tend toward"clear sky"days because no capability has existed to assess high speed flight risk due to weather in either design or operations. Since clear sky conditions occur about 50% of the time, the risk of mission failure is unknown half of… More

Improved Multi Junction Solar Cell Technology for Satellites

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Research Institution: Rochester Institute of Technology
Principal Investigator: Alex Fedoseyev, Senior Principal Engineer – (256) 726-4800
Award Amount: $999,856.00
RI Contact: Katherine A. Clark
Abstract:
Higher efficiency solar cells are needed to reduce mass, volume, and cost of DoD space missions. However, to achieve higher efficiency and radiation hardness of the best to date multi-junction photovoltaic (MJ PV) devices, several challenges must be addressed. This project aims to develop: 1)… More

Physics Based Modeling Tools for Next-Generation Lithium Ion Battery Performance and Lifetime

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Research Institution: Washington University in St. Louis
Principal Investigator: J. V. Cole, Director – (256) 726-4852
Award Amount: $993,559.00
RI Contact: Connie Motoki
Abstract:
The MDA is developing the Precision Tracking Space System and other satellite based systems that could benefit from ongoing developments in advanced materials for lithium ion batteries. Unfortunately, the applications driving much of that battery research have less abusive operational cycles than… More

Advanced Mediator Architectures for Efficient Electron Transfer in Enzymatic Fuel Cell Electrodes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: Michigan State University
Principal Investigator: Vojtech Svoboda, Group Leader – (256) 327-0681
Award Amount: $749,880.00
RI Contact: Suzanne Morgan
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Our objective is to develop advanced mediator architectures for efficient electron transfer in enzymatic fuel cells (EFCs) for low power systems. The proposed EFC will leverage ongoing research at both CFDRC and Michigan State University to provide a fully-integrated lightweight,… More

Nonlinear AeroServoElastic Reduced Order Model for Active Structural Control

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Yi Wang, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $124,930.00
Abstract:
The overall goal of the proposed effort is to develop and demonstrate rigorous model order reduction (MOR) technologies to automatically generate fully coupled, nonlinear, parameterized aeroservoelastic reduced-order models (ROMs) for smart material-based active structural control. The Phase I… More

Eulerian Transported PDF Framework for Scramjet Flowpath Analysis

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Ranjan S. Metha, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $124,935.00
Abstract:
Scramjet engines promise to become a next-generation revolutionary technology for aerospace applications. Some of the significant challenges in rapid development of scramjets include complex flow physics; combustion; flow-combustion interactions; propulsion air-frame integration; coupled with… More

Electron Kinetics in Hypersonic Plasmas

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Vladimir Kolobov, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $124,954.00
Abstract:
The goal of this SBIR project is to advance the state-of-the-art in computations of hypersonic plasmas by adding high-fidelity kinetic models for electrons. Electron kinetics affects plasma-chemical reactions and nonequilibrium radiation, which are important for designing hypersonic vehicles. We… More

A NOVEL MICROFLUIDIC DEVICE FOR SELECTION AND OPTIMIZATION OF DRUG DELIVERY VEHIC

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Balabhaskar Prabhakarpandian – 256-726-4942
Award Amount: $1,277,746.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): We propose to develop and demonstrate a novel microfluidic device and assay for selection and optimization of delivery vehicles, specifically non-viral vectors for drug delivery to tumors. Tumor drug delivery is a complex phenomenon affected by several elements… More

A novel physiologically realistic microfluidic in-vitro blood-brain barrier model

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Balabhaskar Prabhakarpandian – 256-726-4942
Award Amount: $1,302,528.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The overall objective of this study is to develop a novel in vitro microfluidic platform to test a drug or delivery vehicle's ability to permeate the Blood-Brain Barrier (BBB). In contrast to current in-vitro models, our proposed device, SIM-BBB,… More

A rapid and high-throughput microfluidic stem cell analyzer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Yi Wang, Group Leader – (256) 327-0678
Award Amount: $149,969.00
Abstract:
Rapid and accurate characterization and/or identification of the differentiation state of the stem cells is critical to the development of regenerative medicine technologies as well as tissue engineering solutions. Current methods and devices are time-consuming, labor-intensive, costly, invasive,… More

Quality of Information Services for Trusted Service Oriented Architecture Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Michael Lee, Sr. Software Engineer – (256) 726-4812
Award Amount: $149,867.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Operating in a Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) environment is risky because there is limited ability to gauge information"s trust level. Existing solutions track information pedigree, but do not consider other prerequisites to trust. This project proposes to build METSI (Metadata… More

Paper-Based, Multi-Fueled Enzymatic Fuel Cell with Passive Microfluidic Flow

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Jenny Ulyanova, Senior Research Scientist – (256) 327-9481
Award Amount: $149,986.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Our objective is to develop an enzyme catalyzed fuel cell to enable electrochemical power generation from several fuel types (i.e. sugars and alcohols), thereby delivering a state-of-the-art energy source for low power military and commercial systems. The proposed enzymatic fuel cell… More

Fast, Anatomy and Physiology Based Computational Tool for RF-Induced Thermal Response

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Andrezj Przekwas, Senior Vice President Research – (256) 726-4815
Award Amount: $149,907.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Military and industrial personnel are often exposed to RF electromagnetic energy which can cause thermal and electrokinetic biological effects. To understand these effects, AFRL is using computational tools to predict RF energy deposition and thermal effects in humans. Unfortunately, high… More

Whole-body Anthropometric Design Models for Protective Equipment Design

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Xianlian Zhou, Research Scientist – (256) 726-4849
Award Amount: $99,962.00
Abstract:
The overall objective of this work is to develop whole-body anthropometric models (containing both skin and interior anatomy) to cover individual body shape variations in the design of protective equipment as well as to identify critical fit and form issues and their associated impacts. Starting… More

Novel Chemistry and Nanostructured Cathode for Advanced Thermal Battery

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Vojtech Svoboda, Group Leader – (256) 327-0681
Award Amount: $79,935.00
Abstract:
The present thermal battery technologies cannot currently meet future requirements that call for higher power and capacity with a smaller footprint. The principal avenue for increasing thermal battery specific energy is to identify and develop new electrode materials that provide higher specific… More

Highly Compact Supersonic Cruise Missile (SSCM) Engine Inlet

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Mark Ostrander, Group Leader – (256) 726-4800
Award Amount: $79,833.00
Abstract:
Future supersonic cruise missiles (SSCMs), such as the Next Generation Tomahawk, will require larger, more powerful engines to operate. Scaling current inlet technology to match will reduce missile body volume available for fuel, and hence curtail range. Highly compact inlet systems that allow… More

Hypervelocity Aerodynamic Interaction of Ballistic Bodies

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Peter Liever, Technical Fellow – (256) 726-4800
Award Amount: $749,906.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: CFDRC proposes to develop a high-fidelity simulation capability and probabilistic description for the unguided dispensing of submunition projectiles from weapons systems. The proposed technology will be based on the Loci/CHEM software framework. In the Phase I effort, a rigid body… More

Multiscale Modeling of Nano Effects on Major Human Organs in the Body

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Andrzej J. Przekwas, Senior VP Research and CT – (256) 726-4815
Award Amount: $749,970.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Nanotechnology (NT) offers immense innovation potential across many disciplines in military and civilian applications. It will also bring potential hazards, by negligence, accident or adversary or terrorist action. In spite of exponential growth on NT R & D our understanding of… More

Design of Acoustic Metamaterials for Passive Hearing Protector

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Andrzej J. Przekwas, Sr. VP and CTO – (256) 726-4815
Award Amount: $995,250.00
Abstract:
We propose to develop new acoustic metamaterials (AMMs) using locally resonant regimented structures, suitable for application in Hearing Protector Devices (HPDs), that will act as frequency selective acoustic filter for hearing protection. Our computational simulations conducted in phase I project… More

Development Novel High-Performance Solid Propellants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Debasis Sengupta, Senior Research Scientist – (256) 726-4800
Award Amount: $748,856.00
Abstract:
The primary objective of this SBIR program is to develop novel high-performance solid propellant that will out perform the currently used propellants with respect to specific impulse and sensitivity. In Phase I, CFDRC has demonstrated the feasibility of the program by synthesizing and characterizing… More

Harvesting Radiative Energy for a High-Efficiency Portable Battery Charger/Storage Unit

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Jianjun Wei, Principal Scientist – (256) 327-0672
Award Amount: $99,886.00
Abstract:
The Army"s Land Warrior concept requires a high efficient, portable, day-night continuously functioning battery charger/storage unit (BCSU) that will lessen the Soldier"s load. However, existing energy harvesting technology such as the photovoltaic cell is limited by operational… More

GPU-Accelerated Multiphase Eulerian-Lagrangian Solver with Adaptive Mesh Refinement

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Vladimir Kolobov, Dr.
Award Amount: $149,961.00
Abstract:
Computer simulations of multi-phase flows are important for many applications. In the proposed work, we plan to advance Eulerian-Lagrangian methods by using Adaptive Mesh Refinement for multi-scale resolutions, and CPU-GPU parallelization to drastically reduce computing time. Eulerian-Lagrangian… More

Antenna Design in Hypersonic Plasma Environment

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Vladimir Kolobov, Technical Fellow – (256) 726-4847
Award Amount: $99,801.00
Abstract:
The goal of this SBIR project is to develop a computational tool for characterizing TM and GPS antennas mounted on plasma-engulfed hypersonic missiles and re-entry vehicles. The computational tool leverages coupled Computational Electro-Magnetics (CEM) and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)… More

An automated, high throughput, resin-free device for large scale protein purification

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Hongjun Song, Research Engineer – (256) 327-5294
Award Amount: $99,863.00
Abstract:
Protein manufacturing is of paramount importance to chemical and biological defense applications. High-throughput protein purification is a critical need for rapidly scaling the target protein product. Existing purification methods primarly rely on synthetic-resin based chromatography, which is… More

A Novel, Aerodynamics-augmented Continuous Ionization System for Electrostatic Collection of Bioaerosols

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Yi Wang, Group Leader – (256) 327-0678
Award Amount: $147,817.00
Abstract:
Safe and efficient air ionization and filtration technology compatible to biodefense applications is of paramount importance. Current ionization methods are energy-intensive, costly, prone to ozone generation, or inefficient, and consequently ill-suited for building protection applications. To… More

METSI: Metadata Establishing Trust in SOA-based Information

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Michael Lee, Principal Engineer – (256) 726-4812
Award Amount: $749,798.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Operating in a Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) environment is risky because there is limited ability to gauge the quality of information, especially information that has been transformed multiple times as it flows within the SOA. To address this problem, CFDRC built METSI (Metadata… More

Particle Flow Physics Modeling for Extreme Environments

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Research Institution: University of Florida
Principal Investigator: Peter Liever, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $124,972.00
RI Contact: Roslyn Heath
Abstract:
The liberation of particles induced by rocket plume flow from spacecraft landing on unprepared regolith of the Moon, Mars, and other destinations poses high mission risks for robotic and human exploration activities. This process occurs in a combination of "extreme environments" that… More

Radiation-Hardened Memristor-based Memory for Extreme Environments

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Ashok Raman, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $124,888.00
Abstract:
NASA space exploration missions require radiation-hardened memory technologies that can survive and operate over a wide temperature range. Memristors (memory-resistors) are a promising technology for the next generation of non-volatile memory (NVM) applications and offer a highly-desirable… More

High-Fidelity Prediction of Launch Vehicle Lift-off Acoustic Environment

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Research Institution: Mississippi State University
Principal Investigator: Robert Harris, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $124,769.00
RI Contact: Angela Templeton
Abstract:
Launch vehicles experience extreme acoustic loads during liftoff driven by the interaction of rocket plumes and plume-generated acoustic waves with ground structures. Currently employed predictive capabilities to model the complex turbulent plume physics are too dissipative to accurately resolve the… More

Unified Flow Solver for transient high altitude events with mixed continuum and rarefied flows

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Vladimir Kolobov, Technical Fellow – (256) 726-4800
Award Amount: $99,801.00
Abstract:
CFDRC proposes to develop a computational tool for transient, high-altitude events with mixed continuum and free molecular flow regimes. The proposed technology builds upon the Unified Flow Solver (UFS) previously developed by CFDRC, which will be leveraged with several new features for transient… More

A rapid and high-throughput microfluidic stem cell analyzer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Yi Wang, Group Leader – (256) 327-0678
Award Amount: $999,902.00
Abstract:
Current methods to discern the differentiation state of stem cells are time-consuming, labor-intensive, costly, invasive, and consequently, ill-suited for clinical applications. To overcome these limitations, we propose to develop a microfluidic stem cell analyzer for accurate, non-invasive… More

First-Principles-Based Framework for Discovery and Design of Sustainable Non-Rare-Earth High-Temperature Alloy Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Research Institution: University of Nebraska
Principal Investigator: Hyunwook (. Kwak, Research Engineer – (256) 726-4800
Award Amount: $99,955.00
RI Contact: Renat S. Professor
Abstract:
In this STTR Phase I project, CFD Research Corporation and University of Nebraska at Omaha will develop a preliminary computationally-driven first-principles framework for discovery and design of non-RE-containing alloys for high temperature applications. While rare-earth (RE) based alloys have… More

High-Fidelity Analysis of Deployed Bay Doors on Modern High-Speed Aircraft

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Robert Harris, Principal Engineer – (256) 726-4997
Award Amount: $149,912.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Unsteady aerodynamic loading and flow separation on modern high speed aircraft weapons bay doors can excite aircraft structural modes and lead to buffet, flutter, or fatigue-induced failures. Rigorous numerical simulations, wind tunnel and flight tests are typically carried out to… More

An Interactive Voxel Model Posing and Anthropometric Morphing Tool

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Xianlian Zhou, Sr. Research Scientist – (256) 726-4800
Award Amount: $149,918.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Electromagnetic (EM) devices are used increasingly in society, with applications in communication, medicine, security, and defense, among others. To study safety and potential health hazards of EM devices, high-fidelity voxelized anatomical body models have been used in conjunction with… More

CAPSA: Controlling Access using Proximity-focused Semantic Analysis

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Michael Lee, Principal Engineer – (256) 726-4800
Award Amount: $149,981.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Establishing adequate access controls that limit access to information without adversely denying access is critically needed by our warfighters in today"s complex battlefield environment. To address this need, CFDRC is proposing an innovative method called CAPSA (Controlling Access… More

Accurate Insensitive Munitions Modeling Tool Coupling Detailed Chemical Kinetics and Physical Models

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Samuel F. Owens, Manager Combustion – (256) 726-4853
Award Amount: $570,932.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: The objective of this program is to tailor and focus the capabilities of an existing software package for prediction of the rapid transient events following ignition of rocket-propelled munitions, as well as the firing of small caliber weapons. These events differ from missile plumes in… More

Paper-Based, Multi-Fueled Enzymatic Fuel Cell with Passive Microfluidic Flow

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Jenny Ulyanova, Senior Research Scientist – (256) 327-9481
Award Amount: $749,923.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Our objective is to develop a bioelectrochemical system to enable power generation from several fuel types (i.e. sugars and alcohols), thereby delivering a state-of-the-art energy source for low power military and commercial systems. The proposed enzymatic fuel cell (EFC) will leverage… More

Multi-scale modeling of corrosion fatigue damage using peridynamics theory

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: Sandia National Laboratories
Principal Investigator: Alexey Vasenkov, Senior Research Scientist – (256) 726-4886
Award Amount: $79,905.00
RI Contact: Stewart A. Silling
Abstract:
The overall objective of this effort is to identify, and validate a suitable methodology and the associated multi-scale computational technique for predictive assessment of corrosion fatigue damage in Naval aircraft. Annual costs for corrosion inspection and repair of military aircraft are estimated… More

Minimization of Chronic Back Pain in Military Pilots and Vehicle Occupants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Phillip Whitley, Manager CMB – (256) 726-4800
Award Amount: $757,581.00
Abstract:
Low back pain while piloting military air vehicles is a significant operational and health problem. Seating, task posture and vibration are considered major lumbar pain contributors. The asymptomatic pilot starts to experience pain and repeated painful episodes lead to pain sensitization and chronic… More

A Diarylheptanoid Scaffold to Treat Taopathies

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Fan Wu – 256-726-4800
Award Amount: $149,999.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION: Pulmonary drug delivery is increasingly used for both treatment of lung diseases (such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) and in delivering drugs to the systemic circulation. To reach the desired effectiveness and safety oforally/nasally inhaled drugs, appropriate… More

Oriented Enzymatic Electrodes with Enhanced Charge Transfer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / STTR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Research Institution: UNM School of Engineering
Principal Investigator: Sameer Singhal, Director, Biomedical&Energy Tech – (256) 327-0664
Award Amount: $377,246.00
RI Contact: Plamen Atanassov
Abstract:
Our objective is to significantly increase the electron transfer efficiency of the enzyme-catalyzed reactions at electrodes and thereby establish a new state-of-the-art power source for military and commercial systems. The approach is to develop a novel method for orienting enzymes immobilized onto… More

An Integrated Human Test Surrogate to Assess Injury Risk and Measure Non-Lethal Exposure

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: D. Sedberry, Test Engineer – (256) 726-4800
Award Amount: $79,857.00
Abstract:
The goal of this project is to design, develop, and delivery a human test surrogate for non-lethal testing, injury risk assessment, and validation of software inputs at the Joint Non-Lethal Weapons Program for the Navy. An existing CFDRC surrogate will be used as a starting point to create a modular… More

Aqueous Based Fire Suppression for Military Vehicle Crew Compartments

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Matthew Thomas, VP Propulsion and Power – (256) 726-4800
Award Amount: $79,966.00
Abstract:
Recent tests have shown 80% improvement in closed compartment fire-suppression and post burn protection is achievable by implementing induction charging into aqueous based automatic fire extinguishing systems. CFDRC will capitalize on these results to provide military tactical vehicles with an… More

Portable Prime Power for Directed Energy Weapons

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Matthew Thomas, VP Propulsion and Power – (256) 726-4800
Award Amount: $79,921.00
Abstract:
As mobile solid-state RF and millimeter wave sources continue to revolutionize non-lethal weapons there is a growing requirement for small, light-weight, prime power systems capable of producing large amounts of power in very short but numerous timeframes. Phase I will focus on defining how our… More

A General Solver Framework for Radiative Heat Transfer Models in Combustion Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Ranjan Mehta, Principal Engineer – (256) 726-4964
Award Amount: $149,905.00
Abstract:
Modern combustion systems such as liquid rocket engines and gas turbines are characterized by high operating pressures and temperatures due to increased power-density. Thermal radiation has significant impact on both heat fluxes at the wall and on physical phenomena controlling the combustion… More

Shoulder injury risk and exertion assessment tool

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Phillip Whitley, Manager – (256) 726-4800
Award Amount: $149,590.00
Abstract:
Musculoskeletal injury among military personnel is an under-recognized problem where shoulder injuries are significant and result in inflammation and pain from overuse, joint derangement, sprain/stain/rupture, and dislocation. Health hazard assessment is essential to ensure that fielded equipment… More

A Neck Injury Assessment Tool

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Xianlian (. Zhou, Principal Scientist – (256) 726-4800
Award Amount: $149,851.00
Abstract:
The overall objective of the proposed project is to develop new injury criteria, methodology, and a software tool to assess the risk of neck injury from loads sustained while wearing head supported mass (HSM). In this Phase I, we will develop an easy-to-use software which utilizes a detailed neck… More

Physics and Physiology Based Human Body Model of Blast Injury and Protection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Andrzej J. Przekwas, Senior VP Research and CTO – (256) 726-4800
Award Amount: $149,949.00
Abstract:
Reports of military and civilian blast related injuries are reported daily by the media from all over the world. Limited understanding of the physics of blast-human body interaction and injury biomechanics hinder the development of protective measures. Experiments using animal models, cadavers and… More

Fast, Anatomy and Physiology Based Computational Tool for RF-Induced Thermal Response

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Andrzej J. Przekwas, Senior VP Research and CT – (256) 726-4800
Award Amount: $749,542.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Military and industrial personnel are often exposed to RF electromagnetic energy which can cause thermal and electrokinetic biological effects. To understand these effects, AFRL is using computational electromagnetic tools to predict RF energy deposition and thermal effects in humans.… More

A Novel, Aerodynamics-augmented Continuous Ionization System for Electrostatic Collection of Bioaerosols

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Yi Wang, Manager – (256) 327-0678
Award Amount: $491,493.00
Abstract:
Safe and efficient ionization and filtration technology compatible to biodefense applications is of paramount importance. Current ionization methods are energy-intensive, costly, prone to ozone generation, or inefficient, and consequently ill-suited for building protection applications. To overcome… More

An automated, high throughput, resin-free device for large scale protein purification

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Hongjun Song, Research Engineer – (256) 726-4904
Award Amount: $494,684.00
Abstract:
Protein manufacturing is of paramount importance to chemical and biological defense applications. Existing protein purification methods primarily rely on synthetic-resin based chromatography, which is time-consuming, labor-intensive, expensive, and consequently, ill-suited for developing rapid… More